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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
1<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
2<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.75 2006/02/27 00:55:34 fox2mike Exp $ -->
3 8
4<sections> 9<sections>
5<section>
6<title>Timezone</title>
7<body>
8 10
9<p> 11<version>2.17</version>
10You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is 12<date>2006-02-27</date>
11located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a
12symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>:
13</p>
14 13
15<pre caption="Setting the timezone information">
16# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i>
17<comment>(Suppose you want to use GTM:)</comment>
18# <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
19</pre>
20
21</body>
22</section>
23<section> 14<section>
24<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
25<subsection> 16<subsection>
26<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
27<body> 18<body>
28 19
29<p> 20<p>
30Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 21Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
31<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 22<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions
32(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 23(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
33(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 24and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
34etc.). 25them or not, etc.)
35</p> 26</p>
36 27
37</body> 28</body>
38</subsection> 29</subsection>
39<subsection> 30<subsection>
40<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 31<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
41<body> 32<body>
42 33
43<p> 34<p>
44<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 35<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
45fields, seperated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 36fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
46its own meaning: 37its own meaning:
47</p> 38</p>
48 39
49<ul> 40<ul>
50<li> 41<li>
59 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 50 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
60</li> 51</li>
61<li> 52<li>
62 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 53 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
63 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 54 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions,
64 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 55 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
65 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-seperated. 56 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated.
66</li> 57</li>
67<li> 58<li>
68 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 59 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
69 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 60 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
70</li> 61</li>
71<li> 62<li>
72 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 63 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
73 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 64 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
74 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 65 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
75 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 66 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
76</li> 67</li>
77</ul> 68</ul>
78 69
79<p> 70<p>
71The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is no valid fstab
80So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 72file</e>, so start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
81<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 73<path>/etc/fstab</path>:
82</p> 74</p>
83 75
84<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 76<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
85# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 77# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
86</pre> 78</pre>
87 79
88<p> 80<p>
89Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 81Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
90partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 82partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
91<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 83<path>/boot</path> partition (such as Apple <b>PPC</b> machines), don't copy it
84verbatim.
92</p> 85</p>
93 86
94<p> 87<p>
95In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 88In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
96<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 89<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
97be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 90It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
98would write down:
99</p> 91</p>
100 92
101<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 93<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
102/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 94/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
95</pre>
96
97<p>
98Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
99automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
100substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
101manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
103</pre> 102</p>
104 103
105<p> 104<p>
106Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 105Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
107option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 106option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
108aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 107aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
109</p> 108</p>
110 109
111<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 110<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
112/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 111/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
113</pre> 112</pre>
114 113
115<p> 114<p>
116If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 115If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for
117<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 116<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition):
118</p> 117</p>
119 118
120<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 119<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines">
121/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 120/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
122/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 121/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
123/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 122/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
124</pre> 123</pre>
125 124
126<p> 125<p>
128(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other 127(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other
129partitions or drives, for those too): 128partitions or drives, for those too):
130</p> 129</p>
131 130
132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 131<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example">
133/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 132/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
134/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 133/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
135/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 134/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
136 135
137none /proc proc defaults 0 0 136none /proc proc defaults 0 0
138none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 137none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
139 138
140/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 139/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
141</pre> 140</pre>
142 141
143<p> 142<p>
146<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 145<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
147</p> 146</p>
148 147
149<p> 148<p>
150Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 149Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a
151SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 150<b>SPARC</b>-user, you should add the following line to your
151<path>/etc/fstab</path>
152too: 152too:
153</p> 153</p>
154 154
155<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 155<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
156none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 156none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
157</pre> 157</pre>
158 158
159<p> 159<p>
160If you need <c>usbfs</c>, add the following line to <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
161</p>
162
163<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
164none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
165</pre>
166
167<p>
168Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 160Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
169</p> 161</p>
170 162
171</body> 163</body>
172</subsection> 164</subsection>
173</section> 165</section>
176<subsection> 168<subsection>
177<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 169<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
178<body> 170<body>
179 171
180<p> 172<p>
181One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 173One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
182easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 174quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
183name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 175appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
184be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 176choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
185<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 177<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
186</p> 178</p>
187 179
188<p> 180<p>
189We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 181We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
190</p> 182</p>
191 183
192<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 184<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
193# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 185# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
186
187<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
188HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
194</pre> 189</pre>
195 190
196<p> 191<p>
197Second we set the domainname: 192Second we set the domainname:
198</p> 193</p>
199 194
200<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 195<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
201# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 196# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
197
198<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
199DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
202</pre> 200</pre>
203 201
204<p> 202<p>
205If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 203If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
206one), you need to define that one too: 204one), you need to define that one too:
207</p> 205</p>
208 206
209<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 207<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
210# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 208# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
209
210<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
211NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
212</pre>
213
214<p>
215Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
216</p>
217
218<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel">
219# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
211</pre> 220</pre>
212 221
213</body> 222</body>
214</subsection> 223</subsection>
215<subsection> 224<subsection>
216<title>Configuring your Network</title> 225<title>Configuring your Network</title>
217<body> 226<body>
218 227
219<p> 228<p>
220Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 229Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
221that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 230that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
222just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 231just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
223your Gentoo system permanently. 232your Gentoo system permanently.
224</p> 233</p>
225 234
235<note>
236More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
237bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
238link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
239</note>
240
226<p> 241<p>
227All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 242All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
228a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 243a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
229networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 244networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
230</p> 245commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
231 246<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
232<p> 247</p>
248
249<p>
250DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
251</p>
252
253<p>
254If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
255specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
233First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 256<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
234is used in this example): 257this example):
235</p> 258</p>
236 259
237<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 260<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
238# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 261# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
239</pre> 262</pre>
240 263
241<p> 264<p>
242The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 265You will see the following file:
243syntax:
244</p>
245
246<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
247iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
248</pre>
249
250<p> 266</p>
251If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 267
252to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 268<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
253not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 269# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
254link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 270# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
255Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 271# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
272# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
273</pre>
274
256</p> 275<p>
257 276To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
277to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
258<p> 278</p>
259So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 279
260(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 280<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
261192.168.0.1: 281config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
282routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
283</pre>
284
262</p> 285<p>
263 286To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
264<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 287<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
265<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
266iface_eth0="dhcp"
267
268<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
269iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
270gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
271</pre>
272
273<p> 288</p>
274If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 289
275like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 290<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
276shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 291config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
292dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
293</pre>
294
295<p>
296Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
297options.
298</p>
299
300<p>
301If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
302<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
277</p> 303</p>
278 304
279<p> 305<p>
280Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 306Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
281</p> 307</p>
285<subsection> 311<subsection>
286<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 312<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
287<body> 313<body>
288 314
289<p> 315<p>
290To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 316To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
291default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 317default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as
292the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script. 318the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
293</p> 319</p>
294 320
295<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 321<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
317<p> 343<p>
318You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 344You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
319<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 345<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses
320for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 346for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your
321internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 347internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5),
322<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (this system) you would 348<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (192.168.0.7 - this system) you would
323open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values: 349open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
324</p> 350</p>
325 351
326<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 352<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
327# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 353# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
328</pre> 354</pre>
329 355
330<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 356<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
331127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork localhost 357127.0.0.1 localhost
332192.168.0.5 jenny 358192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
333192.168.0.56 benny 359192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
360192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
334</pre> 361</pre>
335 362
336<p> 363<p>
337If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 364If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
338resolution) a single line is sufficient: 365resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
366system <c>tux</c>:
339</p> 367</p>
340 368
341<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 369<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
342127.0.0.1 localhost tux 370127.0.0.1 localhost tux
343</pre> 371</pre>
344 372
345<p> 373<p>
346Save and exit the editor to continue. 374Save and exit the editor to continue.
347</p> 375</p>
348 376
349<p> 377<p>
350If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 378If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
351link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 379link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
352following topic on PCMCIA. 380following topic on PCMCIA.
353</p> 381</p>
354 382
355</body> 383</body>
356</subsection> 384</subsection>
357<subsection> 385<subsection>
358<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 386<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
359<body> 387<body>
360 388
389<note>
390pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
391</note>
392
361<p> 393<p>
362PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 394PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also
395includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
396using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
397to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
363</p> 398</p>
364 399
365<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 400<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
366# <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> 401# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
367</pre> 402</pre>
368 403
369<p> 404<p>
370When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e> 405When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
371runlevel: 406runlevel:
372</p> 407</p>
373 408
374<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel"> 409<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
375# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i> 410# <i>rc-update add pcmcia default</i>
376</pre> 411</pre>
377 412
378</body> 413</body>
379</subsection> 414</subsection>
380</section> 415</section>
381<section> 416<section>
382<title>System Information</title> 417<title>System Information</title>
418<subsection>
419<title>Root Password</title>
420<body>
421
422<p>
423First we set the root password by typing:
424</p>
425
426<pre caption="Setting the root password">
427# <i>passwd</i>
428</pre>
429
430<p>
431If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
432<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
433</p>
434
435<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
436# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
437</pre>
438
439</body>
440</subsection>
441<subsection>
442<title>System Information</title>
383<body> 443<body>
384 444
385<p> 445<p>
386Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 446Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
387Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 447Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :)
390<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 450<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
391# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 451# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
392</pre> 452</pre>
393 453
394<p> 454<p>
455When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
456</p>
457
458<p>
395As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 459As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
396configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 460configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
397<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 461define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
462</p>
463
398</p> 464<p>
465Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
466Edit it to configure your keyboard.
467</p>
399 468
469<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
470# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
471</pre>
472
473<p>
474Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
475<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
476</p>
477
478<note>
479Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
480select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". <b>PPC</b> uses x86
481keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB keymaps on boot
482have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to set a mac/ppc
483keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
484</note>
485
486<p>
487When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
488exit.
489</p>
490
491<p>
492Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
493according to your needs.
494</p>
495
496<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
497# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
498</pre>
499
500<p>
501If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
502the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. Furthermore, Windows
503assumes that your hardware clock uses local time, so if you want to dualboot,
504you should set this variable appropriately, otherwise your clock will go crazy.
505</p>
506
507<p>
508When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
509exit.
510</p>
511
512<p>
513If you are not installing Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware, continue with
514<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
515</p>
516
517</body>
518</subsection>
519<subsection>
520<title>Configuring the Console</title>
400</body> 521<body>
522
523<note>
524The following section applies to the IBM PPC64 hardware platforms.
525</note>
526
527<p>
528If you are running Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware and using a virtual console
529you must uncomment the appropriate line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the
530virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
531</p>
532
533<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
534hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
535hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
536</pre>
537
538<p>
539You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
540listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
541</p>
542
543<p>
544You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
545System Tools</uri>.
546</p>
547
548</body>
549</subsection>
401</section> 550</section>
402</sections> 551</sections>

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