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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.19 2004/01/09 20:59:21 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.76 2006/03/28 10:35:59 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10<section>
11<title>Timezone</title>
12<body>
13 10
14<p> 11<version>2.18</version>
15You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is 12<date>2006-03-28</date>
16located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a
17symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>:
18</p>
19 13
20<pre caption="Setting the timezone information">
21# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i>
22<comment>(Suppose you want to use GMT:)</comment>
23# <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
24</pre>
25
26</body>
27</section>
28<section> 14<section>
29<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
30<subsection> 16<subsection>
31<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
32<body> 18<body>
33 19
34<p> 20<p>
35Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 21Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
36<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 22<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions
37(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 23(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
38(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 24and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
39etc.). 25them or not, etc.)
40</p> 26</p>
41 27
42</body> 28</body>
43</subsection> 29</subsection>
44<subsection> 30<subsection>
64 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 50 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
65</li> 51</li>
66<li> 52<li>
67 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 53 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
68 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 54 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions,
69 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 55 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
70 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated. 56 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-separated.
71</li> 57</li>
72<li> 58<li>
73 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 59 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
74 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 60 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
75</li> 61</li>
76<li> 62<li>
77 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which 63 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
78 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. 64 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
79 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> 65 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
80 (or <c>0</c> in case a filesystem check isn't necessary). 66 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
81</li> 67</li>
82</ul> 68</ul>
83 69
84<p> 70<p>
71The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is no valid fstab
85So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 72file</e>, so start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your
86<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 73<path>/etc/fstab</path>:
87</p> 74</p>
88 75
89<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 76<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
90# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 77# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
91</pre> 78</pre>
92 79
93<p> 80<p>
94Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 81Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
95partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 82partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a
96<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 83<path>/boot</path> partition (such as Apple <b>PPC</b> machines), don't copy it
84verbatim.
97</p> 85</p>
98 86
99<p> 87<p>
100In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 88In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the
101<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 89<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem.
102be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 90It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
103would write down:
104</p> 91</p>
105 92
106<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 93<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
107/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 94/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults 1 2
95</pre>
96
97<p>
98Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
99automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
100substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
101manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
108</pre> 102</p>
109 103
110<p> 104<p>
111Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c> 105Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
112option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times 106option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
113aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway): 107aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
114</p> 108</p>
115 109
116<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 110<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab">
117/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 111/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
118</pre> 112</pre>
119 113
120<p> 114<p>
121If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 115If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for
122<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 116<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition):
123</p> 117</p>
124 118
125<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 119<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines">
126/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 120/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
127/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 121/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
128/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 122/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
129</pre> 123</pre>
130 124
131<p> 125<p>
133(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other 127(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and of course, if you have other
134partitions or drives, for those too): 128partitions or drives, for those too):
135</p> 129</p>
136 130
137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 131<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example">
138/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 132/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 133/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 134/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
141 135
142none /proc proc defaults 0 0 136none /proc proc defaults 0 0
143none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0 137none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
144 138
145/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 139/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
146</pre> 140</pre>
147 141
148<p> 142<p>
151<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 145<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
152</p> 146</p>
153 147
154<p> 148<p>
155Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 149Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a
156SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 150<b>SPARC</b>-user, you should add the following line to your
151<path>/etc/fstab</path>
157too: 152too:
158</p> 153</p>
159 154
160<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab"> 155<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
161none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 156none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
162</pre> 157</pre>
163 158
164<p> 159<p>
165If you need <c>usbfs</c>, add the following line to <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
166</p>
167
168<pre caption="Adding usbfs filesystem to /etc/fstab">
169none /proc/bus/usb usbfs defaults 0 0
170</pre>
171
172<p>
173Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 160Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
174</p> 161</p>
175 162
176</body> 163</body>
177</subsection> 164</subsection>
178</section> 165</section>
181<subsection> 168<subsection>
182<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 169<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title>
183<body> 170<body>
184 171
185<p> 172<p>
186One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 173One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
187easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 174quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
188name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 175appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
189be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 176choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
190<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 177<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
191</p> 178</p>
192 179
193<p> 180<p>
194We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 181We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
195</p> 182</p>
196 183
197<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 184<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
198# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 185# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
186
187<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
188HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
199</pre> 189</pre>
200 190
201<p> 191<p>
202Second we set the domainname: 192Second we set the domainname:
203</p> 193</p>
204 194
205<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 195<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
206# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 196# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
197
198<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
199DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
207</pre> 200</pre>
208 201
209<p> 202<p>
210If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 203If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
211one), you need to define that one too: 204one), you need to define that one too:
212</p> 205</p>
213 206
214<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 207<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
215# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 208# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
216</pre>
217 209
218<p> 210<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
219Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 211NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
220</p>
221
222<pre caption="Adding domainname to the default runlevel">
223# <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
224</pre> 212</pre>
225 213
226</body> 214</body>
227</subsection> 215</subsection>
228<subsection> 216<subsection>
229<title>Configuring your Network</title> 217<title>Configuring your Network</title>
230<body> 218<body>
231 219
232<p> 220<p>
233Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 221Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
234that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 222that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
235just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 223just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
236your Gentoo system permanently. 224your Gentoo system permanently.
237</p> 225</p>
238 226
227<note>
228More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
229bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
230link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
231</note>
232
239<p> 233<p>
240All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 234All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
241a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 235a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
242networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 236networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
243</p> 237commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
244 238<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
245<p> 239</p>
240
241<p>
242DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
243</p>
244
245<p>
246If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
247specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
246First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 248<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
247is used in this example): 249this example):
248</p> 250</p>
249 251
250<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 252<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
251# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 253# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
252</pre> 254</pre>
253 255
254<p> 256<p>
255The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 257You will see the following file:
256syntax:
257</p>
258
259<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
260iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
261</pre>
262
263<p> 258</p>
264If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 259
265to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 260<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
266not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 261# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
267link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 262# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
268Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 263# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
264# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
265</pre>
266
269</p> 267<p>
270 268To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
269to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
271<p> 270</p>
272So let us give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 271
273(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 272<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
274192.168.0.1: 273config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
274routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
275</pre>
276
275</p> 277<p>
276 278To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
277<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net"> 279<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
278<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
279iface_eth0="dhcp"
280
281<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
282iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
283gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
284</pre>
285
286<p> 280</p>
287If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 281
288like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 282<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
289shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 283config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
284dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
285</pre>
286
287<p>
288Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
289options.
290</p>
291
292<p>
293If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
294<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
290</p> 295</p>
291 296
292<p> 297<p>
293Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 298Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
294</p> 299</p>
298<subsection> 303<subsection>
299<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 304<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
300<body> 305<body>
301 306
302<p> 307<p>
303To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 308To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
304default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 309default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as
305the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script. 310the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
306</p> 311</p>
307 312
308<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 313<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
340# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 345# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
341</pre> 346</pre>
342 347
343<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 348<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
344127.0.0.1 localhost 349127.0.0.1 localhost
345192.168.0.5 jenny 350192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
346192.168.0.6 benny 351192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
347192.168.0.7 tux 352192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
348</pre> 353</pre>
349 354
350<p> 355<p>
351If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 356If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name
352resolution) a single line is sufficient: 357resolution) a single line is sufficient. For instance, if you want to call your
358system <c>tux</c>:
353</p> 359</p>
354 360
355<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs"> 361<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
356127.0.0.1 localhost tux 362127.0.0.1 localhost tux
357</pre> 363</pre>
358 364
359<p> 365<p>
360Save and exit the editor to continue. 366Save and exit the editor to continue.
361</p> 367</p>
362 368
363<p> 369<p>
364If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 370If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
365link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 371link="#doc_chap3">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
366following topic on PCMCIA. 372following topic on PCMCIA.
367</p> 373</p>
368 374
369</body> 375</body>
370</subsection> 376</subsection>
371<subsection> 377<subsection>
372<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 378<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
373<body> 379<body>
374 380
381<note>
382pcmcia-cs is only available for x86, amd64 and ppc platforms.
383</note>
384
375<p> 385<p>
376PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 386PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also
387includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
388using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
389to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
377</p> 390</p>
378 391
379<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 392<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs">
380# <i>emerge --usepkg pcmcia-cs</i> 393# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i>
381</pre> 394</pre>
382 395
383<p> 396<p>
384When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e> 397When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
385runlevel: 398runlevel:
392</body> 405</body>
393</subsection> 406</subsection>
394</section> 407</section>
395<section> 408<section>
396<title>System Information</title> 409<title>System Information</title>
410<subsection>
411<title>Root Password</title>
412<body>
413
414<p>
415First we set the root password by typing:
416</p>
417
418<pre caption="Setting the root password">
419# <i>passwd</i>
420</pre>
421
422<p>
423If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
424<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
425</p>
426
427<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
428# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
429</pre>
430
431</body>
432</subsection>
433<subsection>
434<title>System Information</title>
397<body> 435<body>
398 436
399<p> 437<p>
400Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 438Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
401Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 439Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :)
404<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 442<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
405# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 443# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
406</pre> 444</pre>
407 445
408<p> 446<p>
447When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
448</p>
449
450<p>
409As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 451As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
410configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 452configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
411you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 453define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
412your keyboard. 454</p>
455
456<p>
457Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
458Edit it to configure your keyboard.
459</p>
460
461<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
462# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
463</pre>
464
465<p>
466Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
467<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
413</p> 468</p>
414 469
415<note> 470<note>
416Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386 471Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
417keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 472select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". <b>PPC</b> uses x86
473keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB keymaps on boot
474have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to set a mac/ppc
475keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
418</note> 476</note>
419 477
420<p> 478<p>
421When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit, then 479When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
422continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Configuring the Bootloader</uri>. 480exit.
481</p>
482
423</p> 483<p>
484Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
485according to your needs.
486</p>
424 487
488<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
489# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
490</pre>
491
492<p>
493If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
494the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. Furthermore, Windows
495assumes that your hardware clock uses local time, so if you want to dualboot,
496you should set this variable appropriately, otherwise your clock will go crazy.
497</p>
498
499<p>
500When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
501exit.
502</p>
503
504<p>
505If you are not installing Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware, continue with
506<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
507</p>
508
509</body>
510</subsection>
511<subsection>
512<title>Configuring the Console</title>
425</body> 513<body>
514
515<note>
516The following section applies to the IBM PPC64 hardware platforms.
517</note>
518
519<p>
520If you are running Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware and using a virtual console
521you must uncomment the appropriate line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the
522virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
523</p>
524
525<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
526hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
527hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
528</pre>
529
530<p>
531You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
532listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
533</p>
534
535<p>
536You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
537System Tools</uri>.
538</p>
539
540</body>
541</subsection>
426</section> 542</section>
427</sections> 543</sections>

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