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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.29 2005/02/14 15:55:13 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.30 2005/03/28 11:30:53 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.23</version> 11<version>2.00</version>
12<date>2005-02-14</date> 12<date>2005-03-28</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23</p> 23</p>
24 24
25</body> 25</body>
26</subsection> 26</subsection>
27<subsection> 27<subsection>
231 <th>-</th> 231 <th>-</th>
232 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 232 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
233</tr> 233</tr>
234</table> 234</table>
235 235
236<p> 236<p>
237You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different 237You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
238optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to 238optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
239recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings. 239recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
240</p> 240</p>
241 241
242</body> 242</body>
243</subsection> 243</subsection>
244</section> 244</section>
245<section> 245<section>
246<title>The Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 246<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
247<subsection> 247<subsection>
248<title>Introduction</title> 248<title>Introduction</title>
249<body> 249<body>
250 250
251<p> 251<p>
252The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 252The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
253self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 253self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
254During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 254During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
255are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 255are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
256</p> 256</p>
257 257
258<p> 258<p>
259All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 259All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
260partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 260partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
261two LiveCDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long as you're 261two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
262planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest version 262as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
263of the available packages. 263version of the available packages.
264</p> 264</p>
265 265
266<p> 266<p>
267If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 267If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
268the installation instructions described in the <uri 268the installation instructions described in the <uri
269link="2004.3/index.xml">Gentoo 2004.3 Handbooks</uri>. 269link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>.
270</p>
271
272<p> 270</p>
271
272<p>
273The two LiveCDs that we currently provide are: 273The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
274</p> 274</p>
275 275
276<ul> 276<ul>
277 <li> 277 <li>
278 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> LiveCD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which 278 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
279 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue with 279 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
280 the Gentoo installation. 280 continue with the Gentoo installation.
281 </li> 281 </li>
282 <li> 282 <li>
283 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> LiveCD, a bootable CD with the same abilities as 283 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
284 the Minimal LiveCD. Additionally, it contains a stage1 and several stage3 284 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
285 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures). 285 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
286 subarchitectures).
286 </li> 287 </li>
287</ul> 288</ul>
288 289
289<p> 290<p>
290To help you decide which LiveCD you need, we have written down the major 291We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
291advantages and disadvantages of each LiveCD. 292of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
293More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
294link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
295HOWTO</uri>.
296</p>
297
292</p> 298<p>
299To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
300major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
301</p>
293 302
294</body> 303</body>
295</subsection>
296<subsection> 304</subsection>
305<subsection>
297<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 306<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
298<body> 307<body>
299 308
300<p> 309<p>
301The Minimal LiveCD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.3.iso</c> and 310The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.0.iso</c>
302takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this LiveCD to install Gentoo, 311and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
303but always with a working Internet connection only. 312install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
304</p> 313</p>
305 314
306<table> 315<table>
307<tr> 316<tr>
308 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 317 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
309 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 318 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
310</tr> 319</tr>
311<tr> 320<tr>
312 <th>+</th> 321 <th>+</th>
313 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 322 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
314</tr> 323</tr>
315<tr> 324<tr>
316 <th>+</th> 325 <th>+</th>
317 <ti> 326 <ti>
318 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 327 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
319 net 328 net
320 </ti> 329 </ti>
321</tr> 330</tr>
322<tr> 331<tr>
323 <th>-</th> 332 <th>-</th>
324 <ti> 333 <ti>
325 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 334 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
326 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 335 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
327 </ti> 336 </ti>
328</tr> 337</tr>
329</table> 338</table>
330 339
331</body> 340</body>
332</subsection> 341</subsection>
333<subsection> 342<subsection>
334<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 343<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
335<body> 344<body>
336 345
337<p> 346<p>
338The Universal LiveCD is called <c>install-sparc-universal-2004.3.iso</c> and 347The Universal Installation CD is called
339consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this LiveCD to install 348<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.0.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a
349650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
340Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet 350Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
341connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you 351connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you
342are currently installing Gentoo on :) 352are currently installing Gentoo on :)
343</p> 353</p>
344 354
345<table> 355<table>
346<tr> 356<tr>
347 <th>Universal LiveCD</th> 357 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
348 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 358 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
349</tr> 359</tr>
350<tr> 360<tr>
351 <th>+</th> 361 <th>+</th>
352 <ti> 362 <ti>
353 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 363 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
354 connection. 364 connection.
355 </ti> 365 </ti>
356</tr> 366</tr>
357<tr> 367<tr>
358 <th>-</th> 368 <th>-</th>
359 <ti>Huge download</ti> 369 <ti>Huge download</ti>
360</tr> 370</tr>
361</table> 371</table>
362 372
363</body> 373</body>
364</subsection> 374</subsection>
365<subsection> 375<subsection>
366<title>Other CDs</title> 376<title>Other CDs</title>
367<body> 377<body>
368 378
369<p> 379<p>
370You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is 380You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
371no LiveCD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a networkless 381no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
372installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set) that allows 382networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
373you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as 383that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
374OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo 384OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
375installation. 385installation.
376</p> 386</p>
377 387
378</body> 388</body>
379</subsection> 389</subsection>
380</section> 390</section>
381<!-- STOP --> 391<!-- STOP -->
382<section> 392<section>
383<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 393<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
384<subsection> 394<subsection>
385<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 395<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
386<body> 396<body>
387 397
388<p>
389You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD. We'll first start by downloading and
390burning the chosen LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available
391LiveCDs, but where can you find them?
392</p> 398<p>
393 399You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
400downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
401the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
394<p> 402</p>
403
404<p>
395You can download any of the LiveCDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD as well) 405You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
396from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The LiveCDs 406CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
407Installation CDs are located in the
397are located in the <path>releases/sparc/2004.3/livecd/sparc64</path> directory. 408<path>releases/sparc/2005.0/installcd/sparc64</path> directory.
398</p> 409</p>
399 410
400<p> 411<p>
401Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 412Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
402which you can write on a CD-R. 413which you can write on a CD-R.
403</p> 414</p>
404 415
405<p> 416<p>
406In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its 417In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
407MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 418MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
408<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 419<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
409checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 420checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
410link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 421link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
411</p> 422</p>
412 423
413<p> 424<p>
414Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 425Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
415verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 426verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
416<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 427<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
417</p> 428</p>
418 429
419<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 430<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
420$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i> 431$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
421</pre> 432</pre>
422 433
423<p> 434<p>
439 <li> 450 <li>
440 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 451 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
441 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device 452 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
442 path). 453 path).
443 </li> 454 </li>
444 <li> 455 <li>
445 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 456 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
446 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 457 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
447 <c>Start</c>. 458 <c>Start</c>.
448 </li> 459 </li>
449</ul> 460</ul>
450 461
451</body> 462</body>
452</subsection> 463</subsection>
453<subsection> 464<subsection>
454<title>Booting the LiveCD</title> 465<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
455<body> 466<body>
456 467
457<p> 468<p>
458Insert the Gentoo LiveCD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During startup, 469Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
459press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP, boot from the 470startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
460CD-ROM: 471boot from the CD-ROM:
461</p> 472</p>
462 473
463<pre caption="Booting the LiveCD"> 474<pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
464ok <i>boot cdrom</i> 475ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
465</pre> 476</pre>
466 477
467<p> 478<p>
468You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the LiveCD). Type in 479You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). Type in
469<c>gentoo-2.4</c> (single-CPU kernel) or <c>gentoo-2.4-smp</c> 480<c>gentoo-2.4</c> (single-CPU kernel) or <c>gentoo-2.4-smp</c>
470(multi-CPU kernel) and press enter to continue booting the system. In the 481(multi-CPU kernel) and press enter to continue booting the system. In the
471following example we'll boot the <c>gentoo-2.4</c> kernel. 482following example we'll boot the <c>gentoo-2.4</c> kernel.
472</p> 483</p>
473 484
474<pre caption="Continue booting from the LiveCD"> 485<pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
475boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i> 486boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i>
476</pre> 487</pre>
477 488
478<p> 489<p>
479Once the LiveCD is booted, you will be greeted by a login prompt <e>if</e> there 490Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
480is no automated login. If that is the case, log on as <c>root</c>. There is no 491system.
481password, so when you are asked for one, press Enter.
482</p>
483
484<pre caption="Logging on onto the LiveCD">
485login: <i>root</i>
486password: <comment>(Press Enter here)</comment>
487</pre> 492</p>
488 493
489<p> 494<p>
490You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 495You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
491to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 496to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
492started on by pressing Alt-F1. 497started on by pressing Alt-F1. You will also find a root prompt on the serial
498console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
493</p> 499</p>
494 500
495<p> 501<p>
496Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 502Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
497</p> 503</p>
498 504
499</body> 505</body>
500</subsection> 506</subsection>
501<subsection id="hardware"> 507<subsection id="hardware">
502<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 508<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
503<body> 509<body>
504 510
505<p> 511<p>
506If not all hardware is supported out-of-the-box, you will need to load the 512If not all hardware is supported out-of-the-box, you will need to load the
507appropriate kernel modules. 513appropriate kernel modules.
508</p> 514</p>
509 515
510<p> 516<p>
511In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for 517In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
512certain kinds of network interfaces): 518certain kinds of network interfaces):
513</p> 519</p>
514 520
515<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 521<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
516# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 522# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
517</pre>
518
519</body>
520</subsection>
521<subsection>
522<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
523<body>
524
525<p>
526If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
527performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
528test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
529more precise impression):
530</p>
531
532<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
533# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
534</pre>
535
536<p>
537To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
538yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
539disk):
540</p>
541
542<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
543<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
544<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
545</pre> 523</pre>
546 524
547</body> 525</body>
548</subsection> 526</subsection>
549<subsection id="useraccounts"> 527<subsection id="useraccounts">
550<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 528<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
551<body> 529<body>
552 530
553<p> 531<p>
554If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 532If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
555environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for 533environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
556security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change 534security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
557the root password. 535the root password.
558</p> 536</p>
559 537

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