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3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.32 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.45 2005/08/09 09:43:58 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.31</version> 11<version>2.3</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date> 12<date>2005-05-12</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Apple Machines with an OpenFirmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
43 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI based Apple Clones should also
44 be supported.
45 </ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Genesi's Pegasos</th>
49 <ti>
50 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation
51 </ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>IBM</th>
55 <ti>
56 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
57 </ti>
58</tr>
59<tr>
60 <th>Memory</th>
61 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
62</tr>
63<tr>
64 <th>Diskspace</th>
65 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
66</tr>
67<tr>
68 <th>Swap space</th>
69 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
70</tr>
71</table>
72
73<p>
74Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
75PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
76</p>
77
30<body> 78</body>
79</subsection>
80</section>
81<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
82<!-- START -->
83<section>
84<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
85<subsection>
86<title>Introduction</title>
87<body>
31 88
32<p> 89<p>
33Check the following requirements before you 90Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 91A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
92environment.
35</p> 93</p>
36 94
37<ul> 95<ul>
38<li> 96 <li>
39 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space 97 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
98 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
99 or Portage depends.
40</li> 100 </li>
41<li> 101 <li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + 102 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
43 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system. 103 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
104 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
44</li> 105 </li>
45<li> 106 <li>
46 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines 107 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
47 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4 108 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
48 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook, 109 needs to choose which one you want to install.
49 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
50 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
51 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
52 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
53</li> 110 </li>
54</ul> 111</ul>
55 112
113<p>
114To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
115major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
116</p>
117
56</body> 118</body>
57</subsection>
58</section>
59<section>
60<title>Make your Choice</title>
61<subsection> 119</subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title>
63<body>
64
65<p>
66Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
67choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
68choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
69Gentoo base system.
70</p>
71
72<p>
73The installation media we will describe are:
74</p>
75
76<ul>
77<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
78<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
79</ul>
80
81<p>
82Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
83the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
84make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
85three-stage installation.
86</p>
87
88</body>
89</subsection> 120<subsection>
90<subsection> 121<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
91<title>The Three Stages</title>
92<body> 122<body>
93 123
94<p>
95Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
96The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
97yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
98build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
99building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
100The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
101been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
102Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
103packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
104</p> 124<p>
105 125A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
126from scratch.
106<p> 127</p>
107Now what stage do you have to choose? 128
108</p> 129<p>
109
110<p>
111Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 130Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
112optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 131optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
113initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 132initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
114power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 133power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
115installation method for those who would like to know more about the 134installation method for those who would like to know more about the
116inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 135inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
117</p> 136</p>
118 137
119<p>
120A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
121Internet connection.
122</p>
123
124<table> 138<table>
125<tr> 139<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th> 140 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 141 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr> 142</tr>
146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 160 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
147</tr> 161</tr>
148<tr> 162<tr>
149 <th>-</th> 163 <th>-</th>
150 <ti> 164 <ti>
151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 165 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti> 166 </ti>
157 Not suitable for networkless installations 167</tr>
168<tr>
169 <th>-</th>
170 <ti>
171 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
158 </ti> 172 </ti>
159</tr> 173</tr>
160</table> 174</table>
161 175
176</body>
177</subsection>
178<subsection>
179<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
180<body>
181
182<p>
183A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
184"semi-compiled" state.
162<p> 185</p>
186
187<p>
163<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 188Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 189is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
165for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 190for your particular stage2 tarball.
166</p>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
170Internet connection.
171</p> 191</p>
172 192
173<table> 193<table>
174<tr> 194<tr>
175 <th>Stage2</th> 195 <th>Stage2</th>
191 <th>-</th> 211 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 212 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
193</tr> 213</tr>
194<tr> 214<tr>
195 <th>-</th> 215 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 216 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
197</tr> 217</tr>
198<tr> 218<tr>
199 <th>-</th> 219 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 220 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
201</tr> 221</tr>
202<tr> 222<tr>
203 <th>-</th> 223 <th>-</th>
204 <ti> 224 <ti>
205 Not suitable for networkless installations 225 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
206 </ti> 226 </ti>
207</tr> 227</tr>
208</table> 228</table>
209 229
230</body>
231</subsection>
232<subsection>
233<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
234<body>
235
236<p>
237A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
238built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
239decide for you which one to choose.
210<p> 240</p>
241
242<p>
211Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 243Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
212Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 244Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
213settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 245settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
214and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 246and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
215stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 247stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
216prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 248prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
217</p> 249</p>
218 250
219<table> 251<table>
220<tr> 252<tr>
224<tr> 256<tr>
225 <th>+</th> 257 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 258 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
227</tr> 259</tr>
228<tr> 260<tr>
229 <th>+</th>
230 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th> 261 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 262 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
235</tr> 263</tr>
236<tr>
237 <th>-</th>
238 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
239</tr>
240</table> 264</table>
241 265
242<p> 266<p>
243Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
244you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
245be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 267You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
246after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 268optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
247with the new optimization settings. 269recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
248</p>
249
250<p> 270</p>
251Now take a look at the available installation media.
252</p>
253 271
254</body> 272</body>
255</subsection>
256<subsection> 273</subsection>
257<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 274</section>
275<section>
276<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
277<subsection>
278<title>Introduction</title>
258<body> 279<body>
259 280
260<note>
261The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
262mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
263you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
264link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
265</note>
266
267<note>
268It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2692004.1 LiveCD.
270</note>
271
272<p> 281<p>
273The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 282The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
274self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 283self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
275During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 284During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
276are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 285are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
277</p> 286</p>
278 287
279<p> 288<p>
280All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 289All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
281partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 290partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
282LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 291two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
283Gentoo without a working network configuration. 292as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
284</p> 293latest version of the available packages.
285
286<p> 294</p>
287Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 295
288</p> 296<p>
297If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
298the installation instructions described in the <uri
299link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
300</p>
289 301
302<p>
303The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
304</p>
305
306<ul>
307 <li>
308 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
309 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
310 continue with the Gentoo installation.
311 </li>
312 <li>
313 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
314 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
315 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
316 subarchitectures).
317 </li>
318</ul>
319
320<p>
321To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
322major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
323</p>
324
290</body> 325</body>
291</subsection>
292<subsection> 326</subsection>
327<subsection>
293<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 328<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
294<body> 329<body>
295 330
296<p> 331<p>
297This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 332The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.1.iso</c> and
298system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 333takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
299does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 334Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
300source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
301LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
302<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
303</p> 335</p>
304 336
305<table> 337<table>
306<tr> 338<tr>
307 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 339 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
308 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 340 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
309</tr> 341</tr>
310<tr> 342<tr>
311 <th>+</th> 343 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 344 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
313</tr>
314<tr>
315 <th>+</th>
316 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
317</tr> 345</tr>
318<tr> 346<tr>
319 <th>+</th> 347 <th>+</th>
320 <ti> 348 <ti>
321 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 349 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
323 </ti> 351 </ti>
324</tr> 352</tr>
325<tr> 353<tr>
326 <th>-</th> 354 <th>-</th>
327 <ti> 355 <ti>
328 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 356 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
329 suitable for networkless installation 357 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
330 </ti> 358 </ti>
331</tr> 359</tr>
332</table> 360</table>
333 361
334</body> 362</body>
335</subsection> 363</subsection>
336<subsection> 364<subsection>
337<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 365<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
338<body> 366<body>
339 367
340<p>
341Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
342networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
343individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
344<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
345<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
346</p> 368<p>
347 369The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.1.iso</c>
348<p> 370and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
349If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 371CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
350that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 372working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
351bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 373PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
352after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
353need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
354etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
355CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
356called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
357subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
358</p>
359
360<p>
361You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
362installation.
363</p> 374</p>
364 375
365<table> 376<table>
366<tr> 377<tr>
367 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 378 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
368 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 379 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
373</tr>
374<tr>
375 <th>+</th>
376 <ti>
377 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
378 </ti>
379</tr> 380</tr>
380<tr> 381<tr>
381 <th>+</th> 382 <th>+</th>
382 <ti> 383 <ti>
383 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 384 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
390</tr> 391</tr>
391</table> 392</table>
392 393
393</body> 394</body>
394</subsection> 395</subsection>
396<subsection>
397<title>Other CDs</title>
398<body>
399
400<p>
401You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
402no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
403networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP
404set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications
405(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
406Gentoo installation.
407</p>
408
409</body>
410</subsection>
395</section> 411</section>
412<!-- STOP -->
396<section> 413<section>
397<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 414<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
398<subsection> 415<subsection>
399<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 416<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
400<body> 417<body>
401 418
402<p>
403You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
404wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
405LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
406find them?
407</p> 419<p>
408 420You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
421downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
422the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
409<p> 423</p>
410Visit one of our <uri 424
411link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 425<p>
412<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is 426You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
413the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 427CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
428Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.1/installcd</path>
429directory.
430</p>
431
432<p>
414directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 433Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
415which you can write on a CD-R. 434which you can write on a CD-R.
416</p> 435</p>
417 436
418<p> 437<p>
419In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 438In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
420check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 439check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
421<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 440<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
422with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 441with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or
423link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 442<uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. If
424</p> 443<c>md5sum</c> is not available on Mac OS X, see the
425 444<uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri> for help.
426<p> 445</p>
427As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 446
428capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
429</p> 447<p>
430 448Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
431<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 449verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
432$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 450<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
433<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
434</pre>
435
436<p> 451</p>
437Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 452
438downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 453<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
439image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 454$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
440Copy) yet! 455</pre>
456
441</p> 457<p>
442 458Now verify the signature:
443<p> 459</p>
444More information are available in our <uri 460
445link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 461<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
462$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
446</p> 463</pre>
447 464
448<p> 465<p>
449To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 466To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
450do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 467do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
451<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 468<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
452be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 469link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
453the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
454</p> 470</p>
455 471
456<ul> 472<ul>
457 <li> 473 <li>
458 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 474 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
459 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 475 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
460 by the path to the ISO file :) 476 device path).
461 </li> 477 </li>
462 <li> 478 <li>
463 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 479 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
464 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 480 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
465 <c>Start</c>. 481 <c>Start</c>.
466 </li> 482 </li>
467 <li>
468 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
469 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
470 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
471 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
472 </li>
473 <li>
474 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
475 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
476 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
477 </li>
478</ul> 483</ul>
479 484
480</body> 485</body>
481</subsection> 486</subsection>
482</section>
483<section> 487<subsection>
484<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 488<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
485<subsection>
486<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
487<body> 489<body>
488 490
489<p>
490On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
491the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
492</p> 491<p>
493 492On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
493system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
494CD loads.
494<p> 495</p>
495If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 496
496Instead you need to download <uri
497link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
498MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
499the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
500directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
501need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
502into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
503BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
504options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
505<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
506ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
507argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
508able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
509</p> 497<p>
510
511<p>
512After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 498After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
513<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 499message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
514</p> 500</p>
515 501
516<p> 502<p>
517At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 503At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
518We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 504We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
520well. 506well.
521</p> 507</p>
522 508
523<p> 509<p>
524You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 510You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
525table lists the available boot options you can add: 511table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
526</p> 512</p>
527 513
528<table> 514<table>
529<tr> 515<tr>
530 <th>Boot Option</th> 516 <th>Boot Option</th>
545 <ti> 531 <ti>
546 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 532 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
547 </ti> 533 </ti>
548</tr> 534</tr>
549<tr> 535<tr>
550 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 536 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
551 <ti>
552 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
553 the LiveCD
554 </ti> 537 <ti>
555</tr> 538 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
556<tr>
557 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
558 <ti> 539 </ti>
559 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 540</tr>
560 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 541<tr>
542 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
561 </ti> 543 <ti>
562</tr> 544 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
563<tr> 545 network cards) you have to enable this option.
564 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
565 <ti>
566 Boot from a different device
567 </ti> 546 </ti>
568</tr> 547</tr>
569</table> 548</table>
570 549
571<p> 550<p>
575</p> 554</p>
576 555
577</body> 556</body>
578</subsection> 557</subsection>
579<subsection> 558<subsection>
580<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 559<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
581<body> 560<body>
582 561
583<p> 562<p>
584On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 563On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
585<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 564<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
586cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 565between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
587command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 566options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
588init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 567/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
568kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
569in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
570looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
589</p> 571</p>
590 572
591</body> 573</body>
574</subsection>
575
592</subsection> 576<subsection>
577<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
578<body>
579
580<p>
581If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
582The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
583with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without
584MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
585</p>
586
587<p>
588First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
589and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
590archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
591<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
592Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
593<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c>
594from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
595<c>System Folder</c>.
596</p>
597
598<p>
599To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
600dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from
601your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
602ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
603shown below:
604</p>
605
606<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
607cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
608</pre>
609
610<note>
611The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here.
612</note>
613
614<p>
615Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
616configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
617missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the
618Installation CD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When
619You're Booted...</uri>
620</p>
621
622</body>
623</subsection>
624
593<subsection id="booted"> 625<subsection id="booted">
594<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 626<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
595<body> 627<body>
596 628
597<p> 629<p>
598You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 630You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
599switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 631switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
600back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 632back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
633Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
601</p> 634</p>
602 635
603<p> 636<p>
604If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 637If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
605<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 638<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
606keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 639keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
607<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 640Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
608machines. 641are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
609</p> 642</p>
610 643
611<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 644<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
612<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 645<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
613 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 646 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
647 kernel)</comment>
614# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 648# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
615</pre> 649</pre>
616 650
617<p> 651<p>
618Now load the keymap of your choice: 652Now load the keymap of your choice:
631<subsection id="hardware"> 665<subsection id="hardware">
632<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 666<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
633<body> 667<body>
634 668
635<p> 669<p>
636When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 670When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
637loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 671loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
638vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 672vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
639not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 673not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
640of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 674of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
641manually. 675manually.
642</p> 676</p>
643 677
644<p> 678<p>
645In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 679In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
646certain kinds of network interfaces): 680supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
681supported under Linux:
647</p> 682</p>
648 683
649<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 684<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
650# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 685# <i>modprobe airport</i>
651</pre> 686</pre>
652 687
653</body> 688</body>
654</subsection> 689</subsection>
655<subsection> 690<subsection>

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