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1 vapier 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6    
7 swift 1.10 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ia64-medium.xml,v 1.9 2011/10/09 09:49:24 swift Exp $ -->
8 vapier 1.1
9     <sections>
10    
11 swift 1.10 <version>9</version>
12     <date>2011-11-27</date>
13 vapier 1.1
14     <section>
15     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16     <subsection>
17     <title>Introduction</title>
18     <body>
19    
20     <p>
21     Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22     successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23     </p>
24    
25     </body>
26     </subsection>
27     <subsection>
28     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29     <body>
30    
31     <p>
32     Pretty much every IA64 should be able to boot Gentoo. At the moment we only
33     have LiveCDs, so your machine must have a CDROM drive installed.
34     </p>
35    
36     </body>
37     </subsection>
38     </section>
39    
40     <section>
41     <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
42     <subsection>
43     <title>Introduction</title>
44     <body>
45    
46     <p>
47     The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
48     self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
49     During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
50     are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
51     </p>
52    
53     <p>
54     All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
55 nightmorph 1.7 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
56 vapier 1.1 </p>
57 nightmorph 1.7 <!--
58 vapier 1.1 <impo>
59     If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
60     like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
61 nightmorph 1.5 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
62 vapier 1.1 Handbooks</uri>.
63     </impo>
64    
65     <p>
66     The Installation CD that we currently provide for IA64:
67     </p>
68    
69     <ul>
70     <li>
71     The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
72     CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
73     continue with the Gentoo installation.
74     </li>
75     </ul>
76 nightmorph 1.7 -->
77 vapier 1.1 </body>
78     </subsection>
79     <subsection>
80     <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
81     <body>
82    
83     <p>
84     The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
85     takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
86     Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
87     connection.
88     </p>
89 nightmorph 1.7 <!--
90 vapier 1.1 <table>
91     <tr>
92     <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
93     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
94     </tr>
95     <tr>
96     <th>+</th>
97     <ti>Smallest download</ti>
98     </tr>
99     <tr>
100     <th>-</th>
101     <ti>
102     Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
103     is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
104     </ti>
105     </tr>
106     </table>
107 nightmorph 1.7 -->
108 vapier 1.1 </body>
109     </subsection>
110     <subsection>
111     <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
112     <body>
113    
114     <p>
115     A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
116     suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
117     manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
118     three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
119     official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
120     performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
121     the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
122     Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
123     </p>
124    
125     <p>
126     Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
127 nightmorph 1.7 id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
128 vapier 1.1 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
129     on the LiveCD.
130     </p>
131    
132     </body>
133     </subsection>
134     </section>
135     <section>
136     <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
137     <subsection>
138     <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
139     <body>
140    
141     <p>
142     You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
143     downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
144     the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
145     </p>
146    
147     <p>
148     You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
149     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
150 nightmorph 1.7 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
151 vapier 1.1 </p>
152    
153     <p>
154 nightmorph 1.5 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
155 vapier 1.1 can write on a CD-R.
156     </p>
157    
158     <p>
159     In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
160     its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
161     <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
162     checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
163     link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
164     </p>
165    
166     <p>
167     Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
168     verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
169 swift 1.9 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys:
170 vapier 1.1 </p>
171    
172     <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
173 swift 1.10 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
174 vapier 1.1 </pre>
175    
176     <p>
177     Now verify the signature:
178     </p>
179    
180 nightmorph 1.7 <pre caption="Verify the files">
181     <comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
182     $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
183     <comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
184     $ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
185 vapier 1.1 </pre>
186    
187     <p>
188     To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
189     do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
190     <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
191     link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
192     </p>
193    
194     <ul>
195     <li>
196     With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
197     file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
198     device path).
199     </li>
200     <li>
201 nightmorph 1.4 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
202     your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
203 vapier 1.1 </li>
204     </ul>
205    
206     </body>
207     </subsection>
208     <subsection>
209     <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
210     <body>
211    
212     <p>
213     Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
214     Remove all CDs from your CD drives, and insert the Gentoo
215     InstallCD. Reboot your system and wait for the EFI firmware to load on
216     the console. The exact option to select will differ depending on your
217     hardware.
218     </p>
219    
220     <p>
221     Most implementations usually present an option directly on the first
222     menu (the EFI Boot Manager). The exact wording would differ but would
223     usually be something like &quot;CD Boot&quot;, &quot;Removable Media
224     Boot&quot; or &quot;Internal Bootable DVD&quot;. Select this option.
225     </p>
226    
227     <p>
228     If your EFI implementation does not present such an option, you can
229     boot the CD using the EFI Shell. All implementations will present an
230     option to enter the shell on the Boot Manager menu. Select this
231     option. The EFI Shell will display a list of usable block devices
232     (<c>blk<b>n</b>:</c>) and also a list of filesystems the EFI Shell
233     can actually access (<c>fs<b>n</b>:</c>).
234     </p>
235    
236     <p>
237     In most cases the option you want will be the <c>fs0:</c> choice;
238     regardless, (provided the CD drive recognizes the CD), you should
239     see one <c>fs<b>n</b></c> entry for your CD drive (the CD drive's
240     EFI device path will contain <c>CDROM</c> in the wording). Enter
241     <c>fs<b>n</b>:</c>, replacing <b>n</b> as required and including
242     the colon, followed by the Enter key. Next just type <c>elilo</c>
243     followed by the Enter key.
244     </p>
245    
246     <p>
247     You will now be greeted by the ELILO boot message and asked to
248     enter a kernel to boot as well as any additional options to pass
249     to the kernel command line. In most cases just hit the Enter key
250     or wait five seconds. Only one kernel is supplied on the IA64
251     InstallCD, the <c>gentoo</c> kernel.
252     </p>
253    
254     <p>
255     Several kernel aliases are provided which add extra options to
256     the kernel command line, which you may have to use instead of
257     the default <c>gentoo</c> option depending on your hardware:
258     </p>
259    
260     <p>
261     The <c>gentoo-serial</c> option forces a serial console on the first
262     serial port (ttyS0) at 9600bps. This may be required on some older EFI
263     implementations where the kernel can't detect what console to use. You
264     should try this option if booting the default <c>gentoo</c> kernel
265     produces no output and if you are using a serial console. If you use a
266     serial console which is not connected to the first serial port you
267     must manually select the console by typing <c>gentoo
268     console=ttyS#,9600</c> where <c>#</c> is the number of the serial
269 nightmorph 1.8 port.
270     </p>
271    
272     <p>
273     The <c>gentoo-ilo</c> option forces a serial console on the <c>ttyS3</c> serial
274     port at 9600bps. This should be used if you're installing using the HP iLO
275     remote console feature.
276 vapier 1.1 </p>
277    
278     <p>
279     The <c>gentoo-sgi</c> option forces a serial console on the <c>ttySG0</c>
280     serial port at 115200bps. This should only be needed on SGI hardware, and
281     if the console is properly selected in the default EFI settings, or if you
282     are using a video console this option should not be required.
283     </p>
284    
285     </body>
286     <body>
287    
288     <p>
289     You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings
290     you can (de)activate at will.
291     </p>
292    
293 nightmorph 1.6 </body>
294 vapier 1.1
295     <body>
296 nightmorph 1.6 <include href="hb-install-kernelparams.xml"/>
297 vapier 1.1 </body>
298    
299     <body>
300    
301 nightmorph 1.6 <note>
302     The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
303     override any option in the exact order you specify.
304     </note>
305 vapier 1.1
306     <p>
307 nightmorph 1.6 You will then be greeted with a boot screen. If you are installing Gentoo on a
308     system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you select the layout at the prompt. If
309     no selection is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted
310     and the boot process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
311     automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
312     You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. If you are using a
313     video console and have a keyboard connected you can also switch to other
314     consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started
315     on by pressing Alt-F1.
316 vapier 1.1 </p>
317    
318     <p>
319 nightmorph 1.6 Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
320 vapier 1.1 </p>
321    
322     </body>
323     </subsection>
324 nightmorph 1.6
325 vapier 1.1 <subsection>
326 nightmorph 1.6 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
327     </subsection>
328 vapier 1.1
329     </section>
330     </sections>

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