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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.37 2005/11/21 16:38:19 neysx Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>2.7</version>
12 <date>2005-11-24</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri
36 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38 </tr>
39 <tr>
40 <th>CPU</th>
41 <ti>
42 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs
43 </ti>
44 </tr>
45 <tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>64 MB</ti>
48 </tr>
49 <tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52 </tr>
53 <tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56 </tr>
57 </table>
58
59 </body>
60 </subsection>
61 </section>
62 <!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63 <!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Introduction</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
81 two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
82 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
83 version of the available packages.
84 </p>
85
86 <p>
87 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
88 the installation instructions described in the <uri
89 link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
90 </p>
91
92 <p>
93 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
94 </p>
95
96 <ul>
97 <li>
98 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
99 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
101 </li>
102 <li>
103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
106 </li>
107 </ul>
108
109 <p>
110 We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
111 of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
112 More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
113 link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
114 HOWTO</uri>.
115 </p>
116
117 <p>
118 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
119 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
120 </p>
121
122 </body>
123 </subsection>
124 <subsection>
125 <title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
126 <body>
127
128 <p>
129 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1-r1.iso</c>
130 and takes up only 32 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
131 install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
132 </p>
133
134 <table>
135 <tr>
136 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
137 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
138 </tr>
139 <tr>
140 <th>+</th>
141 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
142 </tr>
143 <tr>
144 <th>-</th>
145 <ti>
146 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
147 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
148 </ti>
149 </tr>
150 </table>
151
152 </body>
153 </subsection>
154 <subsection>
155 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
156 <body>
157
158 <p>
159 The Universal Installation CD is called
160 <c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and use 525 MB. You can use this
161 Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
162 without a working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to
163 another PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
164 </p>
165
166 <table>
167 <tr>
168 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
169 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
170 </tr>
171 <tr>
172 <th>+</th>
173 <ti>
174 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
175 connection.
176 </ti>
177 </tr>
178 <tr>
179 <th>-</th>
180 <ti>Huge download</ti>
181 </tr>
182 </table>
183
184 </body>
185 </subsection>
186 <subsection>
187 <title>Other CDs</title>
188 <body>
189
190 <p>
191 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
192 Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
193 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
194 set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
195 (such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
196 Gentoo installation.
197 </p>
198
199 <p>
200 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
201 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
202 </p>
203
204 </body>
205 </subsection>
206 <subsection>
207 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
208 <body>
209
210 <p>
211 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
212 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
213 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
214 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
215 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
216 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
217 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
218 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
219 </p>
220
221 </body>
222 </subsection>
223 </section>
224 <!-- STOP -->
225 <section>
226 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
227 <subsection>
228 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
229 <body>
230
231 <p>
232 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
233 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
234 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
235 </p>
236
237 <p>
238 You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
239 CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
240 Installation CDs are located in the
241 <path>releases/sparc/2005.1-r1/sparc64/installcd</path> directory.
242 </p>
243
244 <p>
245 Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
246 can write on a CD-R.
247 </p>
248
249 <p>
250 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
251 MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
252 <path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1-r1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
253 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
254 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
255 </p>
256
257 <p>
258 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
259 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
260 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
261 </p>
262
263 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
264 $ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
265 </pre>
266
267 <p>
268 Now verify the signature:
269 </p>
270
271 <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
272 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
273 </pre>
274
275 <p>
276 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
277 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
278 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
279 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
280 </p>
281
282 <ul>
283 <li>
284 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
285 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
286 path).
287 </li>
288 <li>
289 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
290 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
291 <c>Start</c>.
292 </li>
293 </ul>
294
295 </body>
296 </subsection>
297 <subsection>
298 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
299 <body>
300
301 <p>
302 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
303 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
304 boot from the CD-ROM:
305 </p>
306
307 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
308 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
309 </pre>
310
311 <p>
312 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). Type in
313 <c>gentoo-2.4</c> and press enter to continue booting the
314 system:
315 </p>
316
317 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
318 boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i>
319 </pre>
320
321 <p>
322 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
323 system.
324 </p>
325
326 <p>
327 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
328 to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
329 started on by pressing Alt-F1. You will also find a root prompt on the serial
330 console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
331 </p>
332
333 <p>
334 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
335 </p>
336
337 </body>
338 </subsection>
339 <subsection id="hardware">
340 <title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
341 <body>
342
343 <p>
344 If not all hardware is supported out-of-the-box, you will need to load the
345 appropriate kernel modules.
346 </p>
347
348 <p>
349 In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
350 certain kinds of network interfaces):
351 </p>
352
353 <pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
354 # <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
355 </pre>
356
357 </body>
358 </subsection>
359 <subsection id="useraccounts">
360 <title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
361 <body>
362
363 <p>
364 If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
365 environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
366 security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
367 the root password.
368 </p>
369
370 <p>
371 To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
372 </p>
373
374 <pre caption="Changing the root password">
375 # <i>passwd</i>
376 New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
377 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
378 </pre>
379
380 <p>
381 To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
382 its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
383 In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
384 </p>
385
386 <pre caption="Creating a user account">
387 # <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
388 # <i>passwd john</i>
389 New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
390 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
391 </pre>
392
393 <p>
394 You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
395 <c>su</c>:
396 </p>
397
398 <pre caption="Changing user id">
399 # <i>su - john</i>
400 </pre>
401
402 </body>
403 </subsection>
404 <subsection>
405 <title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
406 <body>
407
408 <p>
409 If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
410 installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
411 link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
412 go to a new terminal and log in.
413 </p>
414
415 <p>
416 If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
417 <c>links2</c> to read it:
418 </p>
419
420 <pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
421 # <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
422 </pre>
423
424 <p>
425 However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
426 more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
427 as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
428 chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
429 document):
430 </p>
431
432 <pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
433 # <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-sparc.xml</i>
434 </pre>
435
436 <p>
437 You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
438 </p>
439
440 </body>
441 </subsection>
442 <subsection>
443 <title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
444 <body>
445
446 <p>
447 If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
448 Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
449 install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
450 account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
451 (<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
452 </p>
453
454 <p>
455 To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
456 </p>
457
458 <pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
459 # <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
460 </pre>
461
462 <p>
463 To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
464 the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
465 </p>
466
467 </body>
468 </subsection>
469 </section>
470 </sections>

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