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3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.25 2004/12/26 19:33:16 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.26 2005/01/04 18:11:21 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.21</version> 11<version>1.22</version>
12<date>2004-12-26</date> 12<date>2005-01-04</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The SPARC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri
36 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>CPU</th>
41 <ti>
42 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
30<body> 59</body>
60</subsection>
61</section>
62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64<!-- START -->
65<section>
66<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
67<subsection>
68<title>Introduction</title>
69<body>
31 70
32<p> 71<p>
33Check the following requirements before you 72Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 73A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
74environment.
35</p> 75</p>
36 76
37<ul> 77<ul>
38<li> 78 <li>
39 You need at least 1 GB of free disk space 79 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
80 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
81 or Portage depends.
40</li> 82 </li>
41<li> 83 <li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 MB of memory (RAM + 84 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
43 swap) 85 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
86 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
44</li> 87 </li>
45<li> 88 <li>
46 For the <e>SPARC architecture</e>, you should check with the <uri 89 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
47 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri> 90 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
91 needs to choose which one you want to install.
48</li> 92 </li>
49</ul> 93</ul>
50 94
95<p>
96To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
97major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
98</p>
99
51</body> 100</body>
52</subsection>
53</section>
54<section>
55<title>Make your Choice</title>
56<subsection> 101</subsection>
57<title>Introduction</title>
58<body>
59
60<p>
61Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
62choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
63choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
64Gentoo base system.
65</p>
66
67<p>
68The installation media we will describe are:
69</p>
70
71<ul>
72<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
73<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
74</ul>
75
76<p>
77Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
78the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
79make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
80three-stage installation.
81</p>
82
83</body>
84</subsection> 102<subsection>
85<subsection> 103<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
86<title>The Three Stages</title>
87<body> 104<body>
88 105
89<p>
90Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
91The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
92yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
93build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
94building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
95The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
96been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
97Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
98packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
99</p> 106<p>
100 107A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
108from scratch.
101<p> 109</p>
102Now what stage do you have to choose? 110
103</p> 111<p>
104
105<p>
106Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 112Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
107optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 113optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
108initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 114initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
109power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 115power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
110installation method for those who would like to know more about the 116installation method for those who would like to know more about the
111inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 117inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
112</p> 118</p>
113 119
114<p>
115A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
116Internet connection.
117</p>
118
119<table> 120<table>
120<tr> 121<tr>
121 <th>Stage1</th> 122 <th>Stage1</th>
122 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
123</tr> 124</tr>
141 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
142</tr> 143</tr>
143<tr> 144<tr>
144 <th>-</th> 145 <th>-</th>
145 <ti> 146 <ti>
146 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
147 </ti> 148 </ti>
148</tr> 149</tr>
149<tr>
150 <th>-</th>
151 <ti>
152 Not suitable for networkless installations
153 </ti>
154</tr>
155</table> 150</table>
156 151
152</body>
153</subsection>
154<subsection>
155<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
156<body>
157
158<p>
159A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
160"semi-compiled" state.
157<p> 161</p>
162
163<p>
158<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 164Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
159is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 165is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
160for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 166for your particular stage2 tarball.
161</p>
162
163<p>
164A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
165Internet connection.
166</p> 167</p>
167 168
168<table> 169<table>
169<tr> 170<tr>
170 <th>Stage2</th> 171 <th>Stage2</th>
186 <th>-</th> 187 <th>-</th>
187 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 188 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
188</tr> 189</tr>
189<tr> 190<tr>
190 <th>-</th> 191 <th>-</th>
191 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 192 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
192</tr> 193</tr>
193<tr> 194<tr>
194 <th>-</th> 195 <th>-</th>
195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 196 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr> 197</tr>
197<tr>
198 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>
200 Not suitable for networkless installations
201 </ti>
202</tr>
203</table> 198</table>
204 199
200</body>
201</subsection>
202<subsection>
203<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
204<body>
205
206<p>
207A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
208built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
209decide for you which one to choose.
205<p> 210</p>
211
212<p>
206Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 213Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
207Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 214Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
208settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 215settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
209and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 216and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
210stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 217stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
211prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 218prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
212</p> 219</p>
213 220
214<table> 221<table>
215<tr> 222<tr>
219<tr> 226<tr>
220 <th>+</th> 227 <th>+</th>
221 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 228 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
222</tr> 229</tr>
223<tr> 230<tr>
224 <th>+</th>
225 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
226</tr>
227<tr>
228 <th>-</th> 231 <th>-</th>
229 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 232 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
230</tr> 233</tr>
231<tr>
232 <th>-</th>
233 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
234</tr>
235</table> 234</table>
236 235
237<p> 236<p>
238Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
239you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
240be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 237You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
241after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 238optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
242with the new optimization settings. 239recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
243</p>
244
245<p> 240</p>
246Now take a look at the available installation media.
247</p>
248 241
249</body> 242</body>
250</subsection>
251<subsection> 243</subsection>
244</section>
245<section>
252<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 246<title>The Gentoo LiveCDs</title>
247<subsection>
248<title>Introduction</title>
253<body> 249<body>
254 250
255<p> 251<p>
256The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 252The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
257self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 253self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
259are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 255are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
260</p> 256</p>
261 257
262<p> 258<p>
263All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 259All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
264partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 260partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
265LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 261two LiveCDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long as you're
266Gentoo without a working network configuration. 262planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest version
267</p> 263of the available packages.
268
269<p> 264</p>
270Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 265
266<p>
267If you whish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
268the installation instructions described in the <uri
269link="2004.3/index.xml">Gentoo 2004.3 Handbooks</uri>.
270</p>
271
272<p>
273The two LiveCDs that we currently provide are:
274</p>
275
276<ul>
277 <li>
278 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> LiveCD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
279 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue with
280 the Gentoo installation.
281 </li>
282 <li>
283 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> LiveCD, a bootable CD with the same abilities as
284 the Minimal LiveCD. Additionally, it contains a stage1 and several stage3
285 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
286 </li>
287</ul>
288
289<p>
290To help you decide which LiveCD you need, we have written down the major
291advantages and disadvantages of each LiveCD.
271</p> 292</p>
272 293
273</body> 294</body>
274</subsection> 295</subsection>
275<subsection> 296<subsection>
276<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 297<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title>
277<body> 298<body>
278 299
279<p> 300<p>
280This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 301The Minimal LiveCD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.3.iso</c> and
281system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 302takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this LiveCD to install Gentoo,
282does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 303but always with a working Internet connection only.
283source code or precompiled packages. For example the sparc64 variant of this
284LiveCD can be found in the <path>sparc64/</path> subdirectory and is called
285<c>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.3.iso</c>.
286</p> 304</p>
287 305
288<table> 306<table>
289<tr> 307<tr>
290 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 308 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th>
291 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 309 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
292</tr> 310</tr>
293<tr> 311<tr>
294 <th>+</th> 312 <th>+</th>
295 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 313 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
296</tr>
297<tr>
298 <th>+</th>
299 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
300</tr> 314</tr>
301<tr> 315<tr>
302 <th>+</th> 316 <th>+</th>
303 <ti> 317 <ti>
304 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 318 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
306 </ti> 320 </ti>
307</tr> 321</tr>
308<tr> 322<tr>
309 <th>-</th> 323 <th>-</th>
310 <ti> 324 <ti>
311 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 325 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
312 suitable for networkless installation 326 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
313 </ti> 327 </ti>
314</tr> 328</tr>
315</table> 329</table>
316 330
317</body> 331</body>
319<subsection> 333<subsection>
320<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 334<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title>
321<body> 335<body>
322 336
323<p> 337<p>
324Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without 338The Universal LiveCD is called <c>install-sparc-universal-2004.3.iso</c> and
325networking. It contains a stage1 and stage3 tarballs (optimized for the 339consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this LiveCD to install
326sparc architecture). For example the sparc64 variant of this CD is called 340Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
327<c>install-sparc64-universal-2004.3.iso</c> and can be found in the 341connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you
328<path>sparc64/</path> subdirectory. 342are currently installing Gentoo on :)
329</p>
330
331<p>
332If you take a closer look into the directories you will see
333that we provide a <e>Gentoo Package CD</e>. This CD (which isn't
334bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software
335after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only
336need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
337etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
338CD too. Such a Packages CD for sparc64 is called
339<c>packages-sparc64-2004.3.iso</c>.
340</p>
341
342<p>
343You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
344installation.
345</p> 343</p>
346 344
347<table> 345<table>
348<tr> 346<tr>
349 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 347 <th>Universal LiveCD</th>
350 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 348 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
351</tr>
352<tr>
353 <th>+</th>
354 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
355</tr>
356<tr>
357 <th>+</th>
358 <ti>
359 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
360 </ti>
361</tr> 349</tr>
362<tr> 350<tr>
363 <th>+</th> 351 <th>+</th>
364 <ti> 352 <ti>
365 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 353 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
372</tr> 360</tr>
373</table> 361</table>
374 362
375</body> 363</body>
376</subsection> 364</subsection>
365<subsection>
366<title>Other CDs</title>
367<body>
368
369<p>
370You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
371no LiveCD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a networkless
372installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set) that allows
373you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
374OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
375installation.
376</p>
377
378</body>
379</subsection>
377</section> 380</section>
381<!-- STOP -->
378<section> 382<section>
379<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 383<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title>
380<subsection> 384<subsection>
381<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 385<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title>
382<body> 386<body>
383 387
384<p> 388<p>
385You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the 389You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD. We'll first start by downloading and
386wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen 390burning the chosen LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available
387LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you 391LiveCDs, but where can you find them?
388find them?
389</p>
390
391<p> 392</p>
392Visit one of our <uri 393
393link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
394<path>releases/sparc/2004.3/livecd</path> where the LiveCD(s) of
395your choice are located. Inside the subdirectories <path>sparc32/</path> and
396<path>sparc64/</path> you'll find so-called ISO-files.
397Those are full CD images which you can write on a CD-R.
398</p> 394<p>
399 395You can download any of the LiveCDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD as well)
396from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The LiveCDs
397are located in the <path>releases/sparc/2004.3/livecd/sparc64</path> directory.
400<p> 398</p>
399
400<p>
401Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
402which you can write on a CD-R.
403</p>
404
405<p>
401In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 406n case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
402check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 407MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
403<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 408<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
404checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 409checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
405link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 410link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
406</p> 411</p>
407 412
430link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 435link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
431</p> 436</p>
432 437
433<ul> 438<ul>
434 <li> 439 <li>
435 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 440 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
436 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 441 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
437 by the path to the ISO file :) 442 path) followed by the path to the ISO file :)
438 </li> 443 </li>
439 <li> 444 <li>
440 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 445 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
441 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 446 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
442 <c>Start</c>. 447 <c>Start</c>.
444</ul> 449</ul>
445 450
446</body> 451</body>
447</subsection> 452</subsection>
448<subsection> 453<subsection>
449<title>Booting the SPARC LiveCD</title> 454<title>Booting the LiveCD</title>
450<body> 455<body>
451 456
452<p> 457<p>
453Insert the Gentoo LiveCD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During startup, 458Insert the Gentoo LiveCD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During startup,
454press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP, boot from the 459press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP, boot from the

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