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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.52 2011/11/27 18:17:23 swift Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>13</version>
12 <date>2012-02-26</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/sparc/sunhw.xml">Gentoo
36 Linux/SPARC64 Compatibility list</uri> or the <uri
37 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
38 </ti>
39 </tr>
40 <tr>
41 <th>CPU</th>
42 <ti>
43 We currently only support SPARC64 CPUs
44 </ti>
45 </tr>
46 <tr>
47 <th>Memory</th>
48 <ti>64 MB</ti>
49 </tr>
50 <tr>
51 <th>Diskspace</th>
52 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
53 </tr>
54 <tr>
55 <th>Swap space</th>
56 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
57 </tr>
58 </table>
59
60 </body>
61 </subsection>
62 </section>
63
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Introduction</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
81 </p>
82 <!--
83 <impo>
84 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
85 the installation instructions described in the <uri
86 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
87 </impo>
88 -->
89 <!--
90 <p>
91 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
92 </p>
93
94 <ul>
95 <li>
96 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
97 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
98 continue with the Gentoo installation.
99 </li>
100 <li>
101 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
102 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
103 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
104 </li>
105 </ul>
106
107 <p>
108 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
109 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
110 </p>
111 -->
112 </body>
113 </subsection>
114 <subsection>
115 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
116 <body>
117
118 <p>
119 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
120 takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
121 Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
122 connection.
123 </p>
124 <!--
125 <table>
126 <tr>
127 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
128 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
129 </tr>
130 <tr>
131 <th>+</th>
132 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
133 </tr>
134 <tr>
135 <th>-</th>
136 <ti>
137 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
138 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
139 </ti>
140 </tr>
141 </table>
142
143 </body>
144 </subsection>
145 <subsection>
146 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
147 <body>
148
149 <p>
150 The Universal Installation CD is called
151 <c>install-sparc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 295 MB. You can use this
152 Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
153 without a working internet connection.
154 </p>
155
156 <table>
157 <tr>
158 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
159 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
160 </tr>
161 <tr>
162 <th>+</th>
163 <ti>
164 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
165 connection.
166 </ti>
167 </tr>
168 <tr>
169 <th>-</th>
170 <ti>Huge download</ti>
171 </tr>
172 </table>
173 -->
174 <!--
175 </body>
176 </subsection>
177 <subsection>
178 <title>Other CDs</title>
179 <body>
180
181 <p>
182 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
183 Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
184 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
185 set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
186 (such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
187 Gentoo installation.
188 </p>
189
190 <p>
191 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
192 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
193 </p>
194 -->
195 </body>
196 </subsection>
197 <subsection>
198 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
199 <body>
200
201 <p>
202 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
203 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
204 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
205 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
206 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
207 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
208 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
209 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
210 </p>
211
212 <p>
213 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
214 id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
215 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
216 on the LiveCD.
217 </p>
218
219 </body>
220 </subsection>
221 <subsection>
222 <title>TFTPBoot image</title>
223 <body>
224
225 <p>
226 If you can't use a CD, or prefer booting over an IP network, there're also
227 TFTPBoot images available on our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
228 under <path>experimental/sparc/tftpboot/sparc64/</path>.
229 </p>
230
231 <p>
232 For setting up a netboot server, please read the <uri
233 link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
234 HOWTO</uri>.
235 </p>
236
237 </body>
238 </subsection>
239 </section>
240 <!-- STOP -->
241 <section>
242 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
243 <subsection>
244 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
245 <body>
246
247 <p>
248 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
249 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
250 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
251 </p>
252
253 <p>
254 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
255 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
256 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
257 </p>
258
259 <p>
260 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
261 can write on a CD-R.
262 </p>
263
264 <p>
265 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
266 its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
267 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
268 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
269 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
270 </p>
271
272 <p>
273 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
274 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
275 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys:
276 </p>
277
278 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
279 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
280 </pre>
281
282 <p>
283 Now verify the signature:
284 </p>
285
286 <pre caption="Verify the files">
287 <comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
288 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
289 <comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
290 $ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
291 </pre>
292
293 <p>
294 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
295 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
296 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
297 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
298 </p>
299
300 <ul>
301 <li>
302 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
303 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
304 path).
305 </li>
306 <li>
307 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
308 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
309 </li>
310 </ul>
311
312 </body>
313 </subsection>
314 <subsection>
315 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
316 <body>
317
318 <p>
319 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
320 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
321 boot from the CD-ROM:
322 </p>
323
324 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
325 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
326 </pre>
327
328 <p>
329 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
330 hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
331 continue booting the system:
332 </p>
333
334 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
335 boot: <i>gentoo</i>
336 </pre>
337
338 <p>
339 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
340 system.
341 </p>
342
343 <p>
344 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
345 root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
346 </p>
347
348 <p>
349 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
350 </p>
351
352 </body>
353 </subsection>
354
355 <subsection>
356 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
357 </subsection>
358
359 </section>
360 </sections>

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