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3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-hppa-medium.xml,v 1.30 2005/05/25 09:47:58 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-hppa-medium.xml,v 1.31 2005/08/09 09:43:58 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.24</version> 11<version>1.25</version>
12<date>2005-05-24</date> 12<date>2005-08-08</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
27<subsection> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body> 29<body>
30 30
31<p> 31<p>
32 A list of supported hardware can be found on the 32A list of supported hardware can be found on the
33 <uri link="http://www.pateam.org/list.html">PA Team website</uri>. 33<uri link="http://www.pateam.org/list.html">PA Team website</uri>.
34 You may find additional information about your box in the <uri 34You may find additional information about your box in the <uri
35 link="http://hwdb.parisc-linux.org">Parisc-Linux Hardware Database</uri>. 35link="http://hwdb.parisc-linux.org">Parisc-Linux Hardware Database</uri>.
36</p> 36</p>
37 37
38<table> 38<table>
39<tr> 39<tr>
40 <th>Memory</th> 40 <th>Memory</th>
54</subsection> 54</subsection>
55</section> 55</section>
56<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml --> 56<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
57<!-- START --> 57<!-- START -->
58<section> 58<section>
59<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title> 59<title>The Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
60<subsection> 60<subsection>
61<title>Introduction</title> 61<title>Introduction</title>
62<body> 62<body>
63 63
64<p> 64<p>
65Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files. 65Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files. A
66A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal 66stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
67environment. 67environment.
68</p> 68</p>
69 69
70<ul> 70<ul>
71 <li> 71 <li>
72 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's 72 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
73 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler 73 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the
74 or Portage depends. 74 compiler or Portage depends.
75 </li> 75 </li>
76 <li> 76 <li>
77 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal 77 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
78 environment from which one can start building all other necessary 78 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
79 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete. 79 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
80 </li> 80 </li>
81 <li> 81 <li>
82 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully 82 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
83 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user, 83 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
84 needs to choose which one you want to install. 84 needs to choose which one you want to install.
85 </li> 85 </li>
86</ul> 86</ul>
87 87
88<p> 88<p>
89To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the 89We will opt for a stage3 installation throughout this document. If you want to
90major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file. 90perform a Gentoo installation using the stage1 or stage2 files, please use the
91installation instructions in the <uri
92link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-hppa.xml">Gentoo Handbook</uri>. They do
93require a working Internet connection though.
91</p> 94</p>
92 95
93</body> 96</body>
94</subsection>
95<subsection> 97</subsection>
96<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
97<body>
98
99<p>
100A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
101from scratch.
102</p>
103
104<p>
105Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
106optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
107initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
108power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
109installation method for those who would like to know more about the
110inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
111</p>
112
113<table>
114<tr>
115 <th>Stage1</th>
116 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
117</tr>
118<tr>
119 <th>+</th>
120 <ti>
121 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
122 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
123 </ti>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
132</tr>
133<tr>
134 <th>-</th>
135 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
136</tr>
137<tr>
138 <th>-</th>
139 <ti>
140 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
141 </ti>
142</tr>
143<tr>
144 <th>-</th>
145 <ti>
146 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
147 </ti>
148</tr>
149</table>
150
151</body>
152</subsection> 98<subsection>
153<subsection> 99<title>Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
154<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
155<body>
156
157<p>
158A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
159"semi-compiled" state.
160</p>
161
162<p>
163Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
165for your particular stage2 tarball.
166</p>
167
168<table>
169<tr>
170 <th>Stage2</th>
171 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
172</tr>
173<tr>
174 <th>+</th>
175 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
176</tr>
177<tr>
178 <th>+</th>
179 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
180</tr>
181<tr>
182 <th>+</th>
183 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
184</tr>
185<tr>
186 <th>-</th>
187 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
188</tr>
189<tr>
190 <th>-</th>
191 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
192</tr>
193<tr>
194 <th>-</th>
195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr>
197<tr>
198 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>
200 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
201 </ti>
202</tr>
203</table>
204
205</body> 100<body>
206</subsection>
207<subsection>
208<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
209<body>
210 101
211<p>
212A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
213built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
214decide for you which one to choose.
215</p> 102<p>
216 103An Installation CD is a bootable medium which contains a self-sustained Gentoo
104environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD. During the boot process
105your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers are loaded. The Gentoo
106Installation CDs are maintained by Gentoo developers.
217<p> 107</p>
218Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 108
219Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
220settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
221and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
222stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
223prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
224</p> 109<p>
225 110There currently are two Installation CDs available:
226<table>
227<tr>
228 <th>Stage3</th>
229 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
230</tr>
231<tr>
232 <th>+</th>
233 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
234</tr>
235<tr>
236 <th>-</th>
237 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
238</tr>
239</table>
240
241<p>
242You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
243optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
244recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
245</p>
246
247</body>
248</subsection>
249</section>
250<section>
251<title>The Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
252<subsection>
253<title>Introduction</title>
254<body>
255
256<p>
257The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
258self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
259During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
260are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
261</p>
262
263<p>
264All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
265partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
266two LiveCDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long as you're
267planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest version
268of the available packages.
269</p>
270
271<p>
272If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
273the installation instructions described in the <uri
274link="2004.3/index.xml">Gentoo 2004.3 Handbooks</uri>.
275</p>
276
277<p>
278The two LiveCDs that we currently provide are:
279</p> 111</p>
280 112
281<ul> 113<ul>
282 <li> 114 <li>
283 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> LiveCD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which 115 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
284 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue with 116 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
285 the Gentoo installation. 117 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
286 </li> 118 installation instructions for your architecture.
287 <li> 119 </li>
288 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> LiveCD, a bootable CD with the same abilities as 120 <li>
289 the Minimal LiveCD. Additionally, it contains a stage1 and several stage3 121 The Minimal Installation CD contains only a minimal environment that allows
290 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures). 122 you to boot up and configure your network so you can connect to the
123 Internet. It does not contain any additional files and cannot be used
124 during the current installation approach.
291 </li> 125 </li>
292</ul> 126</ul>
293
294<p>
295To help you decide which LiveCD you need, we have written down the major
296advantages and disadvantages of each LiveCD.
297</p>
298
299</body>
300</subsection>
301<subsection>
302<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title>
303<body>
304
305<p>
306The Minimal LiveCD is called <c>install-hppa-minimal-2004.3-r1.iso</c> and
307takes up only 65 MB of diskspace. You can use this LiveCD to install Gentoo,
308but always with a working Internet connection only.
309</p>
310
311<table>
312<tr>
313 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th>
314 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
315</tr>
316<tr>
317 <th>+</th>
318 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
319</tr>
320<tr>
321 <th>+</th>
322 <ti>
323 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
324 net
325 </ti>
326</tr>
327<tr>
328 <th>-</th>
329 <ti>
330 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
331 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
332 </ti>
333</tr>
334</table>
335
336</body>
337</subsection>
338<subsection>
339<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title>
340<body>
341
342<p>
343The Universal LiveCD is called <c>install-hppa-universal-2004.3-r1.iso</c> and
344consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this LiveCD to install
345Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
346connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you
347are currently installing Gentoo on :)
348</p>
349
350<table>
351<tr>
352 <th>Universal LiveCD</th>
353 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
354</tr>
355<tr>
356 <th>+</th>
357 <ti>
358 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
359 connection.
360 </ti>
361</tr>
362<tr>
363 <th>-</th>
364 <ti>Huge download</ti>
365</tr>
366</table>
367
368</body>
369</subsection>
370<subsection>
371<title>Other CDs</title>
372<body>
373
374<p>
375You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
376no LiveCD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a networkless
377installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set) that allows
378you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
379OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
380installation.
381</p>
382 127
383</body> 128</body>
384</subsection> 129</subsection>
385</section> 130</section>
386<!-- STOP --> 131<!-- STOP -->
387<section> 132<section>
388<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 133<title>Download, Burn and Boot the Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
389<subsection> 134<subsection>
390<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 135<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CD</title>
391<body> 136<body>
392 137
393<p>
394You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD. We'll first start by downloading and
395burning the chosen LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available
396LiveCDs, but where can you find them?
397</p> 138<p>
398 139You can download the Universal Installation CD from one of our <uri
140link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CD is located in
141the <path>releases/hppa/2005.1/installcd</path> directory.
399<p> 142</p>
400You can download any of the LiveCDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD as 143
401well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
402LiveCDs are located in the <path>releases/hppa/2004.3/livecd</path> directory.
403</p> 144<p>
404
405<p>
406Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 145Inside those directories you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD
407which you can write on a CD-R. 146images which you can write on a CD-R.
408</p>
409
410<p> 147</p>
411In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 148
149<p>
150After downloading the file, you can verify its integrity to see if it is
151corrupted or not:
152</p>
153
154<ul>
155 <li>
412check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 156 You can check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we
413<path>install-hppa-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
414with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 157 provide (for instance with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or
415link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 158 <uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows)
159 </li>
160 <li>
161 You can verify the cryptographic signature that we provide. You need to
162 obtain the public key we use (17072058) before you proceed though.
163 </li>
164</ul>
165
416</p> 166<p>
417 167To fetch our public key using the GnuPG application, run the following command:
418<p>
419Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
420verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
421<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
422</p> 168</p>
423 169
424<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 170<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
425$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i> 171$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
426</pre> 172</pre>
440link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 186link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
441</p> 187</p>
442 188
443<ul> 189<ul>
444 <li> 190 <li>
445 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 191 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
446 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 192 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
447 device path). 193 path).
448 </li> 194 </li>
449 <li> 195 <li>
450 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 196 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
451 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 197 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
452 <c>Start</c>. 198 <c>Start</c>.
454</ul> 200</ul>
455 201
456</body> 202</body>
457</subsection> 203</subsection>
458<subsection> 204<subsection>
459<title>Booting the LiveCD</title> 205<title>Booting the Universal Installation CD</title>
460<body> 206<body>
461 207
462<note> 208<note>
463If you have problems booting the LiveCD or any other media, please read the 209If you have problems booting the Installation CD or any other media, please
210read the <uri
464<uri link="http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/PA-RISC-Linux-Boot-HOWTO/index.html"> 211link="http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/PA-RISC-Linux-Boot-HOWTO/index.html">
465PA-RISC Linux Boot HOWTO</uri>. 212PA-RISC Linux Boot HOWTO</uri>.
466</note> 213</note>
467 214
468<p> 215<p>
469Boot your HPPA system. During the boot process, you will see a message similar 216Boot your HPPA system. During the boot process, you will see a message similar
482Administration mode</c> to enter the BOOT_ADMIN console. You should now have an 229Administration mode</c> to enter the BOOT_ADMIN console. You should now have an
483'&gt;' prompt. 230'&gt;' prompt.
484</p> 231</p>
485 232
486<p> 233<p>
487Put the Gentoo LiveCD in the CD-ROM. If you do not know the SCSI ID of your 234Put the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM. If you do not know the SCSI ID of
488CD-ROM drive, your PA-RISC station will search for it when you issue the 235your CD-ROM drive, your PA-RISC station will search for it when you issue the
489<c>search</c> command. 236<c>search</c> command.
490</p> 237</p>
491 238
492<pre caption="Searching for SCSI ID"> 239<pre caption="Searching for SCSI ID">
493&gt; <i>search</i> 240&gt; <i>search</i>
537<pre caption="PALO Interactive Mode"> 284<pre caption="PALO Interactive Mode">
538Boot path initialized. 285Boot path initialized.
539Attempting to load IPL. 286Attempting to load IPL.
540 287
541 288
542Hard booted. 289HARD Booted.
543palo ipl 1.2 root@b180l.da-kot Tue Apr 8 12:43:07 CEST 2003 290palo ipl 1.5 root@hope Sat Apr 23 18:06:47 CEST 2005
544 291
545Boot image contains: 292Boot image contains:
546 0/vmlinux32 4028015 bytes @ 0x1520000 293 0/vmlinux32 6241293 bytes @ 0x3904000
294 0/vmlinux64 8352719 bytes @ 0x3ef8000
547 0/ramdisk 834748 bytes @ 0xf800 295 0/ramdisk 1007589 bytes @ 0x105800
548Current command line: 296
5490/vmlinux initrd=initrd.gz TERM=linux console=tty root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc 297Information: No console specified on kernel command line. This is normal.
298PALO will choose the console currently used by firmware (serial).Current command line:
2990/vmlinux initrd=initrd TERM=linux root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc cdroot looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs hda=scsi console=ttyS0
550 0: 0/vmlinux 300 0: 0/vmlinux
551 1: initrd=initrd.gz 301 1: initrd=initrd
552 2: TERM=linux 302 2: TERM=linux
553 3: console=tty
554 4: root=/dev/ram0 303 3: root=/dev/ram0
555 5: init=/linuxrc 304 4: init=/linuxrc
305 5: cdroot
306 6: looptype=squashfs
307 7: loop=/livecd.squashfs
308 8: hda=scsi
309 9: console=ttyS0
556 310
557Edit which field? 311&lt;#&gt; edit the numbered field
558(or 'b' to boot with this command line)? 312'b' boot with this command line
313'r' restore command line
314'l' list dir
559</pre> 315</pre>
560 316
561<p> 317<p>
562These parameters are suitable for most situations. 318These parameters are suitable for most situations.
563</p> 319</p>
564 320
565<p> 321<p>
566If you need extra features you must add the appropriate keyword(s) to the end of 322If you need extra features you must add the appropriate keyword(s) to the end of
567the command line. To add a keyword, edit the last field, add a space and type 323the command line. To add a keyword, edit the last field, add a space and type
568your keyword. The only implemented keyword as of now is <c>cdcache</c> which 324your keyword. The only implemented keywords as of now are <c>cdcache</c> which
569tells the LiveCD to load itself into RAM, allowing you to unmount the CD. 325tells the Installation CD to load itself into RAM, allowing you to unmount the
326CD, and <c>noload=module1[,module2[,...]]</c> which allows you to explicitly
327disable loading of particular modules.
570</p> 328</p>
571 329
572<pre caption="Adding cdcache as boot option"> 330<pre caption="Adding hdb=scsi as boot option">
573(or 'b' to boot with this command line)? <i>5</i> 331(or 'b' to boot with this command line)? <i>9</i>
574init=/linuxrc <i>cdcache</i> 332console=ttyS0 <i>hdb=scsi</i>
575</pre> 333</pre>
576 334
577<p> 335<p>
578Now that you have tweaked your kernel boot params, boot it. 336Now that you have tweaked your kernel boot params, boot it.
579</p> 337</p>

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