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3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.32 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.43 2005/04/11 08:03:33 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.31</version> 11<version>2.2</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date> 12<date>2005-04-11</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>NewWorld machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac, Genesi's Pegasos II
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Limited support for IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries) and Amiga systems
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
59<p>
60Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
61PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
62</p>
63
30<body> 64</body>
65</subsection>
66</section>
67<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
68<!-- START -->
69<section>
70<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
71<subsection>
72<title>Introduction</title>
73<body>
31 74
32<p> 75<p>
33Check the following requirements before you 76Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 77A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
78environment.
35</p> 79</p>
36 80
37<ul> 81<ul>
38<li> 82 <li>
39 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space 83 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
84 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
85 or Portage depends.
40</li> 86 </li>
41<li> 87 <li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + 88 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
43 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system. 89 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
90 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
44</li> 91 </li>
45<li> 92 <li>
46 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines 93 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
47 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4 94 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
48 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook, 95 needs to choose which one you want to install.
49 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
50 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
51 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
52 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
53</li> 96 </li>
54</ul> 97</ul>
55 98
99<p>
100To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
101major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
102</p>
103
56</body> 104</body>
57</subsection>
58</section>
59<section>
60<title>Make your Choice</title>
61<subsection> 105</subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title>
63<body>
64
65<p>
66Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
67choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
68choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
69Gentoo base system.
70</p>
71
72<p>
73The installation media we will describe are:
74</p>
75
76<ul>
77<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
78<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
79</ul>
80
81<p>
82Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
83the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
84make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
85three-stage installation.
86</p>
87
88</body>
89</subsection> 106<subsection>
90<subsection> 107<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
91<title>The Three Stages</title>
92<body> 108<body>
93 109
94<p>
95Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
96The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
97yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
98build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
99building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
100The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
101been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
102Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
103packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
104</p> 110<p>
105 111A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
112from scratch.
106<p> 113</p>
107Now what stage do you have to choose? 114
108</p> 115<p>
109
110<p>
111Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 116Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
112optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 117optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
113initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 118initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
114power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 119power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
115installation method for those who would like to know more about the 120installation method for those who would like to know more about the
116inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 121inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
117</p> 122</p>
118 123
119<p>
120A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
121Internet connection.
122</p>
123
124<table> 124<table>
125<tr> 125<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th> 126 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr> 128</tr>
146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
147</tr> 147</tr>
148<tr> 148<tr>
149 <th>-</th> 149 <th>-</th>
150 <ti> 150 <ti>
151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti> 152 </ti>
157 Not suitable for networkless installations 153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
158 </ti> 158 </ti>
159</tr> 159</tr>
160</table> 160</table>
161 161
162</body>
163</subsection>
164<subsection>
165<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
166<body>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
170"semi-compiled" state.
162<p> 171</p>
172
173<p>
163<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 174Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 175is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
165for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 176for your particular stage2 tarball.
166</p>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
170Internet connection.
171</p> 177</p>
172 178
173<table> 179<table>
174<tr> 180<tr>
175 <th>Stage2</th> 181 <th>Stage2</th>
191 <th>-</th> 197 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 198 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
193</tr> 199</tr>
194<tr> 200<tr>
195 <th>-</th> 201 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 202 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
197</tr> 203</tr>
198<tr> 204<tr>
199 <th>-</th> 205 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 206 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
201</tr> 207</tr>
202<tr> 208<tr>
203 <th>-</th> 209 <th>-</th>
204 <ti> 210 <ti>
205 Not suitable for networkless installations 211 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
206 </ti> 212 </ti>
207</tr> 213</tr>
208</table> 214</table>
209 215
216</body>
217</subsection>
218<subsection>
219<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
220<body>
221
222<p>
223A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
224built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
225decide for you which one to choose.
210<p> 226</p>
227
228<p>
211Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 229Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
212Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 230Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
213settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 231settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
214and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 232and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
215stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 233stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
216prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 234prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
217</p> 235</p>
218 236
219<table> 237<table>
220<tr> 238<tr>
224<tr> 242<tr>
225 <th>+</th> 243 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 244 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
227</tr> 245</tr>
228<tr> 246<tr>
229 <th>+</th>
230 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th> 247 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 248 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
235</tr> 249</tr>
236<tr>
237 <th>-</th>
238 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
239</tr>
240</table> 250</table>
241 251
242<p> 252<p>
243Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
244you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
245be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 253You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
246after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 254optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
247with the new optimization settings. 255recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
248</p>
249
250<p> 256</p>
251Now take a look at the available installation media.
252</p>
253 257
254</body> 258</body>
255</subsection>
256<subsection> 259</subsection>
257<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 260</section>
261<section>
262<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
263<subsection>
264<title>Introduction</title>
258<body> 265<body>
259 266
260<note>
261The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
262mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
263you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
264link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
265</note>
266
267<note>
268It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2692004.1 LiveCD.
270</note>
271
272<p> 267<p>
273The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 268The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
274self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 269self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
275During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 270During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
276are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 271are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
277</p> 272</p>
278 273
279<p> 274<p>
280All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 275All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
281partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 276partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
282LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 277two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
283Gentoo without a working network configuration. 278as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
284</p> 279latest version of the available packages.
285
286<p> 280</p>
287Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 281
288</p> 282<p>
283If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
284the installation instructions described in the <uri
285link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
286</p>
289 287
288<p>
289The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
290</p>
291
292<ul>
293 <li>
294 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
295 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
296 continue with the Gentoo installation.
297 </li>
298 <li>
299 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
300 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
301 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
302 subarchitectures).
303 </li>
304</ul>
305
306<p>
307To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
308major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
309</p>
310
290</body> 311</body>
291</subsection>
292<subsection> 312</subsection>
313<subsection>
293<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 314<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
294<body> 315<body>
295 316
296<p> 317<p>
297This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 318The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> and
298system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 319takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
299does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 320Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
300source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
301LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
302<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
303</p> 321</p>
304 322
305<table> 323<table>
306<tr> 324<tr>
307 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 325 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
308 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 326 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
309</tr> 327</tr>
310<tr> 328<tr>
311 <th>+</th> 329 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 330 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
313</tr>
314<tr>
315 <th>+</th>
316 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
317</tr> 331</tr>
318<tr> 332<tr>
319 <th>+</th> 333 <th>+</th>
320 <ti> 334 <ti>
321 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 335 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
323 </ti> 337 </ti>
324</tr> 338</tr>
325<tr> 339<tr>
326 <th>-</th> 340 <th>-</th>
327 <ti> 341 <ti>
328 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 342 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
329 suitable for networkless installation 343 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
330 </ti> 344 </ti>
331</tr> 345</tr>
332</table> 346</table>
333 347
334</body> 348</body>
335</subsection> 349</subsection>
336<subsection> 350<subsection>
337<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 351<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
338<body> 352<body>
339 353
340<p>
341Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
342networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
343individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
344<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
345<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
346</p> 354<p>
347 355The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
348<p> 356and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
349If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 357CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
350that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 358working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
351bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 359PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
352after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
353need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
354etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
355CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
356called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
357subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
358</p>
359
360<p>
361You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
362installation.
363</p> 360</p>
364 361
365<table> 362<table>
366<tr> 363<tr>
367 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 364 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
368 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 365 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
373</tr>
374<tr>
375 <th>+</th>
376 <ti>
377 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
378 </ti>
379</tr> 366</tr>
380<tr> 367<tr>
381 <th>+</th> 368 <th>+</th>
382 <ti> 369 <ti>
383 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 370 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
390</tr> 377</tr>
391</table> 378</table>
392 379
393</body> 380</body>
394</subsection> 381</subsection>
382<subsection>
383<title>Other CDs</title>
384<body>
385
386<p>
387You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
388no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
389networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP
390set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications
391(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
392Gentoo installation.
393</p>
394
395</body>
396</subsection>
395</section> 397</section>
398<!-- STOP -->
396<section> 399<section>
397<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 400<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
398<subsection> 401<subsection>
399<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 402<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
400<body> 403<body>
401 404
402<p>
403You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
404wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
405LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
406find them?
407</p> 405<p>
408 406You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
407downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
408the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
409<p> 409</p>
410Visit one of our <uri 410
411link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 411<p>
412<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is 412You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
413the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 413CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
414Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.0/installcd</path>
415directory.
416</p>
417
418<p>
414directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 419Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
415which you can write on a CD-R. 420which you can write on a CD-R.
416</p> 421</p>
417 422
418<p> 423<p>
419In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 424In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
420check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 425check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
421<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 426<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
422with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 427with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
423link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 428link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. How
424</p> 429to verify MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
425 430link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
426<p> 431</p>
427As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 432
428capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
429</p> 433<p>
430 434Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
431<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 435verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
432$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 436<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
433<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
434</pre>
435
436<p> 437</p>
437Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 438
438downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 439<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
439image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 440$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
440Copy) yet! 441</pre>
442
441</p> 443<p>
442 444Now verify the signature:
443<p> 445</p>
444More information are available in our <uri 446
445link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 447<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
448$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
446</p> 449</pre>
447 450
448<p> 451<p>
449To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 452To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
450do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 453do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
451<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 454<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
452be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 455link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
453the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
454</p> 456</p>
455 457
456<ul> 458<ul>
457 <li> 459 <li>
458 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 460 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
459 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 461 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
460 by the path to the ISO file :) 462 device path).
461 </li> 463 </li>
462 <li> 464 <li>
463 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 465 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
464 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 466 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
465 <c>Start</c>. 467 <c>Start</c>.
466 </li> 468 </li>
467 <li>
468 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
469 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
470 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
471 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
472 </li>
473 <li>
474 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
475 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
476 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
477 </li>
478</ul> 469</ul>
479 470
480</body> 471</body>
481</subsection> 472</subsection>
482</section>
483<section> 473<subsection>
484<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 474<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
485<subsection>
486<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
487<body> 475<body>
488 476
489<p>
490On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
491the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
492</p> 477<p>
493 478On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
479system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
480CD loads.
494<p> 481</p>
495If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 482
496Instead you need to download <uri
497link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
498MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
499the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
500directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
501need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
502into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
503BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
504options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
505<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
506ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
507argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
508able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
509</p> 483<p>
510
511<p>
512After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 484After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
513<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 485message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
514</p> 486</p>
515 487
516<p> 488<p>
517At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 489At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
518We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 490We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
520well. 492well.
521</p> 493</p>
522 494
523<p> 495<p>
524You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 496You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
525table lists the available boot options you can add: 497table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
526</p> 498</p>
527 499
528<table> 500<table>
529<tr> 501<tr>
530 <th>Boot Option</th> 502 <th>Boot Option</th>
545 <ti> 517 <ti>
546 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 518 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
547 </ti> 519 </ti>
548</tr> 520</tr>
549<tr> 521<tr>
550 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 522 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
551 <ti>
552 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
553 the LiveCD
554 </ti> 523 <ti>
555</tr> 524 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
556<tr>
557 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
558 <ti> 525 </ti>
559 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 526</tr>
560 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 527<tr>
528 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
561 </ti> 529 <ti>
562</tr> 530 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
563<tr> 531 network cards) you have to enable this option.
564 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
565 <ti>
566 Boot from a different device
567 </ti> 532 </ti>
568</tr> 533</tr>
569</table> 534</table>
570 535
571<p> 536<p>
575</p> 540</p>
576 541
577</body> 542</body>
578</subsection> 543</subsection>
579<subsection> 544<subsection>
580<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 545<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
581<body> 546<body>
582 547
583<p> 548<p>
584On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 549On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
585<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 550<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
586cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 551between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
587command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 552options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
588init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 553/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
554kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
555in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
556looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
589</p> 557</p>
590 558
591</body> 559</body>
560</subsection>
561
592</subsection> 562<subsection>
563<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
564<body>
565
566<p>
567If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
568The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
569with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without
570MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
571</p>
572<p>
573First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
574and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
575archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
576<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
577Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
578<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c>
579from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
580<c>System Folder</c>.
581</p>
582<p>
583To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
584dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from
585your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
586ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
587shown below:
588</p>
589
590<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
591cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
592</pre>
593<note>
594The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here.
595</note>
596<p>
597Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
598configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
599missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the
600LiveCD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
601</p>
602</body>
603</subsection>
604
593<subsection id="booted"> 605<subsection id="booted">
594<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 606<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
595<body> 607<body>
596 608
597<p> 609<p>
598You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 610You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
599switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 611switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
600back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 612back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
613Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
601</p> 614</p>
602 615
603<p> 616<p>
604If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 617If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
605<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 618<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
606keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 619keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
607<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 620Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
608machines. 621are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
609</p> 622</p>
610 623
611<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 624<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
612<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 625<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
613 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 626 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
627 kernel)</comment>
614# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 628# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
615</pre> 629</pre>
616 630
617<p> 631<p>
618Now load the keymap of your choice: 632Now load the keymap of your choice:
631<subsection id="hardware"> 645<subsection id="hardware">
632<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 646<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
633<body> 647<body>
634 648
635<p> 649<p>
636When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 650When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
637loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 651loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
638vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 652vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
639not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 653not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
640of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 654of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
641manually. 655manually.
642</p> 656</p>
643 657
644<p> 658<p>
645In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 659In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
646certain kinds of network interfaces): 660supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
661supported under Linux:
647</p> 662</p>
648 663
649<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 664<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
650# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 665# <i>modprobe airport</i>
651</pre> 666</pre>
652 667
653</body> 668</body>
654</subsection> 669</subsection>
655<subsection> 670<subsection>

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