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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.47 2008/05/02 08:04:23 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>9.2</version>
12 <date>2009-01-25</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/sparc/sunhw.xml">Gentoo
36 Linux/SPARC64 Compatibility list</uri> or the <uri
37 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
38 </ti>
39 </tr>
40 <tr>
41 <th>CPU</th>
42 <ti>
43 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs
44 </ti>
45 </tr>
46 <tr>
47 <th>Memory</th>
48 <ti>64 MB</ti>
49 </tr>
50 <tr>
51 <th>Diskspace</th>
52 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
53 </tr>
54 <tr>
55 <th>Swap space</th>
56 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
57 </tr>
58 </table>
59
60 </body>
61 </subsection>
62 </section>
63
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Introduction</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
81 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
82 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
83 version of the available packages.
84 </p>
85
86 <p>
87 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
88 the installation instructions described in the <uri
89 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
90 </p>
91
92 <p>
93 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
94 </p>
95
96 <ul>
97 <li>
98 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
99 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
101 </li>
102 <li>
103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
106 </li>
107 </ul>
108
109 <p>
110 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
111 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
112 </p>
113
114 </body>
115 </subsection>
116 <subsection>
117 <title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
118 <body>
119
120 <p>
121 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2008.0.iso</c>
122 and takes up only 44 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
123 install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
124 </p>
125
126 <table>
127 <tr>
128 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
129 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
130 </tr>
131 <tr>
132 <th>+</th>
133 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
134 </tr>
135 <tr>
136 <th>-</th>
137 <ti>
138 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
139 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
140 </ti>
141 </tr>
142 </table>
143
144 </body>
145 </subsection>
146 <subsection>
147 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
148 <body>
149
150 <p>
151 The Universal Installation CD is called
152 <c>install-sparc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 295 MB. You can use this
153 Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
154 without a working internet connection.
155 </p>
156
157 <table>
158 <tr>
159 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
160 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
161 </tr>
162 <tr>
163 <th>+</th>
164 <ti>
165 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
166 connection.
167 </ti>
168 </tr>
169 <tr>
170 <th>-</th>
171 <ti>Huge download</ti>
172 </tr>
173 </table>
174
175 </body>
176 </subsection>
177 <subsection>
178 <title>Other CDs</title>
179 <body>
180
181 <p>
182 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
183 Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
184 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
185 set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
186 (such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
187 Gentoo installation.
188 </p>
189
190 <p>
191 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
192 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
193 </p>
194
195 </body>
196 </subsection>
197 <subsection>
198 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
199 <body>
200
201 <p>
202 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
203 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
204 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
205 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
206 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
207 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
208 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
209 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
210 </p>
211
212 </body>
213 </subsection>
214 </section>
215 <!-- STOP -->
216 <section>
217 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
218 <subsection>
219 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
220 <body>
221
222 <p>
223 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
224 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
225 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
226 </p>
227
228 <p>
229 You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD
230 as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
231 Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval
232 id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
233 </p>
234
235 <p>
236 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
237 can write on a CD-R.
238 </p>
239
240 <p>
241 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
242 MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
243 <path>install-sparc64-minimal-2008.0.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
244 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
245 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
246 </p>
247
248 <p>
249 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
250 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
251 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
252 </p>
253
254 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
255 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
256 </pre>
257
258 <p>
259 Now verify the signature:
260 </p>
261
262 <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
263 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
264 </pre>
265
266 <p>
267 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
268 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
269 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
270 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
271 </p>
272
273 <ul>
274 <li>
275 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
276 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
277 path).
278 </li>
279 <li>
280 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
281 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
282 </li>
283 </ul>
284
285 </body>
286 </subsection>
287 <subsection>
288 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
289 <body>
290
291 <p>
292 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
293 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
294 boot from the CD-ROM:
295 </p>
296
297 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
298 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
299 </pre>
300
301 <p>
302 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
303 hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
304 continue booting the system:
305 </p>
306
307 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
308 boot: <i>gentoo</i>
309 </pre>
310
311 <p>
312 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
313 system.
314 </p>
315
316 <p>
317 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
318 root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
319 </p>
320
321 <p>
322 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
323 </p>
324
325 </body>
326 </subsection>
327
328 <subsection>
329 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
330 </subsection>
331
332 </section>
333 </sections>

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