/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.88 Revision 1.95
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.88 2006/11/28 07:40:38 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.95 2007/08/01 18:12:47 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>7.6</version> 17<version>8.3</version>
18<date>2006-11-27</date> 18<date>2007-08-01</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
73</li> 73</li>
74</ul> 74</ul>
75 75
76<impo> 76<impo>
77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid 77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid
78fstab file</e>, You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>. 78fstab file</e>. You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
79</impo> 79</impo>
80 80
81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
83</pre> 83</pre>
118</body> 118</body>
119<body> 119<body>
120 120
121<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')"> 121<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')">
122Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for 122Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
123<path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if 123your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
124you have other partitions or drives, for those too. 124for those too.
125</p> 125</p>
126 126
127<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'"> 127<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
128Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for 128Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for
129<path>/proc/openprom</path>, <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> , for your CD-ROM 129<path>/proc/openprom</path>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if
130drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives, for those too. 130you have other partitions or drives, for those too.
131</p> 131</p>
132 132
133<p> 133<p>
134Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 134Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
135</p> 135</p>
137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'"> 137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
138<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 138<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
141 141
142proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
143shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
144
145/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 142/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
146</pre> 143</pre>
147 144
148<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'"> 145<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
149<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 146<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
150/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 147/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
151/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 148/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
152 149
153proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
154shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
155
156/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
157</pre> 151</pre>
158 152
159<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'"> 153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'">
160<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 154<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
161/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0 155/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
162/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 156/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
163
164proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
165shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
166 157
167/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
168</pre> 159</pre>
169 160
170<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'"> 161<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
173/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2 164/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
174/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2 165/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
175/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2 166/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
176 167
177openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 168openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
178proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
179shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
180 169
181/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 170/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
182</pre> 171</pre>
183 172
184<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'"> 173<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
188 177
189<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'"> 178<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
190/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 179/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
191/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0 180/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0
192 181
193proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
194shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
195
196/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 182/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
197</pre> 183</pre>
198 184
199<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'"> 185<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
200/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 186/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
201/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 187/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
202
203proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
204shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
205 188
206/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 189/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
207</pre> 190</pre>
208 191
209<p> 192<p>
245<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment> 228<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment>
246HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>" 229HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
247</pre> 230</pre>
248 231
249<p> 232<p>
250Second we set the domainname in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>: 233Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
234You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
235have a DNS server but not a DHCP server. You don't need to worry about DNS or
236domainnames if your networking is setup for DHCP.
251</p> 237</p>
252 238
253<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 239<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
254# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 240# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
255 241
256<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment> 242<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment>
257dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>" 243dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>"
258</pre> 244</pre>
245
246<note>
247If you choose not to set a domainname, you can get rid of the "This is
248hostname.(none)" messages at your login screen by editing
249<path>/etc/issue</path>. Just delete the string <c>.\O</c> from that file.
250</note>
259 251
260<p> 252<p>
261If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 253If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
262one), you need to define that one too: 254one), you need to define that one too:
263</p> 255</p>
336to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 328to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
337</p> 329</p>
338 330
339<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 331<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
340config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" ) 332config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" )
341routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" ) 333routes_eth0=( "default via 192.168.0.1" )
342</pre> 334</pre>
343 335
344<p> 336<p>
345To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and 337To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
346<c>dhcp_eth0</c>: 338<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
371<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 363<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
372<body> 364<body>
373 365
374<p> 366<p>
375To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the 367To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
376default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 368default runlevel.
377the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
378</p> 369</p>
379 370
380<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 371<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
381# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i> 372# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
382</pre> 373</pre>
436<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 427<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
437<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 428<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
438<body> 429<body>
439 430
440<p> 431<p>
441PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also 432PCMCIA users should first install the <c>pcmciautils</c> package.
442includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
443using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
444to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
445</p> 433</p>
446 434
447<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 435<pre caption="Installing pcmciautils">
448# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 436# <i>emerge pcmciautils</i>
449</pre>
450
451<p>
452When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
453runlevel:
454</p>
455
456<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
457# <i>rc-update add pcmcia default</i>
458</pre> 437</pre>
459 438
460</body> 439</body>
461</subsection> 440</subsection>
462</section> 441</section>
471First we set the root password by typing: 450First we set the root password by typing:
472</p> 451</p>
473 452
474<pre caption="Setting the root password"> 453<pre caption="Setting the root password">
475# <i>passwd</i> 454# <i>passwd</i>
476</pre>
477
478<p>
479If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
480<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
481</p>
482
483<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
484# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
485</pre> 455</pre>
486 456
487</body> 457</body>
488</subsection> 458</subsection>
489<subsection> 459<subsection>
520 490
521<p> 491<p>
522Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong 492Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
523<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard. 493<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
524</p> 494</p>
525
526<note test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
527Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386
528keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
529</note>
530 495
531<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 496<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
532PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB 497PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB
533keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to 498keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to
534set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>. 499set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
552If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 517If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
553to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 518to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
554</p> 519</p>
555 520
556<p> 521<p>
522You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
523<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the
524<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path>
525automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add
526<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c>
527</p>
528
529<p>
557When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and 530When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
558exit. 531exit.
559</p> 532</p>
560 533
561<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 534<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">

Legend:
Removed from v.1.88  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.95

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20