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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.32 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.56 2007/06/30 00:50:26 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.31</version> 11<version>8.1</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date> 12<date>2007-06-29</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
30<body> 29<body>
31 30
32<p> 31<table>
33Check the following requirements before you 32<tr>
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 33 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Apple Machines with an OpenFirmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
43 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI based Apple Clones should also
44 be supported.
45 </ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Genesi</th>
49 <ti>
50 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation, Efika
51 </ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>IBM</th>
55 <ti>
56 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
57 </ti>
58</tr>
59<tr>
60 <th>Memory</th>
61 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
62</tr>
63<tr>
64 <th>Diskspace</th>
65 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
66</tr>
67<tr>
68 <th>Swap space</th>
69 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
70</tr>
71</table>
72
35</p> 73<p>
36
37<ul>
38<li>
39 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space
40</li>
41<li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM +
43 swap), if you do use prebuilt packages you need at least 64 MB of memory to boot the system.
44</li>
45<li>
46 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines
47 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4
48 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook,
49 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos II. We also provide limited
50 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
51 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo 74Be sure to read the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>
52 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin. 75for help with some common installation related issues or if you're unsure as to
53</li> 76just what's in that PowerPC machine you've got sitting on your desk right now.
54</ul> 77</p>
55 78
56</body> 79</body>
57</subsection> 80</subsection>
58</section> 81</section>
82<!-- Copy/paste of hb-install-x86-medium.xml, with s/x86/ppc/ -->
83<!-- START -->
59<section> 84<section>
60<title>Make your Choice</title> 85<title>The Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
61<subsection> 86<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title> 87<title>Introduction</title>
63<body> 88<body>
64 89
65<p> 90<p>
66Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to 91Gentoo Linux can be installed using a <e>stage3</e> tarball file.
67choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the 92Such a tarball is an archive that contains a minimal environment from
68choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a 93which you can succesfully install Gentoo Linux onto your system.
69Gentoo base system.
70</p>
71
72<p> 94</p>
73The installation media we will describe are: 95
74</p> 96<p>
75 97Installations using a stage1 or stage2 tarball file are not documented in the
76<ul> 98Gentoo Handbook - please read the <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">Gentoo
77<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li> 99FAQ</uri> on these matters.
78<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
79</ul>
80
81<p> 100</p>
82Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
83the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
84make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
85three-stage installation.
86</p>
87 101
88</body> 102</body>
89</subsection>
90<subsection> 103</subsection>
91<title>The Three Stages</title>
92<body>
93
94<p>
95Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
96The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
97yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
98build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
99building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
100The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
101been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
102Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
103packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
104</p>
105
106<p>
107Now what stage do you have to choose?
108</p>
109
110<p>
111Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
112optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
113initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
114power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
115installation method for those who would like to know more about the
116inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
117</p>
118
119<p>
120A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
121Internet connection.
122</p>
123
124<table>
125<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>
132 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
133 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
134 </ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>+</th>
142 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
143</tr>
144<tr>
145 <th>-</th>
146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
147</tr>
148<tr>
149 <th>-</th>
150 <ti>
151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Not suitable for networkless installations
158 </ti>
159</tr>
160</table>
161
162<p>
163<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
165for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
166</p>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
170Internet connection.
171</p>
172
173<table>
174<tr>
175 <th>Stage2</th>
176 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
177</tr>
178<tr>
179 <th>+</th>
180 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
181</tr>
182<tr>
183 <th>+</th>
184 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
185</tr>
186<tr>
187 <th>+</th>
188 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
189</tr>
190<tr>
191 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
193</tr>
194<tr>
195 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
201</tr>
202<tr>
203 <th>-</th>
204 <ti>
205 Not suitable for networkless installations
206 </ti>
207</tr>
208</table>
209
210<p>
211Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
212Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
213settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
214and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
215stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
216prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
217</p>
218
219<table>
220<tr>
221 <th>Stage3</th>
222 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
223</tr>
224<tr>
225 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
227</tr>
228<tr>
229 <th>+</th>
230 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
235</tr>
236<tr>
237 <th>-</th>
238 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
239</tr>
240</table>
241
242<p>
243Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
244you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
245be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
246after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
247with the new optimization settings.
248</p>
249
250<p>
251Now take a look at the available installation media.
252</p>
253
254</body>
255</subsection> 104<subsection>
256<subsection> 105<title>Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
257<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
258<body>
259
260<note>
261The Gentoo/PPC 2004.2 release is not official, so you will not find them on the
262mirrors. All of our self-organised mirrors are currently down. The only chance
263you can get the LiveCDs is via <uri
264link="http://torrents.gentoo.org/torrents/">BitTorrent</uri>.
265</note>
266
267<note>
268It is known that the Pegasos II will not boot the 2004.2 LiveCD. Please use the
2692004.1 LiveCD.
270</note>
271
272<p>
273The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
274self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
275During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
276are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
277</p>
278
279<p>
280All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
281partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some
282LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install
283Gentoo without a working network configuration.
284</p>
285
286<p>
287Now what do these LiveCDs contain?
288</p>
289
290</body> 106<body>
291</subsection>
292<subsection>
293<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title>
294<body>
295 107
296<p>
297This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the
298system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It
299does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file),
300source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
301LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
302<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
303</p> 108<p>
304 109An Installation CD is a bootable medium which contains a self-sustained Gentoo
305<table> 110environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD. During the boot process
306<tr> 111your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers are loaded. The Gentoo
307 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 112Installation CDs are maintained by Gentoo developers.
308 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
309</tr>
310<tr>
311 <th>+</th>
312 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
313</tr>
314<tr>
315 <th>+</th>
316 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
317</tr>
318<tr>
319 <th>+</th>
320 <ti>
321 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
322 net
323 </ti>
324</tr>
325<tr>
326 <th>-</th>
327 <ti>
328 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not
329 suitable for networkless installation
330 </ti>
331</tr>
332</table>
333
334</body>
335</subsection>
336<subsection>
337<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title>
338<body>
339
340<p> 113</p>
341Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without 114
342networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
343individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
344<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
345<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
346</p> 115<p>
347 116There currently are two Installation CDs available:
348<p>
349If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see
350that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't
351bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software
352after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
353need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
354etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
355CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
356called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
357subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
358</p>
359
360<p>
361You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
362installation.
363</p>
364
365<table>
366<tr>
367 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th>
368 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
369</tr>
370<tr>
371 <th>+</th>
372 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
373</tr>
374<tr>
375 <th>+</th>
376 <ti>
377 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
378 </ti>
379</tr>
380<tr>
381 <th>+</th>
382 <ti>
383 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
384 connection.
385 </ti>
386</tr>
387<tr>
388 <th>-</th>
389 <ti>Huge download</ti>
390</tr>
391</table>
392
393</body>
394</subsection>
395</section>
396<section>
397<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title>
398<subsection>
399<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title>
400<body>
401
402<p>
403You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
404wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
405LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
406find them?
407</p>
408
409<p>
410Visit one of our <uri
411link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
412<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is
413the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that
414directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
415which you can write on a CD-R.
416</p>
417
418<p>
419In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
420check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
421<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
422with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
423link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
424</p>
425
426<p>
427As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5
428capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
429</p>
430
431<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl">
432$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i>
433<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
434</pre>
435
436<p>
437Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you
438downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO
439image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk
440Copy) yet!
441</p>
442
443<p>
444More information are available in our <uri
445link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri>
446</p>
447
448<p>
449To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
450do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>,
451<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can
452be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and
453the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
454</p> 117</p>
455 118
456<ul> 119<ul>
457 <li> 120 <li>
458 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 121 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
459 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 122 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
460 by the path to the ISO file :) 123 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
124 installation instructions for your architecture.
461 </li> 125 </li>
462 <li> 126 <li>
463 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 127 The Minimal Installation CD contains only a minimal environment that allows
464 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 128 you to boot up and configure your network so you can connect to the
465 <c>Start</c>. 129 Internet. It does not contain any additional files and cannot be used
130 during the current installation approach.
131 </li>
132</ul>
133
134<p>
135Gentoo also provides a Package CD. This is not an Installation CD but an
136additional resource that you can exploit during the installation of your Gentoo
137system. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP set) that allow
138you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
139OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the Gentoo installation and
140right before you update your Portage tree.
141</p>
142
143<p>
144The use of the Package CD is covered later in this document.
145</p>
146
147</body>
148</subsection>
149</section>
150<!-- STOP -->
151<section>
152<title>Download, Burn and Boot the Gentoo Universal Installation CD</title>
153<subsection>
154<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CD</title>
155<body>
156
157<p>
158You can download the Universal Installation CD (and, if you want to, the
159Packages CD as well) from one of our <uri
160link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
161the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory; the Package CDs
162are located in the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>packagecd</path> directory.
163</p>
164
165<p>
166Inside those directories you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which
167you can write on a CD-R.
168</p>
169
170<p>
171After downloading the file, you can verify its integrity to see if it is
172corrupted or not:
173</p>
174
175<ul>
176 <li>
177 You can check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we
178 provide (for instance with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or
179 <uri link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows).
180 Verifying MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
181 link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
466 </li> 182 </li>
467 <li> 183 <li>
468 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from 184 You can verify the cryptographic signature that we provide. You need to
469 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the 185 obtain the public key we use (0x17072058) before you proceed though.
470 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and 186 </li>
471 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu. 187</ul>
188
189<p>
190To fetch our public key using the GnuPG application, run the following command:
191</p>
192
193<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
194$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 0x17072058</i>
195</pre>
196
197<p>
198Now verify the signature:
199</p>
200
201<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
202$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
203</pre>
204
205<p>
206To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
207do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
208<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
209link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
210</p>
211
212<ul>
213 <li>
214 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
215 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
216 path).
472 </li> 217 </li>
473 <li> 218 <li>
474 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from 219 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
475 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the 220 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
476 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
477 </li> 221 </li>
478</ul> 222</ul>
479 223
480</body> 224</body>
481</subsection> 225</subsection>
482</section>
483<section> 226<subsection>
484<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 227<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
485<subsection>
486<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
487<body> 228<body>
488 229
489<p>
490On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
491the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
492</p> 230<p>
493 231On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
232system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
233CD loads.
494<p> 234</p>
495If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 235
496Instead you need to download <uri
497link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
498MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
499the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
500directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
501need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
502into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
503BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
504options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
505<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
506ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
507argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
508able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
509</p> 236<p>
510
511<p>
512After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 237After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
513<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 238message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
514</p>
515
516<p> 239</p>
517At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 240
518We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 241<p>
242We provide one generic kernel, <e>apple</e>. This kernel is built with support
519support for multiple CPUs, but they will boot on single processor machines as 243for multiple CPUs, but it will boot on single processor machines as well.
520well.
521</p>
522
523<p> 244</p>
245
246<p>
524You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 247You can tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following table lists
525table lists the available boot options you can add: 248some of the available boot options you can add:
526</p> 249</p>
527 250
528<table> 251<table>
529<tr> 252<tr>
530 <th>Boot Option</th> 253 <th>Boot Option</th>
532</tr> 255</tr>
533<tr> 256<tr>
534 <ti><c>video</c></ti> 257 <ti><c>video</c></ti>
535 <ti> 258 <ti>
536 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags: 259 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
537 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c> or 260 <c>nvidiafb</c>, <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>,
538 <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and refreshrate 261 <c>aty128</c> or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution
539 you want to use. For instance <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are 262 refresh rate and color depth you want to use. For instance,
540 uncertain what to choose, <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work. 263 <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75-32</c> will select the ATI Radeon frame buffer
264 at a resolution of 1280x1024 with a refresh rate of 75Hz and a color depth of
265 32 bits. If you are uncertain what to choose, and the default doesn't work,
266 <c>video=ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
541 </ti> 267 </ti>
542</tr> 268</tr>
543<tr> 269<tr>
544 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 270 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
545 <ti> 271 <ti>
546 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 272 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
547 </ti> 273 </ti>
548</tr> 274</tr>
549<tr> 275<tr>
550 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 276 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
551 <ti>
552 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
553 the LiveCD
554 </ti> 277 <ti>
555</tr> 278 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
556<tr>
557 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
558 <ti> 279 </ti>
559 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 280</tr>
560 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 281<tr>
282 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
561 </ti> 283 <ti>
562</tr> 284 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
563<tr> 285 network cards) you have to enable this option.
564 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
565 <ti>
566 Boot from a different device
567 </ti> 286 </ti>
568</tr> 287</tr>
569</table> 288</table>
570 289
571<p> 290<p>
572At this prompt, hit enter, and a complete Gentoo Linux environment will be 291To use the above options, at the <e>boot:</e> prompt, type <e>apple</e> followed
573loaded from the CD. Continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're 292by the desired option. In the example below, we'll force the kernel to use the
574Booted...</uri>. 293OpenFirmware framebuffer instead of the device specific driver.
294</p>
295
296<pre caption="Force the use of the OpenFirmware framebuffer">
297boot: <i>apple video=ofonly</i>
298</pre>
299
575</p> 300<p>
301If you don't need to add any options, just hit enter at this prompt, and a
302complete Gentoo Linux environment will be loaded from the CD. Continue with
303<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>.
304</p>
576 305
577</body> 306</body>
578</subsection>
579<subsection> 307</subsection>
580<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 308<subsection>
309<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
581<body> 310<body>
582 311
583<p> 312<p>
584On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 313On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
585<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 314<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
586cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 315between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
587command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 316options you can append them to the command-line just like with Yaboot above.
588init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 317For example: <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>.
318The default kernel options (in case something goes wrong and you need it) are
319preconfigured with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
320looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
589</p> 321</p>
590 322
591</body> 323</body>
324</subsection>
325
592</subsection> 326<subsection>
327<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
328<body>
329
330<p>
331If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
332The most simple solution is to use MacOS 9 or earlier to bootstrap into a Linux
333environment with a tool called BootX.
334</p>
335
336<p>
337First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
338and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
339archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
340<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
341Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
342<c>apple</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>apple.igz</c>
343from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
344<c>System Folder</c>.
345</p>
346
347<p>
348To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
349dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>apple.igz</c> from
350your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
351ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
352shown below:
353</p>
354
355<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
356cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=image.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0
357</pre>
358
359<note>
360The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. You
361can append any of those options to the kernel arguments above.
362</note>
363
364<p>
365Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
366configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
367missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window. If everything goes
368correctly, it should boot into the Installation CD. Continue with
369<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
370</p>
371
372</body>
373</subsection>
374
593<subsection id="booted"> 375<subsection id="booted">
594<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 376<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
595<body> 377<body>
596 378
597<p> 379<p>
598You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 380You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
599switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 381switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
600back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 382back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Due to the keyboard layout,
383you may need to press Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
601</p> 384</p>
602 385
603<p> 386<p>
604If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 387If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
605<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 388<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
606keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 389keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
607<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 390Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
608machines. 391are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
609</p> 392</p>
610 393
611<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 394<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
612<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 395<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
613 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 396 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
397 kernel)</comment>
614# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 398# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
615</pre> 399</pre>
616 400
617<p> 401<p>
618Now load the keymap of your choice: 402Now load the keymap of your choice:
631<subsection id="hardware"> 415<subsection id="hardware">
632<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 416<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
633<body> 417<body>
634 418
635<p> 419<p>
636When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 420When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
637loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 421loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
638vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 422vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
639not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 423not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
640of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 424of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
641manually. 425manually.
642</p> 426</p>
643 427
644<p> 428<p>
645In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 429In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
646certain kinds of network interfaces): 430supports only the old Airport cards (802.11b). Airport Extreme (802.11g) is not
431supported on the InstallCD due to restrictions on firmware distribution.
432</p>
433
434<pre caption="Loading the airport module">
435# <i>modprobe airport</i>
436</pre>
437
647</p> 438<p>
439On older iMacs, sometimes the network card is not detected properly. These use
440the BMAC driver:
441</p>
648 442
649<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 443<pre caption="Loading the bmac module">
650# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 444# <i>modprobe bmac</i>
651</pre> 445</pre>
652 446
653</body> 447</body>
654</subsection> 448</subsection>
655<subsection> 449<subsection>
672yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your 466yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
673disk): 467disk):
674</p> 468</p>
675 469
676<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance"> 470<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
677<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i> 471<comment>Activate DMA:</comment>
678<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 472# <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
473<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment>
474# <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
679</pre> 475</pre>
680 476
681</body> 477</body>
682</subsection> 478</subsection>
683<subsection id="useraccounts"> 479<subsection id="useraccounts">
736go to a new terminal and log in. 532go to a new terminal and log in.
737</p> 533</p>
738 534
739<p> 535<p>
740If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 536If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
741<c>links2</c> to read it: 537<c>links</c> or even <c>links -g</c> for a graphical framebuffer browser to
538read it:
742</p> 539</p>
743 540
744<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 541<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
745# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i> 542# <i>links /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
746</pre> 543</pre>
747 544
748<p> 545<p>
749However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 546However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
750more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c> 547more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links</c>
751as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e> 548as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
752chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the 549chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
753document): 550document):
754</p> 551</p>
755 552
756<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation"> 553<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
757# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-ppc.xml</i> 554# <i>links http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/<keyval id="online-book"/></i>
758</pre> 555</pre>
759 556
760<p> 557<p>
761You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>. 558You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
762</p> 559</p>

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