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Revision 1.49 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Wed Mar 3 01:40:45 2010 UTC (4 years, 9 months ago) by nightmorph
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Changes since 1.48: +22 -4 lines
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link netboot stuff to the sparc handbook as an install method, bug 296744

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.48 2009/01/26 07:51:05 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>9.3</version>
12 <date>2010-03-02</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/sparc/sunhw.xml">Gentoo
36 Linux/SPARC64 Compatibility list</uri> or the <uri
37 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
38 </ti>
39 </tr>
40 <tr>
41 <th>CPU</th>
42 <ti>
43 We currently only support SPARC64 CPUs
44 </ti>
45 </tr>
46 <tr>
47 <th>Memory</th>
48 <ti>64 MB</ti>
49 </tr>
50 <tr>
51 <th>Diskspace</th>
52 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
53 </tr>
54 <tr>
55 <th>Swap space</th>
56 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
57 </tr>
58 </table>
59
60 </body>
61 </subsection>
62 </section>
63
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Introduction</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
81 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
82 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
83 version of the available packages.
84 </p>
85
86 <p>
87 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
88 the installation instructions described in the <uri
89 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
90 </p>
91
92 <p>
93 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
94 </p>
95
96 <ul>
97 <li>
98 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
99 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
101 </li>
102 <li>
103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
106 </li>
107 </ul>
108
109 <p>
110 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
111 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
112 </p>
113
114 </body>
115 </subsection>
116 <subsection>
117 <title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
118 <body>
119
120 <p>
121 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2008.0.iso</c>
122 and takes up only 44 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
123 install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
124 </p>
125
126 <table>
127 <tr>
128 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
129 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
130 </tr>
131 <tr>
132 <th>+</th>
133 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
134 </tr>
135 <tr>
136 <th>-</th>
137 <ti>
138 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
139 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
140 </ti>
141 </tr>
142 </table>
143
144 </body>
145 </subsection>
146 <subsection>
147 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
148 <body>
149
150 <p>
151 The Universal Installation CD is called
152 <c>install-sparc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 295 MB. You can use this
153 Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
154 without a working internet connection.
155 </p>
156
157 <table>
158 <tr>
159 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
160 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
161 </tr>
162 <tr>
163 <th>+</th>
164 <ti>
165 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
166 connection.
167 </ti>
168 </tr>
169 <tr>
170 <th>-</th>
171 <ti>Huge download</ti>
172 </tr>
173 </table>
174
175 </body>
176 </subsection>
177 <subsection>
178 <title>Other CDs</title>
179 <body>
180
181 <p>
182 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
183 Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
184 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
185 set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
186 (such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
187 Gentoo installation.
188 </p>
189
190 <p>
191 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
192 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
193 </p>
194
195 </body>
196 </subsection>
197 <subsection>
198 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
199 <body>
200
201 <p>
202 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
203 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
204 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
205 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
206 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
207 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
208 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
209 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
210 </p>
211
212 </body>
213 </subsection>
214 <subsection>
215 <title>TFTPBoot image</title>
216 <body>
217
218 <p>
219 If you can't use a CD, or prefer booting over an IP network, there're also
220 TFTPBoot images available on our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
221 under <path>experimental/sparc/tftpboot/sparc64/</path>.
222 </p>
223
224 <p>
225 For setting up a netboot server, please read the <uri
226 link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
227 HOWTO</uri>.
228 </p>
229
230 </body>
231 </subsection>
232 </section>
233 <!-- STOP -->
234 <section>
235 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
236 <subsection>
237 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
238 <body>
239
240 <p>
241 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
242 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
243 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
244 </p>
245
246 <p>
247 You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD
248 as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
249 Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval
250 id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
251 </p>
252
253 <p>
254 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
255 can write on a CD-R.
256 </p>
257
258 <p>
259 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
260 MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
261 <path>install-sparc64-minimal-2008.0.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
262 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
263 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
264 </p>
265
266 <p>
267 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
268 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
269 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
270 </p>
271
272 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
273 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
274 </pre>
275
276 <p>
277 Now verify the signature:
278 </p>
279
280 <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
281 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
282 </pre>
283
284 <p>
285 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
286 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
287 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
288 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
289 </p>
290
291 <ul>
292 <li>
293 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
294 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
295 path).
296 </li>
297 <li>
298 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
299 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
300 </li>
301 </ul>
302
303 </body>
304 </subsection>
305 <subsection>
306 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
307 <body>
308
309 <p>
310 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
311 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
312 boot from the CD-ROM:
313 </p>
314
315 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
316 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
317 </pre>
318
319 <p>
320 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
321 hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
322 continue booting the system:
323 </p>
324
325 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
326 boot: <i>gentoo</i>
327 </pre>
328
329 <p>
330 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
331 system.
332 </p>
333
334 <p>
335 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
336 root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
337 </p>
338
339 <p>
340 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
341 </p>
342
343 </body>
344 </subsection>
345
346 <subsection>
347 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
348 </subsection>
349
350 </section>
351 </sections>

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