/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.7 Revision 1.42
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.7 2004/04/28 07:52:30 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.42 2005/04/11 03:49:30 josejx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>2.1</version>
12<date>2005-04-10</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 23</p>
21 24
22</body> 25</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 26</subsection>
25<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>NewWorld machines</th>
34 <ti>
35 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
36 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac, Genesi's Pegasos II
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>OldWorld machines</th>
41 <ti>
42 Limited support for IBM (RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries) and Amiga systems
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
59<p>
60Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
61PPC FAQ</uri> before you begin.
62</p>
63
26<body> 64</body>
65</subsection>
66</section>
67<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml (with s/x86/ppc/) -->
68<!-- START -->
69<section>
70<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
71<subsection>
72<title>Introduction</title>
73<body>
27 74
28<p> 75<p>
29Check the following requirements before you 76Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 77A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
78environment.
31</p> 79</p>
32 80
33<ul> 81<ul>
34<li> 82 <li>
35 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space 83 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
84 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
85 or Portage depends.
36</li> 86 </li>
37<li> 87 <li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 Mb of memory (RAM + 88 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
39 swap) 89 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
90 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
40</li> 91 </li>
41<li> 92 <li>
42 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on machines 93 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
43 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4 94 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
44 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the iBook, the PowerBook, 95 needs to choose which one you want to install.
45 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos I and II... We also provide limited
46 support for oldworld systems, IBM (rs/6000, iSeries, zSeries, ...) and Amiga
47 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo
48 PPC FAQ</uri> too before you begin.
49</li> 96 </li>
50</ul> 97</ul>
51 98
99<p>
100To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
101major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
102</p>
103
52</body> 104</body>
53</subsection>
54</section>
55<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title>
57<subsection> 105</subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title>
59<body>
60
61<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
79the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
80make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
81three-stage installation.
82</p>
83
84</body>
85</subsection> 106<subsection>
86<subsection> 107<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
87<title>The Three Stages</title>
88<body> 108<body>
89 109
90<p>
91Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
92The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
93yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
94build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
95building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
96The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
97been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
98Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
99packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
100</p> 110<p>
101 111A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
112from scratch.
102<p> 113</p>
103Now what stage do you have to choose? 114
104</p> 115<p>
105
106<p>
107Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 116Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
108optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 117optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
109initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 118initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
110power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 119power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
111installation method for those who would like to know more about the 120installation method for those who would like to know more about the
112inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 121inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
137 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 146 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
138</tr> 147</tr>
139<tr> 148<tr>
140 <th>-</th> 149 <th>-</th>
141 <ti> 150 <ti>
142 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 151 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
152 </ti>
153</tr>
154<tr>
155 <th>-</th>
156 <ti>
157 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
143 </ti> 158 </ti>
144</tr> 159</tr>
145</table> 160</table>
146 161
162</body>
163</subsection>
164<subsection>
165<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
166<body>
167
168<p>
169A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
170"semi-compiled" state.
147<p> 171</p>
172
173<p>
148<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 174Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
149is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 175is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
150for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 176for your particular stage2 tarball.
151</p> 177</p>
152 178
153<table> 179<table>
154<tr> 180<tr>
155 <th>Stage2</th> 181 <th>Stage2</th>
171 <th>-</th> 197 <th>-</th>
172 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 198 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
173</tr> 199</tr>
174<tr> 200<tr>
175 <th>-</th> 201 <th>-</th>
176 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 202 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
177</tr> 203</tr>
178<tr> 204<tr>
179 <th>-</th> 205 <th>-</th>
180 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 206 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
181</tr> 207</tr>
208<tr>
209 <th>-</th>
210 <ti>
211 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
212 </ti>
213</tr>
182</table> 214</table>
183 215
216</body>
217</subsection>
218<subsection>
219<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
220<body>
221
222<p>
223A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
224built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
225decide for you which one to choose.
184<p> 226</p>
227
228<p>
185Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 229Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
186Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 230Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
187settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 231settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
188and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 232and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
189stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 233stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
190prebuilt packages. 234prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
191</p> 235</p>
192 236
193<table> 237<table>
194<tr> 238<tr>
195 <th>Stage3</th> 239 <th>Stage3</th>
201</tr> 245</tr>
202<tr> 246<tr>
203 <th>-</th> 247 <th>-</th>
204 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 248 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
205</tr> 249</tr>
206<tr>
207 <th>-</th>
208 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
209</tr>
210</table> 250</table>
211 251
212<p> 252<p>
213Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
214you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
215be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 253You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
216after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 254optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
217with the new optimization settings. 255recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
218</p>
219
220<p> 256</p>
221Now take a look at the available installation media.
222</p>
223 257
224</body> 258</body>
225</subsection>
226<subsection> 259</subsection>
227<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 260</section>
261<section>
262<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
263<subsection>
264<title>Introduction</title>
228<body> 265<body>
229 266
230<p> 267<p>
231The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 268The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
232self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 269self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
233During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 270During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
234are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 271are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
235</p> 272</p>
236 273
237<p> 274<p>
238All LiveCDs allow you to boot, setup networking, initialize your 275All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
239partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 276partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
240LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 277two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
241Gentoo without a working network configuration. 278as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
242</p> 279latest version of the available packages.
243
244<p> 280</p>
245Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 281
246</p> 282<p>
283If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
284the installation instructions described in the <uri
285link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
286</p>
247 287
288<p>
289The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
290</p>
291
292<ul>
293 <li>
294 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
295 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
296 continue with the Gentoo installation.
297 </li>
298 <li>
299 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
300 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
301 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
302 subarchitectures).
303 </li>
304</ul>
305
306<p>
307To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
308major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
309</p>
310
248</body> 311</body>
249</subsection>
250<subsection> 312</subsection>
313<subsection>
251<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 314<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
252<body> 315<body>
253 316
254<p> 317<p>
255This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 318The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> and
256system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 319takes up only 52 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to install
257does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 320Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
258source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
259LiveCD can be found in the <path>universal</path> subdirectory and is called
260<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.1.iso</c>.
261</p> 321</p>
262 322
263<table> 323<table>
264<tr> 324<tr>
265 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 325 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
266 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 326 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
267</tr> 327</tr>
268<tr> 328<tr>
269 <th>+</th> 329 <th>+</th>
270 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 330 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
271</tr>
272<tr>
273 <th>+</th>
274 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
275</tr> 331</tr>
276<tr> 332<tr>
277 <th>+</th> 333 <th>+</th>
278 <ti> 334 <ti>
279 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 335 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
281 </ti> 337 </ti>
282</tr> 338</tr>
283<tr> 339<tr>
284 <th>-</th> 340 <th>-</th>
285 <ti> 341 <ti>
286 Contains no stages, no portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 342 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
287 suitable for networkless installation 343 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
288 </ti> 344 </ti>
289</tr> 345</tr>
290</table> 346</table>
291 347
292</body> 348</body>
293</subsection> 349</subsection>
294<subsection> 350<subsection>
295<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 351<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
296<body> 352<body>
297 353
298<p>
299Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
300networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
301individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
302<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.1.iso</c> and can be found in the
303<path>universal</path> subdirectory.
304</p> 354<p>
305 355The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-ppc-universal-2005.0.iso</c>
306<p> 356and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation
307If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 357CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a
308that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't 358working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another
309bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 359PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
310after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
311need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
312etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
313CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
314called <c>packages-g4-2004.1.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
315subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
316</p> 360</p>
317 361
318<table> 362<table>
319<tr> 363<tr>
320 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 364 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
321 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 365 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
322</tr>
323<tr>
324 <th>+</th>
325 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
326</tr>
327<tr>
328 <th>+</th>
329 <ti>
330 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
331 </ti>
332</tr> 366</tr>
333<tr> 367<tr>
334 <th>+</th> 368 <th>+</th>
335 <ti> 369 <ti>
336 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 370 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
343</tr> 377</tr>
344</table> 378</table>
345 379
346</body> 380</body>
347</subsection> 381</subsection>
382<subsection>
383<title>Other CDs</title>
384<body>
385
386<p>
387You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
388no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
389networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP
390set) that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications
391(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
392Gentoo installation.
393</p>
394
395</body>
396</subsection>
348</section> 397</section>
398<!-- STOP -->
349<section> 399<section>
350<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 400<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
351<subsection> 401<subsection>
352<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 402<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
353<body> 403<body>
354 404
355<p>
356You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
357wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
358LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
359find them?
360</p> 405<p>
361 406You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
407downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
408the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
362<p> 409</p>
363Visit one of our <uri 410
364link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 411<p>
365<path>releases/ppc/2004.1/livecd/universal</path>, which is 412You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
366the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 413CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
414Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc/2005.0/installcd</path>
415directory.
416</p>
417
418<p>
367directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 419Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
368which you can write on a CD-R. 420which you can write on a CD-R.
369</p> 421</p>
370 422
371<p> 423<p>
372In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 424In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
373check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 425check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
374<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 426<path>install-ppc-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum
375with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 427with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
376link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 428link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. How
429to verify MD5 checksums with Mac OS X is described in the <uri
430link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml#doc_chap1">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>.
431</p>
432
377</p> 433<p>
434Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
435verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
436<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
437</p>
438
439<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
440$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
441</pre>
442
443<p>
444Now verify the signature:
445</p>
446
447<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
448$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
449</pre>
378 450
379<p> 451<p>
380To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 452To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
381do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 453do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
382tools on how to do this. 454<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
455link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
383</p> 456</p>
384 457
385<ul> 458<ul>
386 <li> 459 <li>
387 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD
388 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image
389 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on
390 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
391 </li>
392 <li>
393 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
394 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
395 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
396 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
397 following parameters:
398 <ul>
399 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
400 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
401 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
402 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
403 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
404 </ul>
405 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
406 </li>
407 <li>
408 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 460 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
409 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 461 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
410 by the path to the ISO file :) 462 device path).
411 </li> 463 </li>
412 <li> 464 <li>
413 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 465 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
414 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 466 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
415 <c>Start</c>. 467 <c>Start</c>.
416 </li> 468 </li>
417 <li>
418 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
419 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
420 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
421 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
422 </li>
423 <li>
424 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
425 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
426 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
427 </li>
428</ul> 469</ul>
429 470
430</body> 471</body>
431</subsection> 472</subsection>
432</section>
433<section> 473<subsection>
434<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 474<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
435<subsection>
436<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
437<body> 475<body>
438 476
477<p>
478On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
479system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
480CD loads.
439<p> 481</p>
440Place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. Hold down the 'C' key at 482
441bootup (or run an OldWorld bootloader like BootX or quik). You will be greeted 483<p>
484After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
442by a friendly welcome message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the 485message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
443screen.
444</p> 486</p>
445 487
446<p> 488<p>
447At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 489At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use.
448We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G3-SMP</c>, <c>G4</c>, <c>G4-SMP</c>, <c>G5</c>, 490We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G4</c> and <c>G5</c>. All kernels are built with
449<c>G5-SMP</c> and <c>G</c>. The various <c>-SMP</c> kernels are needed if your 491support for multiple CPUs, but they will boot on single processor machines as
450system has multiple CPUs. 492well.
451</p> 493</p>
452 494
453<p> 495<p>
454You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 496You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
455table lists the available boot options you can add: 497table lists some of the available boot options you can add:
456</p> 498</p>
457 499
458<table> 500<table>
459<tr> 501<tr>
460 <th>Boot Option</th> 502 <th>Boot Option</th>
471 </ti> 513 </ti>
472</tr> 514</tr>
473<tr> 515<tr>
474 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 516 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
475 <ti> 517 <ti>
476 Disables level 3 cache on some powerbooks (needed for at least the 17'') 518 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
477 </ti>
478</tr>
479<tr>
480 <ti><c>debug</c></ti>
481 <ti> 519 </ti>
482 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug 520</tr>
483 the LiveCD 521<tr>
522 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
484 </ti> 523 <ti>
485</tr> 524 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
486<tr>
487 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
488 <ti> 525 </ti>
489 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 526</tr>
490 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 527<tr>
528 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
491 </ti> 529 <ti>
492</tr> 530 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
493<tr> 531 network cards) you have to enable this option.
494 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
495 <ti>
496 Boot from a different device
497 </ti> 532 </ti>
498</tr> 533</tr>
499</table> 534</table>
500 535
501<p> 536<p>
505</p> 540</p>
506 541
507</body> 542</body>
508</subsection> 543</subsection>
509<subsection> 544<subsection>
510<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 545<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
511<body> 546<body>
512 547
513<p> 548<p>
514On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 549On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
515<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos</c>. If you need any special boot options you can 550<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
551between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
516append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos 552options you can append them to the command-line. For instance <c>boot cd
517video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 553/boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. The complete list of
554kernel appends (in case something goes wrong and you need it) is preconfigured
555in the kernel with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
556looptype=squashfs loop=/livecd.squashfs udev nodevfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
518</p> 557</p>
519 558
520</body> 559</body>
560</subsection>
561
521</subsection> 562<subsection>
563<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
564<body>
565
566<p>
567If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
568The most simple solution is to use MacOS to bootstrap into a Linux environment
569with a tool called BootX. Boot floppies are being prepared for Macs without
570MacOS, but they are not available at this time.
571</p>
572<p>
573First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX</uri>
574and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
575archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
576<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
577Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
578<c>G3G4</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>G3G4.igz</c>
579from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
580<c>System Folder</c>.
581</p>
582<p>
583To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
584dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>G3G4.igz</c> from
585your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
586ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
587shown below:
588</p>
589
590<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
591cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=livecd.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0 nodevfs udev
592</pre>
593<note>
594The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here.
595</note>
596<p>
597Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
598configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
599missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window to boot into the
600LiveCD and continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
601</p>
602</body>
603</subsection>
604
522<subsection id="booted"> 605<subsection id="booted">
523<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 606<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
524<body> 607<body>
525 608
526<p> 609<p>
527You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 610You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
528switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 611switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
529back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 612back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Probably you have to hit
613Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
530</p> 614</p>
531 615
532<p> 616<p>
533If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 617If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
534<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 618<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
535keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. 619keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. On NewWorld machines or the
620Pegasos do not use the keymaps in <path>ppc</path> or <path>mac</path> as they
621are for ADB-based OldWorld machines.
536</p> 622</p>
537 623
538<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 624<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
539<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 625<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided
540 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment> 626 on the Installation CD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the Installation CD
627 kernel)</comment>
541# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 628# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
542</pre> 629</pre>
543 630
544<p> 631<p>
545Now load the keymap of your choice: 632Now load the keymap of your choice:
558<subsection id="hardware"> 645<subsection id="hardware">
559<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 646<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
560<body> 647<body>
561 648
562<p> 649<p>
563When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 650When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
564loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 651loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
565vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the 652vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases, it may
566SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel 653not auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some
567modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
568hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. 654of your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
569</p> 655manually.
570
571<p> 656</p>
657
658<p>
572In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 659In the next example we try to load the <c>airport</c> module. This module
573certain kinds of network interfaces): 660supports only the old Airport cards (b-net). AirportExtreme is currently not
661supported under Linux:
574</p> 662</p>
575 663
576<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 664<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
577# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 665# <i>modprobe airport</i>
578</pre> 666</pre>
579 667
580</body> 668</body>
581</subsection> 669</subsection>
582<subsection> 670<subsection>
605<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 693<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
606</pre> 694</pre>
607 695
608</body> 696</body>
609</subsection> 697</subsection>
610<subsection> 698<subsection id="useraccounts">
611<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 699<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
612<body> 700<body>
613 701
614<p> 702<p>
615If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 703If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
633its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 721its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
634In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 722In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
635</p> 723</p>
636 724
637<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 725<pre caption="Creating a user account">
638# <i>useradd john</i> 726# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
639# <i>passwd john</i> 727# <i>passwd john</i>
640New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 728New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
641Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 729Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
642</pre> 730</pre>
643 731
645You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 733You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
646<c>su</c>: 734<c>su</c>:
647</p> 735</p>
648 736
649<pre caption="Changing user id"> 737<pre caption="Changing user id">
650# <i>su john -</i> 738# <i>su - john</i>
739</pre>
740
741</body>
742</subsection>
743<subsection>
744<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
745<body>
746
747<p>
748If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
749installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
750link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
751go to a new terminal and log in.
651</pre> 752</p>
753
754<p>
755If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
756<c>links2</c> to read it:
757</p>
758
759<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
760# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
761</pre>
762
763<p>
764However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
765more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
766as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
767chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
768document):
769</p>
770
771<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
772# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-ppc.xml</i>
773</pre>
774
775<p>
776You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
777</p>
652 778
653</body> 779</body>
654</subsection> 780</subsection>
655<subsection> 781<subsection>
656<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 782<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
671<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 797<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
672# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 798# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
673</pre> 799</pre>
674 800
675<p> 801<p>
676To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 802To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
677the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 803the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
678</p> 804</p>
679 805
680</body> 806</body>
681</subsection> 807</subsection>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.7  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.42

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20