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Revision 1.62 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Sat Apr 12 12:25:48 2014 UTC (5 months, 1 week ago) by swift
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: HEAD
Changes since 1.61: +15 -126 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
Fix bug #506132 - Most architectures only have a single installation CD. Also, LiveDVD is not created every 6 months. Thanks to Vladimir Romanov

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.61 2014/01/23 19:32:49 swift Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>21</version>
12 <date>2014-04-12</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/sparc/sunhw.xml">Gentoo
36 Linux/SPARC64 Compatibility list</uri> or the <uri
37 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
38 </ti>
39 </tr>
40 <tr>
41 <th>CPU</th>
42 <ti>
43 We currently only support SPARC64 CPUs
44 </ti>
45 </tr>
46 <tr>
47 <th>Memory</th>
48 <ti>64 MB</ti>
49 </tr>
50 <tr>
51 <th>Diskspace</th>
52 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
53 </tr>
54 <tr>
55 <th>Swap space</th>
56 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
57 </tr>
58 </table>
59
60 </body>
61 </subsection>
62 </section>
63
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CD</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Minimal Installation CD</e> is a bootable CD which contains a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. The CD is maintained by Gentoo developers and allows you to install
76 Gentoo with an active Internet connection.
77 </p>
78
79 <p>
80 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
81 takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace.
82 </p>
83
84 </body>
85 </subsection>
86 <subsection>
87 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
88 <body>
89
90 <p>
91 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
92 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
93 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
94 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
95 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
96 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
97 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_Install_Gentoo_Using_a_Stage1_or_Stage2_Tarball.3F">How
98 do I Install Gentoo Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
99 </p>
100
101 <p>
102 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
103 id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
104 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
105 on the LiveCD.
106 </p>
107
108 </body>
109 </subsection>
110 <subsection>
111 <title>TFTPBoot image</title>
112 <body>
113
114 <p>
115 If you can't use a CD, or prefer booting over an IP network, there're also
116 TFTPBoot images available on our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
117 under <path>experimental/sparc/tftpboot/sparc64/</path>.
118 </p>
119
120 <p>
121 For setting up a netboot server, please read the <uri
122 link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Sparc/Netboot">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
123 HOWTO</uri>.
124 </p>
125
126 </body>
127 </subsection>
128 </section>
129 <!-- STOP -->
130 <section>
131 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
132 <subsection>
133 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CD</title>
134 <body>
135
136 <p>
137 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
138 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
139 the Installation CD, but where can you find it?
140 </p>
141
142 <p>
143 You can download the Installation CD from one of our <uri
144 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CD is located in
145 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
146 </p>
147
148 <p>
149 Inside that directory you'll find the ISO file. This is a full CD image which you
150 can write on a CD-R.
151 </p>
152
153 <p>
154 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
155 its SHA-2 checksum and compare it with the SHA-2 checksum we provide (such as
156 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the SHA-2
157 checksum with the <c>sha512sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
158 link="http://www.sinf.gr/en/hashcalc.html">Checksums calculator</uri> for Windows.
159 </p>
160
161 <note>
162 The tool will attempt to verify the checksums in the list, even if the checksum
163 is made with a different algorithm. Therefore, the output of the command might
164 give both success (for SHA checksums) and failures (for other checksums). At
165 least one OK needs to be provided for each file.
166 </note>
167
168 <pre caption="Verifying the SHA-2 checksum">
169 $ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS&gt;</i>
170 </pre>
171
172 <note>
173 If you get the message that no properly formatted SHA checksum was found, take a
174 look at the DIGESTS file yourself to see what the supported checksums are.
175 </note>
176
177 <p>
178 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
179 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
180 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
181 key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
182 engineering project site</uri>.
183 </p>
184
185 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
186 <comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
187 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
188 </pre>
189
190 <p>
191 Now verify the signature:
192 </p>
193
194 <pre caption="Verify the files">
195 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
196 $ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
197 </pre>
198
199 <p>
200 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
201 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
202 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
203 link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_burn_an_ISO_file.3F">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
204 </p>
205
206 <ul>
207 <li>
208 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 &lt;downloaded iso
209 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/sr0</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
210 path).
211 </li>
212 <li>
213 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
214 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
215 </li>
216 </ul>
217
218 </body>
219 </subsection>
220 <subsection>
221 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
222 <body>
223
224 <p>
225 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
226 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
227 boot from the CD-ROM:
228 </p>
229
230 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
231 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
232 </pre>
233
234 <p>
235 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
236 hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
237 continue booting the system:
238 </p>
239
240 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
241 boot: <i>gentoo</i>
242 </pre>
243
244 <p>
245 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
246 system.
247 </p>
248
249 <p>
250 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
251 root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
252 </p>
253
254 <p>
255 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
256 </p>
257
258 </body>
259 </subsection>
260
261 <subsection>
262 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
263 </subsection>
264
265 </section>
266 </sections>

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