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Revision 1.50 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Tue Apr 1 08:53:46 2008 UTC (6 years, 3 months ago) by nightmorph
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.49: +4 -4 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
release time. note that since this is beta1, the release dir and stage/media names have been adjusted accordingly. also, the handbooks are marked with a disclaimer=draft, so once the final is out, that will be removed and the release names adjusted. in the mean time, these are live. the beta is officially released. no, it's not april fools, but it is april 1st. :)

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/draft/hb-install-finalise.xml,v 1.26 2008/03/31 21:48:58 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <abstract>
12 You're almost done. We'll just create one (or more) users for your
13 system.
14 </abstract>
15
16 <version>9.0</version>
17 <date>2008-04-01</date>
18
19 <section>
20 <title>User Administration</title>
21 <subsection>
22 <title>Adding a User for Daily Use</title>
23 <body>
24
25 <p>
26 Working as root on a Unix/Linux system is <e>dangerous</e> and should be avoided
27 as much as possible. Therefore it is <e>strongly</e> recommended to add a user
28 for day-to-day use.
29 </p>
30
31 <p>
32 The groups the user is member of define what activities the user can perform.
33 The following table lists a number of important groups you might wish to use:
34 </p>
35
36 <table>
37 <tr>
38 <th>Group</th>
39 <th>Description</th>
40 </tr>
41 <tr>
42 <ti>audio</ti>
43 <ti>be able to access the audio devices</ti>
44 </tr>
45 <tr>
46 <ti>cdrom</ti>
47 <ti>be able to directly access optical devices</ti>
48 </tr>
49 <tr>
50 <ti>floppy</ti>
51 <ti>be able to directly access floppy devices</ti>
52 </tr>
53 <tr>
54 <ti>games</ti>
55 <ti>be able to play games</ti>
56 </tr>
57 <tr>
58 <ti>portage</ti>
59 <ti>be able to use <c>emerge --pretend</c> as a normal user</ti>
60 </tr>
61 <tr>
62 <ti>usb</ti>
63 <ti>be able to access USB devices</ti>
64 </tr>
65 <tr>
66 <ti>plugdev</ti>
67 <ti>
68 Be able to mount and use pluggable devices such as cameras and USB sticks
69 </ti>
70 </tr>
71 <tr>
72 <ti>video</ti>
73 <ti>
74 be able to access video capturing hardware and doing hardware
75 acceleration
76 </ti>
77 </tr>
78 <tr>
79 <ti>wheel</ti>
80 <ti>be able to use <c>su</c></ti>
81 </tr>
82 </table>
83
84 <p>
85 For instance, to create a user called <c>john</c> who is member of the
86 <c>wheel</c>, <c>users</c> and <c>audio</c> groups, log in as root first
87 (only root can create users) and run <c>useradd</c>:
88 </p>
89
90 <pre caption="Adding a user for day-to-day use">
91 Login: <i>root</i>
92 Password: <comment>(Your root password)</comment>
93
94 # <i>useradd -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash john</i>
95 # <i>passwd john</i>
96 Password: <comment>(Enter the password for john)</comment>
97 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter the password to verify)</comment>
98 </pre>
99
100 <p>
101 If a user ever needs to perform some task as root, they can use <c>su -</c>
102 to temporarily receive root privileges. Another way is to use the <c>sudo</c>
103 package which is, if correctly configured, very secure.
104 </p>
105
106 </body>
107 </subsection>
108 </section>
109 <section>
110 <title>Disk Cleanup</title>
111 <subsection>
112 <title>Removing tarballs</title>
113 <body>
114
115 <p>
116 Now that you've finished installing Gentoo and rebooted, if everything has gone
117 well, you can remove the downloaded stage3 tarball and Portage snapshot from
118 your hard disk. Remember that they were downloaded to your <path>/</path>
119 directory.
120 </p>
121
122 <pre caption="Removing the stage3 tarball">
123 # <i>rm /stage3-*.tar.bz2*</i>
124 </pre>
125
126 <pre caption="Removing the Portage snapshot">
127 # <i>rm /portage-latest.tar.bz2*</i>
128 </pre>
129
130 </body>
131 </subsection>
132 </section>
133 </sections>

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