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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.90 2007/05/07 18:11:40 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.98 2008/04/17 21:11:30 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>8.0</version> 17<version>9.1</version>
18<date>2007-05-07</date> 18<date>2008-04-17</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
118</body> 118</body>
119<body> 119<body>
120 120
121<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')"> 121<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')">
122Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for 122Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
123<path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if 123your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
124you have other partitions or drives, for those too. 124for those too.
125</p> 125</p>
126 126
127<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'"> 127<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
128Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for 128Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for
129<path>/proc/openprom</path>, <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> , for your CD-ROM 129<path>/proc/openprom</path>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if
130drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives, for those too. 130you have other partitions or drives, for those too.
131</p> 131</p>
132 132
133<p> 133<p>
134Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 134Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
135</p> 135</p>
137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'"> 137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
138<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 138<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
141 141
142proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
143shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
144
145/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 142/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
146</pre> 143</pre>
147 144
148<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'"> 145<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
149<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 146<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
150/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 147/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
151/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 148/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
152 149
153proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
154shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
155
156/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
157</pre> 151</pre>
158 152
159<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'"> 153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'">
160<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 154<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
161/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0 155/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
162/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 156/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
163
164proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
165shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
166 157
167/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
168</pre> 159</pre>
169 160
170<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'"> 161<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
173/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2 164/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
174/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2 165/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
175/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2 166/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
176 167
177openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 168openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
178proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
179shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
180 169
181/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 170/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
182</pre> 171</pre>
183 172
184<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'"> 173<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
188 177
189<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'"> 178<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
190/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 179/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
191/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0 180/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0
192 181
193proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
194shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
195
196/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 182/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
197</pre> 183</pre>
198 184
199<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'"> 185<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
200/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 186/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
201/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 187/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
202
203proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
204shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
205 188
206/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 189/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
207</pre> 190</pre>
208 191
209<p> 192<p>
279</pre> 262</pre>
280 263
281<note> 264<note>
282For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples 265For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
283provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge 266provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge
284<c>resolvconf-gentoo</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup. 267<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
285</note> 268</note>
286 269
287</body> 270</body>
288</subsection> 271</subsection>
289<subsection> 272<subsection>
469 452
470<pre caption="Setting the root password"> 453<pre caption="Setting the root password">
471# <i>passwd</i> 454# <i>passwd</i>
472</pre> 455</pre>
473 456
474<p>
475If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
476<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
477</p>
478
479<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
480# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
481</pre>
482
483</body> 457</body>
484</subsection> 458</subsection>
485<subsection> 459<subsection>
486<title>System Information</title> 460<title>System Information</title>
487<body> 461<body>
543If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 517If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
544to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 518to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
545</p> 519</p>
546 520
547<p> 521<p>
522You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
523<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the
524<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path>
525automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add
526<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c>
527</p>
528
529<p>
548When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and 530When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
549exit. 531exit.
550</p> 532</p>
551 533
552<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 534<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">

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