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link netboot stuff to the sparc handbook as an install method, bug 296744

1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 jkt 1.40 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 swift 1.1
7 nightmorph 1.49 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.48 2009/01/26 07:51:05 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 swift 1.1
9     <sections>
10 swift 1.21
11 nightmorph 1.49 <version>9.3</version>
12     <date>2010-03-02</date>
13 swift 1.21
14 swift 1.1 <section>
15     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16     <subsection>
17     <title>Introduction</title>
18     <body>
19    
20     <p>
21     Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 swift 1.26 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 swift 1.1 </p>
24    
25     </body>
26     </subsection>
27     <subsection>
28 swift 1.26 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 swift 1.1 <body>
30    
31 swift 1.26 <table>
32     <tr>
33     <th>Sparc System</th>
34     <ti>
35 fox2mike 1.41 Please check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/sparc/sunhw.xml">Gentoo
36     Linux/SPARC64 Compatibility list</uri> or the <uri
37 swift 1.26 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
38     </ti>
39     </tr>
40     <tr>
41     <th>CPU</th>
42     <ti>
43 nightmorph 1.49 We currently only support SPARC64 CPUs
44 swift 1.26 </ti>
45     </tr>
46     <tr>
47     <th>Memory</th>
48     <ti>64 MB</ti>
49     </tr>
50     <tr>
51     <th>Diskspace</th>
52     <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
53     </tr>
54     <tr>
55     <th>Swap space</th>
56     <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
57     </tr>
58     </table>
59 swift 1.1
60     </body>
61     </subsection>
62     </section>
63 nightmorph 1.46
64 swift 1.26 <!-- START -->
65 swift 1.1 <section>
66 swift 1.30 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 swift 1.1 <subsection>
68 swift 1.26 <title>Introduction</title>
69 swift 1.1 <body>
70    
71     <p>
72 swift 1.30 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 swift 1.1 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74     During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75     are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76     </p>
77    
78     <p>
79 swift 1.30 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 swift 1.26 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
81 neysx 1.44 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
82 swift 1.30 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
83     version of the available packages.
84 swift 1.1 </p>
85    
86     <p>
87 swift 1.28 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
88 swift 1.26 the installation instructions described in the <uri
89 nightmorph 1.46 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
90 swift 1.26 </p>
91    
92     <p>
93 swift 1.30 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
94 swift 1.26 </p>
95    
96     <ul>
97     <li>
98 swift 1.30 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
99     which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
100     continue with the Gentoo installation.
101 swift 1.26 </li>
102     <li>
103 swift 1.30 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
104 swift 1.36 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
105     several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
106 swift 1.26 </li>
107     </ul>
108    
109     <p>
110 swift 1.30 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
111     major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
112 swift 1.1 </p>
113    
114     </body>
115     </subsection>
116     <subsection>
117 swift 1.30 <title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
118 swift 1.1 <body>
119    
120     <p>
121 nightmorph 1.46 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2008.0.iso</c>
122     and takes up only 44 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
123 swift 1.30 install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
124 swift 1.1 </p>
125    
126     <table>
127     <tr>
128 swift 1.30 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
129 swift 1.1 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
130     </tr>
131     <tr>
132     <th>+</th>
133     <ti>Smallest download</ti>
134     </tr>
135     <tr>
136     <th>-</th>
137     <ti>
138 swift 1.36 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
139 swift 1.26 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
140 swift 1.1 </ti>
141     </tr>
142     </table>
143    
144     </body>
145     </subsection>
146     <subsection>
147 swift 1.30 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
148 swift 1.1 <body>
149    
150     <p>
151 neysx 1.38 The Universal Installation CD is called
152 nightmorph 1.46 <c>install-sparc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 295 MB. You can use this
153 neysx 1.38 Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
154 nightmorph 1.48 without a working internet connection.
155 swift 1.9 </p>
156    
157 swift 1.1 <table>
158     <tr>
159 swift 1.30 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
160 swift 1.1 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
161     </tr>
162     <tr>
163     <th>+</th>
164     <ti>
165     Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
166     connection.
167     </ti>
168     </tr>
169     <tr>
170     <th>-</th>
171     <ti>Huge download</ti>
172     </tr>
173     </table>
174    
175     </body>
176     </subsection>
177 swift 1.26 <subsection>
178     <title>Other CDs</title>
179     <body>
180    
181     <p>
182 neysx 1.37 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
183     Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
184     networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
185     set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
186     (such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
187     Gentoo installation.
188 swift 1.26 </p>
189    
190 swift 1.35 <p>
191     If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
192 swift 1.36 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
193     </p>
194    
195     </body>
196     </subsection>
197     <subsection>
198     <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
199     <body>
200    
201     <p>
202     A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
203     to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
204     Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
205     stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
206     official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
207     performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
208     the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
209     Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
210 swift 1.35 </p>
211    
212 swift 1.26 </body>
213     </subsection>
214 nightmorph 1.49 <subsection>
215     <title>TFTPBoot image</title>
216     <body>
217    
218     <p>
219     If you can't use a CD, or prefer booting over an IP network, there're also
220     TFTPBoot images available on our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
221     under <path>experimental/sparc/tftpboot/sparc64/</path>.
222     </p>
223    
224     <p>
225     For setting up a netboot server, please read the <uri
226     link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
227     HOWTO</uri>.
228     </p>
229    
230     </body>
231     </subsection>
232 swift 1.1 </section>
233 swift 1.26 <!-- STOP -->
234 swift 1.1 <section>
235 swift 1.30 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
236 swift 1.1 <subsection>
237 swift 1.30 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
238 swift 1.1 <body>
239    
240     <p>
241 swift 1.30 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
242     downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
243     the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
244 swift 1.26 </p>
245    
246     <p>
247 nightmorph 1.43 You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD
248     as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
249     Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval
250     id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
251 swift 1.1 </p>
252    
253     <p>
254 nightmorph 1.46 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
255 neysx 1.37 can write on a CD-R.
256 swift 1.1 </p>
257    
258     <p>
259 so 1.27 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
260 swift 1.26 MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
261 nightmorph 1.46 <path>install-sparc64-minimal-2008.0.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
262 swift 1.1 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
263 neysx 1.13 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
264 swift 1.1 </p>
265    
266     <p>
267 swift 1.10 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
268     verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
269     <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
270     </p>
271    
272     <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
273 jkt 1.40 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
274 swift 1.10 </pre>
275    
276     <p>
277     Now verify the signature:
278     </p>
279    
280     <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
281 swift 1.14 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
282 swift 1.10 </pre>
283    
284     <p>
285 swift 1.1 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
286 swift 1.11 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
287     <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
288     link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
289 swift 1.1 </p>
290    
291     <ul>
292     <li>
293 swift 1.26 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
294     file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
295 swift 1.29 path).
296 swift 1.1 </li>
297 swift 1.2 <li>
298 nightmorph 1.45 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
299     your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
300 swift 1.2 </li>
301 swift 1.1 </ul>
302    
303     </body>
304     </subsection>
305     <subsection>
306 swift 1.30 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
307 swift 1.1 <body>
308    
309     <p>
310 swift 1.30 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
311     startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
312     boot from the CD-ROM:
313 swift 1.1 </p>
314    
315 swift 1.30 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
316 swift 1.1 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
317     </pre>
318    
319     <p>
320 nightmorph 1.43 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
321 nightmorph 1.46 hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
322     continue booting the system:
323 swift 1.1 </p>
324    
325 swift 1.30 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
326 nightmorph 1.46 boot: <i>gentoo</i>
327 swift 1.1 </pre>
328    
329     <p>
330 swift 1.30 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
331     system.
332 swift 1.1 </p>
333    
334     <p>
335 nightmorph 1.43 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
336     root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
337 swift 1.1 </p>
338    
339     <p>
340     Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
341     </p>
342    
343     </body>
344     </subsection>
345    
346     <subsection>
347 nightmorph 1.47 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
348 swift 1.15 </subsection>
349 swift 1.1
350     </section>
351     </sections>

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