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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.35 2005/10/09 16:33:54 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.36 2005/11/11 17:27:15 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.5</version> 11<version>2.6</version>
12<date>2005-10-09</date> 12<date>2005-11-11</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23</p> 23</p>
24 24
25</body> 25</body>
26</subsection> 26</subsection>
27<subsection> 27<subsection>
50 <th>Diskspace</th> 50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti> 51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr> 52</tr>
53<tr> 53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th> 54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti> 55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr> 56</tr>
57</table> 57</table>
58 58
59</body> 59</body>
60</subsection> 60</subsection>
61</section> 61</section>
62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml --> 62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" --> 63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64<!-- START --> 64<!-- START -->
65<section>
66<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
67<subsection>
68<title>Introduction</title>
69<body>
70
71<p>
72Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
73A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
74environment.
75</p>
76
77<ul>
78 <li>
79 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
80 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
81 or Portage depends.
82 </li>
83 <li>
84 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
85 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
86 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
87 </li>
88 <li>
89 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
90 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
91 needs to choose which one you want to install.
92 </li>
93</ul>
94
95<p>
96To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
97major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
98</p>
99
100</body>
101</subsection>
102<subsection>
103<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
104<body>
105
106<p>
107A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
108from scratch.
109</p>
110
111<p>
112This approach builds core system packages that are vital to your system and is
113used by Gentoo developers to prepare the Gentoo release media. It is a great
114installation method for those who would like to learn more about the inner
115workings of bootstrapping, toolchains and the like.
116</p>
117
118<p>
119However, if you do not plan to tweak the bootstrapping instructions in the
120<path>bootstrap.sh</path> script written by the Gentoo developers, then a
121stage1 approach has no benefits for you.
122</p>
123
124<table>
125<tr>
126 <th>Stage1</th>
127 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>
132 Allows you to have total control over the installation routine, bootstrap
133 sequence, etc.
134 </ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Suitable for powerusers and developers who know what they are doing</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>-</th>
142 <ti>
143 Takes a long time to finish the installation (it is the lengthiest approach)
144 </ti>
145</tr>
146<tr>
147 <th>-</th>
148 <ti>
149 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
150 </ti>
151</tr>
152<tr>
153 <th>-</th>
154 <ti>
155 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
156 </ti>
157</tr>
158</table>
159
160</body>
161</subsection>
162<subsection>
163<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
164<body>
165
166<p>
167A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
168"semi-compiled" state.
169</p>
170
171<p>
172When you perform a stage2 installation approach, you will build all system
173packages (core packages, including toolchain) using your specific <c>USE</c>,
174<c>CFLAGS</c> and <c>CXXFLAGS</c> settings. Any package build will therefore be
175optimized to your preference.
176</p>
177
178<p>
179However, this installation takes some time and if you do not intend to change
180the <c>CFLAGS</c> and <c>CXXFLAGS</c> settings that we have defined as a "good
181default", using this approach only makes sense if your <c>USE</c> variable is
182sufficiently different from the default <c>USE</c> we provide.
183</p>
184
185<table>
186<tr>
187 <th>Stage2</th>
188 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
189</tr>
190<tr>
191 <th>+</th>
192 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
193</tr>
194<tr>
195 <th>+</th>
196 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199 <th>+</th>
200 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
201</tr>
202<tr>
203 <th>-</th>
204 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
205</tr>
206<tr>
207 <th>-</th>
208 <ti>
209 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
210 </ti>
211</tr>
212</table>
213
214</body>
215</subsection>
216<subsection>
217<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
218<body>
219
220<p>
221A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
222built for you. You will only need to build a few packages (such as system
223logger, networking tools, ...) before you can boot into a base Gentoo
224installation.
225</p>
226
227<p>
228Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
229Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
230settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
231and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
232stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
233prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
234</p>
235
236<table>
237<tr>
238 <th>Stage3</th>
239 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
240</tr>
241<tr>
242 <th>+</th>
243 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
244</tr>
245<tr>
246 <th>+</th>
247 <ti>
248 You can still tweak your system
249 </ti>
250</tr>
251</table>
252
253<p>
254You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
255optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
256recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings. The same goes
257for any <c>USE</c> flag changes: Portage is intelligent enough to know what
258packages need to be rebuild.
259</p>
260
261</body>
262</subsection>
263</section>
264
265<section> 65<section>
266<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 66<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
267<subsection> 67<subsection>
268<title>Introduction</title> 68<title>Introduction</title>
269<body> 69<body>
270 70
271<p> 71<p>
272The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 72The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
273self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 73self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
274During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 74During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
275are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 75are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
276</p> 76</p>
277 77
278<p> 78<p>
279All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 79All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
289link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>. 89link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
290</p> 90</p>
291 91
292<p> 92<p>
293The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are: 93The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
294</p> 94</p>
295 95
296<ul> 96<ul>
297 <li> 97 <li>
298 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD 98 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
299 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and 99 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
300 continue with the Gentoo installation. 100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
301 </li> 101 </li>
302 <li> 102 <li>
303 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same 103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
304 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a 104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
305 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual 105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
306 subarchitectures).
307 </li> 106 </li>
308</ul> 107</ul>
309 108
310<p> 109<p>
311We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users 110We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
312of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from. 111of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
313More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri 112More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
314link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot 113link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
315HOWTO</uri>. 114HOWTO</uri>.
316</p> 115</p>
317 116
318<p> 117<p>
319To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the 118To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
320major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD. 119major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
321</p> 120</p>
330The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso</c> 129The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
331and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to 130and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
332install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only. 131install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
333</p> 132</p>
334 133
335<table> 134<table>
336<tr> 135<tr>
337 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 136 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
338 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 137 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
339</tr> 138</tr>
340<tr> 139<tr>
341 <th>+</th> 140 <th>+</th>
342 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 141 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
343</tr> 142</tr>
344<tr> 143<tr>
345 <th>+</th>
346 <ti>
347 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
348 net
349 </ti>
350</tr>
351<tr>
352 <th>-</th> 144 <th>-</th>
353 <ti> 145 <ti>
354 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 146 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
355 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 147 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
356 </ti> 148 </ti>
357</tr> 149</tr>
358</table> 150</table>
359 151
360</body> 152</body>
361</subsection> 153</subsection>
362<subsection> 154<subsection>
363<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 155<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
364<body> 156<body>
365 157
366<p> 158<p>
367The Universal Installation CD is called 159The Universal Installation CD is called
368<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a 160<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a
369650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install 161650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
395<subsection> 187<subsection>
396<title>Other CDs</title> 188<title>Other CDs</title>
397<body> 189<body>
398 190
399<p> 191<p>
400You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is 192You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
401no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a 193no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
402networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set) 194networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
403that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as 195that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
404OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo 196OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
405installation. 197installation.
406</p> 198</p>
407 199
408<p> 200<p>
409If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software, 201If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
410make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage-3 tarball you use. 202make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
203</p>
204
205</body>
206</subsection>
207<subsection>
208<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
209<body>
210
211<p>
212A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
213to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
214Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
215stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
216official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
217performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
218the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
219Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
411</p> 220</p>
412 221
413</body> 222</body>
414</subsection> 223</subsection>
415</section> 224</section>
416<!-- STOP --> 225<!-- STOP -->
417<section> 226<section>
418<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title> 227<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
419<subsection> 228<subsection>
420<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title> 229<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
421<body> 230<body>
422 231
423<p> 232<p>
424You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by 233You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
425downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 234downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed

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