/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.67 Revision 1.74
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.67 2005/06/24 18:47:21 fox2mike Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.74 2005/11/19 09:31:05 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.9</version> 11<version>2.15</version>
12<date>2005-06-24</date> 12<date>2005-11-19</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
231your Gentoo system permanently. 231your Gentoo system permanently.
232</p> 232</p>
233 233
234<note> 234<note>
235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like 235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
236bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri 236bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section. 237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
238</note> 238</note>
239 239
240<p> 240<p>
241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
244</p> 244commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
245 245<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
246<p> 246</p>
247
248<p>
249DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
250</p>
251
252<p>
253If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
254specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
247First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 255<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
248is used in this example): 256this example):
249</p> 257</p>
250 258
251<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 259<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
252# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 260# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
253</pre> 261</pre>
254 262
255<p> 263<p>
256The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably 264You will see the following file:
257imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface 265</p>
258needs to automatically obtain an IP address through DHCP, you should set it 266
259like so: 267<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
268# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
269# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
270# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
271# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
272</pre>
273
274<p>
275To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
276to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
277</p>
278
279<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
280config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
281routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
282</pre>
283
284<p>
285To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
286<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
260</p> 287</p>
261 288
262<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0"> 289<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
263config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 290config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
291dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
264</pre> 292</pre>
265 293
266<p>
267However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
268to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
269</p> 294<p>
270 295Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
271<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 296options.
272config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0" )
273routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
274</pre> 297</p>
275 298
276<p> 299<p>
277If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 300If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
278<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 301<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
279</p> 302</p>
431When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 454When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
432</p> 455</p>
433 456
434<p> 457<p>
435As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 458As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
436configuration variables. Among other settings, you can configure your console 459configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
437fonts, your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm). 460define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
438</p> 461</p>
439 462
440<p> 463<p>
441Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration. 464Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
442Edit it to configure your keyboard. 465Edit it to configure your keyboard.
451<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard. 474<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
452</p> 475</p>
453 476
454<note> 477<note>
455Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to 478Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
456select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 479select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". <b>PPC</b> uses x86
480keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB keymaps on boot
481have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to set a mac/ppc
482keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
457</note> 483</note>
458
459<p>
460<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use
461ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
462to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
463</p>
464 484
465<p> 485<p>
466When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and 486When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
467exit. 487exit.
468</p> 488</p>
476# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i> 496# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
477</pre> 497</pre>
478 498
479<p> 499<p>
480If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to 500If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
481the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 501the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. Furthermore, Windows
502assumes that your hardware clock uses local time, so if you want to dualboot,
503you should set this variable appropriately, otherwise your clock will go crazy.
482</p> 504</p>
483 505
484<p> 506<p>
485When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and 507When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
486exit. 508exit.
487</p> 509</p>
488 510
489<p> 511<p>
490If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 512If you are not installing Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware, continue with
491<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>. 513<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
492</p> 514</p>
493 515
494</body> 516</body>
495</subsection> 517</subsection>
496<subsection> 518<subsection>
497<title>Configuring the Console</title> 519<title>Configuring the Console</title>
498<body> 520<body>
499 521
500<note> 522<note>
501The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms. 523The following section applies to the IBM PPC64 hardware platforms.
502</note> 524</note>
503 525
504<p> 526<p>
505If you are running Gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment 527If you are running Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware and using a virtual console
506the hvc line in /etc/inittab for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt. 528you must uncomment the appropriate line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the
529virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
507</p> 530</p>
508 531
509<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab"> 532<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
510hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220 533hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
534hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
535</pre>
536
537<p>
538You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
539listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
511</pre> 540</p>
512 541
513<p> 542<p>
514You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary 543You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
515System Tools</uri>. 544System Tools</uri>.
516</p> 545</p>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.67  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.74

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20