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3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.30 2004/11/02 11:44:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.43 2005/04/11 08:03:33 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>2.2</version>
12<date>2005-04-11</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 23</p>
21 24
22</body> 25</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 26</subsection>
25<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>NewWorld machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac, Genesi's Pegasos II
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Limited support for IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries) and Amiga systems
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
59<p>
60Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
61PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
62</p>
63
26<body> 64</body>
65</subsection>
66</section>
67<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
68<!-- START -->
69<section>
70<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
71<subsection>
72<title>Introduction</title>
73<body>
27 74
28<p> 75<p>
29Check the following requirements before you 76Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 77A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
78environment.
31</p> 79</p>
32 80
33<ul> 81<ul>
34<li> 82 <li>
35 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space 83 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
84 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
85 or Portage depends.
36</li> 86 </li>
37<li> 87 <li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + 88 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
39 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system. 89 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
90 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
40</li> 91 </li>
41<li> 92 <li>
42 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines 93 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
43 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4 94 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
44 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook, 95 needs to choose which one you want to install.
45 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
46 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
47 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
48 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
49</li> 96 </li>
50</ul> 97</ul>
51 98
99<p>
100To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
101major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
102</p>
103
52</body> 104</body>
53</subsection>
54</section>
55<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title>
57<subsection> 105</subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title>
59<body>
60
61<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
79the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
80make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
81three-stage installation.
82</p>
83
84</body>
85</subsection> 106<subsection>
86<subsection> 107<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
87<title>The Three Stages</title>
88<body> 108<body>
89 109
90<p>
91Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
92The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
93yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
94build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
95building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
96The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
97been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
98Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
99packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
100</p> 110<p>
101 111A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
112from scratch.
102<p> 113</p>
103Now what stage do you have to choose? 114
104</p> 115<p>
105
106<p>
107Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 116Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
108optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 117optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
109initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 118initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
110power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 119power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
111installation method for those who would like to know more about the 120installation method for those who would like to know more about the
112inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 121inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
113</p> 122</p>
114 123
115<p>
116A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
117Internet connection.
118</p>
119
120<table> 124<table>
121<tr> 125<tr>
122 <th>Stage1</th> 126 <th>Stage1</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr> 128</tr>
142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
143</tr> 147</tr>
144<tr> 148<tr>
145 <th>-</th> 149 <th>-</th>
146 <ti> 150 <ti>
147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
148 </ti>
149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti> 152 </ti>
153 Not suitable for networkless installations 153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
154 </ti> 158 </ti>
155</tr> 159</tr>
156</table> 160</table>
157 161
162</body>
163</subsection>
164<subsection>
165<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
166<body>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
170"semi-compiled" state.
158<p> 171</p>
172
173<p>
159<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 174Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
160is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 175is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
161for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 176for your particular stage2 tarball.
162</p>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
166Internet connection.
167</p> 177</p>
168 178
169<table> 179<table>
170<tr> 180<tr>
171 <th>Stage2</th> 181 <th>Stage2</th>
187 <th>-</th> 197 <th>-</th>
188 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 198 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
189</tr> 199</tr>
190<tr> 200<tr>
191 <th>-</th> 201 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 202 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
193</tr> 203</tr>
194<tr> 204<tr>
195 <th>-</th> 205 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 206 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
197</tr> 207</tr>
198<tr> 208<tr>
199 <th>-</th> 209 <th>-</th>
200 <ti> 210 <ti>
201 Not suitable for networkless installations 211 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
202 </ti> 212 </ti>
203</tr> 213</tr>
204</table> 214</table>
205 215
216</body>
217</subsection>
218<subsection>
219<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
220<body>
221
222<p>
223A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
224built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
225decide for you which one to choose.
206<p> 226</p>
227
228<p>
207Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 229Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
208Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 230Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
209settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 231settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
210and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 232and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
211stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 233stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
212prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 234prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
213</p> 235</p>
214 236
215<table> 237<table>
216<tr> 238<tr>
220<tr> 242<tr>
221 <th>+</th> 243 <th>+</th>
222 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 244 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
223</tr> 245</tr>
224<tr> 246<tr>
225 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
227</tr>
228<tr>
229 <th>-</th> 247 <th>-</th>
230 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 248 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
231</tr> 249</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
235</tr>
236</table> 250</table>
237 251
238<p> 252<p>
239Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
240you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
241be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 253You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
242after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 254optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
243with the new optimization settings. 255recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
244</p>
245
246<p> 256</p>
247Now take a look at the available installation media.
248</p>
249 257
250</body> 258</body>
251</subsection>
252<subsection> 259</subsection>
253<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 260</section>
261<section>
262<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
263<subsection>
264<title>Introduction</title>
254<body> 265<body>
255 266
256<note>
257The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
258mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
259you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
260link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
261</note>
262
263<note>
264It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2652004.1 LiveCD.
266</note>
267
268<p> 267<p>
269The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 268The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
270self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 269self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
271During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 270During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
272are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 271are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
273</p> 272</p>
274 273
275<p> 274<p>
276All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 275All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
277partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 276partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
278LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 277two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
279Gentoo without a working network configuration. 278as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
280</p> 279latest version of the available packages.
281
282<p> 280</p>
283Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 281
284</p> 282<p>
283If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
284the installation instructions described in the <uri
285link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
286</p>
285 287
288<p>
289The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
290</p>
291
292<ul>
293 <li>
294 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
295 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
296 continue with the Gentoo installation.
297 </li>
298 <li>
299 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
300 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
301 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
302 subarchitectures).
303 </li>
304</ul>
305
306<p>
307To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
308major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
309</p>
310
286</body> 311</body>
287</subsection>
288<subsection> 312</subsection>
313<subsection>
289<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 314<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
290<body> 315<body>
291 316
292<p> 317<p>
293This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 318The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> and
294system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 319takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
295does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 320Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
296source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
297LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
298<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
299</p> 321</p>
300 322
301<table> 323<table>
302<tr> 324<tr>
303 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 325 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
304 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 326 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
305</tr> 327</tr>
306<tr> 328<tr>
307 <th>+</th> 329 <th>+</th>
308 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 330 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
309</tr>
310<tr>
311 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
313</tr> 331</tr>
314<tr> 332<tr>
315 <th>+</th> 333 <th>+</th>
316 <ti> 334 <ti>
317 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 335 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
319 </ti> 337 </ti>
320</tr> 338</tr>
321<tr> 339<tr>
322 <th>-</th> 340 <th>-</th>
323 <ti> 341 <ti>
324 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 342 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
325 suitable for networkless installation 343 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
326 </ti> 344 </ti>
327</tr> 345</tr>
328</table> 346</table>
329 347
330</body> 348</body>
331</subsection> 349</subsection>
332<subsection> 350<subsection>
333<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 351<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
334<body> 352<body>
335 353
336<p>
337Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
338networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
339individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
340<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
341<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
342</p> 354<p>
343 355The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
344<p> 356and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
345If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 357CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
346that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 358working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
347bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 359PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
348after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
349need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
350etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
351CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
352called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
353subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
354</p>
355
356<p>
357You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
358installation.
359</p> 360</p>
360 361
361<table> 362<table>
362<tr> 363<tr>
363 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 364 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
364 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 365 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
365</tr>
366<tr>
367 <th>+</th>
368 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>
373 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
374 </ti>
375</tr> 366</tr>
376<tr> 367<tr>
377 <th>+</th> 368 <th>+</th>
378 <ti> 369 <ti>
379 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 370 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
386</tr> 377</tr>
387</table> 378</table>
388 379
389</body> 380</body>
390</subsection> 381</subsection>
382<subsection>
383<title>Other CDs</title>
384<body>
385
386<p>
387You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
388no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
389networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP
390set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications
391(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
392Gentoo installation.
393</p>
394
395</body>
396</subsection>
391</section> 397</section>
398<!-- STOP -->
392<section> 399<section>
393<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 400<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
394<subsection> 401<subsection>
395<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 402<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
396<body> 403<body>
397 404
398<p>
399You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
400wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
401LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
402find them?
403</p> 405<p>
404 406You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
407downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
408the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
405<p> 409</p>
406Visit one of our <uri 410
407link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 411<p>
408<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is 412You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
409the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 413CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
414Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.0/installcd</path>
415directory.
416</p>
417
418<p>
410directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 419Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
411which you can write on a CD-R. 420which you can write on a CD-R.
412</p> 421</p>
413 422
414<p> 423<p>
415In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 424In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
416check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 425check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
417<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 426<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
418with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 427with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
419link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 428link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. How
420</p> 429to verify MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
421 430link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
422<p> 431</p>
423As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 432
424capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
425</p> 433<p>
426 434Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
427<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 435verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
428$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 436<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
429<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
430</pre>
431
432<p> 437</p>
433Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 438
434downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 439<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
435image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 440$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
436Copy) yet! 441</pre>
442
437</p> 443<p>
438 444Now verify the signature:
439<p> 445</p>
440More information are available in our <uri 446
441link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 447<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
448$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
442</p> 449</pre>
443 450
444<p> 451<p>
445To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 452To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
446do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 453do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
447<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 454<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
448be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 455link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
449the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
450</p> 456</p>
451 457
452<ul> 458<ul>
453 <li> 459 <li>
454 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 460 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
455 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 461 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
456 by the path to the ISO file :) 462 device path).
457 </li> 463 </li>
458 <li> 464 <li>
459 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 465 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
460 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 466 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
461 <c>Start</c>. 467 <c>Start</c>.
462 </li> 468 </li>
463 <li>
464 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
465 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
466 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
467 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
468 </li>
469 <li>
470 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
471 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
472 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
473 </li>
474</ul> 469</ul>
475 470
476</body> 471</body>
477</subsection> 472</subsection>
478</section>
479<section> 473<subsection>
480<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 474<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
481<subsection>
482<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
483<body> 475<body>
484 476
485<p>
486On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
487the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
488</p> 477<p>
489 478On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
479system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
480CD loads.
490<p> 481</p>
491If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 482
492Instead you need to download <uri
493link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
494MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
495the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
496directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
497need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
498into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
499BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
500options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
501<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
502ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
503argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
504able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
505</p> 483<p>
506
507<p>
508After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 484After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
509<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 485message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
510</p> 486</p>
511 487
512<p> 488<p>
513At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 489At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
514We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 490We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
516well. 492well.
517</p> 493</p>
518 494
519<p> 495<p>
520You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 496You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
521table lists the available boot options you can add: 497table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
522</p> 498</p>
523 499
524<table> 500<table>
525<tr> 501<tr>
526 <th>Boot Option</th> 502 <th>Boot Option</th>
541 <ti> 517 <ti>
542 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 518 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
543 </ti> 519 </ti>
544</tr> 520</tr>
545<tr> 521<tr>
546 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 522 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
547 <ti>
548 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
549 the LiveCD
550 </ti> 523 <ti>
551</tr> 524 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
552<tr>
553 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
554 <ti> 525 </ti>
555 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 526</tr>
556 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 527<tr>
528 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
557 </ti> 529 <ti>
558</tr> 530 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
559<tr> 531 network cards) you have to enable this option.
560 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
561 <ti>
562 Boot from a different device
563 </ti> 532 </ti>
564</tr> 533</tr>
565</table> 534</table>
566 535
567<p> 536<p>
571</p> 540</p>
572 541
573</body> 542</body>
574</subsection> 543</subsection>
575<subsection> 544<subsection>
576<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 545<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
577<body> 546<body>
578 547
579<p> 548<p>
580On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 549On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
581<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 550<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
582cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 551between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
583command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 552options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
584init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 553/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
554kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
555in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
556looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
585</p> 557</p>
586 558
587</body> 559</body>
560</subsection>
561
588</subsection> 562<subsection>
563<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
564<body>
565
566<p>
567If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
568The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
569with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without
570MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
571</p>
572<p>
573First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
574and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
575archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
576<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
577Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
578<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c>
579from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
580<c>System Folder</c>.
581</p>
582<p>
583To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
584dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from
585your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
586ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
587shown below:
588</p>
589
590<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
591cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
592</pre>
593<note>
594The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here.
595</note>
596<p>
597Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
598configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
599missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the
600LiveCD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
601</p>
602</body>
603</subsection>
604
589<subsection id="booted"> 605<subsection id="booted">
590<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 606<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
591<body> 607<body>
592 608
593<p> 609<p>
594You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 610You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
595switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 611switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
596back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 612back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
613Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
597</p> 614</p>
598 615
599<p> 616<p>
600If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 617If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
601<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 618<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
602keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 619keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
603<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 620Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
604machines. 621are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
605</p> 622</p>
606 623
607<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 624<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
608<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 625<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
609 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 626 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
627 kernel)</comment>
610# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 628# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
611</pre> 629</pre>
612 630
613<p> 631<p>
614Now load the keymap of your choice: 632Now load the keymap of your choice:
627<subsection id="hardware"> 645<subsection id="hardware">
628<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 646<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
629<body> 647<body>
630 648
631<p> 649<p>
632When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 650When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
633loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 651loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
634vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 652vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
635not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 653not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
636of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 654of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
637manually. 655manually.
638</p> 656</p>
639 657
640<p> 658<p>
641In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 659In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
642certain kinds of network interfaces): 660supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
661supported under Linux:
643</p> 662</p>
644 663
645<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 664<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
646# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 665# <i>modprobe airport</i>
647</pre> 666</pre>
648 667
649</body> 668</body>
650</subsection> 669</subsection>
651<subsection> 670<subsection>
726<body> 745<body>
727 746
728<p> 747<p>
729If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the 748If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
730installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri 749installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
731link="#useraccouts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to 750link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
732go to a new terminal and log in. 751go to a new terminal and log in.
733</p> 752</p>
734 753
735<p> 754<p>
736If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 755If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run

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