/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-finalise.xml
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Contents of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-finalise.xml

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Handbook almost completed first draft

1 <sections>
2 <section>
3 <title>User Administration</title>
4 <subsection>
5 <title>Setting a root Password</title>
6 <body>
7
8 <p>
9 Before you forget, set the root password by typing:
10 </p>
11
12 <pre caption="Setting the root password">
13 # <i>passwd</i>
14 </pre>
15
16 </body>
17 </subsection>
18 <subsection>
19 <title>Adding a User for Daily Use</title>
20 <body>
21
22 <p>
23 Working as root on a Unix/Linux system is <e>dangerous</e> and should be avoided
24 as much as possible. Therefor it is <e>strongly</e> recommended to add a user
25 for day-to-day use.
26 </p>
27
28 <p>
29 For instance, to create a user called <c>john</c> who is member of the
30 <c>wheel</c> group (be able to change to root using <c>su</c>), <c>users</c>
31 group (default for all users) and <c>audio</c> group (be able to use audio
32 devices):
33 </p>
34
35 <pre caption="Adding a user for day-to-day use">
36 # <i>useradd john -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
37 # <i>passwd john</i>
38 Password: <comment>(Enter the password for john)</comment>
39 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter the password to verify)</comment>
40 </pre>
41
42 <p>
43 If this user ever needs to perform some task as root, he can use <c>su -</c> to
44 temporarily receive root privileges. Another way is to use the <c>sudo</c>
45 package which is, if correctly configured, very secure.
46 </p>
47
48 </body>
49 </subsection>
50 </section>
51 <section>
52 <title>Reboot and Enjoy</title>
53 <subsection>
54 <title>Rebooting</title>
55 <body>
56
57 <p>
58 Congratulations! Your Gentoo system is now ready. Run <c>etc-update</c> to
59 update the configuration files (if needed), exit the chrooted environment and
60 unmount all mounted partitions. Then type in that one magical command you have
61 been waiting for: <c>reboot</c>.
62 </p>
63
64 <pre caption="Rebooting the system">
65 # <i>etc-update</i>
66 # <i>exit</i>
67 # <i>cd /</i>
68 # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
69 # <i>reboot</i>
70 </pre>
71
72 <p>
73 Ofcourse, don't forget to remove the bootable CD, otherwise the CD will be
74 booted again instead of your new Gentoo system.
75 </p>
76
77 <p>
78 OldWorld PPC users will boot in MacOS since their bootloader
79 isn't installed yet. Those users should read <uri
80 link="#doc_chap2_sect2">Optional: Configuring BootX</uri>. GRP users can
81 continue with <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect3">Optional: Install Extra
82 Packages</uri>, all the rest can finish up with <uri
83 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
84 </p>
85
86 </body>
87 </subsection>
88 <subsection>
89 <title>Optional: Configuring BootX</title>
90 <body>
91
92 <impo>
93 This subsection is <e>only</e> for PPC-users who want to use BootX as
94 bootloader. All other readers should skip this subsection.
95 </impo>
96
97 <p>
98 Now your machine is booted in MacOS, open the BootX control panel.
99 Select <c>Options</c>, and uncheck <c>Used specified RAM disk</c>. When you
100 return to the BootX main screen, you will now find an option to specify your
101 machine's root disk and partition. Fill these in with the appropriate
102 values.
103 </p>
104
105 <p>
106 BootX can be configured to start Linux upon boot. If you do this, you will
107 first see your machine boot into MacOS then, during startup, BootX will
108 load and start Linux. See the <uri
109 link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX home page</uri> for more
110 information.
111 </p>
112
113 <p>
114 If you are a GRP users you can continue with <uri
115 link="#doc_chap2_sect3">Optional: Install Extra Packages</uri>, otherwise go to
116 <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
117 </p>
118
119 </body>
120 </subsection>
121 <subsection>
122 <title>Optional: Install Extra Packages</title>
123 <body>
124
125 <impo>
126 This part is for GRP users only. Other users should skip this part and continue
127 with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
128 </impo>
129
130 <p>
131 Now that your system is booted, log on as the user you created (for instance,
132 <c>john</c>) and use <c>su -</c> to gain root privileges:
133 </p>
134
135 <pre caption="Gaining root privileges">
136 $ <i>su -</i>
137 Password: <comment>(Enter your root password)</comment>
138 </pre>
139
140 <p>
141 Now we need to copy over the prebuild binaries from the second CD (CD-2) if you
142 have it. First mount this CD:
143 </p>
144
145 <pre caption="Mount the CD-2">
146 <comment>(Put CD-2 in the CD tray)</comment>
147 # <i>mount /mnt/cdrom</i>
148 </pre>
149
150 <p>
151 Now copy over all prebuild binaries from the CD to
152 <path>/usr/portage/packages</path>. Make sure you use the same copy-command
153 (including the trailing <path>/</path>)!
154 </p>
155
156 <pre caption="Copy over prebuild binaries">
157 # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/* /usr/portage/packages/</i>
158 </pre>
159
160 <p>
161 Now install the packages you want. CD-2 contains several prebuild binaries, for
162 instance KDE:
163 </p>
164
165 <pre caption="Installing KDE">
166 # <i>emerge -k kde</i>
167 </pre>
168
169 <p>
170 Be sure to install the binaries now. When you do an <c>emerge sync</c> to update
171 Portage (as you will learn later), the prebuilt binaries might not match against
172 the ebuilds in your updated Portage. You can try to circumvent this by using
173 <c>emerge -K</c> instead of <c>emerge -k</c>.
174 </p>
175
176 <p>
177 Congratulations, your system is now fully equiped! Continue with <uri
178 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri> to learn more about
179 Gentoo.
180 </p>
181
182 </body>
183 </subsection>
184 </section>
185 </sections>

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