/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.30 Revision 1.71
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.30 2004/11/02 11:44:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.71 2012/11/12 21:04:16 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<abstract>
12You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD.
14</abstract>
15
16<version>14</version>
17<date>2012-11-12</date>
18
10<section> 19<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 20<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 21<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 22<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 23<body>
15 24
16<p> 25<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 26Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 27successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 28</p>
21 29
22</body> 30</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 31</subsection>
25<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 32<subsection>
33<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
26<body> 34<body>
27 35
28<p> 36<table>
29Check the following requirements before you 37<tr>
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 38 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
39 <ti>
40 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
41 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
42 </ti>
43</tr>
44<tr>
45 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
46 <ti>
47 Apple Machines with an Open Firmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
48 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI-based Apple Clones should also
49 be supported.
50 </ti>
51</tr>
52<tr>
53 <th>Genesi</th>
54 <ti>
55 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation, Efika
56 </ti>
57</tr>
58<tr>
59 <th>IBM</th>
60 <ti>
61 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
62 </ti>
63</tr>
64<tr>
65 <th>Memory</th>
66 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
67</tr>
68<tr>
69 <th>Diskspace</th>
70 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
71</tr>
72<tr>
73 <th>Swap space</th>
74 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
75</tr>
76</table>
77
31</p> 78<p>
32
33<ul>
34<li>
35 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space
36</li>
37<li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM +
39 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system.
40</li>
41<li>
42 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines
43 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4
44 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook,
45 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
46 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
47 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo 79Be sure to read the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>
48 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin. 80for help with some common installation related issues or if you're unsure as to
49</li> 81just what's in that PowerPC machine you've got sitting on your desk right now.
50</ul> 82</p>
51 83
52</body> 84</body>
53</subsection> 85</subsection>
54</section> 86</section>
87
88<!-- START -->
55<section> 89<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title> 90<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
57<subsection> 91<subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title> 92<title>Introduction</title>
59<body> 93<body>
60 94
61<p> 95<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
79the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
80make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
81three-stage installation.
82</p>
83
84</body>
85</subsection>
86<subsection>
87<title>The Three Stages</title>
88<body>
89
90<p>
91Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
92The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
93yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
94build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
95building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
96The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
97been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
98Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
99packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
100</p>
101
102<p>
103Now what stage do you have to choose?
104</p>
105
106<p>
107Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
108optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
109initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
110power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
111installation method for those who would like to know more about the
112inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
113</p>
114
115<p>
116A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
117Internet connection.
118</p>
119
120<table>
121<tr>
122 <th>Stage1</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>
128 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
129 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
130 </ti>
131</tr>
132<tr>
133 <th>+</th>
134 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>-</th>
142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
143</tr>
144<tr>
145 <th>-</th>
146 <ti>
147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
148 </ti>
149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti>
153 Not suitable for networkless installations
154 </ti>
155</tr>
156</table>
157
158<p>
159<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
160is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
161for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
162</p>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
166Internet connection.
167</p>
168
169<table>
170<tr>
171 <th>Stage2</th>
172 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
173</tr>
174<tr>
175 <th>+</th>
176 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
177</tr>
178<tr>
179 <th>+</th>
180 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
181</tr>
182<tr>
183 <th>+</th>
184 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
185</tr>
186<tr>
187 <th>-</th>
188 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
189</tr>
190<tr>
191 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
193</tr>
194<tr>
195 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>
201 Not suitable for networkless installations
202 </ti>
203</tr>
204</table>
205
206<p>
207Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
208Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
209settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
210and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
211stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
212prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
213</p>
214
215<table>
216<tr>
217 <th>Stage3</th>
218 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
219</tr>
220<tr>
221 <th>+</th>
222 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
223</tr>
224<tr>
225 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
227</tr>
228<tr>
229 <th>-</th>
230 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
235</tr>
236</table>
237
238<p>
239Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
240you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
241be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
242after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
243with the new optimization settings.
244</p>
245
246<p>
247Now take a look at the available installation media.
248</p>
249
250</body>
251</subsection>
252<subsection>
253<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
254<body>
255
256<note>
257The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
258mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
259you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
260link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
261</note>
262
263<note>
264It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2652004.1 LiveCD.
266</note>
267
268<p>
269The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 96The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
270self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 97self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
271During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 98During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
272are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 99are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
273</p> 100</p>
274 101
275<p> 102<p>
276All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 103All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
277partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 104partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
278LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install
279Gentoo without a working network configuration.
280</p>
281
282<p> 105</p>
283Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 106
107<!--
108<impo>
109If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
110like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
111instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
112Handbooks</uri>.
113</impo>
114-->
115<!--
284</p> 116<p>
117The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
118</p>
285 119
120<ul>
121 <li>
122 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
123 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
124 continue with the Gentoo installation.
125 </li>
126 <li>
127 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
128 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
129 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
130 installation instructions for your architecture.
131 </li>
132</ul>
133
134<p>
135Gentoo also provides a Package CD. This is not an Installation CD but an
136additional resource that you can exploit during the installation of your Gentoo
137system. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP set) that allow
138you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
139OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the Gentoo installation and
140right before you update your Portage tree.
141</p>
142
143<p>
144The use of the Package CD is covered later in this document.
145</p>
146-->
286</body> 147</body>
287</subsection>
288<subsection> 148</subsection>
149<subsection>
289<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 150<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
290<body> 151<body>
291 152
292<p>
293This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the
294system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It
295does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file),
296source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
297LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
298<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
299</p> 153<p>
300 154The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
155takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
156Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
157connection.
158</p>
159<!--
301<table> 160<table>
302<tr> 161<tr>
303 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 162 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
304 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 163 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
305</tr> 164</tr>
306<tr> 165<tr>
307 <th>+</th> 166 <th>+</th>
308 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 167 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
309</tr> 168</tr>
310<tr> 169<tr>
311 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
313</tr>
314<tr>
315 <th>+</th>
316 <ti>
317 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
318 net
319 </ti>
320</tr>
321<tr>
322 <th>-</th> 170 <th>-</th>
323 <ti> 171 <ti>
324 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 172 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
325 suitable for networkless installation 173 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
326 </ti> 174 </ti>
327</tr> 175</tr>
328</table> 176</table>
329 177-->
330</body> 178</body>
331</subsection>
332<subsection> 179</subsection>
333<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 180<subsection>
181<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
334<body> 182<body>
335 183
336<p>
337Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
338networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
339individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
340<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
341<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
342</p> 184<p>
343 185A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
186suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
187manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
188three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
189official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
190performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
191the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
192Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
344<p> 193</p>
345If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 194
346that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't
347bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software
348after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
349need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
350etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
351CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
352called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
353subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
354</p> 195<p>
355 196Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
197id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
198link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
199on the LiveCD.
356<p> 200</p>
357You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
358installation.
359</p>
360
361<table>
362<tr>
363 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th>
364 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
365</tr>
366<tr>
367 <th>+</th>
368 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>
373 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
374 </ti>
375</tr>
376<tr>
377 <th>+</th>
378 <ti>
379 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
380 connection.
381 </ti>
382</tr>
383<tr>
384 <th>-</th>
385 <ti>Huge download</ti>
386</tr>
387</table>
388 201
389</body> 202</body>
390</subsection> 203</subsection>
391</section> 204</section>
205
206
207<!-- STOP -->
392<section> 208<section>
393<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 209<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
394<subsection> 210<subsection>
395<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 211<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
396<body> 212<body>
397 213
398<p>
399You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
400wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
401LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
402find them?
403</p> 214<p>
404 215You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
216downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
217the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
405<p> 218</p>
406Visit one of our <uri 219
407link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
408<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is
409the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that
410directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
411which you can write on a CD-R.
412</p> 220<p>
413 221You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
222link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
223the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
414<p> 224</p>
225
226<p>
227Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
228can write on a CD-R.
229</p>
230
231<p>
415In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 232In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
416check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 233its SHA-2 checksum and compare it with the SHA-2 checksum we provide (such as
417<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 234<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the SHA-2
418with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 235checksum with the <c>sha512sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
419link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 236link="http://www.krylack.com/file-checksum-tool/">File Checksum Tool</uri> for Windows.
420</p>
421
422<p> 237</p>
423As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 238
424capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
425</p> 239<p>
426 240Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
427<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 241verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
428$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 242<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
429<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment> 243key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
430</pre> 244engineering project site</uri>.
431
432<p> 245</p>
433Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 246
434downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 247<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
435image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 248<comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
436Copy) yet! 249$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
250</pre>
251
437</p> 252<p>
438 253Now verify the signature:
439<p> 254</p>
440More information are available in our <uri 255
441link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 256<pre caption="Verify the files">
257<comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
258$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
259<comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
260$ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
442</p> 261</pre>
443 262
444<p> 263<p>
445To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 264To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
446do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 265do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
447<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 266<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
448be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 267link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
449the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
450</p> 268</p>
451 269
452<ul> 270<ul>
453 <li> 271 <li>
454 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 272 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
455 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 273 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
456 by the path to the ISO file :) 274 path).
457 </li> 275 </li>
458 <li> 276 <li>
459 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 277 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
460 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 278 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
461 <c>Start</c>.
462 </li>
463 <li>
464 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
465 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
466 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
467 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
468 </li>
469 <li>
470 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
471 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
472 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
473 </li> 279 </li>
474</ul> 280</ul>
475 281
476</body> 282</body>
477</subsection> 283</subsection>
478</section>
479<section> 284<subsection>
480<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 285<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
481<subsection>
482<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
483<body> 286<body>
484 287
485<p>
486On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
487the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
488</p> 288<p>
489 289On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
290system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
291CD loads.
490<p> 292</p>
491If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 293
492Instead you need to download <uri
493link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
494MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
495the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
496directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
497need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
498into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
499BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
500options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
501<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
502ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
503argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
504able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
505</p> 294<p>
506
507<p>
508After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 295After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
509<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 296message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
510</p>
511
512<p> 297</p>
513At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 298
514We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 299<p>
300We provide one generic kernel, <e>ppc32</e>. This kernel is built with support
515support for multiple CPUs, but they will boot on single processor machines as 301for multiple CPUs, but it will boot on single processor machines as well.
516well.
517</p>
518
519<p> 302</p>
303
304<p>
520You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 305You can tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following table lists
521table lists the available boot options you can add: 306some of the available boot options you can add:
522</p> 307</p>
523 308
524<table> 309<table>
525<tr> 310<tr>
526 <th>Boot Option</th> 311 <th>Boot Option</th>
528</tr> 313</tr>
529<tr> 314<tr>
530 <ti><c>video</c></ti> 315 <ti><c>video</c></ti>
531 <ti> 316 <ti>
532 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags: 317 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
533 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c> or 318 <c>nvidiafb</c>, <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>,
534 <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and refreshrate 319 <c>aty128</c> or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution
535 you want to use. For instance <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are 320 refresh rate and color depth you want to use. For instance,
536 uncertain what to choose, <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work. 321 <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75-32</c> will select the ATI Radeon frame buffer
322 at a resolution of 1280x1024 with a refresh rate of 75Hz and a color depth of
323 32 bits. If you are uncertain what to choose, and the default doesn't work,
324 <c>video=ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
537 </ti> 325 </ti>
538</tr> 326</tr>
539<tr> 327<tr>
540 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 328 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
541 <ti> 329 <ti>
542 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 330 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
543 </ti> 331 </ti>
544</tr> 332</tr>
545<tr> 333<tr>
546 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 334 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
547 <ti>
548 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
549 the LiveCD
550 </ti> 335 <ti>
551</tr> 336 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
552<tr>
553 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
554 <ti> 337 </ti>
555 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 338</tr>
556 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 339<tr>
340 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
557 </ti> 341 <ti>
558</tr> 342 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
559<tr> 343 network cards) you have to enable this option.
560 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
561 <ti> 344 </ti>
562 Boot from a different device 345</tr>
346<tr>
347 <ti><c>dosshd</c></ti>
348 <ti>Starts <c>sshd</c>. Useful for unattended installs.</ti>
349</tr>
350<tr>
351 <ti><c>passwd=foo</c></ti>
352 <ti>
353 Sets whatever is after the = as the root password. Use with <c>dosshd</c>
354 for remote installs.
563 </ti> 355 </ti>
564</tr> 356</tr>
565</table> 357</table>
566 358
567<p> 359<p>
568At this prompt, hit enter, and a complete Gentoo Linux environment will be 360To use the above options, at the <e>boot:</e> prompt, type <e>ppc32</e> followed
569loaded from the CD. Continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're 361by the desired option. In the example below, we'll force the kernel to use the
570Booted...</uri>. 362Open Firmware framebuffer instead of the device specific driver.
363</p>
364
365<pre caption="Force the use of the Open Firmware framebuffer">
366boot: <i>ppc32 video=ofonly</i>
367</pre>
368
571</p> 369<p>
370If you don't need to add any options, just type ppc32 at this prompt, and a
371complete Gentoo Linux environment will be loaded from the CD. Continue with
372<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>.
373</p>
572 374
573</body> 375</body>
574</subsection>
575<subsection> 376</subsection>
576<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 377<subsection>
378<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
577<body> 379<body>
578 380
579<p> 381<p>
580On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 382On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
581<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 383<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
582cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 384between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
583command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 385options you can append them to the command-line just like with Yaboot above.
584init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 386For example: <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>.
387The default kernel options (in case something goes wrong and you need it) are
388preconfigured with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
389looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
585</p> 390</p>
586 391
587</body> 392</body>
393</subsection>
394
588</subsection> 395<subsection>
396<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
397<body>
398
399<p>
400If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
401The most simple solution is to use MacOS 9 or earlier to bootstrap into a Linux
402environment with a tool called BootX.
403</p>
404
405<p>
406First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/bootloaders/bootx/">BootX</uri>
407and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
408archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
409<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
410Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
411<c>ppc32</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>ppc32.igz</c>
412from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
413<c>System Folder</c>.
414</p>
415
416<p>
417To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
418dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>ppc32.igz</c> from
419your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
420ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
421shown below:
422</p>
423
424<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
425cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=image.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0
426</pre>
427
428<note>
429The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. You
430can append any of those options to the kernel arguments above.
431</note>
432
433<p>
434Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
435configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
436missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window. If everything goes
437correctly, it should boot into the Installation CD. Continue with
438<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
439</p>
440
441</body>
442</subsection>
443
589<subsection id="booted"> 444<subsection id="booted">
590<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 445<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
591<body> 446<body>
592 447
593<p> 448<p>
594You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 449You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
595switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 450switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
596back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 451back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Due to the keyboard layout,
452you may need to press Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
597</p> 453</p>
598 454
599<p> 455<p>
600If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 456If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
601<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 457<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
602keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 458keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>.
603<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld
604machines.
605</p> 459</p>
606 460
607<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 461<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
608<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 462<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.)</comment>
609 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment>
610# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 463# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
611</pre> 464</pre>
612 465
613<p> 466<p>
614Now load the keymap of your choice: 467Now load the keymap of your choice:
622Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 475Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
623</p> 476</p>
624 477
625</body> 478</body>
626</subsection> 479</subsection>
627<subsection id="hardware">
628<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
629<body>
630 480
631<p>
632When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
633loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
634vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
635not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
636of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
637manually.
638</p>
639
640<p>
641In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
642certain kinds of network interfaces):
643</p>
644
645<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
646# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
647</pre>
648
649</body>
650</subsection> 481<subsection>
482<include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
651<subsection> 483</subsection>
652<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
653<body>
654 484
655<p>
656If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
657performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
658test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
659more precise impression):
660</p>
661
662<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
663# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
664</pre>
665
666<p>
667To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
668yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
669disk):
670</p>
671
672<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
673<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
674<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
675</pre>
676
677</body>
678</subsection>
679<subsection id="useraccounts">
680<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
681<body>
682
683<p>
684If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
685environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
686security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
687the root password.
688</p>
689
690<p>
691To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
692</p>
693
694<pre caption="Changing the root password">
695# <i>passwd</i>
696New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
697Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
698</pre>
699
700<p>
701To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
702its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
703In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
704</p>
705
706<pre caption="Creating a user account">
707# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
708# <i>passwd john</i>
709New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
710Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
711</pre>
712
713<p>
714You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
715<c>su</c>:
716</p>
717
718<pre caption="Changing user id">
719# <i>su - john</i>
720</pre>
721
722</body>
723</subsection>
724<subsection>
725<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
726<body>
727
728<p>
729If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
730installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
731link="#useraccouts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
732go to a new terminal and log in.
733</p>
734
735<p>
736If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
737<c>links2</c> to read it:
738</p>
739
740<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
741# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
742</pre>
743
744<p>
745However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
746more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
747as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
748chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
749document):
750</p>
751
752<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
753# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-ppc.xml</i>
754</pre>
755
756<p>
757You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
758</p>
759
760</body>
761</subsection>
762<subsection>
763<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
764<body>
765
766<p>
767If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
768Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
769install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
770account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
771(<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
772</p>
773
774<p>
775To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
776</p>
777
778<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
779# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
780</pre>
781
782<p>
783To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
784the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
785</p>
786
787</body>
788</subsection>
789</section> 485</section>
790</sections> 486</sections>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.30  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.71

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20