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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.35 2005/10/09 16:33:54 swift Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>2.6</version>
12 <date>2005-11-11</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri
36 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38 </tr>
39 <tr>
40 <th>CPU</th>
41 <ti>
42 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs
43 </ti>
44 </tr>
45 <tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>64 MB</ti>
48 </tr>
49 <tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52 </tr>
53 <tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56 </tr>
57 </table>
58
59 </body>
60 </subsection>
61 </section>
62 <!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63 <!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Introduction</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
81 two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
82 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
83 version of the available packages.
84 </p>
85
86 <p>
87 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
88 the installation instructions described in the <uri
89 link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
90 </p>
91
92 <p>
93 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
94 </p>
95
96 <ul>
97 <li>
98 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
99 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
101 </li>
102 <li>
103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
106 </li>
107 </ul>
108
109 <p>
110 We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
111 of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
112 More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
113 link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
114 HOWTO</uri>.
115 </p>
116
117 <p>
118 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
119 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
120 </p>
121
122 </body>
123 </subsection>
124 <subsection>
125 <title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
126 <body>
127
128 <p>
129 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
130 and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
131 install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
132 </p>
133
134 <table>
135 <tr>
136 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
137 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
138 </tr>
139 <tr>
140 <th>+</th>
141 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
142 </tr>
143 <tr>
144 <th>-</th>
145 <ti>
146 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
147 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
148 </ti>
149 </tr>
150 </table>
151
152 </body>
153 </subsection>
154 <subsection>
155 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
156 <body>
157
158 <p>
159 The Universal Installation CD is called
160 <c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a
161 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
162 Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
163 connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you
164 are currently installing Gentoo on :)
165 </p>
166
167 <table>
168 <tr>
169 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
170 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
171 </tr>
172 <tr>
173 <th>+</th>
174 <ti>
175 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
176 connection.
177 </ti>
178 </tr>
179 <tr>
180 <th>-</th>
181 <ti>Huge download</ti>
182 </tr>
183 </table>
184
185 </body>
186 </subsection>
187 <subsection>
188 <title>Other CDs</title>
189 <body>
190
191 <p>
192 You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
193 no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
194 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
195 that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
196 OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
197 installation.
198 </p>
199
200 <p>
201 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
202 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
203 </p>
204
205 </body>
206 </subsection>
207 <subsection>
208 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
209 <body>
210
211 <p>
212 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
213 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
214 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
215 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
216 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
217 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
218 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
219 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
220 </p>
221
222 </body>
223 </subsection>
224 </section>
225 <!-- STOP -->
226 <section>
227 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
228 <subsection>
229 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
230 <body>
231
232 <p>
233 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
234 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
235 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
236 </p>
237
238 <p>
239 You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
240 CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
241 Installation CDs are located in the
242 <path>releases/sparc/2005.1/sparc64/installcd</path> directory.
243 </p>
244
245 <p>
246 Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
247 which you can write on a CD-R.
248 </p>
249
250 <p>
251 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
252 MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
253 <path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
254 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
255 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
256 </p>
257
258 <p>
259 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
260 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
261 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
262 </p>
263
264 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
265 $ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
266 </pre>
267
268 <p>
269 Now verify the signature:
270 </p>
271
272 <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
273 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
274 </pre>
275
276 <p>
277 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
278 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
279 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
280 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
281 </p>
282
283 <ul>
284 <li>
285 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
286 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
287 path).
288 </li>
289 <li>
290 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
291 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
292 <c>Start</c>.
293 </li>
294 </ul>
295
296 </body>
297 </subsection>
298 <subsection>
299 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
300 <body>
301
302 <p>
303 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
304 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
305 boot from the CD-ROM:
306 </p>
307
308 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
309 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
310 </pre>
311
312 <p>
313 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). Type in
314 <c>gentoo-2.4</c> and press enter to continue booting the
315 system:
316 </p>
317
318 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
319 boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i>
320 </pre>
321
322 <p>
323 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
324 system.
325 </p>
326
327 <p>
328 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
329 to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
330 started on by pressing Alt-F1. You will also find a root prompt on the serial
331 console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
332 </p>
333
334 <p>
335 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
336 </p>
337
338 </body>
339 </subsection>
340 <subsection id="hardware">
341 <title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
342 <body>
343
344 <p>
345 If not all hardware is supported out-of-the-box, you will need to load the
346 appropriate kernel modules.
347 </p>
348
349 <p>
350 In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
351 certain kinds of network interfaces):
352 </p>
353
354 <pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
355 # <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
356 </pre>
357
358 </body>
359 </subsection>
360 <subsection id="useraccounts">
361 <title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
362 <body>
363
364 <p>
365 If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
366 environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
367 security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
368 the root password.
369 </p>
370
371 <p>
372 To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
373 </p>
374
375 <pre caption="Changing the root password">
376 # <i>passwd</i>
377 New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
378 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
379 </pre>
380
381 <p>
382 To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
383 its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
384 In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
385 </p>
386
387 <pre caption="Creating a user account">
388 # <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
389 # <i>passwd john</i>
390 New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
391 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
392 </pre>
393
394 <p>
395 You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
396 <c>su</c>:
397 </p>
398
399 <pre caption="Changing user id">
400 # <i>su - john</i>
401 </pre>
402
403 </body>
404 </subsection>
405 <subsection>
406 <title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
407 <body>
408
409 <p>
410 If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
411 installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
412 link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
413 go to a new terminal and log in.
414 </p>
415
416 <p>
417 If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
418 <c>links2</c> to read it:
419 </p>
420
421 <pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
422 # <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
423 </pre>
424
425 <p>
426 However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
427 more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
428 as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
429 chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
430 document):
431 </p>
432
433 <pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
434 # <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-sparc.xml</i>
435 </pre>
436
437 <p>
438 You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
439 </p>
440
441 </body>
442 </subsection>
443 <subsection>
444 <title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
445 <body>
446
447 <p>
448 If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
449 Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
450 install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
451 account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
452 (<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
453 </p>
454
455 <p>
456 To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
457 </p>
458
459 <pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
460 # <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
461 </pre>
462
463 <p>
464 To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
465 the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
466 </p>
467
468 </body>
469 </subsection>
470 </section>
471 </sections>

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