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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.12 2004/05/09 12:30:05 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc-medium.xml,v 1.70 2012/06/29 15:57:32 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<abstract>
12You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD.
14</abstract>
15
16<version>13</version>
17<date>2012-06-29</date>
18
10<section> 19<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 20<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 21<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 22<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 23<body>
15 24
16<p> 25<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 26Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 27successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 28</p>
21 29
22</body> 30</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 31</subsection>
25<title>The PPC Architecture</title> 32<subsection>
33<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
26<body> 34<body>
27 35
28<p> 36<table>
29Check the following requirements before you 37<tr>
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 38 <th>Apple NewWorld Machines</th>
39 <ti>
40 Power/PowerPC microprocessors (G3, G4, G5) such as iMac, eMac, iBook
41 PowerBook, Xserver, PowerMac
42 </ti>
43</tr>
44<tr>
45 <th>Apple OldWorld machines</th>
46 <ti>
47 Apple Machines with an Open Firmware revision less than 3, such as the Beige
48 G3s, PCI PowerMacs and PCI PowerBooks. PCI-based Apple Clones should also
49 be supported.
50 </ti>
51</tr>
52<tr>
53 <th>Genesi</th>
54 <ti>
55 Pegasos I/II, Open Desktop Workstation, Efika
56 </ti>
57</tr>
58<tr>
59 <th>IBM</th>
60 <ti>
61 RS/6000, iSeries, pSeries
62 </ti>
63</tr>
64<tr>
65 <th>Memory</th>
66 <ti>At least 64 MB</ti>
67</tr>
68<tr>
69 <th>Diskspace</th>
70 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
71</tr>
72<tr>
73 <th>Swap space</th>
74 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
75</tr>
76</table>
77
31</p> 78<p>
32
33<ul>
34<li>
35 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space
36</li>
37<li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 Mb of memory (RAM +
39 swap)
40</li>
41<li>
42 For the <e>PowerPC architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC on machines
43 having a Power or PowerPC microprocessor, including but not limited to G3, G4
44 or G5 powered Apple computers such as the iMac, the iBook, the PowerBook,
45 Xserve, PowerMac, and bPlan's Pegasos I and II... We also provide limited
46 support for oldworld systems, IBM (rs/6000, iSeries, zSeries, ...) and Amiga
47 systems. Be sure to read up on the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo 79Be sure to read the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo PPC FAQ</uri>
48 PPC FAQ</uri> too before you begin. 80for help with some common installation related issues or if you're unsure as to
49</li> 81just what's in that PowerPC machine you've got sitting on your desk right now.
50</ul> 82</p>
51 83
52</body> 84</body>
53</subsection> 85</subsection>
54</section> 86</section>
87
88<!-- START -->
55<section> 89<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title> 90<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
57<subsection> 91<subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title> 92<title>Introduction</title>
59<body> 93<body>
60 94
61<p> 95<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
79the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
80make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
81three-stage installation.
82</p>
83
84</body>
85</subsection>
86<subsection>
87<title>The Three Stages</title>
88<body>
89
90<p>
91Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
92The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
93yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
94build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
95building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
96The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
97been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
98Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
99packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
100</p>
101
102<p>
103Now what stage do you have to choose?
104</p>
105
106<p>
107Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
108optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
109initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
110power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
111installation method for those who would like to know more about the
112inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
113</p>
114
115<p>
116A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
117Internet connection.
118</p>
119
120<table>
121<tr>
122 <th>Stage1</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>
128 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
129 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
130 </ti>
131</tr>
132<tr>
133 <th>+</th>
134 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>-</th>
142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
143</tr>
144<tr>
145 <th>-</th>
146 <ti>
147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
148 </ti>
149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti>
153 Not suitable for networkless installations
154 </ti>
155</tr>
156</table>
157
158<p>
159<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
160is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
161for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
162</p>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
166Internet connection.
167</p>
168
169<table>
170<tr>
171 <th>Stage2</th>
172 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
173</tr>
174<tr>
175 <th>+</th>
176 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
177</tr>
178<tr>
179 <th>+</th>
180 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
181</tr>
182<tr>
183 <th>+</th>
184 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
185</tr>
186<tr>
187 <th>-</th>
188 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
189</tr>
190<tr>
191 <th>-</th>
192 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
193</tr>
194<tr>
195 <th>-</th>
196 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199 <th>-</th>
200 <ti>
201 Not suitable for networkless installations
202 </ti>
203</tr>
204</table>
205
206<p>
207Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
208Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
209settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
210and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
211stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
212prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
213</p>
214
215<table>
216<tr>
217 <th>Stage3</th>
218 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
219</tr>
220<tr>
221 <th>+</th>
222 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
223</tr>
224<tr>
225 <th>+</th>
226 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
227</tr>
228<tr>
229 <th>-</th>
230 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
231</tr>
232<tr>
233 <th>-</th>
234 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
235</tr>
236</table>
237
238<p>
239Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
240you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
241be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
242after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
243with the new optimization settings.
244</p>
245
246<p>
247Now take a look at the available installation media.
248</p>
249
250</body>
251</subsection>
252<subsection>
253<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
254<body>
255
256<p>
257The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 96The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
258self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 97self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
259During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 98During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
260are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 99are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
261</p> 100</p>
262 101
263<p> 102<p>
264All LiveCDs allow you to boot, setup networking, initialize your 103All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
265partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 104partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
266LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install
267Gentoo without a working network configuration.
268</p>
269
270<p> 105</p>
271Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 106
107<!--
108<impo>
109If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
110like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
111instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
112Handbooks</uri>.
113</impo>
114-->
115<!--
272</p> 116<p>
117The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
118</p>
273 119
120<ul>
121 <li>
122 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
123 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
124 continue with the Gentoo installation.
125 </li>
126 <li>
127 The Universal Installation CD contains everything you need to install
128 Gentoo. It provides stage3 files for common architectures, source code
129 for the extra applications you need to choose from and, of course, the
130 installation instructions for your architecture.
131 </li>
132</ul>
133
134<p>
135Gentoo also provides a Package CD. This is not an Installation CD but an
136additional resource that you can exploit during the installation of your Gentoo
137system. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP set) that allow
138you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
139OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the Gentoo installation and
140right before you update your Portage tree.
141</p>
142
143<p>
144The use of the Package CD is covered later in this document.
145</p>
146-->
274</body> 147</body>
275</subsection>
276<subsection> 148</subsection>
149<subsection>
277<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 150<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
278<body> 151<body>
279 152
280<p>
281This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the
282system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It
283does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file),
284source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this
285LiveCD can be found in the <path>universal</path> subdirectory and is called
286<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.1.iso</c>.
287</p> 153<p>
288 154The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
155takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
156Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
157connection.
158</p>
159<!--
289<table> 160<table>
290<tr> 161<tr>
291 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 162 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
292 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 163 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
293</tr> 164</tr>
294<tr> 165<tr>
295 <th>+</th> 166 <th>+</th>
296 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 167 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
297</tr> 168</tr>
298<tr> 169<tr>
299 <th>+</th>
300 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
301</tr>
302<tr>
303 <th>+</th>
304 <ti>
305 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
306 net
307 </ti>
308</tr>
309<tr>
310 <th>-</th> 170 <th>-</th>
311 <ti> 171 <ti>
312 Contains no stages, no portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 172 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
313 suitable for networkless installation 173 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
314 </ti> 174 </ti>
315</tr> 175</tr>
316</table> 176</table>
317 177-->
318</body> 178</body>
319</subsection>
320<subsection> 179</subsection>
321<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 180<subsection>
181<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
322<body> 182<body>
323 183
324<p>
325Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
326networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
327individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
328<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.1.iso</c> and can be found in the
329<path>universal</path> subdirectory.
330</p> 184<p>
331 185A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
186suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
187manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
188three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
189official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
190performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
191the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
192Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
332<p> 193</p>
333If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see 194
334that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't
335bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software
336after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
337need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
338etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
339CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
340called <c>packages-g4-2004.1.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
341subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
342</p> 195<p>
343 196Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
197id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
198link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
199on the LiveCD.
344<p> 200</p>
345You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
346installation.
347</p>
348
349<table>
350<tr>
351 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th>
352 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
353</tr>
354<tr>
355 <th>+</th>
356 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
357</tr>
358<tr>
359 <th>+</th>
360 <ti>
361 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
362 </ti>
363</tr>
364<tr>
365 <th>+</th>
366 <ti>
367 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
368 connection.
369 </ti>
370</tr>
371<tr>
372 <th>-</th>
373 <ti>Huge download</ti>
374</tr>
375</table>
376 201
377</body> 202</body>
378</subsection> 203</subsection>
379</section> 204</section>
205
206
207<!-- STOP -->
380<section> 208<section>
381<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 209<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
382<subsection> 210<subsection>
383<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 211<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
384<body> 212<body>
385 213
386<p>
387You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
388wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
389LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
390find them?
391</p> 214<p>
392 215You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
216downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
217the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
393<p> 218</p>
394Visit one of our <uri 219
395link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
396<path>releases/ppc/2004.1/livecd/universal</path>, which is
397the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that
398directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
399which you can write on a CD-R.
400</p> 220<p>
401 221You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
222link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
223the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
402<p> 224</p>
225
226<p>
227Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
228can write on a CD-R.
229</p>
230
231<p>
403In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 232In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
404check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 233its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
405<path>install-ppc-minimal-2004.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 234<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
406with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 235checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
407link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 236link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
408</p> 237</p>
409 238
410<p> 239<p>
411Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 240Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
412verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 241verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
413<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 242<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
243key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
244engineering project site</uri>.
414</p> 245</p>
415 246
416<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 247<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
417$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 19462D47</i> 248<comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
249$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
418</pre> 250</pre>
419 251
420<p> 252<p>
421Now verify the signature: 253Now verify the signature:
422</p> 254</p>
423 255
424<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 256<pre caption="Verify the files">
425$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 257<comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
426<comment>(If everything goes well, you should see something like this:)</comment> 258$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
427gpg: Signature made Mon Apr 19 18:54:40 2004 EDT using DSA key ID 19462D47 259<comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
428gpg: Good signature from "John Davis (Gentoo Linux Developer) &lt;zhen@gentoo.org&gt;" 260$ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
429gpg: aka "Gentoo Linux Release Engineering &lt;releng@gentoo.org&gt;"
430</pre> 261</pre>
431 262
432<p> 263<p>
433To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 264To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
434do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 265do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
435tools on how to do this. 266<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
267link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
436</p> 268</p>
437 269
438<ul> 270<ul>
439 <li> 271 <li>
440 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD 272 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
441 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image 273 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
442 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on 274 path).
443 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
444 </li> 275 </li>
445 <li> 276 <li>
446 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
447 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
448 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
449 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
450 following parameters:
451 <ul>
452 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
453 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
454 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
455 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
456 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
457 </ul>
458 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
459 </li>
460 <li>
461 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
462 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
463 by the path to the ISO file :)
464 </li>
465 <li>
466 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 277 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
467 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 278 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
468 <c>Start</c>.
469 </li>
470 <li>
471 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
472 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
473 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
474 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
475 </li>
476 <li>
477 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
478 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
479 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
480 </li> 279 </li>
481</ul> 280</ul>
482 281
483</body> 282</body>
484</subsection> 283</subsection>
485</section>
486<section> 284<subsection>
487<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 285<title>Default: Booting the Installation CD with Yaboot</title>
488<subsection>
489<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
490<body> 286<body>
491 287
492<p>
493Place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. Hold down the 'C' key at
494bootup (or run an OldWorld bootloader like BootX or quik). You will be greeted
495by a friendly welcome message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the
496screen.
497</p> 288<p>
498 289On NewWorld machines place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the
290system. When the system-start-bell sounds, simply hold down the 'C' until the
291CD loads.
499<p> 292</p>
500At this prompt you are able to select a kernel for the subarchitecture you use. 293
501We provide <c>G3</c>, <c>G3-SMP</c>, <c>G4</c>, <c>G4-SMP</c>, <c>G5</c>,
502<c>G5-SMP</c> and <c>G</c>. The various <c>-SMP</c> kernels are needed if your
503system has multiple CPUs.
504</p> 294<p>
505 295After the Installation CD loaded, you will be greeted by a friendly welcome
296message and a <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
506<p> 297</p>
298
299<p>
300We provide one generic kernel, <e>ppc32</e>. This kernel is built with support
301for multiple CPUs, but it will boot on single processor machines as well.
302</p>
303
304<p>
507You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following 305You can tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following table lists
508table lists the available boot options you can add: 306some of the available boot options you can add:
509</p> 307</p>
510 308
511<table> 309<table>
512<tr> 310<tr>
513 <th>Boot Option</th> 311 <th>Boot Option</th>
515</tr> 313</tr>
516<tr> 314<tr>
517 <ti><c>video</c></ti> 315 <ti><c>video</c></ti>
518 <ti> 316 <ti>
519 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags: 317 This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
520 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c> or 318 <c>nvidiafb</c>, <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>,
521 <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and refreshrate 319 <c>aty128</c> or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution
522 you want to use. For instance <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are 320 refresh rate and color depth you want to use. For instance,
523 uncertain what to choose, <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work. 321 <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75-32</c> will select the ATI Radeon frame buffer
322 at a resolution of 1280x1024 with a refresh rate of 75Hz and a color depth of
323 32 bits. If you are uncertain what to choose, and the default doesn't work,
324 <c>video=ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
524 </ti> 325 </ti>
525</tr> 326</tr>
526<tr> 327<tr>
527 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti> 328 <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
528 <ti> 329 <ti>
529 Disables level 3 cache on some powerbooks (needed for at least the 17'') 330 Disables level 3 cache on some PowerBooks (needed for at least the 17&quot;)
530 </ti>
531</tr>
532<tr>
533 <ti><c>debug</c></ti>
534 <ti> 331 </ti>
535 Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug 332</tr>
536 the LiveCD 333<tr>
334 <ti><c>dofirewire</c></ti>
537 </ti> 335 <ti>
538</tr> 336 Enables support for IEEE1394 (FireWire) devices, like external harddisks.
539<tr>
540 <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
541 <ti> 337 </ti>
542 Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI 338</tr>
543 CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough 339<tr>
340 <ti><c>dopcmcia</c></ti>
544 </ti> 341 <ti>
545</tr> 342 If you want to use PCMCIA devices during your installation (like PCMCIA
546<tr> 343 network cards) you have to enable this option.
547 <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
548 <ti> 344 </ti>
549 Boot from a different device 345</tr>
346<tr>
347 <ti><c>dosshd</c></ti>
348 <ti>Starts <c>sshd</c>. Useful for unattended installs.</ti>
349</tr>
350<tr>
351 <ti><c>passwd=foo</c></ti>
352 <ti>
353 Sets whatever is after the = as the root password. Use with <c>dosshd</c>
354 for remote installs.
550 </ti> 355 </ti>
551</tr> 356</tr>
552</table> 357</table>
553 358
554<p> 359<p>
555At this prompt, hit enter, and a complete Gentoo Linux environment will be 360To use the above options, at the <e>boot:</e> prompt, type <e>ppc32</e> followed
556loaded from the CD. Continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're 361by the desired option. In the example below, we'll force the kernel to use the
557Booted...</uri>. 362Open Firmware framebuffer instead of the device specific driver.
363</p>
364
365<pre caption="Force the use of the Open Firmware framebuffer">
366boot: <i>ppc32 video=ofonly</i>
367</pre>
368
558</p> 369<p>
370If you don't need to add any options, just type ppc32 at this prompt, and a
371complete Gentoo Linux environment will be loaded from the CD. Continue with
372<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>.
373</p>
559 374
560</body> 375</body>
561</subsection>
562<subsection> 376</subsection>
563<title>Alternative: Pegasos</title> 377<subsection>
378<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD on a Pegasos</title>
564<body> 379<body>
565 380
566<p> 381<p>
567On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type 382On the Pegasos simply insert the CD and at the SmartFirmware boot-prompt type
568<c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop 383<c>boot cd /boot/menu</c>. This will open a small bootmenu where you can choose
569cdroot</c>. If you need any special boot options you can append them to the 384between several preconfigured video configs. If you need any special boot
570command-line. For instance <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos root=/dev/ram0 385options you can append them to the command-line just like with Yaboot above.
571init=/linuxrc looptype=gcloop cdroot video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>. 386For example: <c>boot cd /boot/pegasos video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75 mem=256M</c>.
387The default kernel options (in case something goes wrong and you need it) are
388preconfigured with <c>console=ttyS0,115200 console=tty0 init=/linuxrc
389looptype=squashfs loop=/image.squashfs cdroot root=/dev/ram0</c>.
572</p> 390</p>
573 391
574</body> 392</body>
393</subsection>
394
575</subsection> 395<subsection>
396<title>Alternative: Booting the Installation CD with BootX</title>
397<body>
398
399<p>
400If you have an OldWorld Mac the bootable portion of the livecd can't be used.
401The most simple solution is to use MacOS 9 or earlier to bootstrap into a Linux
402environment with a tool called BootX.
403</p>
404
405<p>
406First, download <uri link="http://penguinppc.org/bootloaders/bootx/">BootX</uri>
407and unpack the archive. Copy the the <c>BootX Extension</c> from the unpacked
408archive into <c>Extensions Folder</c> and the BootX App Control Panel into
409<c>Control Panels</c>, both of which are located in your MacOS System Folder.
410Next, create a folder called "Linux Kernels" in your System folder and copy the
411<c>ppc32</c> kernel from the CD to this folder. Finally, copy <c>ppc32.igz</c>
412from the Installation CD <path>boot</path> folder into the MacOS
413<c>System Folder</c>.
414</p>
415
416<p>
417To prepare BootX, start the BootX App Control Panel. First select the Options
418dialog and check <c>Use Specified RAM Disk</c> and select <c>ppc32.igz</c> from
419your System Folder. Continue back to the initial screen and ensure that the
420ramdisk size is at least <c>32000</c>. Finally, set the kernel arguments as
421shown below:
422</p>
423
424<pre caption="BootX kernel arguments">
425cdroot root=/dev/ram0 init=linuxrc loop=image.squashfs looptype=squashfs console=tty0
426</pre>
427
428<note>
429The kernel parameters in the yaboot section above are also applicable here. You
430can append any of those options to the kernel arguments above.
431</note>
432
433<p>
434Check once more to make sure the settings are correct and then save the
435configuration. This saves typing just in case it doesn't boot or something is
436missing. Press the Linux button at the top of the window. If everything goes
437correctly, it should boot into the Installation CD. Continue with
438<uri link="#booted">And When You're Booted...</uri>
439</p>
440
441</body>
442</subsection>
443
576<subsection id="booted"> 444<subsection id="booted">
577<title>And When You're Booted...</title> 445<title>And When You're Booted...</title>
578<body> 446<body>
579 447
580<p> 448<p>
581You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also 449You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
582switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get 450switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get
583back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1. 451back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-F1. Due to the keyboard layout,
452you may need to press Alt-fn-Fx on Apple machines.
584</p> 453</p>
585 454
586<p> 455<p>
587If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use 456If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
588<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available 457<c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
589keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>. 458keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>.
590</p> 459</p>
591 460
592<pre caption="Listing available keymaps"> 461<pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
593<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. The mac/ppc keymaps provided 462<comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.)</comment>
594 on the LiveCD are ADB keymaps and unusable with the LiveCD kernel)</comment>
595# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i> 463# <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
596</pre> 464</pre>
597 465
598<p> 466<p>
599Now load the keymap of your choice: 467Now load the keymap of your choice:
607Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 475Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
608</p> 476</p>
609 477
610</body> 478</body>
611</subsection> 479</subsection>
612<subsection id="hardware">
613<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
614<body>
615 480
616<p>
617When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
618loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
619vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the
620SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel
621modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
622hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
623</p>
624
625<p>
626In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
627certain kinds of network interfaces):
628</p>
629
630<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
631# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
632</pre>
633
634</body>
635</subsection> 481<subsection>
482<include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
636<subsection> 483</subsection>
637<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
638<body>
639 484
640<p>
641If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
642performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
643test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
644more precise impression):
645</p>
646
647<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
648# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
649</pre>
650
651<p>
652To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
653yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
654disk):
655</p>
656
657<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
658<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
659<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
660</pre>
661
662</body>
663</subsection>
664<subsection>
665<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
666<body>
667
668<p>
669If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
670environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
671security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
672the root password.
673</p>
674
675<p>
676To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
677</p>
678
679<pre caption="Changing the root password">
680# <i>passwd</i>
681New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
682Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
683</pre>
684
685<p>
686To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
687its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
688In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
689</p>
690
691<pre caption="Creating a user account">
692# <i>useradd john</i>
693# <i>passwd john</i>
694New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
695Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
696</pre>
697
698<p>
699You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
700<c>su</c>:
701</p>
702
703<pre caption="Changing user id">
704# <i>su john -</i>
705</pre>
706
707</body>
708</subsection>
709<subsection>
710<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
711<body>
712
713<p>
714If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
715Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
716install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
717account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
718(<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
719</p>
720
721<p>
722To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
723</p>
724
725<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
726# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
727</pre>
728
729<p>
730To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with
731the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
732</p>
733
734</body>
735</subsection>
736</section> 485</section>
737</sections> 486</sections>

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