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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-hppa-medium.xml,v 1.52 2010/07/20 00:05:24 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>11</version>
12 <date>2011-10-09</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <p>
32 A list of supported hardware can be found on the <uri
33 link="http://www.pateam.org/list.html">PA Team website</uri>. You may find
34 additional information about your box in the <uri
35 link="http://hwdb.parisc-linux.org/">Parisc-Linux Hardware Database</uri> and
36 the <uri link="http://www.openpa.net/pa-risc_processors.html">processor
37 list</uri> on <uri link="http://www.openpa.net/">www.openpa.net</uri>.
38 </p>
39
40 <p>
41 If you don't know which version of PA-RISC your box is using, please check the
42 links above to find out whether you're using version 1.1 or 2.0. You will need
43 this information later on.
44 </p>
45
46 <table>
47 <tr>
48 <th>Memory</th>
49 <ti>64 MB</ti>
50 </tr>
51 <tr>
52 <th>Diskspace</th>
53 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
54 </tr>
55 <tr>
56 <th>Swap space</th>
57 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
58 </tr>
59 </table>
60
61 </body>
62 </subsection>
63 </section>
64
65 <!-- START -->
66 <section>
67 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
68 <subsection>
69 <title>Introduction</title>
70 <body>
71
72 <p>
73 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
74 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
75 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
76 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
77 </p>
78
79 <p>
80 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
81 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
82 </p>
83
84 <!--
85 <impo>
86 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
87 the installation instructions described in the <uri
88 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
89 </impo>
90 -->
91 <!--
92 <p>
93 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
94 </p>
95
96 <ul>
97 <li>
98 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
99 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
101 </li>
102 <li>
103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
106 </li>
107 </ul>
108
109 <p>
110 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
111 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
112 </p>
113 -->
114 </body>
115 </subsection>
116 <subsection>
117 <title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
118 <body>
119
120 <p>
121 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
122 takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
123 Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
124 connection.
125 </p>
126 <!--
127 <table>
128 <tr>
129 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
130 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
131 </tr>
132 <tr>
133 <th>+</th>
134 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
135 </tr>
136 <tr>
137 <th>-</th>
138 <ti>
139 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
140 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
141 </ti>
142 </tr>
143 </table>
144
145 </body>
146 </subsection>
147 <subsection>
148 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
149 <body>
150
151 <p>
152 The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-hppa-universal-2008.0.iso</c>
153 and consumes about 339 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
154 Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
155 connection.
156 </p>
157
158 <table>
159 <tr>
160 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
161 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
162 </tr>
163 <tr>
164 <th>+</th>
165 <ti>
166 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
167 connection.
168 </ti>
169 </tr>
170 <tr>
171 <th>-</th>
172 <ti>Huge download</ti>
173 </tr>
174 </table>
175
176 </body>
177 </subsection>
178 <subsection>
179 <title>Other CDs</title>
180 <body>
181
182 <p>
183 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
184 Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
185 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
186 set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such
187 as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
188 installation.
189 </p>
190
191 <p>
192 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
193 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
194 </p>
195 -->
196 </body>
197 </subsection>
198 <subsection>
199 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
200 <body>
201
202 <p>
203 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
204 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
205 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
206 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
207 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
208 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
209 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
210 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
211 </p>
212
213 </body>
214 </subsection>
215 </section>
216 <!-- STOP -->
217 <section>
218 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
219 <subsection>
220 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CD</title>
221 <body>
222
223 <p>
224 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
225 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
226 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
227 </p>
228 <!-- note: replace release path with:
229 <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path>
230 as soon as autobuild CDs are available for HPPA -->
231 <p>
232 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
233 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
234 the <path>releases/hppa/2008.0/installcd/</path> directory.
235 </p>
236
237 <p>
238 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
239 can write on a CD-R.
240 </p>
241
242 <p>
243 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
244 its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
245 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
246 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
247 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
248 </p>
249
250 <p>
251 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
252 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
253 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys:
254 </p>
255
256 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
257 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 2D182910 17072058</i>
258 </pre>
259
260 <p>
261 Now verify the signature:
262 </p>
263
264 <pre caption="Verify the files">
265 <comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
266 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
267 <comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
268 $ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
269 </pre>
270
271 <p>
272 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
273 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
274 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
275 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
276 </p>
277
278 <ul>
279 <li>
280 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
281 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
282 path).
283 </li>
284 <li>
285 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
286 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
287 </li>
288 </ul>
289
290 </body>
291 </subsection>
292 <subsection>
293 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
294 <body>
295
296 <note>
297 If you have problems booting the Installation CD or any other media, please
298 read the <uri
299 link="http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/PA-RISC-Linux-Boot-HOWTO/index.html">
300 PA-RISC Linux Boot HOWTO</uri>.
301 </note>
302
303 <p>
304 Boot your HPPA system. During the boot process, you will see a message similar
305 to the following:
306 </p>
307
308 <pre caption="HPPA boot message">
309 Searching for Potential Boot Devices.
310 To terminate search, press and hold the ESCAPE key.
311 </pre>
312
313 <p>
314 When this message appears, press and hold the Esc-key until an option menu
315 appears. This can take a while, be patient. By default, you should enter the
316 BOOT_ADMIN console. If you receive an option menu, choose <c>Enter Boot
317 Administration mode</c> to enter the BOOT_ADMIN console. You should now have an
318 '&gt;' prompt.
319 </p>
320
321 <p>
322 Put the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM. If you do not know the SCSI ID of
323 your CD-ROM drive, your PA-RISC station will search for it when you issue the
324 <c>search</c> command.
325 </p>
326
327 <pre caption="Searching for SCSI ID">
328 &gt; <i>search</i>
329 Searching for Devices with Bootable Media.
330 To terminate search, please press and hold the ESCAPE key.
331 </pre>
332
333 <p>
334 Your PA-RISC station will now display all the available boot media. This is an
335 example result of this command:
336 </p>
337
338 <pre caption="Available boot media">
339 Device Selection Device Path Device Type and Utilities
340 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
341
342 P0 scsi.5.0 TOSHIBA CD-ROM XM-3301TA
343 IPL
344 P1 scsi.2.0 COMPAQ ST32550N
345 IPL
346 P2 lan.0010a7-06d1b6.3.6 server
347 IPL
348 </pre>
349
350 <p>
351 To boot from a CD-ROM you need the accompanying Device Path. For instance, if we
352 want to boot from the TOSHIBA CD-ROM in the above example, we would need to type
353 the following command:
354 </p>
355
356 <pre caption="Booting from a CD-ROM">
357 &gt; <i>boot scsi.5.0 ipl</i>
358
359 Trying scsi.5.0
360 </pre>
361
362 <p>
363 The <c>ipl</c> keyword (Initial Program Loader) tells palo (the PA-RISC boot
364 LOader) to enter interactive mode. This will allow you to change, for example,
365 the kernel boot parameters.
366 </p>
367
368 <p>
369 When the boot is successful, palo will start in interactive mode:
370 </p>
371
372 <pre caption="PALO Interactive Mode">
373 Boot path initialized.
374 Attempting to load IPL.
375
376
377 HARD Booted.
378 palo ipl 1.5 root@hope Sat Apr 23 18:06:47 CEST 2005
379
380 Boot image contains:
381 0/vmlinux32 6241293 bytes @ 0x3904000
382 0/vmlinux64 8352719 bytes @ 0x3ef8000
383 0/ramdisk 1007589 bytes @ 0x105800
384
385 Information: No console specified on kernel command line. This is normal.
386 PALO will choose the console currently used by firmware (serial).Current command line:
387 0/vmlinux initrd=initrd TERM=linux root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc cdroot looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs hda=scsi console=ttyS0
388 0: 0/vmlinux
389 1: initrd=initrd
390 2: TERM=linux
391 3: root=/dev/ram0
392 4: init=/linuxrc
393 5: cdroot
394 6: looptype=squashfs
395 7: loop=/livecd.squashfs
396 8: hda=scsi
397 9: console=ttyS0
398
399 &lt;#&gt; edit the numbered field
400 'b' boot with this command line
401 'r' restore command line
402 'l' list dir
403 </pre>
404
405 <p>
406 These parameters are suitable for most situations.
407 </p>
408
409 <p>
410 If you need extra features you must add the appropriate keyword(s) to the end of
411 the command line. To add a keyword, edit the last field, add a space and type
412 your keyword. The only implemented keywords as of now are <c>cdcache</c> which
413 tells the Installation CD to load itself into RAM, allowing you to unmount the
414 CD, and <c>noload=module1[,module2[,...]]</c> which allows you to explicitly
415 disable loading of particular modules.
416 </p>
417
418 <pre caption="Adding hdb=scsi as boot option">
419 (or 'b' to boot with this command line)? <i>9</i>
420 console=ttyS0 <i>hdb=scsi</i>
421 </pre>
422
423 <p>
424 Now that you have tweaked your kernel boot params, boot it.
425 </p>
426
427 <pre caption="Booting the kernel">
428 (or 'b' to boot with this command line)? <i>b</i>
429 </pre>
430
431 <p>
432 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
433 to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
434 started on by pressing Alt-F1.
435 </p>
436
437 <p>
438 Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware
439 Configuration</uri>.
440 </p>
441
442 </body>
443 </subsection>
444
445 <subsection>
446 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
447 </subsection>
448
449 </section>
450 </sections>

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