/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.42 Revision 1.63
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.42 2005/04/11 03:49:30 josejx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.63 2010/07/21 00:52:41 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.1</version> 11<version>10.0</version>
12<date>2005-04-10</date> 12<date>2010-07-20</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body> 29<body>
30 30
31<table> 31<table>
32<tr> 32<tr>
33 <th>NewWorld machines</th> 33 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
34 <ti> 34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook 35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac, Genesi's Pegasos II 36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti> 37 </ti>
42 Limited support for IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries) and Amiga systems 38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Apple Machines with an Open Firmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
43 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI-based Apple Clones should also
44 be supported.
45 </ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Genesi</th>
49 <ti>
50 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation, Efika
51 </ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>IBM</th>
55 <ti>
56 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
43 </ti> 57 </ti>
44</tr> 58</tr>
45<tr> 59<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th> 60 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti> 61 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti> 69 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr> 70</tr>
57</table> 71</table>
58 72
59<p> 73<p>
60Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo 74Be sure to read the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>
61PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin. 75for help with some common installation related issues or if you're unsure as to
76just what's in that PowerPC machine you've got sitting on your desk right now.
62</p> 77</p>
63 78
64</body> 79</body>
65</subsection> 80</subsection>
66</section> 81</section>
67<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) --> 82
68<!-- START --> 83<!-- START -->
69<section>
70<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
71<subsection>
72<title>Introduction</title>
73<body>
74
75<p>
76Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
77A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
78environment.
79</p>
80
81<ul>
82 <li>
83 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
84 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
85 or Portage depends.
86 </li>
87 <li>
88 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
89 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
90 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
91 </li>
92 <li>
93 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
94 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
95 needs to choose which one you want to install.
96 </li>
97</ul>
98
99<p>
100To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
101major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
102</p>
103
104</body>
105</subsection>
106<subsection>
107<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
108<body>
109
110<p>
111A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
112from scratch.
113</p>
114
115<p>
116Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
117optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
118initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
119power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
120installation method for those who would like to know more about the
121inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
122</p>
123
124<table>
125<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>
132 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
133 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
134 </ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>+</th>
142 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
143</tr>
144<tr>
145 <th>-</th>
146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
147</tr>
148<tr>
149 <th>-</th>
150 <ti>
151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
158 </ti>
159</tr>
160</table>
161
162</body>
163</subsection>
164<subsection>
165<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
166<body>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
170"semi-compiled" state.
171</p>
172
173<p>
174Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
175is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
176for your particular stage2 tarball.
177</p>
178
179<table>
180<tr>
181 <th>Stage2</th>
182 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
183</tr>
184<tr>
185 <th>+</th>
186 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
187</tr>
188<tr>
189 <th>+</th>
190 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
191</tr>
192<tr>
193 <th>+</th>
194 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
195</tr>
196<tr>
197 <th>-</th>
198 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
199</tr>
200<tr>
201 <th>-</th>
202 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
203</tr>
204<tr>
205 <th>-</th>
206 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
207</tr>
208<tr>
209 <th>-</th>
210 <ti>
211 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
212 </ti>
213</tr>
214</table>
215
216</body>
217</subsection>
218<subsection>
219<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
220<body>
221
222<p>
223A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
224built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
225decide for you which one to choose.
226</p>
227
228<p>
229Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
230Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
231settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
232and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
233stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
234prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
235</p>
236
237<table>
238<tr>
239 <th>Stage3</th>
240 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
241</tr>
242<tr>
243 <th>+</th>
244 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
245</tr>
246<tr>
247 <th>-</th>
248 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
249</tr>
250</table>
251
252<p>
253You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
254optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
255recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
256</p>
257
258</body>
259</subsection>
260</section>
261<section> 84<section>
262<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 85<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
263<subsection> 86<subsection>
264<title>Introduction</title> 87<title>Introduction</title>
265<body> 88<body>
271are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 94are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
272</p> 95</p>
273 96
274<p> 97<p>
275All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 98All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
276partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 99partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
277two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
278as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
279latest version of the available packages.
280</p>
281
282<p> 100</p>
101
102<!--
103<impo>
283If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 104If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
284the installation instructions described in the <uri 105like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
285link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>. 106instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
107Handbooks</uri>.
108</impo>
109-->
110<!--
286</p> 111<p>
287
288<p>
289The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are: 112The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
290</p> 113</p>
291 114
292<ul> 115<ul>
293 <li> 116 <li>
294 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable 117 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
295 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and 118 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
296 continue with the Gentoo installation. 119 continue with the Gentoo installation.
297 </li> 120 </li>
298 <li> 121 <li>
299 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same 122 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
300 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a 123 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
301 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual 124 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
302 subarchitectures). 125 installation instructions for your architecture.
303 </li> 126 </li>
304</ul> 127</ul>
305 128
306<p> 129<p>
307To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the 130Gentoo also provides a Package CD. This is not an Installation CD but an
308major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD. 131additional resource that you can exploit during the installation of your Gentoo
132system. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP set) that allow
133you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
134OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the Gentoo installation and
135right before you update your Portage tree.
136</p>
137
309</p> 138<p>
310 139The use of the Package CD is covered later in this document.
140</p>
141-->
311</body> 142</body>
312</subsection>
313<subsection> 143</subsection>
144<subsection>
314<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 145<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
315<body> 146<body>
316 147
317<p>
318The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> and
319takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
320Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
321</p> 148<p>
322 149The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
150takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
151Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
152connection.
153</p>
154<!--
323<table> 155<table>
324<tr> 156<tr>
325 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 157 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
326 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 158 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
327</tr> 159</tr>
328<tr> 160<tr>
329 <th>+</th> 161 <th>+</th>
330 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 162 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
331</tr> 163</tr>
332<tr> 164<tr>
333 <th>+</th>
334 <ti>
335 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
336 net
337 </ti>
338</tr>
339<tr>
340 <th>-</th> 165 <th>-</th>
341 <ti> 166 <ti>
342 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 167 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
343 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 168 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
344 </ti> 169 </ti>
345</tr> 170</tr>
346</table> 171</table>
347 172-->
348</body> 173</body>
349</subsection>
350<subsection> 174</subsection>
351<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
352<body>
353
354<p>
355The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
356and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
357CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
358working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
359PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
360</p>
361
362<table>
363<tr>
364 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
365 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
366</tr>
367<tr>
368 <th>+</th>
369 <ti>
370 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
371 connection.
372 </ti>
373</tr>
374<tr>
375 <th>-</th>
376 <ti>Huge download</ti>
377</tr>
378</table>
379
380</body>
381</subsection> 175<subsection>
382<subsection> 176<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
383<title>Other CDs</title>
384<body> 177<body>
385 178
179<p>
180A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
181suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
182manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
183three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
184official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
185performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
186the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
187Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
386<p> 188</p>
387You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is 189
388no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a 190<p>
389networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP 191Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
390set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications 192id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
391(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless 193link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
392Gentoo installation. 194on the LiveCD.
393</p> 195</p>
394 196
395</body> 197</body>
396</subsection> 198</subsection>
397</section> 199</section>
200
201
398<!-- STOP --> 202<!-- STOP -->
399<section> 203<section>
400<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title> 204<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
401<subsection> 205<subsection>
402<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title> 206<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
403<body> 207<body>
404 208
405<p> 209<p>
406You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by 210You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
407downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 211downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
408the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them? 212the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
409</p>
410
411<p> 213</p>
412You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 214
413CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
414Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.0/installcd</path>
415directory.
416</p> 215<p>
417 216You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
217link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
218the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
418<p> 219</p>
220
221<p>
419Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 222Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
420which you can write on a CD-R. 223can write on a CD-R.
421</p>
422
423<p> 224</p>
225
226<p>
424In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 227In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
425check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 228its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
426<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 229<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
427with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 230checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
428link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. How 231link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
429to verify MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
430link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
431</p> 232</p>
432 233
433<p> 234<p>
434Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 235Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
435verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 236verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
436<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 237<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
437</p> 238</p>
438 239
439<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 240<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
440$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i> 241$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 2D182910</i>
441</pre> 242</pre>
442 243
443<p> 244<p>
444Now verify the signature: 245Now verify the signature:
445</p> 246</p>
446 247
447<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 248<pre caption="Verify the files">
448$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 249<comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
250$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
251<comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
252$ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
449</pre> 253</pre>
450 254
451<p> 255<p>
452To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 256To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
453do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 257do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
455link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 259link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
456</p> 260</p>
457 261
458<ul> 262<ul>
459 <li> 263 <li>
460 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 264 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
461 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 265 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
462 device path). 266 path).
463 </li> 267 </li>
464 <li> 268 <li>
465 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 269 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
466 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 270 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
467 <c>Start</c>.
468 </li> 271 </li>
469</ul> 272</ul>
470 273
471</body> 274</body>
472</subsection> 275</subsection>
474<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title> 277<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
475<body> 278<body>
476 279
477<p> 280<p>
478On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the 281On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
479system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the 282system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
480CD loads. 283CD loads.
481</p> 284</p>
482 285
483<p> 286<p>
484After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome 287After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
485message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen. 288message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
486</p> 289</p>
487 290
488<p> 291<p>
489At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 292We provide one generic kernel, <e>apple</e>. This kernel is built with support
490We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
491support for multiple CPUs, but they will boot on single processor machines as 293for multiple CPUs, but it will boot on single processor machines as well.
492well.
493</p>
494
495<p> 294</p>
295
296<p>
496You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 297You can tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following table lists
497table lists some of the available boot options you can add: 298some of the available boot options you can add:
498</p> 299</p>
499 300
500<table> 301<table>
501<tr> 302<tr>
502 <th>Boot Option</th> 303 <th>Boot Option</th>
504</tr> 305</tr>
505<tr> 306<tr>
506 <ti><c>video</c></ti> 307 <ti><c>video</c></ti>
507 <ti> 308 <ti>
508 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags: 309 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
509 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c> or 310 <c>nvidiafb</c>, <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>,
510 <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and refreshrate 311 <c>aty128</c> or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution
511 you want to use. For instance <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are 312 refresh rate and color depth you want to use. For instance,
512 uncertain what to choose, <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work. 313 <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75-32</c> will select the ATI Radeon frame buffer
314 at a resolution of 1280x1024 with a refresh rate of 75Hz and a color depth of
315 32 bits. If you are uncertain what to choose, and the default doesn't work,
316 <c>video=ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
513 </ti> 317 </ti>
514</tr> 318</tr>
515<tr> 319<tr>
516 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 320 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
517 <ti> 321 <ti>
525 </ti> 329 </ti>
526</tr> 330</tr>
527<tr> 331<tr>
528 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti> 332 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
529 <ti> 333 <ti>
530 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA 334 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
531 network cards) you have to enable this option. 335 network cards) you have to enable this option.
336 </ti>
337</tr>
338<tr>
339 <ti><c>dosshd</c></ti>
340 <ti>Starts <c>sshd</c>. Useful for unattended installs.</ti>
341</tr>
342<tr>
343 <ti><c>passwd=foo</c></ti>
344 <ti>
345 Sets whatever is after the = as the root password. Use with <c>dosshd</c>
346 for remote installs.
532 </ti> 347 </ti>
533</tr> 348</tr>
534</table> 349</table>
535 350
536<p> 351<p>
537At this prompt, hit enter, and a complete Gentoo Linux environment will be 352To use the above options, at the <e>boot:</e> prompt, type <e>apple</e> followed
538loaded from the CD. Continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're 353by the desired option. In the example below, we'll force the kernel to use the
539Booted...</uri>. 354Open Firmware framebuffer instead of the device specific driver.
355</p>
356
357<pre caption="Force the use of the Open Firmware framebuffer">
358boot: <i>apple video=ofonly</i>
359</pre>
360
361<p>
362If you don't need to add any options, just hit enter at this prompt, and a
363complete Gentoo Linux environment will be loaded from the CD. Continue with
364<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>.
540</p> 365</p>
541 366
542</body> 367</body>
543</subsection> 368</subsection>
544<subsection> 369<subsection>
547 372
548<p> 373<p>
549On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 374On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
550<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose 375<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
551between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot 376between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
552options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd 377options you can append them to the command-line just like with Yaboot above.
553/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of 378For example: <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>.
554kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured 379The default kernel options (in case something goes wrong and you need it) are
555in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc 380preconfigured with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
556looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>. 381looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
557</p> 382</p>
558 383
559</body> 384</body>
560</subsection> 385</subsection>
561 386
563<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title> 388<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
564<body> 389<body>
565 390
566<p> 391<p>
567If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used. 392If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
568The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment 393The most simple solution is to use MacOS 9 or earlier to bootstrap into a Linux
569with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without 394environment with a tool called BootX.
570MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
571</p>
572<p> 395</p>
396
397<p>
573First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri> 398First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/bootloaders/bootx/">BootX</uri>
574and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked 399and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
575archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into 400archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
576<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder. 401<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
577Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the 402Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
578<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c> 403<c>apple</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>apple.igz</c>
579from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS 404from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
580<c>System Folder</c>. 405<c>System Folder</c>.
581</p> 406</p>
407
582<p> 408<p>
583To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options 409To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
584dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from 410dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>apple.igz</c> from
585your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the 411your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
586ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as 412ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
587shown below: 413shown below:
588</p> 414</p>
589 415
590<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments"> 416<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
591cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev 417cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=image.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0
592</pre> 418</pre>
419
593<note> 420<note>
594The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. 421The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. You
422can append any of those options to the kernel arguments above.
595</note> 423</note>
424
596<p> 425<p>
597Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the 426Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
598configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is 427configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
599missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the 428missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window. If everything goes
429correctly, it should boot into the Installation CD. Continue with
600LiveCD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri> 430<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
601</p> 431</p>
432
602</body> 433</body>
603</subsection> 434</subsection>
604 435
605<subsection id="booted"> 436<subsection id="booted">
606<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 437<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
607<body> 438<body>
608 439
609<p> 440<p>
610You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 441You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
611switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get 442switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
612back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit 443back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Due to the keyboard layout,
613Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines. 444you may need to press Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
614</p> 445</p>
615 446
616<p> 447<p>
617If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 448If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
618<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 449<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
619keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the 450keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>.
620Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
621are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
622</p> 451</p>
623 452
624<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 453<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
625<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 454<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.)</comment>
626 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
627 kernel)</comment>
628# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 455# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
629</pre> 456</pre>
630 457
631<p> 458<p>
632Now load the keymap of your choice: 459Now load the keymap of your choice:
640Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 467Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
641</p> 468</p>
642 469
643</body> 470</body>
644</subsection> 471</subsection>
645<subsection id="hardware">
646<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
647<body>
648 472
649<p>
650When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
651loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
652vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
653not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
654of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
655manually.
656</p>
657
658<p>
659In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
660supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
661supported under Linux:
662</p>
663
664<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
665# <i>modprobe airport</i>
666</pre>
667
668</body>
669</subsection> 473<subsection>
474<include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
670<subsection> 475</subsection>
671<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
672<body>
673 476
674<p>
675If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
676performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
677test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
678more precise impression):
679</p>
680
681<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
682# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
683</pre>
684
685<p>
686To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
687yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
688disk):
689</p>
690
691<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
692<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
693<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
694</pre>
695
696</body>
697</subsection>
698<subsection id="useraccounts">
699<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
700<body>
701
702<p>
703If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
704environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
705security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
706the root password.
707</p>
708
709<p>
710To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
711</p>
712
713<pre caption="Changing the root password">
714# <i>passwd</i>
715New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
716Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
717</pre>
718
719<p>
720To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
721its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
722In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
723</p>
724
725<pre caption="Creating a user account">
726# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
727# <i>passwd john</i>
728New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
729Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
730</pre>
731
732<p>
733You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
734<c>su</c>:
735</p>
736
737<pre caption="Changing user id">
738# <i>su - john</i>
739</pre>
740
741</body>
742</subsection>
743<subsection>
744<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
745<body>
746
747<p>
748If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
749installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
750link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
751go to a new terminal and log in.
752</p>
753
754<p>
755If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
756<c>links2</c> to read it:
757</p>
758
759<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
760# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
761</pre>
762
763<p>
764However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
765more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
766as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
767chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
768document):
769</p>
770
771<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
772# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-ppc.xml</i>
773</pre>
774
775<p>
776You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
777</p>
778
779</body>
780</subsection>
781<subsection>
782<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
783<body>
784
785<p>
786If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
787Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
788install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
789account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
790(<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
791</p>
792
793<p>
794To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
795</p>
796
797<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
798# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
799</pre>
800
801<p>
802To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
803the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
804</p>
805
806</body>
807</subsection>
808</section> 477</section>
809</sections> 478</sections>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.42  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.63

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20