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3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.20 2004/08/08 10:12:39 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.42 2005/04/11 03:49:30 josejx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>2.1</version>
12<date>2005-04-10</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 23</p>
21 24
22</body> 25</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 26</subsection>
25<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>NewWorld machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac, Genesi's Pegasos II
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Limited support for IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries) and Amiga systems
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
59<p>
60Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
61PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
62</p>
63
26<body> 64</body>
65</subsection>
66</section>
67<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
68<!-- START -->
69<section>
70<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
71<subsection>
72<title>Introduction</title>
73<body>
27 74
28<p> 75<p>
29Check the following requirements before you 76Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 77A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
78environment.
31</p> 79</p>
32 80
33<ul> 81<ul>
34<li> 82 <li>
35 You need at least 2 GB of free disk space 83 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
84 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
85 or Portage depends.
36</li> 86 </li>
37<li> 87 <li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + 88 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
39 swap) 89 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
90 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
40</li> 91 </li>
41<li> 92 <li>
42 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on NewWorld machines 93 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
43 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4 94 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
44 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the eMac, the iBook, the PowerBook, 95 needs to choose which one you want to install.
45 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos I and II. We also provide limited
46 support for OldWorld systems, IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries, ...) and Amiga
47 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
48 PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
49</li> 96 </li>
50</ul> 97</ul>
51 98
99<p>
100To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
101major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
102</p>
103
52</body> 104</body>
53</subsection>
54</section>
55<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title>
57<subsection> 105</subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title>
59<body>
60
61<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
79the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
80make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
81three-stage installation.
82</p>
83
84</body>
85</subsection> 106<subsection>
86<subsection> 107<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
87<title>The Three Stages</title>
88<body> 108<body>
89 109
90<p>
91Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
92The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
93yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
94build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
95building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
96The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
97been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
98Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
99packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
100</p> 110<p>
101 111A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
112from scratch.
102<p> 113</p>
103Now what stage do you have to choose? 114
104</p> 115<p>
105
106<p>
107Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 116Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
108optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 117optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
109initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 118initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
110power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 119power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
111installation method for those who would like to know more about the 120installation method for those who would like to know more about the
112inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 121inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
113</p> 122</p>
114 123
115<p>
116A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
117Internet connection.
118</p>
119
120<table> 124<table>
121<tr> 125<tr>
122 <th>Stage1</th> 126 <th>Stage1</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr> 128</tr>
142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
143</tr> 147</tr>
144<tr> 148<tr>
145 <th>-</th> 149 <th>-</th>
146 <ti> 150 <ti>
147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
148 </ti>
149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti> 152 </ti>
153 Not suitable for networkless installations 153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
154 </ti> 158 </ti>
155</tr> 159</tr>
156</table> 160</table>
157 161
162</body>
163</subsection>
164<subsection>
165<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
166<body>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
170"semi-compiled" state.
158<p> 171</p>
172
173<p>
159<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 174Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
160is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 175is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
161for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 176for your particular stage2 tarball.
162</p>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
166Internet connection.
167</p> 177</p>
168 178
169<table> 179<table>
170<tr> 180<tr>
171 <th>Stage2</th> 181 <th>Stage2</th>
187 <th>-</th> 197 <th>-</th>
188 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 198 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
189</tr> 199</tr>
190<tr> 200<tr>
191 <th>-</th> 201 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 202 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
193</tr> 203</tr>
194<tr> 204<tr>
195 <th>-</th> 205 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 206 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
197</tr> 207</tr>
198<tr> 208<tr>
199 <th>-</th> 209 <th>-</th>
200 <ti> 210 <ti>
201 Not suitable for networkless installations 211 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
202 </ti> 212 </ti>
203</tr> 213</tr>
204</table> 214</table>
205 215
216</body>
217</subsection>
218<subsection>
219<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
220<body>
221
222<p>
223A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
224built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
225decide for you which one to choose.
206<p> 226</p>
227
228<p>
207Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 229Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
208Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 230Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
209settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 231settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
210and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 232and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
211stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 233stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
212prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 234prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
213</p> 235</p>
214 236
215<table> 237<table>
216<tr> 238<tr>
220<tr> 242<tr>
221 <th>+</th> 243 <th>+</th>
222 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 244 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
223</tr> 245</tr>
224<tr> 246<tr>
225 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
227</tr>
228<tr>
229 <th>-</th> 247 <th>-</th>
230 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 248 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
231</tr> 249</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
235</tr>
236</table> 250</table>
237 251
238<p> 252<p>
239Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
240you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
241be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 253You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
242after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 254optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
243with the new optimization settings. 255recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
244</p>
245
246<p> 256</p>
247Now take a look at the available installation media.
248</p>
249 257
250</body> 258</body>
251</subsection>
252<subsection> 259</subsection>
253<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 260</section>
261<section>
262<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
263<subsection>
264<title>Introduction</title>
254<body> 265<body>
255 266
256<p> 267<p>
257The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 268The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
258self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 269self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
259During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 270During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
260are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 271are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
261</p> 272</p>
262 273
263<p> 274<p>
264All LiveCDs allow you to boot, setup networking, initialize your 275All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
265partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 276partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
266LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 277two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
267Gentoo without a working network configuration. 278as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
268</p> 279latest version of the available packages.
269
270<p> 280</p>
271Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 281
272</p> 282<p>
283If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
284the installation instructions described in the <uri
285link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
286</p>
273 287
288<p>
289The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
290</p>
291
292<ul>
293 <li>
294 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
295 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
296 continue with the Gentoo installation.
297 </li>
298 <li>
299 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
300 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
301 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
302 subarchitectures).
303 </li>
304</ul>
305
306<p>
307To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
308major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
309</p>
310
274</body> 311</body>
275</subsection>
276<subsection> 312</subsection>
313<subsection>
277<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 314<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
278<body> 315<body>
279 316
280<p> 317<p>
281This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 318The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> and
282system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 319takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
283does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 320Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
284source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
285LiveCD can be found in the <path>livecd</path> subdirectory and is called
286<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso</c>.
287</p> 321</p>
288 322
289<table> 323<table>
290<tr> 324<tr>
291 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 325 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
292 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 326 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
293</tr> 327</tr>
294<tr> 328<tr>
295 <th>+</th> 329 <th>+</th>
296 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 330 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
297</tr>
298<tr>
299 <th>+</th>
300 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
301</tr> 331</tr>
302<tr> 332<tr>
303 <th>+</th> 333 <th>+</th>
304 <ti> 334 <ti>
305 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 335 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
307 </ti> 337 </ti>
308</tr> 338</tr>
309<tr> 339<tr>
310 <th>-</th> 340 <th>-</th>
311 <ti> 341 <ti>
312 Contains no stages, no portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 342 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
313 suitable for networkless installation 343 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
314 </ti> 344 </ti>
315</tr> 345</tr>
316</table> 346</table>
317 347
318</body> 348</body>
319</subsection> 349</subsection>
320<subsection> 350<subsection>
321<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 351<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
322<body> 352<body>
323 353
324<p>
325Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
326networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
327individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
328<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the
329<path>livecd</path> subdirectory.
330</p> 354<p>
331 355The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
332<p> 356and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
333If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 357CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
334that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 358working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
335bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 359PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
336after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
337need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
338etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
339CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
340called <c>packages-g4-2004.2.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
341subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
342</p>
343
344<p>
345You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
346installation.
347</p> 360</p>
348 361
349<table> 362<table>
350<tr> 363<tr>
351 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 364 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
352 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 365 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
353</tr>
354<tr>
355 <th>+</th>
356 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
357</tr>
358<tr>
359 <th>+</th>
360 <ti>
361 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
362 </ti>
363</tr> 366</tr>
364<tr> 367<tr>
365 <th>+</th> 368 <th>+</th>
366 <ti> 369 <ti>
367 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 370 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
374</tr> 377</tr>
375</table> 378</table>
376 379
377</body> 380</body>
378</subsection> 381</subsection>
382<subsection>
383<title>Other CDs</title>
384<body>
385
386<p>
387You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
388no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
389networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP
390set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications
391(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
392Gentoo installation.
393</p>
394
395</body>
396</subsection>
379</section> 397</section>
398<!-- STOP -->
380<section> 399<section>
381<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 400<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
382<subsection> 401<subsection>
383<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 402<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
384<body> 403<body>
385 404
386<p>
387You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
388wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
389LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
390find them?
391</p> 405<p>
392 406You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
407downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
408the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
393<p> 409</p>
394Visit one of our <uri 410
395link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 411<p>
396<path>releases/ppc/2004.2/livecd</path>, which is 412You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
397the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 413CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
414Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.0/installcd</path>
415directory.
416</p>
417
418<p>
398directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 419Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
399which you can write on a CD-R. 420which you can write on a CD-R.
400</p> 421</p>
401 422
402<p> 423<p>
403In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 424In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
404check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 425check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
405<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.2.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 426<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
406with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 427with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
407link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 428link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. How
408</p> 429to verify MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
409 430link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
410<p> 431</p>
411As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 432
412capability of <c>openssl</c>. Therefore type in Terminal.app:
413</p> 433<p>
414 434Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
415<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl"> 435verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
416$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i> 436<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
417<comment>This could take some time depending of the size of the ISO and your CPU</comment>
418</pre>
419
420<p> 437</p>
421Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 438
422downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 439<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
423image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 440$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
424Copy) yet! 441</pre>
442
425</p> 443<p>
426 444Now verify the signature:
427<p> 445</p>
428More information are available in our <uri 446
429link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ.</uri> 447<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
448$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
430</p> 449</pre>
431 450
432<p> 451<p>
433To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 452To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
434do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 453do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
435<c>k3b</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri 454<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
436link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and the <uri 455link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
437link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
438</p> 456</p>
439 457
440<ul> 458<ul>
441 <li> 459 <li>
442 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 460 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
443 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 461 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
444 by the path to the ISO file :) 462 device path).
445 </li> 463 </li>
446 <li> 464 <li>
447 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 465 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
448 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 466 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
449 <c>Start</c>. 467 <c>Start</c>.
450 </li> 468 </li>
451</ul> 469</ul>
452 470
453</body> 471</body>
454</subsection> 472</subsection>
455</section>
456<section> 473<subsection>
457<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 474<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
458<subsection>
459<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
460<body> 475<body>
461 476
462<p>
463On NewWorld machines place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. When
464the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the CD loads.
465</p> 477<p>
466 478On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
479system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
480CD loads.
467<p> 481</p>
468If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 482
469Instead you need to download <uri
470link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> and have a working
471MacOS installed on your system. You need to copy the <c>BootX Extension</c> from
472the unpacked archive-file into the <c>Extensions Folder</c> and make a new
473directory called <c>Linux Kernels</c> in the System Folder. In the next step you
474need to copy the <c>G3</c> kernel and the <c>initrd.img.gz</c> from the LiveCD
475into the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. Then reboot the system and wait for
476BootX to load. After BootX loaded you still have to set up a few items. In the
477options dialog you need to check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select the
478<c>initrd.img.gz</c> which you put in the <c>Linux Kernels</c> directory. The
479ramdisk size should be set to at least <c>32000</c>. Furthermore the kernel
480argument needs to be set to <c>rw init=/linuxrc cdroot</c>. Eventually you are
481able to boot the LiveCD when you select Linux on Startup.
482</p> 483<p>
483
484<p>
485After the LiveCD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a 484After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
486<e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 485message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
487</p> 486</p>
488 487
489<p> 488<p>
490At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 489At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
491We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with 490We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
493well. 492well.
494</p> 493</p>
495 494
496<p> 495<p>
497You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 496You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
498table lists the available boot options you can add: 497table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
499</p> 498</p>
500 499
501<table> 500<table>
502<tr> 501<tr>
503 <th>Boot Option</th> 502 <th>Boot Option</th>
518 <ti> 517 <ti>
519 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;) 518 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
520 </ti> 519 </ti>
521</tr> 520</tr>
522<tr> 521<tr>
523 <ti><c>debug</c></ti> 522 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
524 <ti>
525 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
526 the LiveCD
527 </ti> 523 <ti>
528</tr> 524 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
529<tr>
530 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
531 <ti> 525 </ti>
532 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 526</tr>
533 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 527<tr>
528 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
534 </ti> 529 <ti>
535</tr> 530 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
536<tr> 531 network cards) you have to enable this option.
537 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
538 <ti>
539 Boot from a different device
540 </ti> 532 </ti>
541</tr> 533</tr>
542</table> 534</table>
543 535
544<p> 536<p>
548</p> 540</p>
549 541
550</body> 542</body>
551</subsection> 543</subsection>
552<subsection> 544<subsection>
553<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 545<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
554<body> 546<body>
555 547
556<p> 548<p>
557On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 549On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
558<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 550<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
559cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 551between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
560command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 552options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
561init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 553/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
554kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
555in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
556looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
562</p> 557</p>
563 558
564</body> 559</body>
560</subsection>
561
565</subsection> 562<subsection>
563<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
564<body>
565
566<p>
567If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
568The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
569with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without
570MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
571</p>
572<p>
573First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
574and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
575archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
576<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
577Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
578<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c>
579from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
580<c>System Folder</c>.
581</p>
582<p>
583To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
584dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from
585your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
586ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
587shown below:
588</p>
589
590<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
591cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
592</pre>
593<note>
594The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here.
595</note>
596<p>
597Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
598configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
599missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the
600LiveCD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
601</p>
602</body>
603</subsection>
604
566<subsection id="booted"> 605<subsection id="booted">
567<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 606<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
568<body> 607<body>
569 608
570<p> 609<p>
571You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 610You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
572switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 611switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
573back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 612back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
613Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
574</p> 614</p>
575 615
576<p> 616<p>
577If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 617If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
578<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 618<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
579keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. Do not use the keymaps in 619keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
580<path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they are for ADB-based OldWorld 620Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
581machines. 621are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
582</p> 622</p>
583 623
584<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 624<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
585<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 625<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
586 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 626 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
627 kernel)</comment>
587# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 628# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
588</pre> 629</pre>
589 630
590<p> 631<p>
591Now load the keymap of your choice: 632Now load the keymap of your choice:
604<subsection id="hardware"> 645<subsection id="hardware">
605<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 646<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
606<body> 647<body>
607 648
608<p> 649<p>
609When the LiveCD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 650When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
610loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 651loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
611vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may 652vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
612not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some 653not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
613of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules 654of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
614manually. 655manually.
615</p> 656</p>
616 657
617<p> 658<p>
618In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 659In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
619certain kinds of network interfaces): 660supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
661supported under Linux:
620</p> 662</p>
621 663
622<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 664<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
623# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 665# <i>modprobe airport</i>
624</pre> 666</pre>
625 667
626</body> 668</body>
627</subsection> 669</subsection>
628<subsection> 670<subsection>
679its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 721its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
680In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 722In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
681</p> 723</p>
682 724
683<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 725<pre caption="Creating a user account">
684# <i>useradd john</i> 726# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
685# <i>passwd john</i> 727# <i>passwd john</i>
686New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 728New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
687Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 729Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
688</pre> 730</pre>
689 731
691You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 733You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
692<c>su</c>: 734<c>su</c>:
693</p> 735</p>
694 736
695<pre caption="Changing user id"> 737<pre caption="Changing user id">
696# <i>su john -</i> 738# <i>su - john</i>
697</pre> 739</pre>
698 740
699</body> 741</body>
700</subsection> 742</subsection>
701<subsection> 743<subsection>
703<body> 745<body>
704 746
705<p> 747<p>
706If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the 748If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
707installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri 749installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
708link="#useraccouts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to 750link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
709go to a new terminal and log in. 751go to a new terminal and log in.
710</p> 752</p>
711 753
712<p> 754<p>
713If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 755If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
755<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 797<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
756# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 798# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
757</pre> 799</pre>
758 800
759<p> 801<p>
760To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 802To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
761the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 803the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
762</p> 804</p>
763 805
764</body> 806</body>
765</subsection> 807</subsection>

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