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Add necessary xml constructs on top of all hb-files, tx to neysx

1 swift 1.14 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4 swift 1.5 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6    
7 swift 1.14 <!-- $Header: /home/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-finalise.xml,v 1.13 2004/01/06 10:16:50 swift Exp $ -->
8 swift 1.7
9 swift 1.3 <sections>
10 swift 1.1 <section>
11     <title>User Administration</title>
12 swift 1.4 <subsection>
13     <title>Setting a root Password</title>
14 swift 1.1 <body>
15    
16     <p>
17 swift 1.4 Before you forget, set the root password by typing:
18     </p>
19    
20     <pre caption="Setting the root password">
21     # <i>passwd</i>
22     </pre>
23    
24 swift 1.11 <p>
25     If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
26     <c>ttyS0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
27     </p>
28    
29     <pre caption="Adding ttyS0 to /etc/securetty">
30     # <i>echo "ttyS0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
31     </pre>
32    
33 swift 1.4 </body>
34     </subsection>
35     <subsection>
36     <title>Adding a User for Daily Use</title>
37     <body>
38    
39     <p>
40     Working as root on a Unix/Linux system is <e>dangerous</e> and should be avoided
41 swift 1.10 as much as possible. Therefore it is <e>strongly</e> recommended to add a user
42 swift 1.4 for day-to-day use.
43     </p>
44    
45     <p>
46     For instance, to create a user called <c>john</c> who is member of the
47     <c>wheel</c> group (be able to change to root using <c>su</c>), <c>users</c>
48     group (default for all users) and <c>audio</c> group (be able to use audio
49     devices):
50     </p>
51    
52     <pre caption="Adding a user for day-to-day use">
53     # <i>useradd john -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
54     # <i>passwd john</i>
55     Password: <comment>(Enter the password for john)</comment>
56     Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter the password to verify)</comment>
57     </pre>
58    
59     <p>
60     If this user ever needs to perform some task as root, he can use <c>su -</c> to
61     temporarily receive root privileges. Another way is to use the <c>sudo</c>
62     package which is, if correctly configured, very secure.
63 swift 1.1 </p>
64    
65     </body>
66 swift 1.4 </subsection>
67 swift 1.3 </section>
68     <section>
69     <title>Reboot and Enjoy</title>
70 swift 1.1 <subsection>
71 swift 1.2 <title>Rebooting</title>
72 swift 1.1 <body>
73    
74     <p>
75 swift 1.4 Congratulations! Your Gentoo system is now ready. Run <c>etc-update</c> to
76     update the configuration files (if needed), exit the chrooted environment and
77     unmount all mounted partitions. Then type in that one magical command you have
78     been waiting for: <c>reboot</c>.
79     </p>
80    
81     <pre caption="Rebooting the system">
82     # <i>etc-update</i>
83     # <i>exit</i>
84     # <i>cd /</i>
85     # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
86     # <i>reboot</i>
87     </pre>
88    
89     <p>
90 swift 1.6 Of course, don't forget to remove the bootable CD, otherwise the CD will be
91 swift 1.4 booted again instead of your new Gentoo system.
92     </p>
93    
94     <p>
95     OldWorld PPC users will boot in MacOS since their bootloader
96     isn't installed yet. Those users should read <uri
97 swift 1.11 link="#doc_chap2_sect2">Optional: Configuring BootX</uri>. MIPS users will have
98     to do some more tweaking in their MIPS PROM to get Gentoo to work. Those users
99     should read <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect3">Optional: Getting Gentoo/MIPS to
100     Work</uri>. GRP users can continue with <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect4">Optional:
101     Install Extra Packages</uri>, all the rest can finish up with <uri
102 swift 1.4 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
103 swift 1.1 </p>
104    
105     </body>
106 swift 1.3 </subsection>
107     <subsection>
108 swift 1.2 <title>Optional: Configuring BootX</title>
109     <body>
110    
111 swift 1.4 <impo>
112 swift 1.3 This subsection is <e>only</e> for PPC-users who want to use BootX as
113     bootloader. All other readers should skip this subsection.
114 swift 1.4 </impo>
115 swift 1.2
116     <p>
117     Now your machine is booted in MacOS, open the BootX control panel.
118     Select <c>Options</c>, and uncheck <c>Used specified RAM disk</c>. When you
119     return to the BootX main screen, you will now find an option to specify your
120     machine's root disk and partition. Fill these in with the appropriate
121     values.
122     </p>
123    
124     <p>
125     BootX can be configured to start Linux upon boot. If you do this, you will
126     first see your machine boot into MacOS then, during startup, BootX will
127     load and start Linux. See the <uri
128     link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX home page</uri> for more
129     information.
130     </p>
131    
132 swift 1.4 <p>
133     If you are a GRP users you can continue with <uri
134     link="#doc_chap2_sect3">Optional: Install Extra Packages</uri>, otherwise go to
135     <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
136     </p>
137    
138 swift 1.2 </body>
139 swift 1.1 </subsection>
140 swift 1.4 <subsection>
141 swift 1.11 <title>Optional: Getting Gentoo/MIPS to Work</title>
142     <body>
143    
144     <p>
145     When you are rebooted, go to the <e>System Maintenance Menu</e> and select
146     <e>Enter Command Monitor</e> (<c>5</c>). If you want to test your new Gentoo
147     installation, you can just run <c>boot -f &lt;kernel name&gt;</c>. To have your
148     system permanently boot into the Gentoo installation, you need to set some
149     variables in the MIPS PROM:
150     </p>
151    
152     <pre caption="Configuring the PROM to Boot Gentoo">
153     1) Start System
154     2) Install System Software
155     3) Run Diagnostics
156     4) Recover System
157     5) Enter Command Monitor
158    
159     Option? <i>5</i>
160     Command Monitor. Type "exit" to return to the menu.
161    
162     <comment>(&lt;root device&gt; = Gentoo's root partition, e.g. /dev/sda3)</comment>
163     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadPartition &lt;root device&gt;</i>
164    
165     <comment>(To list the available kernels, type "ls")</comment>
166     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoader &lt;kernel name&gt;</i>
167     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadFilename &lt;kernel name&gt;</i>
168    
169     <comment>(Declare the kernel parameters you want to pass)</comment>
170     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadOptions &lt;kernel parameters&gt;</i>
171    
172     <comment>(Provide the location of the Volume Header)</comment>
173     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv SystemPartition scsi(0)disk(1)rdisk(0)partition(8)</i>
174    
175     <comment>(Automatically boot Gentoo)</comment>
176     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv AutoLoad Yes</i>
177    
178     <comment>(Set the timezone)</comment>
179     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv TimeZone EST5EDT</i>
180    
181     <comment>(Use the serial console - graphic adapter users should have "g" instead of "d1" (one))</comment>
182     &gt;&gt; <i>setenv console d1</i>
183     </pre>
184    
185     <p>
186     Now you're ready to enjoy Gentoo!
187     </p>
188    
189     </body>
190     </subsection>
191     <subsection>
192 swift 1.1 <title>Optional: Install Extra Packages</title>
193     <body>
194    
195 swift 1.4 <impo>
196     This part is for GRP users only. Other users should skip this part and continue
197     with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
198     </impo>
199    
200     <p>
201     Now that your system is booted, log on as the user you created (for instance,
202     <c>john</c>) and use <c>su -</c> to gain root privileges:
203     </p>
204    
205     <pre caption="Gaining root privileges">
206     $ <i>su -</i>
207     Password: <comment>(Enter your root password)</comment>
208     </pre>
209    
210     <p>
211 swift 1.13 Now we need to copy over the prebuilt binaries from the second CD (CD-2) if you
212 swift 1.4 have it. First mount this CD:
213     </p>
214    
215     <pre caption="Mount the CD-2">
216     <comment>(Put CD-2 in the CD tray)</comment>
217     # <i>mount /mnt/cdrom</i>
218     </pre>
219    
220 swift 1.1 <p>
221 swift 1.13 Now copy over all prebuilt binaries from the CD to
222 swift 1.8 <path>/usr/portage/packages</path>. Make sure you use the same copy-command!
223 swift 1.4 </p>
224    
225 swift 1.13 <pre caption="Copy over prebuilt binaries">
226 swift 1.12 # <i>cp /mnt/cdrom/packages/All/* /usr/portage/packages/All/</i>
227 swift 1.4 </pre>
228    
229     <p>
230 swift 1.13 Now install the packages you want. CD-2 contains several prebuilt binaries, for
231 swift 1.4 instance KDE:
232     </p>
233    
234     <pre caption="Installing KDE">
235 swift 1.9 # <i>emerge --usepkg kde</i>
236 swift 1.4 </pre>
237    
238     <p>
239     Be sure to install the binaries now. When you do an <c>emerge sync</c> to update
240     Portage (as you will learn later), the prebuilt binaries might not match against
241     the ebuilds in your updated Portage. You can try to circumvent this by using
242 swift 1.9 <c>emerge --usepkgonly</c> instead of <c>emerge --usepkg</c>.
243 swift 1.4 </p>
244    
245     <p>
246     Congratulations, your system is now fully equiped! Continue with <uri
247     link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri> to learn more about
248     Gentoo.
249 swift 1.1 </p>
250    
251     </body>
252 swift 1.4 </subsection>
253 swift 1.1 </section>
254 swift 1.3 </sections>

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