/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.2 Revision 1.68
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.2 2004/04/04 19:36:23 pylon Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.68 2011/11/27 18:17:23 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<abstract>
12You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD.
14</abstract>
15
16<version>13</version>
17<date>2011-11-27</date>
18
10<section> 19<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 20<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 21<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 22<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 23<body>
15 24
16<p> 25<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 26Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 27successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 28</p>
21 29
22</body> 30</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 31</subsection>
25<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 32<subsection>
33<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
26<body> 34<body>
27 35
28<p> 36<table>
29Check the following requirements before you 37<tr>
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 38 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
39 <ti>
40 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
41 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
42 </ti>
43</tr>
44<tr>
45 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
46 <ti>
47 Apple Machines with an Open Firmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
48 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI-based Apple Clones should also
49 be supported.
50 </ti>
51</tr>
52<tr>
53 <th>Genesi</th>
54 <ti>
55 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation, Efika
56 </ti>
57</tr>
58<tr>
59 <th>IBM</th>
60 <ti>
61 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
62 </ti>
63</tr>
64<tr>
65 <th>Memory</th>
66 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
67</tr>
68<tr>
69 <th>Diskspace</th>
70 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
71</tr>
72<tr>
73 <th>Swap space</th>
74 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
75</tr>
76</table>
77
31</p> 78<p>
32
33<ul>
34<li>
35 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space
36</li>
37<li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 Mb of memory (RAM +
39 swap)
40</li>
41<li>
42 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on machines
43 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4
44 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the iBook, the PowerBook,
45 Xserve, PowerMac, ... We also provide limited support for oldworld systems,
46 IBM (rs/6000, iSeries, zSeries, ...), Amiga and Pegasos systems.
47 Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC 79Be sure to read the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>
48 FAQ</uri> too before you begin. 80for help with some common installation related issues or if you're unsure as to
49</li> 81just what's in that PowerPC machine you've got sitting on your desk right now.
50</ul> 82</p>
51 83
52</body> 84</body>
53</subsection> 85</subsection>
54</section> 86</section>
87
88<!-- START -->
55<section> 89<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title> 90<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
57<subsection> 91<subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title> 92<title>Introduction</title>
59<body> 93<body>
60 94
61<p> 95<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
79the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
80make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
81three-stage installation.
82</p>
83
84</body>
85</subsection>
86<subsection>
87<title>The Three Stages</title>
88<body>
89
90<p>
91Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
92The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
93yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
94build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
95building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
96The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
97been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
98Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
99packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
100</p>
101
102<p>
103Now what stage do you have to choose?
104</p>
105
106<p>
107Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
108optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
109initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
110power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
111installation method for those who would like to know more about the
112inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
113</p>
114
115<table>
116<tr>
117 <th>Stage1</th>
118 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
119</tr>
120<tr>
121 <th>+</th>
122 <ti>
123 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
124 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
125 </ti>
126</tr>
127<tr>
128 <th>+</th>
129 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
130</tr>
131<tr>
132 <th>+</th>
133 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
134</tr>
135<tr>
136 <th>-</th>
137 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
138</tr>
139<tr>
140 <th>-</th>
141 <ti>
142 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
143 </ti>
144</tr>
145</table>
146
147<p>
148<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
149is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
150for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
151</p>
152
153<table>
154<tr>
155 <th>Stage2</th>
156 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
157</tr>
158<tr>
159 <th>+</th>
160 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
161</tr>
162<tr>
163 <th>+</th>
164 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
165</tr>
166<tr>
167 <th>+</th>
168 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
169</tr>
170<tr>
171 <th>-</th>
172 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
173</tr>
174<tr>
175 <th>-</th>
176 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
177</tr>
178<tr>
179 <th>-</th>
180 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
181</tr>
182</table>
183
184<p>
185Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
186Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
187settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
188and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
189stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
190prebuilt packages.
191</p>
192
193<table>
194<tr>
195 <th>Stage3</th>
196 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199 <th>+</th>
200 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
201</tr>
202<tr>
203 <th>-</th>
204 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
205</tr>
206<tr>
207 <th>-</th>
208 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
209</tr>
210</table>
211
212<p>
213Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
214you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
215be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
216after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
217with the new optimization settings.
218</p>
219
220<p>
221Now take a look at the available installation media.
222</p>
223
224</body>
225</subsection>
226<subsection>
227<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
228<body>
229
230<p>
231The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 96The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
232self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 97self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
233During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 98During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
234are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 99are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
235</p> 100</p>
236 101
237<p> 102<p>
238All LiveCDs allow you to boot, setup networking, initialize your 103All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
239partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 104partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
240LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install
241Gentoo without a working network configuration.
242</p>
243
244<p> 105</p>
245Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 106
107<!--
108<impo>
109If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
110like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
111instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
112Handbooks</uri>.
113</impo>
114-->
115<!--
246</p> 116<p>
117The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
118</p>
247 119
120<ul>
121 <li>
122 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
123 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
124 continue with the Gentoo installation.
125 </li>
126 <li>
127 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
128 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
129 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
130 installation instructions for your architecture.
131 </li>
132</ul>
133
134<p>
135Gentoo also provides a Package CD. This is not an Installation CD but an
136additional resource that you can exploit during the installation of your Gentoo
137system. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP set) that allow
138you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
139OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the Gentoo installation and
140right before you update your Portage tree.
141</p>
142
143<p>
144The use of the Package CD is covered later in this document.
145</p>
146-->
248</body> 147</body>
249</subsection>
250<subsection> 148</subsection>
149<subsection>
251<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 150<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
252<body> 151<body>
253 152
254<p>
255This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the
256system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It
257does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file),
258source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
259LiveCD can be found in the <path>universal</path> subdirectory and is called
260<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.0.iso</c>.
261</p> 153<p>
262 154The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
155takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
156Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
157connection.
158</p>
159<!--
263<table> 160<table>
264<tr> 161<tr>
265 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 162 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
266 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 163 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
267</tr> 164</tr>
268<tr> 165<tr>
269 <th>+</th> 166 <th>+</th>
270 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 167 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
271</tr> 168</tr>
272<tr> 169<tr>
273 <th>+</th>
274 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
275</tr>
276<tr>
277 <th>+</th>
278 <ti>
279 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
280 net
281 </ti>
282</tr>
283<tr>
284 <th>-</th> 170 <th>-</th>
285 <ti> 171 <ti>
286 Contains no stages, no portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 172 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
287 suitable for networkless installation 173 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
288 </ti> 174 </ti>
289</tr> 175</tr>
290</table> 176</table>
291 177-->
292</body> 178</body>
293</subsection>
294<subsection> 179</subsection>
295<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 180<subsection>
181<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
296<body> 182<body>
297 183
298<p>
299Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
300networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
301individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
302<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.0.iso</c> and can be found in the
303<path>universal</path> subdirectory.
304</p> 184<p>
305 185A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
186suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
187manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
188three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
189official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
190performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
191the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
192Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
306<p> 193</p>
307If you take a closer look into our <path>livecd</path> directory you will see 194
308that some architectures provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't
309bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software
310after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
311need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
312etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
313CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
314called <c>packages-g4-2004.0.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
315subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
316</p> 195<p>
317 196Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
318<table> 197id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
319<tr> 198link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
320 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 199on the LiveCD.
321 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 200</p>
322</tr>
323<tr>
324 <th>+</th>
325 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
326</tr>
327<tr>
328 <th>+</th>
329 <ti>
330 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
331 </ti>
332</tr>
333<tr>
334 <th>+</th>
335 <ti>
336 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
337 connection.
338 </ti>
339</tr>
340<tr>
341 <th>-</th>
342 <ti>Huge download</ti>
343</tr>
344</table>
345 201
346</body> 202</body>
347</subsection> 203</subsection>
348</section> 204</section>
205
206
207<!-- STOP -->
349<section> 208<section>
350<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 209<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
351<subsection> 210<subsection>
352<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 211<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
353<body> 212<body>
354 213
355<p>
356You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
357wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
358LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
359find them?
360</p> 214<p>
361 215You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
216downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
217the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
362<p> 218</p>
363Visit one of our <uri 219
364link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
365<path>releases/ppc/2004.0/livecd/universal</path>, which is
366the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that
367directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
368which you can write on a CD-R.
369</p> 220<p>
370 221You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
222link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
223the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
371<p> 224</p>
225
226<p>
227Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
228can write on a CD-R.
229</p>
230
231<p>
372In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 232In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
373check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 233its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
374<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 234<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
375with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 235checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
376link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 236link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
237</p>
238
377</p> 239<p>
240Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
241verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
242<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys:
243</p>
244
245<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
246$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
247</pre>
248
249<p>
250Now verify the signature:
251</p>
252
253<pre caption="Verify the files">
254<comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
255$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
256<comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
257$ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
258</pre>
378 259
379<p> 260<p>
380To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 261To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
381do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 262do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
382tools on how to do this. 263<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
264link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
383</p> 265</p>
384 266
385<ul> 267<ul>
386 <li> 268 <li>
387 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD 269 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
388 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image 270 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
389 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on 271 path).
390 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
391 </li> 272 </li>
392 <li> 273 <li>
393 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the 274 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
394 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero 275 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
395 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
396 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
397 following parameters:
398 <ul>
399 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
400 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
401 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
402 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
403 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
404 </ul>
405 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
406 </li>
407 <li>
408 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
409 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
410 by the path to the ISO file :)
411 </li>
412 <li>
413 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
414 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
415 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
416 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
417 </li>
418 <li>
419 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
420 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
421 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
422 </li> 276 </li>
423</ul> 277</ul>
424 278
425</body> 279</body>
426</subsection> 280</subsection>
427<subsection> 281<subsection>
428<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 282<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
429<body> 283<body>
430 284
431<p>
432Place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. Hold down the 'C' key at
433bootup (or run an OldWorld bootloader like BootX or quik). You will be greeted
434by a friendly welcome message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the
435screen.
436</p> 285<p>
437 286On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
287system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
288CD loads.
438<p> 289</p>
439At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 290
440We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G3-SMP</c>, <c>G4</c>, <c>G4-SMP</c>, <c>G5</c> and
441<c>G5-SMP</c>. The various <c>-SMP</c> kernels are needed if your system has
442multiple CPUs.
443</p> 291<p>
444 292After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
293message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
445<p> 294</p>
295
296<p>
297We provide one generic kernel, <e>ppc32</e>. This kernel is built with support
298for multiple CPUs, but it will boot on single processor machines as well.
299</p>
300
301<p>
446You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 302You can tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following table lists
447table lists the available boot options you can add: 303some of the available boot options you can add:
448</p> 304</p>
449 305
450<table> 306<table>
451<tr> 307<tr>
452 <th>Boot Option</th> 308 <th>Boot Option</th>
454</tr> 310</tr>
455<tr> 311<tr>
456 <ti><c>video</c></ti> 312 <ti><c>video</c></ti>
457 <ti> 313 <ti>
458 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags: 314 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
459 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c> or 315 <c>nvidiafb</c>, <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>,
460 <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and refreshrate 316 <c>aty128</c> or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution
461 you want to use. For instance <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are 317 refresh rate and color depth you want to use. For instance,
462 uncertain what to choose, <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work. 318 <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75-32</c> will select the ATI Radeon frame buffer
319 at a resolution of 1280x1024 with a refresh rate of 75Hz and a color depth of
320 32 bits. If you are uncertain what to choose, and the default doesn't work,
321 <c>video=ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
463 </ti> 322 </ti>
464</tr> 323</tr>
465<tr> 324<tr>
466 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 325 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
467 <ti> 326 <ti>
468 Disables level 3 cache on some powerbooks (needed for at least the 17'') 327 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
469 </ti>
470</tr>
471<tr>
472 <ti><c>debug</c></ti>
473 <ti> 328 </ti>
474 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug 329</tr>
475 the LiveCD 330<tr>
331 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
332 <ti>
333 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
334 </ti>
335</tr>
336<tr>
337 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
338 <ti>
339 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
340 network cards) you have to enable this option.
341 </ti>
342</tr>
343<tr>
344 <ti><c>dosshd</c></ti>
345 <ti>Starts <c>sshd</c>. Useful for unattended installs.</ti>
346</tr>
347<tr>
348 <ti><c>passwd=foo</c></ti>
349 <ti>
350 Sets whatever is after the = as the root password. Use with <c>dosshd</c>
351 for remote installs.
476 </ti> 352 </ti>
477</tr> 353</tr>
478</table> 354</table>
479 355
480<p> 356<p>
481At this prompt, hit enter, and a complete Gentoo Linux environment will be 357To use the above options, at the <e>boot:</e> prompt, type <e>ppc32</e> followed
482loaded from the CD. If you experience problems booting, choose the <c>-safe</c> 358by the desired option. In the example below, we'll force the kernel to use the
483option at boot. The safe option passes the following extra arguments to the 359Open Firmware framebuffer instead of the device specific driver.
484kernel: <c>append="video=ofonly nol3 init=/linuxrc"</c>.
485</p>
486
487<p> 360</p>
488When the LiveCD is booted, you will be greeted with a login prompt. Log on as 361
489<c>root</c> (you don't need to enter a password). 362<pre caption="Force the use of the Open Firmware framebuffer">
363boot: <i>ppc32 video=ofonly</i>
364</pre>
365
490</p> 366<p>
491 367If you don't need to add any options, just type ppc32 at this prompt, and a
492<pre caption="Logging on onto the LiveCD"> 368complete Gentoo Linux environment will be loaded from the CD. Continue with
493login: <i>root</i> 369<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>.
494</pre>
495
496<p> 370</p>
497You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 371
372</body>
373</subsection>
374<subsection>
375<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
376<body>
377
378<p>
379On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
380<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
381between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
382options you can append them to the command-line just like with Yaboot above.
383For example: <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>.
384The default kernel options (in case something goes wrong and you need it) are
385preconfigured with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
386looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
387</p>
388
389</body>
390</subsection>
391
392<subsection>
393<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
394<body>
395
396<p>
397If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
398The most simple solution is to use MacOS 9 or earlier to bootstrap into a Linux
399environment with a tool called BootX.
400</p>
401
402<p>
403First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/bootloaders/bootx/">BootX</uri>
404and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
405archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
406<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
407Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
408<c>ppc32</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>ppc32.igz</c>
409from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
410<c>System Folder</c>.
411</p>
412
413<p>
414To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
415dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>ppc32.igz</c> from
416your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
417ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
418shown below:
419</p>
420
421<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
422cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=image.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0
423</pre>
424
425<note>
426The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. You
427can append any of those options to the kernel arguments above.
428</note>
429
430<p>
431Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
432configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
433missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window. If everything goes
434correctly, it should boot into the Installation CD. Continue with
435<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
436</p>
437
438</body>
439</subsection>
440
441<subsection id="booted">
442<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
443<body>
444
445<p>
446You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
498to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get back to 447switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
499the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 448back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Due to the keyboard layout,
449you may need to press Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
500</p> 450</p>
501 451
502<p> 452<p>
503If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 453If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
504<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 454<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
505keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. 455keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>.
506</p> 456</p>
507 457
508<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 458<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
509<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 459<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.)</comment>
510 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment>
511# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 460# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
512</pre> 461</pre>
513 462
514<p> 463<p>
515Now load the keymap of your choice: 464Now load the keymap of your choice:
516</p> 465</p>
517 466
518<pre caption="Loading a keymap"> 467<pre caption="Loading a keymap">
519# <i>loadkeys be2-latin1</i> 468# <i>loadkeys be-latin1</i>
520</pre> 469</pre>
521 470
522<p> 471<p>
523Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 472Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
524</p> 473</p>
525 474
526</body> 475</body>
527</subsection> 476</subsection>
528<subsection id="hardware">
529<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
530<body>
531 477
532<p>
533When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
534loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
535vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the
536SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel
537modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
538hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
539</p>
540
541<p>
542In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
543certain kinds of network interfaces):
544</p>
545
546<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
547# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
548</pre>
549
550<p>
551For instance, some PPC users might want to load <c>airport</c> or
552<c>sungem</c> (10/100 Mbit for most powerbooks). Thermal management for G5 is
553supported through the <c>therm_pm72</c> module.
554</p>
555
556</body>
557</subsection> 478<subsection>
479<include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
558<subsection> 480</subsection>
559<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
560<body>
561 481
562<p>
563If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
564performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
565test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
566more precise impression):
567</p>
568
569<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
570# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
571</pre>
572
573<p>
574To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
575yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
576disk):
577</p>
578
579<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
580<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
581<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
582</pre>
583
584</body>
585</subsection>
586<subsection>
587<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
588<body>
589
590<p>
591If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
592environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
593security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
594the root password.
595</p>
596
597<p>
598To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
599</p>
600
601<pre caption="Changing the root password">
602# <i>passwd</i>
603New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
604Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
605</pre>
606
607<p>
608To create a user account, we first enter his credentials, followed by
609its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
610In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
611</p>
612
613<pre caption="Creating a user account">
614# <i>useradd john</i>
615# <i>passwd john</i>
616New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
617Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
618</pre>
619
620<p>
621You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
622<c>su</c>:
623</p>
624
625<pre caption="Changing user id">
626# <i>su john -</i>
627</pre>
628
629</body>
630</subsection>
631<subsection>
632<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
633<body>
634
635<p>
636If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
637Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
638install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
639account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
640(<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
641</p>
642
643<p>
644To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
645</p>
646
647<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
648# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
649</pre>
650
651<p>
652To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with
653the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
654</p>
655
656</body>
657</subsection>
658</section> 482</section>
659</sections> 483</sections>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.2  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.68

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20