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Revision 1.23 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Wed Mar 17 16:42:46 2004 UTC (10 years, 9 months ago) by swift
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.22: +2 -3 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
Unmounting /dev isnt needed anymore as we have removed all references to bind-mounting /dev

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /home/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-finalise.xml,v 1.22 2004/03/13 18:07:40 swift Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10 <section>
11 <title>User Administration</title>
12 <subsection>
13 <title>Setting a root Password</title>
14 <body>
15
16 <p>
17 Before you forget, set the root password by typing:
18 </p>
19
20 <pre caption="Setting the root password">
21 # <i>passwd</i>
22 </pre>
23
24 <p>
25 If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
26 <c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
27 </p>
28
29 <pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
30 # <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
31 </pre>
32
33 </body>
34 </subsection>
35 <subsection>
36 <title>Adding a User for Daily Use</title>
37 <body>
38
39 <p>
40 Working as root on a Unix/Linux system is <e>dangerous</e> and should be avoided
41 as much as possible. Therefore it is <e>strongly</e> recommended to add a user
42 for day-to-day use.
43 </p>
44
45 <p>
46 For instance, to create a user called <c>john</c> who is member of the
47 <c>wheel</c> group (be able to change to root using <c>su</c>), <c>users</c>
48 group (default for all users) and <c>audio</c> group (be able to use audio
49 devices):
50 </p>
51
52 <pre caption="Adding a user for day-to-day use">
53 # <i>useradd john -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
54 # <i>passwd john</i>
55 Password: <comment>(Enter the password for john)</comment>
56 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter the password to verify)</comment>
57 </pre>
58
59 <p>
60 If this user ever needs to perform some task as root, he can use <c>su -</c> to
61 temporarily receive root privileges. Another way is to use the <c>sudo</c>
62 package which is, if correctly configured, very secure.
63 </p>
64
65 </body>
66 </subsection>
67 </section>
68 <section>
69 <title>Reboot and Enjoy</title>
70 <subsection>
71 <title>Rebooting</title>
72 <body>
73
74 <p>
75 Congratulations! Your Gentoo system is now ready. Exit the chrooted environment
76 and unmount all mounted partitions. Then type in that
77 one magical command you have been waiting for: <c>reboot</c>.
78 </p>
79
80 <pre caption="Rebooting the system">
81 # <i>exit</i>
82 # <i>cd /</i>
83 # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
84 # <i>reboot</i>
85 </pre>
86
87 <p>
88 Of course, don't forget to remove the bootable CD, otherwise the CD will be
89 booted again instead of your new Gentoo system.
90 </p>
91
92 <p>
93 OldWorld PPC users will boot in MacOS since their bootloader
94 isn't installed yet. Those users should read <uri
95 link="#doc_chap2_sect2">Optional: Configuring BootX</uri>. MIPS users will have
96 to do some more tweaking in their MIPS PROM to get Gentoo to work. Those users
97 should read <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect3">Optional: Getting Gentoo/MIPS to
98 Work</uri>.
99 </p>
100
101 <p>
102 GRP users can continue with <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect4">Optional:
103 Install GRP Packages</uri>, all the rest can finish up with <uri
104 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
105 </p>
106
107 </body>
108 </subsection>
109 <subsection>
110 <title>Optional: Configuring BootX</title>
111 <body>
112
113 <impo>
114 This subsection is <e>only</e> for PPC-users who want to use BootX as
115 bootloader. All other readers should skip this subsection.
116 </impo>
117
118 <p>
119 Now your machine is booted in MacOS, open the BootX control panel.
120 Select <c>Options</c>, and uncheck <c>Used specified RAM disk</c>. When you
121 return to the BootX main screen, you will now find an option to specify your
122 machine's root disk and partition. Fill these in with the appropriate
123 values.
124 </p>
125
126 <p>
127 BootX can be configured to start Linux upon boot. If you do this, you will
128 first see your machine boot into MacOS then, during startup, BootX will
129 load and start Linux. See the <uri
130 link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX home page</uri> for more
131 information.
132 </p>
133
134 <p>
135 If you are a GRP users you can continue with <uri
136 link="#doc_chap2_sect4">Optional: Install GRP Packages</uri>, otherwise go to
137 <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
138 </p>
139
140 </body>
141 </subsection>
142 <subsection>
143 <title>Optional: Getting Gentoo/MIPS to Work</title>
144 <body>
145
146 <p>
147 When you are rebooted, go to the <e>System Maintenance Menu</e> and select
148 <e>Enter Command Monitor</e> (<c>5</c>). If you want to test your new Gentoo
149 installation, you can just run <c>boot -f &lt;kernel name&gt;</c>. To have your
150 system permanently boot into the Gentoo installation, you need to set some
151 variables in the MIPS PROM:
152 </p>
153
154 <pre caption="Configuring the PROM to Boot Gentoo">
155 1) Start System
156 2) Install System Software
157 3) Run Diagnostics
158 4) Recover System
159 5) Enter Command Monitor
160
161 Option? <i>5</i>
162 Command Monitor. Type "exit" to return to the menu.
163
164 <comment>(&lt;root device&gt; = Gentoo's root partition, e.g. /dev/sda3)</comment>
165 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadPartition &lt;root device&gt;</i>
166
167 <comment>(To list the available kernels, type "ls")</comment>
168 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoader &lt;kernel name&gt;</i>
169 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadFilename &lt;kernel name&gt;</i>
170
171 <comment>(Declare the kernel parameters you want to pass)</comment>
172 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadOptions &lt;kernel parameters&gt;</i>
173
174 <comment>(Provide the location of the Volume Header)</comment>
175 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv SystemPartition scsi(0)disk(1)rdisk(0)partition(8)</i>
176
177 <comment>(Automatically boot Gentoo)</comment>
178 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv AutoLoad Yes</i>
179
180 <comment>(Set the timezone)</comment>
181 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv TimeZone EST5EDT</i>
182
183 <comment>(Use the serial console - graphic adapter users should have "g" instead of "d1" (one))</comment>
184 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv console d1</i>
185 </pre>
186
187 <p>
188 Now you're ready to enjoy Gentoo!
189 </p>
190
191 </body>
192 </subsection>
193 <subsection>
194 <title>Optional: Install GRP Packages</title>
195 <body>
196
197 <impo>
198 This part is for GRP users only. Other users should skip this part and continue
199 with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
200 </impo>
201
202 <p>
203 Now that your system is booted, log on as the user you created (for instance,
204 <c>john</c>) and use <c>su -</c> to gain root privileges:
205 </p>
206
207 <pre caption="Gaining root privileges">
208 $ <i>su -</i>
209 Password: <comment>(Enter your root password)</comment>
210 </pre>
211
212 <p>
213 Now we need to change the Portage configuration to look for the prebuilt
214 binaries from the second CD (Gentoo Packages CD). First mount this CD:
215 </p>
216
217 <pre caption="Mount the Packages CD">
218 # <i>mkdir /mnt/cdrom</i>
219 <comment>(Put the Gentoo Packages CD in the CD tray)</comment>
220 # <i>mount /mnt/cdrom</i>
221 </pre>
222
223 <p>
224 Now configure Portage to use <path>/mnt/cdrom</path> for its prebuilt packages:
225 </p>
226
227 <pre caption="Configuring Portage to use /mnt/cdrom">
228 # <i>ls /mnt/cdrom</i>
229
230 <comment>(If there is a /mnt/cdrom/packages directory:)</comment>
231 # <i>export PKGDIR="/mnt/cdrom/packages"</i>
232
233 <comment>(Otherwise:)</comment>
234 # <i>export PKGDIR="/mnt/cdrom"</i>
235 </pre>
236
237 <p>
238 Now install the packages you want. The Packages CD contains several prebuilt
239 binaries, for instance KDE:
240 </p>
241
242 <pre caption="Installing KDE">
243 # <i>USE="bindist" emerge --usepkg kde</i>
244 </pre>
245
246 <p>
247 The <c>USE="bindist"</c> is needed when you install XFree (either directly or as
248 a dependency). It prevents the downloading of Microsoft's core fonts (which we
249 cannot distribute on our LiveCDs).
250 </p>
251
252 <p>
253 Be sure to install the binaries now. When you do an <c>emerge sync</c> to update
254 Portage (as you will learn later), the prebuilt binaries might not match against
255 the ebuilds in your updated Portage. You can try to circumvent this by using
256 <c>emerge --usepkgonly</c> instead of <c>emerge --usepkg</c>.
257 </p>
258
259 <p>
260 Congratulations, your system is now fully equiped! Continue with <uri
261 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri> to learn more about
262 Gentoo.
263 </p>
264
265 </body>
266 </subsection>
267 </section>
268 </sections>

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