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3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.32 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.39 2005/03/28 11:30:52 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.31</version> 11<version>2.00</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date> 12<date>2005-03-28</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>NewWorld machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac, Genesi's Pegasos II
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Limited support for IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries) and Amiga systems
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
59<p>
60Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
61PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
62</p>
63
30<body> 64</body>
65</subsection>
66</section>
67<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
68<!-- START -->
69<section>
70<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
71<subsection>
72<title>Introduction</title>
73<body>
31 74
32<p> 75<p>
33Check the following requirements before you 76Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 77A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
78environment.
35</p> 79</p>
36 80
37<ul> 81<ul>
38<li> 82 <li>
39 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space 83 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
84 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
85 or Portage depends.
40</li> 86 </li>
41<li> 87 <li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + 88 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
43 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system. 89 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
90 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
44</li> 91 </li>
45<li> 92 <li>
46 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines 93 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
47 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4 94 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
48 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook, 95 needs to choose which one you want to install.
49 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
50 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
51 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
52 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
53</li> 96 </li>
54</ul> 97</ul>
55 98
99<p>
100To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
101major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
102</p>
103
56</body> 104</body>
57</subsection>
58</section>
59<section>
60<title>Make your Choice</title>
61<subsection> 105</subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title>
63<body>
64
65<p>
66Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
67choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
68choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
69Gentoo base system.
70</p>
71
72<p>
73The installation media we will describe are:
74</p>
75
76<ul>
77<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
78<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
79</ul>
80
81<p>
82Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
83the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
84make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
85three-stage installation.
86</p>
87
88</body>
89</subsection> 106<subsection>
90<subsection> 107<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
91<title>The Three Stages</title>
92<body> 108<body>
93 109
94<p>
95Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
96The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
97yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
98build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
99building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
100The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
101been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
102Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
103packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
104</p> 110<p>
105 111A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
112from scratch.
106<p> 113</p>
107Now what stage do you have to choose? 114
108</p> 115<p>
109
110<p>
111Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 116Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
112optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 117optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
113initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 118initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
114power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 119power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
115installation method for those who would like to know more about the 120installation method for those who would like to know more about the
116inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 121inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
117</p> 122</p>
118 123
119<p>
120A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
121Internet connection.
122</p>
123
124<table> 124<table>
125<tr> 125<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th> 126 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr> 128</tr>
146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
147</tr> 147</tr>
148<tr> 148<tr>
149 <th>-</th> 149 <th>-</th>
150 <ti> 150 <ti>
151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Not suitable for networkless installations
158 </ti> 152 </ti>
159</tr> 153</tr>
160</table> 154</table>
161 155
156</body>
157</subsection>
158<subsection>
159<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
160<body>
161
162<p>
163A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
164"semi-compiled" state.
162<p> 165</p>
166
167<p>
163<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 168Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 169is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
165for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 170for your particular stage2 tarball.
166</p>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
170Internet connection.
171</p> 171</p>
172 172
173<table> 173<table>
174<tr> 174<tr>
175 <th>Stage2</th> 175 <th>Stage2</th>
191 <th>-</th> 191 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 192 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
193</tr> 193</tr>
194<tr> 194<tr>
195 <th>-</th> 195 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 196 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
197</tr> 197</tr>
198<tr> 198<tr>
199 <th>-</th> 199 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 200 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
201</tr> 201</tr>
202<tr>
203 <th>-</th>
204 <ti>
205 Not suitable for networkless installations
206 </ti>
207</tr>
208</table> 202</table>
209 203
204</body>
205</subsection>
206<subsection>
207<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
208<body>
209
210<p>
211A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
212built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
213decide for you which one to choose.
210<p> 214</p>
215
216<p>
211Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 217Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
212Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 218Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
213settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 219settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
214and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 220and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
215stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 221stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
216prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 222prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
217</p> 223</p>
218 224
219<table> 225<table>
220<tr> 226<tr>
224<tr> 230<tr>
225 <th>+</th> 231 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 232 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
227</tr> 233</tr>
228<tr> 234<tr>
229 <th>+</th>
230 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th> 235 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 236 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
235</tr> 237</tr>
236<tr>
237 <th>-</th>
238 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
239</tr>
240</table> 238</table>
241 239
242<p> 240<p>
243Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
244you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
245be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 241You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
246after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 242optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
247with the new optimization settings. 243recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
248</p>
249
250<p> 244</p>
251Now take a look at the available installation media.
252</p>
253 245
254</body> 246</body>
255</subsection>
256<subsection> 247</subsection>
257<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 248</section>
249<section>
250<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
251<subsection>
252<title>Introduction</title>
258<body> 253<body>
259 254
260<note>
261The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
262mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
263you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
264link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
265</note>
266
267<note>
268It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2692004.1 LiveCD.
270</note>
271
272<p> 255<p>
273The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 256The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
274self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 257self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
275During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 258During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
276are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 259are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
277</p> 260</p>
278 261
279<p> 262<p>
280All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 263All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
281partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 264partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
282LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 265two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
283Gentoo without a working network configuration. 266as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
284</p> 267latest version of the available packages.
285
286<p> 268</p>
287Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 269
288</p> 270<p>
271If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
272the installation instructions described in the <uri
273link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
274</p>
289 275
276<p>
277The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
278</p>
279
280<ul>
281 <li>
282 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
283 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
284 continue with the Gentoo installation.
285 </li>
286 <li>
287 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
288 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
289 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
290 subarchitectures).
291 </li>
292</ul>
293
294<p>
295To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
296major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
297</p>
298
290</body> 299</body>
291</subsection>
292<subsection> 300</subsection>
301<subsection>
293<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 302<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
294<body> 303<body>
295 304
296<p> 305<p>
297This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 306The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> and
298system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 307takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
299does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 308Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
300source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
301LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
302<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
303</p> 309</p>
304 310
305<table> 311<table>
306<tr> 312<tr>
307 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 313 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
308 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 314 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
309</tr> 315</tr>
310<tr> 316<tr>
311 <th>+</th> 317 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 318 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
313</tr>
314<tr>
315 <th>+</th>
316 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
317</tr> 319</tr>
318<tr> 320<tr>
319 <th>+</th> 321 <th>+</th>
320 <ti> 322 <ti>
321 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 323 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
323 </ti> 325 </ti>
324</tr> 326</tr>
325<tr> 327<tr>
326 <th>-</th> 328 <th>-</th>
327 <ti> 329 <ti>
328 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 330 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
329 suitable for networkless installation 331 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
330 </ti> 332 </ti>
331</tr> 333</tr>
332</table> 334</table>
333 335
334</body> 336</body>
335</subsection> 337</subsection>
336<subsection> 338<subsection>
337<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 339<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
338<body> 340<body>
339 341
340<p>
341Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
342networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
343individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
344<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
345<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
346</p> 342<p>
347 343The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
348<p> 344and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
349If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 345CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
350that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 346working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
351bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 347PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
352after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
353need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
354etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
355CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
356called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
357subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
358</p>
359
360<p>
361You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
362installation.
363</p> 348</p>
364 349
365<table> 350<table>
366<tr> 351<tr>
367 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 352 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
368 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 353 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
373</tr>
374<tr>
375 <th>+</th>
376 <ti>
377 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
378 </ti>
379</tr> 354</tr>
380<tr> 355<tr>
381 <th>+</th> 356 <th>+</th>
382 <ti> 357 <ti>
383 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 358 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
390</tr> 365</tr>
391</table> 366</table>
392 367
393</body> 368</body>
394</subsection> 369</subsection>
370<subsection>
371<title>Other CDs</title>
372<body>
373
374<p>
375You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
376no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
377networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP
378set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications
379(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
380Gentoo installation.
381</p>
382
383</body>
384</subsection>
395</section> 385</section>
386<!-- STOP -->
396<section> 387<section>
397<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 388<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
398<subsection> 389<subsection>
399<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 390<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
400<body> 391<body>
401 392
402<p>
403You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
404wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
405LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
406find them?
407</p> 393<p>
408 394You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
395downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
396the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
409<p> 397</p>
410Visit one of our <uri 398
411link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 399<p>
412<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is 400You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
413the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 401CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
402Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.0/installcd</path>
403directory.
404</p>
405
406<p>
414directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 407Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
415which you can write on a CD-R. 408which you can write on a CD-R.
416</p> 409</p>
417 410
418<p> 411<p>
419In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 412In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
420check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 413check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
421<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 414<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
422with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 415with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
423link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 416link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. How
424</p> 417to verify MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
425 418link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
426<p> 419</p>
427As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 420
428capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
429</p> 421<p>
430 422Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
431<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 423verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
432$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 424<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
433<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
434</pre>
435
436<p> 425</p>
437Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 426
438downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 427<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
439image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 428$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
440Copy) yet! 429</pre>
430
441</p> 431<p>
442 432Now verify the signature:
443<p> 433</p>
444More information are available in our <uri 434
445link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 435<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
436$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
446</p> 437</pre>
447 438
448<p> 439<p>
449To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 440To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
450do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 441do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
451<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 442<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
452be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 443link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
453the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
454</p> 444</p>
455 445
456<ul> 446<ul>
457 <li> 447 <li>
458 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 448 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
459 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 449 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
460 by the path to the ISO file :) 450 device path).
461 </li> 451 </li>
462 <li> 452 <li>
463 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 453 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
464 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 454 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
465 <c>Start</c>. 455 <c>Start</c>.
466 </li> 456 </li>
467 <li>
468 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
469 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
470 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
471 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
472 </li>
473 <li>
474 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
475 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
476 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
477 </li>
478</ul> 457</ul>
479 458
480</body> 459</body>
481</subsection> 460</subsection>
482</section>
483<section> 461<subsection>
484<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 462<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD on a Apple/IBM</title>
485<subsection>
486<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
487<body> 463<body>
488 464
489<p> 465<p>
490On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When 466On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
491the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads. 467system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
468CD loads.
492</p> 469</p>
493 470
494<p> 471<p>
495If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 472If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
496Instead you need to download <uri 473Instead you need to download <uri
497link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working 474link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
498MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from 475MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
499the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new 476the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
500directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you 477directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
501need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD 478need to copy the files <c>G3G4kernel</c> and <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the
502into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for 479Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the <c>Linux Kernels</c>
503BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the 480directory. Then reboot the system and wait for BootX to load. After BootX
504options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the 481loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the options dialog you need
505<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The 482to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the <c>initrd.img.gz</c>
506ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel 483which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The ramdisk size should
507argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are 484be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel argument needs to be
485set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are able to boot the
508able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup. 486Installation CD when you select Linux on Startup.
509</p>
510
511<p> 487</p>
488
489<p>
512After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 490After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
513<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 491message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
514</p> 492</p>
515 493
516<p> 494<p>
517At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 495At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
518We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 496We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
520well. 498well.
521</p> 499</p>
522 500
523<p> 501<p>
524You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 502You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
525table lists the available boot options you can add: 503table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
526</p> 504</p>
527 505
528<table> 506<table>
529<tr> 507<tr>
530 <th>Boot Option</th> 508 <th>Boot Option</th>
545 <ti> 523 <ti>
546 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 524 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
547 </ti> 525 </ti>
548</tr> 526</tr>
549<tr> 527<tr>
550 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 528 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
551 <ti>
552 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
553 the LiveCD
554 </ti> 529 <ti>
555</tr> 530 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
556<tr>
557 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
558 <ti> 531 </ti>
559 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 532</tr>
560 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 533<tr>
534 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
561 </ti> 535 <ti>
562</tr> 536 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
563<tr> 537 network cards) you have to enable this option.
564 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
565 <ti>
566 Boot from a different device
567 </ti> 538 </ti>
568</tr> 539</tr>
569</table> 540</table>
570 541
571<p> 542<p>
575</p> 546</p>
576 547
577</body> 548</body>
578</subsection> 549</subsection>
579<subsection> 550<subsection>
580<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 551<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
581<body> 552<body>
582 553
583<p> 554<p>
584On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 555On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
585<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 556<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
586cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 557between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
587command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 558options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
588init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 559/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
560kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
561in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
562looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
589</p> 563</p>
590 564
591</body> 565</body>
592</subsection> 566</subsection>
593<subsection id="booted"> 567<subsection id="booted">
594<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 568<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
595<body> 569<body>
596 570
597<p> 571<p>
598You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 572You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
599switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 573switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
600back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 574back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
575Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
601</p> 576</p>
602 577
603<p> 578<p>
604If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 579If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
605<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 580<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
606keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 581keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
607<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 582Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
608machines. 583are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
609</p> 584</p>
610 585
611<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 586<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
612<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 587<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
613 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 588 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
589 kernel)</comment>
614# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 590# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
615</pre> 591</pre>
616 592
617<p> 593<p>
618Now load the keymap of your choice: 594Now load the keymap of your choice:
631<subsection id="hardware"> 607<subsection id="hardware">
632<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 608<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
633<body> 609<body>
634 610
635<p> 611<p>
636When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 612When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
637loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 613loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
638vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 614vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
639not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 615not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
640of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 616of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
641manually. 617manually.
642</p> 618</p>
643 619
644<p> 620<p>
645In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 621In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
646certain kinds of network interfaces): 622supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
623supported under Linux:
647</p> 624</p>
648 625
649<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 626<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
650# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 627# <i>modprobe airport</i>
651</pre> 628</pre>
652 629
653</body> 630</body>
654</subsection> 631</subsection>
655<subsection> 632<subsection>

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