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3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc64-medium.xml,v 1.13 2004/12/02 11:00:16 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ppc64-medium.xml,v 1.14 2005/01/04 18:11:21 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.9</version> 11<version>1.10</version>
12<date>2004-11-04</date> 12<date>2005-01-04</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The PPC64 Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>CPU</th>
34 <ti>Any PowerPC64 CPU</ti>
35</tr>
36<tr>
37 <th>Systems</th>
38 <ti>
39 IBM RS/6000s, Power Macintosh G5, IBP pSeries and IBM iSeries
40 </ti>
41</tr>
42<tr>
43 <th>Memory</th>
44 <ti>64 MB</ti>
45</tr>
46<tr>
47 <th>Diskspace</th>
48 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
49</tr>
50<tr>
51 <th>Swap space</th>
52 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
53</tr>
54</table>
55
56<p>
57For a full list of supported systems, please go to
58<uri>http://www.linuxppc64.org/hardware.shtml</uri>.
59</p>
60
30<body> 61</body>
62</subsection>
63</section>
64<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml, with s/x86/ppc64/ -->
65<!-- START -->
66<section>
67<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
68<subsection>
69<title>Introduction</title>
70<body>
31 71
32<p> 72<p>
33Check the following requirements before you continue with the Gentoo 73Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
34installation: 74A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
75environment.
35</p> 76</p>
36 77
37<ul> 78<ul>
38<li> 79 <li>
39 You need at least 1 GB of free disk space 80 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
81 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
82 or Portage depends.
40</li> 83 </li>
41<li> 84 <li>
42 You need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + swap) 85 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
86 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
87 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
43</li> 88 </li>
44<li> 89 <li>
45 For the <e>PowerPC64 architecture</e>, you can install Gentoo/PPC64 on 90 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
46 machines having a PowerPC64 microprocessor, including IBM RS/6000s, 91 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
47 Power Macintosh G5 systems, IBM pSeries (and soon IBM iSeries) boxen. 92 needs to choose which one you want to install.
48 For a full list go to <uri>http://www.linuxppc64.org/hardware.shtml</uri>.
49</li> 93 </li>
50</ul> 94</ul>
51 95
96<p>
97To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
98major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
99</p>
100
52</body> 101</body>
53</subsection>
54</section>
55<section>
56<title>Make your Choice</title>
57<subsection> 102</subsection>
58<title>Introduction</title>
59<body>
60
61<p>
62Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
63choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
64choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
65Gentoo base system.
66</p>
67
68<p>
69The installation media we will describe are:
70</p>
71
72<ul>
73<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD for Apple's G5</li>
74<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD for IBM pSeries RS/6000</li>
75</ul>
76
77<p>
78As you can see there are no Universal CDs at the moment, but they will
79follow. The consequence of this is that you have to download the stages
80(see next paragraph) separately.
81</p>
82
83</body>
84</subsection> 103<subsection>
85<subsection> 104<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
86<title>The Three Stages</title>
87<body> 105<body>
88 106
89<p>
90Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
91The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
92yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
93build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
94building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
95The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
96been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
97Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
98packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
99</p> 107<p>
100 108A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
109from scratch.
101<p> 110</p>
102Now what stage do you have to choose? 111
103</p> 112<p>
104
105<p>
106Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 113Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
107optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 114optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
108initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 115initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
109power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 116power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
110installation method for those who would like to know more about the 117installation method for those who would like to know more about the
111inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 118inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
112</p> 119</p>
113 120
114<p>
115A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
116Internet connection.
117</p>
118
119<table> 121<table>
120<tr> 122<tr>
121 <th>Stage1</th> 123 <th>Stage1</th>
122 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 124 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
123</tr> 125</tr>
141 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 143 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
142</tr> 144</tr>
143<tr> 145<tr>
144 <th>-</th> 146 <th>-</th>
145 <ti> 147 <ti>
146 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 148 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
147 </ti>
148</tr>
149<tr>
150 <th>-</th>
151 <ti>
152 Not suitable for networkless installations
153 </ti> 149 </ti>
154</tr> 150</tr>
155</table> 151</table>
156 152
153</body>
154</subsection>
155<subsection>
156<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
157<body>
158
159<p>
160A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
161"semi-compiled" state.
157<p> 162</p>
163
164<p>
158<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 165Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
159is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 166is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
160for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 167for your particular stage2 tarball.
161</p>
162
163<p>
164A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
165Internet connection.
166</p> 168</p>
167 169
168<table> 170<table>
169<tr> 171<tr>
170 <th>Stage2</th> 172 <th>Stage2</th>
186 <th>-</th> 188 <th>-</th>
187 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 189 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
188</tr> 190</tr>
189<tr> 191<tr>
190 <th>-</th> 192 <th>-</th>
191 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 193 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
192</tr> 194</tr>
193<tr> 195<tr>
194 <th>-</th> 196 <th>-</th>
195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 197 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr> 198</tr>
197<tr>
198 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>
200 Not suitable for networkless installations
201 </ti>
202</tr>
203</table> 199</table>
204 200
201</body>
202</subsection>
203<subsection>
204<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
205<body>
206
207<p>
208A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
209built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
210decide for you which one to choose.
205<p> 211</p>
212
213<p>
206Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 214Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
207Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 215Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
208settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 216settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
209and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 217and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
210stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 218stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
211prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 219prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
212</p> 220</p>
213 221
214<table> 222<table>
215<tr> 223<tr>
219<tr> 227<tr>
220 <th>+</th> 228 <th>+</th>
221 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 229 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
222</tr> 230</tr>
223<tr> 231<tr>
224 <th>+</th>
225 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
226</tr>
227<tr>
228 <th>-</th> 232 <th>-</th>
229 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 233 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
230</tr> 234</tr>
231<tr>
232 <th>-</th>
233 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
234</tr>
235</table> 235</table>
236 236
237<p> 237<p>
238Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
239you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
240be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 238You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
241after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 239optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
242with the new optimization settings. 240recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
243</p>
244
245<p> 241</p>
246Now take a look at the available installation media.
247</p>
248 242
249</body> 243</body>
250</subsection>
251<subsection> 244</subsection>
245</section>
246<section>
252<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 247<title>The Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
248<subsection>
249<title>Introduction</title>
253<body> 250<body>
254 251
255<p> 252<p>
256The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 253The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
257self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 254self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
259are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 256are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
260</p> 257</p>
261 258
262<p> 259<p>
263All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 260All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
264partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 261partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
265LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 262two LiveCDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long as you're
266Gentoo without a working network configuration. 263planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest version
267</p> 264of the available packages.
268
269<p> 265</p>
270Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 266
267<p>
268If you whish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
269the installation instructions described in the <uri
270link="2004.3/index.xml">Gentoo 2004.3 Handbooks</uri>. This is currently not
271supported for the PPC64 architecture though.
272</p>
273
274<p>
275For the PowerPC64 architecture, we only supply a <e>Minimal</e> LiveCD,
276a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the system,
277prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation.
271</p> 278</p>
272 279
273</body> 280</body>
274</subsection> 281</subsection>
275<subsection> 282<subsection>
276<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 283<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title>
277<body> 284<body>
278 285
279<p> 286<p>
280This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 287The Minimal LiveCD is called <c>install-ppc64-pSeries-minimal-2004.3.iso</c> or
281system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 288<c>install-ppc64-g5-minimal-2004.3.iso</c> and takes up only 350 MB of
282does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 289diskspace. You can use this LiveCD to install Gentoo, but always with a
283source code or precompiled packages. For example the ppc variant of this 290working Internet connection only.
284LiveCD can be found in the <path>universal</path> subdirectory and is called
285<c>install-ppc-minimal-2004.3.iso</c>.
286</p> 291</p>
287 292
288<table> 293<table>
289<tr> 294<tr>
290 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 295 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th>
294 <th>+</th> 299 <th>+</th>
295 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 300 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
296</tr> 301</tr>
297<tr> 302<tr>
298 <th>+</th> 303 <th>+</th>
299 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
300</tr>
301<tr>
302 <th>+</th>
303 <ti> 304 <ti>
304 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 305 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
305 net 306 net
306 </ti> 307 </ti>
307</tr> 308</tr>
308<tr> 309<tr>
309 <th>-</th> 310 <th>-</th>
310 <ti> 311 <ti>
311 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 312 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
312 suitable for networkless installation 313 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
313 </ti> 314 </ti>
314</tr> 315</tr>
315</table> 316</table>
316 317
317</body> 318</body>
318</subsection> 319</subsection>
319<!--
320<subsection>
321<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD (not available at the moment for
322PPC64)</title>
323<body>
324
325<p>
326Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
327networking. It contains a stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
328individual subarchitectures). For example the ppc variant of this CD is called
329<c>install-ppc-universal-2004.3.iso</c> and can be found in the
330<path>universal</path> subdirectory.
331</p>
332
333<p>
334If you take a closer look on our mirrors, you will see
335that we provide <e>Gentoo Package CDs</e>. This CD (which isn't
336bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software
337after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
338need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
339etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
340CD too. For example the G4 (a subarchitecture of ppc) Packages CD is
341called <c>packages-g4-2004.3.iso</c> and can be found in the appropriate
342subdirectory (<path>g4/</path>).
343</p>
344
345<p>
346You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
347installation.
348</p>
349
350<table>
351<tr>
352 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th>
353 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
354</tr>
355<tr>
356 <th>+</th>
357 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
358</tr>
359<tr>
360 <th>+</th>
361 <ti>
362 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
363 </ti>
364</tr>
365<tr>
366 <th>+</th>
367 <ti>
368 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
369 connection.
370 </ti>
371</tr>
372<tr>
373 <th>-</th>
374 <ti>Huge download</ti>
375</tr>
376</table>
377
378</body>
379</subsection>
380-->
381</section> 320</section>
321<!-- STOP -->
382<section> 322<section>
383<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 323<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title>
384<subsection> 324<subsection>
385<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 325<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title>
386<body> 326<body>
387 327
388<p> 328<p>
389You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the 329You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD. We'll first start by downloading and
390wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen 330burning the chosen LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available
391LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you 331LiveCDs, but where can you find them?
392find them?
393</p>
394
395<p> 332</p>
396Visit one of our <uri 333
397link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 334<p>
398<path>experimental/ppc64/livecd</path>, which is 335You can download any of the LiveCDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD as
399the path where the LiveCD(s) of your choice are located. Inside that 336well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
337LiveCDs are located in the <path>releases/ppc64/2004.3/livecd</path> directory.
338</p>
339
340<p>
400directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 341Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
401which you can write on a CD-R. 342which you can write on a CD-R.
402</p> 343</p>
403 344
404<p> 345<p>
405In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check 346In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
406its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 347check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
407<path>install-ppc64-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 348<path>install-ppc64-g5-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
408checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 349checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
409link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 350link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
410</p> 351</p>
411 352
412<p> 353<p>
413As long as Mac OS X does not support <c>md5sum</c> you have to use the md5 354Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
414capability of <c>openssl</c>. 355verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
415</p> 356<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
416
417<pre caption="md5sum with the help of openssl">
418$ <i>openssl md5 /path/to/iso</i>
419<comment>(This could take some time depending on the size of the ISO and your CPU)</comment>
420</pre>
421
422<p> 357</p>
423Now compare this output with the appropriate file found on the server where you 358
424downloaded the ISO (the file will end with .md5). If it is the same, the ISO 359<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
425image downloaded correctly. Be sure you have not mounted it (e.g. with Disk 360$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
426Copy) yet! 361</pre>
362
427</p> 363<p>
428 364Now verify the signature:
429<p> 365</p>
430More information is available in our <uri 366
431link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">Gentoo/PPC FAQ</uri>. 367<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
368$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
432</p> 369</pre>
433 370
434<p> 371<p>
435To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 372To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
436do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c>, 373do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
437<c>k3b</c> and the MacOS burning possibilities here; more information can 374<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
438be found in our <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri> and 375link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
439the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-ppc-faq.xml">PPC FAQ</uri>.
440</p> 376</p>
441 377
442<ul> 378<ul>
443 <li> 379 <li>
444 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 380 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
445 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 381 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
446 by the path to the ISO file :) 382 device path) followed by the path to the ISO file :)
447 </li> 383 </li>
448 <li> 384 <li>
449 With k3b, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 385 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
450 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 386 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
451 <c>Start</c>. 387 <c>Start</c>.
452 </li> 388 </li>
453 <li> 389 <li>
454 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from 390 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
463 </li> 399 </li>
464</ul> 400</ul>
465 401
466</body> 402</body>
467</subsection> 403</subsection>
468</section>
469<section> 404<subsection>
470<title>Booting the PPC LiveCD(s)</title> 405<title>Default: Booting the LiveCD on an Apple/IBM</title>
471<subsection>
472<title>Default: Apple/IBM</title>
473<body> 406<body>
474 407
475<p> 408<p>
476Place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. Hold down the 'C' key at 409Place the LiveCD in the CD-ROM and reboot the system. Hold down the 'C' key at
477bootup. You will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a <e>boot:</e> 410bootup. You will be greeted by a friendly welcome message and a <e>boot:</e>

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