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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.32 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.50 2005/11/21 16:38:19 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.31</version> 11<version>2.7</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date> 12<date>2005-11-11</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
30<body> 29<body>
31 30
32<p> 31<table>
33Check the following requirements before you 32<tr>
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 33 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Apple Machines with an OpenFirmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
43 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI based Apple Clones should also
44 be supported.
45 </ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Genesi's Pegasos</th>
49 <ti>
50 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation
51 </ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>IBM</th>
55 <ti>
56 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
57 </ti>
58</tr>
59<tr>
60 <th>Memory</th>
61 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
62</tr>
63<tr>
64 <th>Diskspace</th>
65 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
66</tr>
67<tr>
68 <th>Swap space</th>
69 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
70</tr>
71</table>
72
35</p> 73<p>
36
37<ul>
38<li>
39 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space
40</li>
41<li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM +
43 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system.
44</li>
45<li>
46 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines
47 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4
48 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook,
49 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
50 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
51 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo 74Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
52 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin. 75PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
53</li> 76</p>
54</ul>
55 77
56</body> 78</body>
57</subsection> 79</subsection>
58</section> 80</section>
81<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
82<!-- START -->
59<section> 83<section>
60<title>Make your Choice</title> 84<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
61<subsection> 85<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title> 86<title>Introduction</title>
63<body> 87<body>
64 88
65<p> 89<p>
66Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
67choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
68choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
69Gentoo base system.
70</p>
71
72<p>
73The installation media we will describe are:
74</p>
75
76<ul>
77<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
78<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
79</ul>
80
81<p>
82Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
83the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
84make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
85three-stage installation.
86</p>
87
88</body>
89</subsection>
90<subsection>
91<title>The Three Stages</title>
92<body>
93
94<p>
95Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
96The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
97yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
98build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
99building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
100The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
101been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
102Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
103packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
104</p>
105
106<p>
107Now what stage do you have to choose?
108</p>
109
110<p>
111Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
112optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
113initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
114power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
115installation method for those who would like to know more about the
116inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
117</p>
118
119<p>
120A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
121Internet connection.
122</p>
123
124<table>
125<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>
132 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
133 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
134 </ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>+</th>
142 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
143</tr>
144<tr>
145 <th>-</th>
146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
147</tr>
148<tr>
149 <th>-</th>
150 <ti>
151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Not suitable for networkless installations
158 </ti>
159</tr>
160</table>
161
162<p>
163<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
165for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
166</p>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
170Internet connection.
171</p>
172
173<table>
174<tr>
175 <th>Stage2</th>
176 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
177</tr>
178<tr>
179 <th>+</th>
180 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
181</tr>
182<tr>
183 <th>+</th>
184 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
185</tr>
186<tr>
187 <th>+</th>
188 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
189</tr>
190<tr>
191 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
193</tr>
194<tr>
195 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
201</tr>
202<tr>
203 <th>-</th>
204 <ti>
205 Not suitable for networkless installations
206 </ti>
207</tr>
208</table>
209
210<p>
211Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
212Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
213settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
214and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
215stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
216prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
217</p>
218
219<table>
220<tr>
221 <th>Stage3</th>
222 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
223</tr>
224<tr>
225 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
227</tr>
228<tr>
229 <th>+</th>
230 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
235</tr>
236<tr>
237 <th>-</th>
238 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
239</tr>
240</table>
241
242<p>
243Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
244you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
245be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
246after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
247with the new optimization settings.
248</p>
249
250<p>
251Now take a look at the available installation media.
252</p>
253
254</body>
255</subsection>
256<subsection>
257<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
258<body>
259
260<note>
261The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
262mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
263you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
264link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
265</note>
266
267<note>
268It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2692004.1 LiveCD.
270</note>
271
272<p>
273The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 90The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
274self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 91self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
275During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 92During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
276are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 93are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
277</p> 94</p>
278 95
279<p> 96<p>
280All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 97All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
281partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 98partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
282LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 99two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
283Gentoo without a working network configuration. 100as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
284</p> 101latest version of the available packages.
285
286<p> 102</p>
287Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 103
288</p> 104<p>
105If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
106the installation instructions described in the <uri
107link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
108</p>
289 109
110<p>
111The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
112</p>
113
114<ul>
115 <li>
116 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
117 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
118 continue with the Gentoo installation.
119 </li>
120 <li>
121 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
122 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
123 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
124 </li>
125</ul>
126
127<p>
128To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
129major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
130</p>
131
290</body> 132</body>
291</subsection>
292<subsection> 133</subsection>
134<subsection>
293<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 135<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
294<body> 136<body>
295 137
296<p> 138<p>
297This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 139The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.1.iso</c> and
298system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 140takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
299does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 141Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
300source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
301LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
302<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
303</p> 142</p>
304 143
305<table> 144<table>
306<tr> 145<tr>
307 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 146 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
308 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 147 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
309</tr> 148</tr>
310<tr> 149<tr>
311 <th>+</th> 150 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 151 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
313</tr> 152</tr>
314<tr> 153<tr>
315 <th>+</th>
316 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
317</tr>
318<tr>
319 <th>+</th>
320 <ti>
321 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
322 net
323 </ti>
324</tr>
325<tr>
326 <th>-</th> 154 <th>-</th>
327 <ti> 155 <ti>
328 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 156 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
329 suitable for networkless installation 157 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
330 </ti> 158 </ti>
331</tr> 159</tr>
332</table> 160</table>
333 161
334</body> 162</body>
335</subsection> 163</subsection>
336<subsection> 164<subsection>
337<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 165<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
338<body> 166<body>
339 167
340<p>
341Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
342networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
343individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
344<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
345<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
346</p> 168<p>
347 169The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.1.iso</c>
348<p> 170and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
349If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 171CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
350that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 172working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
351bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 173PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
352after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
353need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
354etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
355CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
356called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
357subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
358</p>
359
360<p>
361You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
362installation.
363</p> 174</p>
364 175
365<table> 176<table>
366<tr> 177<tr>
367 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 178 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
368 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 179 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
373</tr>
374<tr>
375 <th>+</th>
376 <ti>
377 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
378 </ti>
379</tr> 180</tr>
380<tr> 181<tr>
381 <th>+</th> 182 <th>+</th>
382 <ti> 183 <ti>
383 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 184 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
390</tr> 191</tr>
391</table> 192</table>
392 193
393</body> 194</body>
394</subsection> 195</subsection>
196<subsection>
197<title>Other CDs</title>
198<body>
199
200<p>
201You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
202Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
203networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
204set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such
205as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
206installation.
207</p>
208
209<p>
210If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
211make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
212</p>
213
214</body>
215</subsection>
216<subsection>
217<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
218<body>
219
220<p>
221A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
222to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
223Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
224stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
225official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
226performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
227the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
228Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
229</p>
230
231</body>
232</subsection>
395</section> 233</section>
234<!-- STOP -->
396<section> 235<section>
397<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 236<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
398<subsection> 237<subsection>
399<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 238<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
400<body> 239<body>
401 240
402<p>
403You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
404wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
405LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
406find them?
407</p> 241<p>
408 242You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
243downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
244the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
409<p> 245</p>
410Visit one of our <uri 246
411link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 247<p>
412<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is 248You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
413the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 249CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
250Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.1/installcd</path>
251directory.
252</p>
253
254<p>
414directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 255Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
415which you can write on a CD-R. 256can write on a CD-R.
416</p> 257</p>
417 258
418<p> 259<p>
419In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 260In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
420check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 261check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
421<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 262<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
422with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 263with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or
423link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 264<uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. If
424</p> 265<c>md5sum</c> is not available on Mac OS X, see the
425 266<uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri> for help.
426<p> 267</p>
427As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 268
428capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
429</p> 269<p>
430 270Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
431<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 271verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
432$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 272<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
433<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
434</pre>
435
436<p> 273</p>
437Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 274
438downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 275<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
439image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 276$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
440Copy) yet! 277</pre>
278
441</p> 279<p>
442 280Now verify the signature:
443<p> 281</p>
444More information are available in our <uri 282
445link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 283<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
284$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
446</p> 285</pre>
447 286
448<p> 287<p>
449To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 288To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
450do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 289do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
451<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 290<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
452be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 291link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
453the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
454</p> 292</p>
455 293
456<ul> 294<ul>
457 <li> 295 <li>
458 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 296 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
459 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 297 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
460 by the path to the ISO file :) 298 device path).
461 </li> 299 </li>
462 <li> 300 <li>
463 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 301 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
464 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 302 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
465 <c>Start</c>. 303 <c>Start</c>.
466 </li> 304 </li>
467 <li>
468 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
469 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
470 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
471 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
472 </li>
473 <li>
474 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
475 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
476 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
477 </li>
478</ul> 305</ul>
479 306
480</body> 307</body>
481</subsection> 308</subsection>
482</section>
483<section> 309<subsection>
484<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 310<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
485<subsection>
486<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
487<body> 311<body>
488 312
489<p>
490On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
491the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
492</p> 313<p>
493 314On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
315system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
316CD loads.
494<p> 317</p>
495If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 318
496Instead you need to download <uri
497link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
498MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
499the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
500directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
501need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
502into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
503BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
504options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
505<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
506ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
507argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
508able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
509</p> 319<p>
510
511<p>
512After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 320After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
513<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 321message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
514</p> 322</p>
515 323
516<p> 324<p>
517At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 325At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
518We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 326We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
520well. 328well.
521</p> 329</p>
522 330
523<p> 331<p>
524You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 332You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
525table lists the available boot options you can add: 333table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
526</p> 334</p>
527 335
528<table> 336<table>
529<tr> 337<tr>
530 <th>Boot Option</th> 338 <th>Boot Option</th>
545 <ti> 353 <ti>
546 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 354 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
547 </ti> 355 </ti>
548</tr> 356</tr>
549<tr> 357<tr>
550 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 358 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
551 <ti>
552 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
553 the LiveCD
554 </ti> 359 <ti>
555</tr> 360 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
556<tr>
557 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
558 <ti> 361 </ti>
559 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 362</tr>
560 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 363<tr>
364 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
561 </ti> 365 <ti>
562</tr> 366 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
563<tr> 367 network cards) you have to enable this option.
564 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
565 <ti>
566 Boot from a different device
567 </ti> 368 </ti>
568</tr> 369</tr>
569</table> 370</table>
570 371
571<p> 372<p>
575</p> 376</p>
576 377
577</body> 378</body>
578</subsection> 379</subsection>
579<subsection> 380<subsection>
580<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 381<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
581<body> 382<body>
582 383
583<p> 384<p>
584On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 385On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
585<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 386<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
586cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 387between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
587command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 388options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
588init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 389/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
390kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
391in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
392looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
589</p> 393</p>
590 394
591</body> 395</body>
396</subsection>
397
592</subsection> 398<subsection>
399<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
400<body>
401
402<p>
403If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
404The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
405with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without
406MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
407</p>
408
409<p>
410First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
411and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
412archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
413<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
414Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
415<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c>
416from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
417<c>System Folder</c>.
418</p>
419
420<p>
421To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
422dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from
423your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
424ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
425shown below:
426</p>
427
428<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
429cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
430</pre>
431
432<note>
433The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here.
434</note>
435
436<p>
437Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
438configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
439missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the
440Installation CD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When
441You're Booted...</uri>
442</p>
443
444</body>
445</subsection>
446
593<subsection id="booted"> 447<subsection id="booted">
594<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 448<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
595<body> 449<body>
596 450
597<p> 451<p>
598You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 452You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
599switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 453switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
600back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 454back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
455Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
601</p> 456</p>
602 457
603<p> 458<p>
604If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 459If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
605<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 460<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
606keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 461keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
607<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 462Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
608machines. 463are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
609</p> 464</p>
610 465
611<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 466<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
612<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 467<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
613 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 468 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
469 kernel)</comment>
614# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 470# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
615</pre> 471</pre>
616 472
617<p> 473<p>
618Now load the keymap of your choice: 474Now load the keymap of your choice:
631<subsection id="hardware"> 487<subsection id="hardware">
632<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 488<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
633<body> 489<body>
634 490
635<p> 491<p>
636When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 492When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
637loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 493loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
638vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 494vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
639not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 495not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
640of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 496of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
641manually. 497manually.
642</p> 498</p>
643 499
644<p> 500<p>
645In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 501In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
646certain kinds of network interfaces): 502supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
503supported under Linux:
647</p> 504</p>
648 505
649<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 506<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
650# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 507# <i>modprobe airport</i>
651</pre> 508</pre>
652 509
653</body> 510</body>
654</subsection> 511</subsection>
655<subsection> 512<subsection>
740If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 597If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
741<c>links2</c> to read it: 598<c>links2</c> to read it:
742</p> 599</p>
743 600
744<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 601<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
745# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i> 602# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
746</pre> 603</pre>
747 604
748<p> 605<p>
749However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 606However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
750more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c> 607more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>

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