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1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 jkt 1.28 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 swift 1.1
7 swift 1.44 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc64-medium.xml,v 1.43 2011/10/09 09:49:24 swift Exp $ -->
8 swift 1.1
9     <sections>
10 swift 1.10
11 nightmorph 1.42 <abstract>
12     You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13     Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD.
14     </abstract>
15    
16 swift 1.44 <version>12</version>
17     <date>2011-11-27</date>
18 swift 1.10
19 swift 1.1 <section>
20     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
21     <subsection>
22     <title>Introduction</title>
23     <body>
24    
25     <p>
26     Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
27 swift 1.14 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
28 swift 1.1 </p>
29    
30     </body>
31     </subsection>
32     <subsection>
33 swift 1.14 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
34 swift 1.1 <body>
35    
36 swift 1.14 <table>
37     <tr>
38     <th>CPU</th>
39     <ti>Any PowerPC64 CPU</ti>
40     </tr>
41     <tr>
42     <th>Systems</th>
43     <ti>
44 rane 1.23 IBM RS/6000s, Power Macintosh G5, IBM pSeries and IBM iSeries
45 swift 1.14 </ti>
46     </tr>
47     <tr>
48     <th>Memory</th>
49     <ti>64 MB</ti>
50     </tr>
51     <tr>
52     <th>Diskspace</th>
53     <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
54     </tr>
55     <tr>
56     <th>Swap space</th>
57     <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
58     </tr>
59     </table>
60    
61 swift 1.1 <p>
62 swift 1.14 For a full list of supported systems, please go to
63 nightmorph 1.40 <uri>http://penguinppc.org/about/intro.php#hardware</uri>.
64 swift 1.1 </p>
65    
66     </body>
67     </subsection>
68     </section>
69 nightmorph 1.37
70 swift 1.14 <!-- START -->
71 swift 1.1 <section>
72 swift 1.17 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
73 swift 1.1 <subsection>
74 swift 1.14 <title>Introduction</title>
75 swift 1.1 <body>
76    
77     <p>
78 swift 1.17 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
79 swift 1.1 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
80     During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
81     are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
82     </p>
83    
84     <p>
85 swift 1.17 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
86 nightmorph 1.42 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
87 swift 1.14 </p>
88 nightmorph 1.42 <!--
89 swift 1.14 <p>
90 swift 1.15 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
91 swift 1.14 the installation instructions described in the <uri
92 nightmorph 1.37 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
93 swift 1.1 </p>
94    
95     <p>
96 neysx 1.27 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
97     </p>
98    
99     <ul>
100     <li>
101     The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
102     CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
103     continue with the Gentoo installation.
104     </li>
105     <li>
106     The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
107     abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
108     several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
109     </li>
110     </ul>
111    
112     <p>
113     To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
114     major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
115 swift 1.1 </p>
116 nightmorph 1.42 -->
117 swift 1.1 </body>
118     </subsection>
119     <subsection>
120 nightmorph 1.42 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
121 swift 1.1 <body>
122    
123     <p>
124 nightmorph 1.42 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
125     takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
126     Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
127     connection.
128 swift 1.1 </p>
129 nightmorph 1.42 <!--
130 swift 1.1 <table>
131     <tr>
132 swift 1.17 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
133 swift 1.1 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
134     </tr>
135     <tr>
136     <th>+</th>
137     <ti>Smallest download</ti>
138     </tr>
139     <tr>
140     <th>-</th>
141     <ti>
142 swift 1.25 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
143 swift 1.14 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
144 swift 1.1 </ti>
145     </tr>
146     </table>
147    
148     </body>
149     </subsection>
150 swift 1.25 <subsection>
151 neysx 1.27 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
152     <body>
153    
154     <p>
155     The Universal Installation CD is called
156 nightmorph 1.37 <c>install-ppc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 460 MB. You can use
157 fox2mike 1.29 this Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install
158 nightmorph 1.39 Gentoo without a working internet connection.
159 neysx 1.27 </p>
160    
161     <table>
162     <tr>
163     <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
164     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
165     </tr>
166     <tr>
167     <th>+</th>
168     <ti>
169     Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
170     connection.
171     </ti>
172     </tr>
173     <tr>
174     <th>-</th>
175     <ti>Huge download</ti>
176     </tr>
177     </table>
178 nightmorph 1.42 -->
179 neysx 1.27 </body>
180     </subsection>
181     <subsection>
182 swift 1.25 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
183     <body>
184    
185     <p>
186 nightmorph 1.42 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
187     suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
188     manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
189     three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
190 swift 1.25 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
191     performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
192     the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
193     Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
194     </p>
195    
196 nightmorph 1.42 <p>
197     Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
198     id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
199     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
200     on the LiveCD.
201     </p>
202    
203 swift 1.25 </body>
204     </subsection>
205 nightmorph 1.33 <subsection>
206     <title>Choosing a userland</title>
207     <body>
208    
209     <p>
210 nightmorph 1.42 On PPC64, the kernel is 64-bit and the <e>userland</e> can be 32-bit or 64-bit.
211     The userland is basically the applications you are running, such as <c>bash</c>
212     or <c>firefox</c>. They can be compiled and run in either 64-bit or
213     32-bit modes. The Gentoo/PPC64 team provides both 32-bit and 64-bit userlands,
214     so which one should you use?
215 nightmorph 1.33 </p>
216    
217     <p>
218     You may have heard that 64-bit applications are better, but in fact, 32-bit
219     applications take up slightly less memory and often run a little bit faster than
220     64-bit applications.
221     </p>
222    
223     <p>
224     You really only need 64-bit applications when you need more memory than a 32-bit
225 nightmorph 1.42 userland allows, or if you do a lot of 64-bit number crunching. If you have 4GB
226     or more of memory or you run scientific applications, you should choose the
227     64-bit userland. Otherwise, choose the 32-bit userland, as it is recommended by
228     the Gentoo/PPC64 developers.
229 nightmorph 1.33 </p>
230    
231     <p>
232     Additionally, the 32-bit userland has been available in Portage longer than the
233     64-bit userland has. This means that there are more applications tested in the
234     32-bit userland that just work "out of the box." Many applications compiled for
235     the 64-bit userland may be just as stable as the 32-bit version, but they
236     haven't been tested yet. Though testing isn't difficult to do, it can be
237     annoying and time consuming if you want to use many untested 64-bit
238     applications. Also, some programs just won't run in the 64-bit userland until
239     their code is fixed, such as OpenOffice.
240     </p>
241    
242     </body>
243     </subsection>
244 swift 1.1 </section>
245 swift 1.14 <!-- STOP -->
246 swift 1.1 <section>
247 swift 1.17 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
248 swift 1.1 <subsection>
249 swift 1.17 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
250 swift 1.1 <body>
251    
252     <p>
253 swift 1.17 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
254     downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed the
255     several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
256 swift 1.14 </p>
257    
258     <p>
259 nightmorph 1.42 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
260     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
261     the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
262 swift 1.1 </p>
263    
264     <p>
265 nightmorph 1.37 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images
266 swift 1.1 which you can write on a CD-R.
267     </p>
268    
269     <p>
270 nightmorph 1.42 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
271     its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
272     <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
273 swift 1.1 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
274     link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
275     </p>
276    
277     <p>
278 swift 1.14 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
279     verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
280 swift 1.43 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys:
281 swift 1.1 </p>
282    
283 swift 1.14 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
284 swift 1.44 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
285 swift 1.1 </pre>
286    
287     <p>
288 swift 1.14 Now verify the signature:
289 swift 1.1 </p>
290    
291 nightmorph 1.42 <pre caption="Verify the files">
292     <comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
293     $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
294     <comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
295     $ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
296 swift 1.14 </pre>
297 swift 1.1
298     <p>
299     To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
300 swift 1.14 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
301     <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
302     link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
303 swift 1.1 </p>
304    
305     <ul>
306     <li>
307 swift 1.14 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
308     file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
309 swift 1.16 device path).
310 swift 1.1 </li>
311     <li>
312 nightmorph 1.35 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
313     your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
314 swift 1.1 </li>
315 swift 1.7 <li>
316     With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
317     <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
318     <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
319     select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
320     </li>
321     <li>
322     With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
323     <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
324     <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
325     </li>
326 swift 1.1 </ul>
327    
328     </body>
329     </subsection>
330     <subsection>
331 swift 1.17 <title>Default: Booting the Installation CD on an Apple/IBM</title>
332 swift 1.1 <body>
333    
334     <p>
335 swift 1.17 Place the Installation CD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. Hold down the
336     'C' key at bootup. You will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a
337     <e>boot:</e> prompt at the bottom of the screen.
338 swift 1.1 </p>
339    
340     <p>
341     You are also able to tweak some kernel options at this prompt. The following
342     table lists the available boot options you can add:
343     </p>
344    
345     <table>
346     <tr>
347     <th>Boot Option</th>
348     <th>Description</th>
349     </tr>
350     <tr>
351     <ti><c>video</c></ti>
352     <ti>
353     This option takes one of the following vendor-specific tags:
354 nightmorph 1.32 <c>radeonfb</c>, <c>rivafb</c>, <c>atyfb</c>, <c>aty128</c>, <c>nvidiafb</c>
355     or <c>ofonly</c>. You can follow this tag with the resolution and
356 nightmorph 1.33 refreshrate you want to use. For instance
357     <c>video=radeonfb:1280x1024@75</c>. If you are uncertain what to choose,
358     <c>ofonly</c> will most certainly work.
359 swift 1.1 </ti>
360     </tr>
361     <tr>
362     <ti><c>nol3</c></ti>
363     <ti>
364 nightmorph 1.33 Disables level 3 cache on some powerbooks (needed for at least the 17")
365 swift 1.1 </ti>
366     </tr>
367     <tr>
368     <ti><c>debug</c></ti>
369     <ti>
370     Enables verbose booting, spawns an initrd shell that can be used to debug
371 swift 1.17 the Installation CD
372 swift 1.1 </ti>
373     </tr>
374     <tr>
375     <ti><c>sleep=X</c></ti>
376     <ti>
377     Wait X seconds before continuing; this can be needed by some very old SCSI
378     CD-ROMs which don't speed up the CD quick enough
379     </ti>
380     </tr>
381     <tr>
382     <ti><c>bootfrom=X</c></ti>
383     <ti>
384     Boot from a different device
385     </ti>
386     </tr>
387 nightmorph 1.37 <tr>
388     <ti><c>dosshd</c></ti>
389     <ti>Starts <c>sshd</c>. Useful for unattended installs.</ti>
390     </tr>
391     <tr>
392     <ti><c>passwd=foo</c></ti>
393     <ti>
394     Sets whatever is after the = as the root password. Use with <c>dosshd</c>
395     for remote installs.
396     </ti>
397     </tr>
398 swift 1.1 </table>
399    
400     <p>
401     At this prompt, hit enter, and a complete Gentoo Linux environment will be
402     loaded from the CD. Continue with <uri link="#booted">And When You're
403     Booted...</uri>.
404     </p>
405    
406     </body>
407     </subsection>
408     <subsection>
409     <title>IBM pSeries</title>
410     <body>
411    
412     <p>
413 neysx 1.30 The CD should autoboot on your pSeries box, but sometimes it does not. In that
414     case, you have to set up your cdrom as a bootable device in the multi-boot
415     menu. If you start your machine with a monitor and a keyboard attached, you can
416     reach the multi-boot menu pressing the F1 key on startup. But if you start your
417     machine using the serial console, then you have to press <c>1</c>. Press the
418     key when you see the beginning of the following line on the serial console:
419 swift 1.1 </p>
420    
421 neysx 1.30 <pre caption="Hit the '1' key when this line appears">
422     memory keyboard network scsi speaker
423     </pre>
424    
425 swift 1.1 <p>
426 nightmorph 1.36 The other option is to jump into Open Firmware and do it from there:
427 swift 1.1 </p>
428 neysx 1.30
429     <ol>
430     <li>
431 nightmorph 1.36 Boot into Open Firmware: same procedure as getting into multi-boot
432 neysx 1.30 (described a few lines above), but use F8 and 8 instead of F1 and 1.
433     </li>
434     <li>Run the command 0> boot cdrom:1,yaboot</li>
435     <li>Stand back and enjoy!</li>
436     </ol>
437    
438     <note>
439 nightmorph 1.36 If you get something like the following output, then Open Firmware isn't set up
440 neysx 1.30 correctly. Please use the multi-boot option described above.
441     </note>
442    
443 nightmorph 1.36 <pre caption="Output if Open Firmware is not set up correctly">
444 neysx 1.30 0 > boot cdrom:1,yaboot
445     ok
446     0 >
447     </pre>
448 swift 1.1
449     </body>
450     </subsection>
451     <subsection id="booted">
452     <title>And When You're Booted...</title>
453     <body>
454    
455     <p>
456     You will be greeted by a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You can also
457     switch to other consoles by pressing Alt-fn-F2, Alt-fn-F3 and Alt-fn-F4. Get
458     back to the one you started on by pressing Alt-fn-F1.
459     </p>
460    
461     <p>
462     If you are installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, use
463     <c>loadkeys</c> to load the keymap for your keyboard. To list the available
464     keymaps, execute <c>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</c>.
465     </p>
466    
467     <pre caption="Listing available keymaps">
468 nightmorph 1.41 <comment>(PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems)</comment>
469 swift 1.1 # <i>ls /usr/share/keymaps/i386</i>
470     </pre>
471    
472     <p>
473     Now load the keymap of your choice:
474     </p>
475    
476     <pre caption="Loading a keymap">
477     # <i>loadkeys be-latin1</i>
478     </pre>
479    
480     <p>
481     Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
482     </p>
483    
484     </body>
485     </subsection>
486    
487     <subsection>
488 nightmorph 1.38 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
489 swift 1.2 </subsection>
490 swift 1.1
491     </section>
492     </sections>

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