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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.92 2007/05/20 04:16:25 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.99 2008/05/02 08:04:23 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>8.2</version> 17<version>9.2</version>
18<date>2007-05-19</date> 18<date>2008-05-02</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a 90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a
91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it. 91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it.
92</p> 92</p>
93 93
94<p test="contains(func:keyval('/boot'), '/dev/hd')">
95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition (or
97<path>/dev/sda*</path> if you use SCSI or SATA drives), with <c>ext2</c> as
98filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
99</p> 94<p>
100
101<p test="contains(func:keyval('/boot'), '/dev/sd')">
102In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is 95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
103usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as 96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
104filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down: 97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
105</p> 98</p>
106 99
116</p> 109</p>
117 110
118</body> 111</body>
119<body> 112<body>
120 113
121<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')"> 114<p>
122Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for 115Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
123<path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if
124you have other partitions or drives, for those too.
125</p>
126
127<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
128Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for
129<path>/proc/openprom</path>, <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> , for your CD-ROM
130drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives, for those too. 116your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
117for those too.
131</p> 118</p>
132 119
133<p> 120<p>
134Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
135</p> 122</p>
136
137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
138<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
141
142proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
143shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
144
145/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
146</pre>
147 123
148<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'"> 124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
149<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
150/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
151/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 127/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
152 128
153proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
154shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
155
156/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
157</pre> 130</pre>
158 131
159<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'"> 132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
160<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 133<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
161/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0 134/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
162/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 135/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
163
164proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
165shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
166 136
167/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 137/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
168</pre> 138</pre>
169 139
170<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'"> 140<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
172/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0 142/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
173/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2 143/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
174/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2 144/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
175/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2 145/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
176 146
147<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment>
177openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 148openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
178proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
179shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
180 149
181/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
182</pre> 151</pre>
183 152
184<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
185There are important variations between PPC machine types. Please make sure you
186adapt the following example to your system.
187</note>
188
189<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'"> 153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or
190/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 154func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
191/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0
192
193proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
194shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
195
196/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
197</pre>
198
199<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
200/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 155/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
201/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 156/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
202
203proc /proc proc nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
204shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
205 157
206/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
207</pre> 159</pre>
208 160
209<p> 161<p>
279</pre> 231</pre>
280 232
281<note> 233<note>
282For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples 234For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
283provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge 235provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. Also, you may want to emerge
284<c>resolvconf-gentoo</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup. 236<c>openresolv</c> to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
285</note> 237</note>
286 238
287</body> 239</body>
288</subsection> 240</subsection>
289<subsection> 241<subsection>
469 421
470<pre caption="Setting the root password"> 422<pre caption="Setting the root password">
471# <i>passwd</i> 423# <i>passwd</i>
472</pre> 424</pre>
473 425
474<p>
475If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
476<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
477</p>
478
479<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
480# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
481</pre>
482
483</body> 426</body>
484</subsection> 427</subsection>
485<subsection> 428<subsection>
486<title>System Information</title> 429<title>System Information</title>
487<body> 430<body>
543If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 486If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c>
544to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 487to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
545</p> 488</p>
546 489
547<p> 490<p>
491You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
492<path>/etc/localtime</path> so that further upgrades of the
493<c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update <path>/etc/localtime</path>
494automatically. For instance, if you used the GMT timezone, you would add
495<c>TIMEZONE="GMT"</c>
496</p>
497
498<p>
548When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and 499When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
549exit. 500exit.
550</p> 501</p>
551 502
552<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 503<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">

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