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release time. note that since this is beta1, the release dir and stage/media names have been adjusted accordingly. also, the handbooks are marked with a disclaimer=draft, so once the final is out, that will be removed and the release names adjusted. in the mean time, these are live. the beta is officially released. no, it's not april fools, but it is april 1st. :)

1 neysx 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6    
7 nightmorph 1.10 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/draft/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml,v 1.15 2008/03/31 21:48:59 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 neysx 1.1
9     <sections>
10    
11 neysx 1.5 <abstract>
12     You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13     Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD although installation through the
14     Installer LiveCD is possible as well.
15     </abstract>
16    
17 nightmorph 1.10 <version>6.0</version>
18     <date>2008-04-01</date>
19 neysx 1.1
20     <section>
21     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
22     <subsection>
23     <title>Introduction</title>
24     <body>
25    
26     <p>
27     Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
28     successfully install Gentoo on your box.
29     </p>
30    
31     </body>
32     </subsection>
33     <subsection>
34     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
35 neysx 1.2 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
36 neysx 1.1
37     <table>
38     <tr>
39     <ti/>
40     <th>Minimal CD</th>
41     <th>LiveCD</th>
42     </tr>
43     <tr>
44     <th>CPU</th>
45     <ti>i486 or later</ti>
46     <ti><b>i686</b> or later</ti>
47     </tr>
48     <tr>
49     <th>Memory</th>
50     <ti>64 MB</ti>
51 neysx 1.8 <ti>256 MB</ti>
52 neysx 1.1 </tr>
53     <tr>
54     <th>Diskspace</th>
55     <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
56     </tr>
57     <tr>
58     <th>Swap space</th>
59     <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
60     </tr>
61     </table>
62    
63     </body>
64 neysx 1.2 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
65    
66     <table>
67     <tr>
68 neysx 1.8 <ti/>
69     <th>Minimal CD</th>
70     <th>LiveCD</th>
71     </tr>
72     <tr>
73 neysx 1.2 <th>CPU</th>
74 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">Any AMD64 CPU or EM64T CPU</ti>
75 neysx 1.2 </tr>
76     <tr>
77     <th>Memory</th>
78     <ti>64 MB</ti>
79 neysx 1.8 <ti>256 MB</ti>
80 neysx 1.2 </tr>
81     <tr>
82     <th>Diskspace</th>
83 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
84 neysx 1.2 </tr>
85     <tr>
86     <th>Swap space</th>
87 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
88 neysx 1.2 </tr>
89     </table>
90    
91     <p>
92     You should check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/amd64/">Gentoo
93     AMD64 Project Page</uri> before proceeding.
94     </p>
95    
96     </body>
97 neysx 1.1 </subsection>
98     </section>
99     <!-- This part can be propagated to the other architectures as well. -->
100     <!-- START -->
101     <section>
102     <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
103     <subsection>
104     <title>Introduction</title>
105     <body>
106    
107     <p>
108     The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
109     self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
110     During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
111     are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
112     </p>
113    
114     <p>
115     All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
116     partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
117 neysx 1.7 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
118 neysx 1.1 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
119     latest version of the available packages.
120     </p>
121    
122 nightmorph 1.3 <impo>
123     If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
124 neysx 1.1 like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
125 nightmorph 1.10 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
126 neysx 1.1 Handbooks</uri>.
127     </impo>
128    
129     <p>
130 neysx 1.2 The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
131 neysx 1.1 </p>
132    
133     <ul>
134     <li>
135     The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
136     CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
137     continue with the Gentoo installation.
138     </li>
139 nightmorph 1.3 <li>
140 neysx 1.1 The Gentoo <e>Installer LiveCD</e> contains everything you need to install
141     Gentoo. It provides a graphical environment, a graphical as well as console
142     based installer which automatically carries out the installation for you,
143     and of course, the installation instructions for your architecture.
144     </li>
145     </ul>
146    
147     <p>
148     To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
149     major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
150     </p>
151    
152     </body>
153     </subsection>
154     <subsection>
155 neysx 1.2 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
156 neysx 1.1 <body>
157    
158     <p>
159 neysx 1.2 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
160     takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
161     Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
162     connection.
163 neysx 1.1 </p>
164    
165     <table>
166     <tr>
167     <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
168     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
169     </tr>
170     <tr>
171     <th>+</th>
172     <ti>Smallest download</ti>
173     </tr>
174     <tr>
175     <th>-</th>
176     <ti>
177 neysx 1.2 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
178     is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
179 neysx 1.1 </ti>
180     </tr>
181     </table>
182    
183     </body>
184     </subsection>
185 nightmorph 1.3 <subsection>
186 neysx 1.2 <title>Gentoo Installer LiveCD</title>
187 neysx 1.1 <body>
188    
189     <p>
190 neysx 1.2 The Installer LiveCD is called <c><keyval id="live-cd-name"/></c> and takes up
191     <keyval id="live-cd-size"/> MB. You can use this Installation CD to install
192     Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
193     connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
194     you are currently installing Gentoo on.
195 neysx 1.1 </p>
196    
197     <table>
198     <tr>
199     <th>Installer LiveCD</th>
200     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
201     </tr>
202     <tr>
203     <th>+</th>
204     <ti>
205     Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
206     connection.
207     </ti>
208     </tr>
209     <tr>
210     <th>-</th>
211     <ti>Huge download</ti>
212     </tr>
213     </table>
214    
215     </body>
216     </subsection>
217     <subsection>
218     <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
219     <body>
220    
221     <p>
222 neysx 1.2 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
223     suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
224     manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
225     three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
226 neysx 1.1 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
227     performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
228     the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
229     Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
230     </p>
231    
232     <p>
233 neysx 1.2 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
234     id="release-dir"/>stages/</path> on any of the <uri
235     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
236     on the LiveCD.
237 neysx 1.1 </p>
238    
239     </body>
240     </subsection>
241     </section>
242     <!-- STOP -->
243     <section>
244     <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
245     <subsection>
246     <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
247     <body>
248    
249     <p>
250     You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
251     downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
252     the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
253     </p>
254    
255 nightmorph 1.3 <p>
256 neysx 1.2 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
257     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
258     the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>installcd/</path> directory.
259     </p>
260    
261 neysx 1.1 <p>
262 nightmorph 1.10 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
263 neysx 1.1 can write on a CD-R.
264     </p>
265    
266     <p>
267     In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
268     its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
269 neysx 1.2 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
270 neysx 1.1 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
271     link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
272     </p>
273    
274     <p>
275     Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
276     verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
277     <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
278     </p>
279    
280     <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
281     $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
282     </pre>
283    
284     <p>
285     Now verify the signature:
286     </p>
287    
288     <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
289     $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
290     </pre>
291    
292     <p>
293     To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
294     do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
295     <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
296     link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
297     </p>
298    
299     <ul>
300     <li>
301     With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
302     file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
303     device path).
304     </li>
305     <li>
306 nightmorph 1.9 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
307     your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
308 neysx 1.1 </li>
309     </ul>
310    
311     </body>
312     </subsection>
313     <subsection>
314     <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
315     <body>
316    
317     <p>
318 neysx 1.2 Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
319 neysx 1.1 Remove all CDs from your CD drives, reboot your system and enter the BIOS.
320     This is usually done by hitting DEL, F1 or ESC, depending on your BIOS. Inside
321     the BIOS, change the boot order so that the CD-ROM is tried before the hard
322     disk. This is often found under "CMOS Setup". If you don't do this, your system
323     will just reboot from the hard disk, ignoring the CD-ROM.
324     </p>
325    
326     <p>
327 neysx 1.2 Now place the installation CD in the CD-ROM drive and reboot. You should see a
328     boot prompt. At this screen, you can hit Enter to begin the boot process with
329     the default boot options, or boot the Installation CD with custom boot options
330     by specifying a kernel followed by boot options and then hitting Enter.
331 neysx 1.1 </p>
332    
333     <p>
334     Specifying a kernel? Yes, we provide several kernels on our Installation CDs.
335     The default one is <c>gentoo</c>. Other kernels are for specific hardware needs
336     and the <c>-nofb</c> variants which disable framebuffer.
337     </p>
338    
339     <p>
340     Below you'll find a short overview on the available kernels:
341     </p>
342    
343 neysx 1.2 </body>
344     <body test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
345    
346 neysx 1.1 <table>
347     <tr>
348     <th>Kernel</th>
349     <th>Description</th>
350     </tr>
351     <tr>
352     <ti>gentoo</ti>
353     <ti>Default 2.6 kernel with support for multiple CPUs</ti>
354     </tr>
355     <tr>
356     <ti>gentoo-nofb</ti>
357     <ti>Same as <c>gentoo</c> but without framebuffer support</ti>
358     </tr>
359     <tr>
360     <ti>memtest86</ti>
361     <ti>Test your local RAM for errors</ti>
362     </tr>
363     </table>
364    
365 neysx 1.2 </body>
366     <body test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
367     <table>
368     <tr>
369     <th>Kernel</th>
370     <th>Description</th>
371     </tr>
372     <tr>
373     <ti>gentoo</ti>
374 nightmorph 1.3 <ti>
375 neysx 1.4 Default kernel with support for K8 CPUs (including NUMA support) and EM64T
376 nightmorph 1.3 CPUs
377     </ti>
378 neysx 1.2 </tr>
379     <tr>
380 nightmorph 1.3 <ti>memtest86</ti>
381     <ti>Test your local RAM for errors</ti>
382 neysx 1.2 </tr>
383     </table>
384    
385     </body>
386     <body>
387    
388 neysx 1.1 <p>
389     You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings you can
390     (de)activate at will. The following list is the same as the one you receive
391     when you press F2 at the bootscreen.
392     </p>
393    
394     <pre caption="Options available to pass to your kernel of choice">
395 nightmorph 1.10 <comment>Hardware options:</comment>
396    
397     acpi=on This loads support for ACPI and also causes the acpid daemon to
398     be started by the CD on boot. This is only needed if your
399     system requires ACPI to function properly. This is not
400     required for Hyperthreading support.
401    
402     acpi=off Completely disables ACPI. This is useful on some older systems
403     and is also a requirement for using APM. This will disable any
404     Hyperthreading support of your processor.
405    
406     console=X This sets up serial console access for the CD. The first
407     option is the device, usually ttyS0 on x86, followed by any
408     connection options, which are comma separated. The default
409     options are 9600,8,n,1.
410    
411     dmraid=X This allows for passing options to the device-mapper RAID
412     subsystem. Options should be encapsulated in quotes.
413     doapm This loads APM driver support. This requires you to also use
414     acpi=off.
415    
416     dopcmcia This loads support for PCMCIA and Cardbus hardware and also
417     causes the pcmcia cardmgr to be started by the CD on boot.
418     This is only required when booting from PCMCIA/Cardbus devices.
419    
420     doscsi This loads support for most SCSI controllers. This is also a
421     requirement for booting most USB devices, as they use the SCSI
422     subsystem of the kernel.
423    
424     hda=stroke This allows you to partition the whole hard disk even when your
425     BIOS is unable to handle large disks. This option is only used
426     on machines with an older BIOS. Replace hda with the device
427     that is requiring this option.
428    
429     ide=nodma This forces the disabling of DMA in the kernel and is required
430     by some IDE chipsets and also by some CDROM drives. If your
431     system is having trouble reading from your IDE CDROM, try this
432     option. This also disables the default hdparm settings from
433     being executed.
434    
435     noapic This disables the Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
436     that is present on newer motherboards. It has been known to
437     cause some problems on older hardware.
438    
439     nodetect This disables all of the autodetection done by the CD,
440     including device autodetection and DHCP probing. This is
441     useful for doing debugging of a failing CD or driver.
442    
443     nodhcp This disables DHCP probing on detected network cards. This is
444     useful on networks with only static addresses.
445    
446     nodmraid Disables support for device-mapper RAID, such as that used for
447     on-board IDE/SATA RAID controllers.
448    
449     nofirewire This disables the loading of Firewire modules. This should
450     only be necessary if your Firewire hardware is causing
451     a problem with booting the CD.
452    
453     nogpm This diables gpm console mouse support.
454    
455     nohotplug This disables the loading of the hotplug and coldplug init
456     scripts at boot. This is useful for doing debugging of a
457     failing CD or driver.
458    
459     nokeymap This disables the keymap selection used to select non-US
460     keyboard layouts.
461    
462     nolapic This disables the local APIC on Uniprocessor kernels.
463    
464     nosata This disables the loading of Serial ATA modules. This is used
465     if your system is having problems with the SATA subsystem.
466    
467     nosmp This disables SMP, or Symmetric Multiprocessing, on SMP-enabled
468     kernels. This is useful for debugging SMP-related issues with
469     certain drivers and motherboards.
470    
471     nosound This disables sound support and volume setting. This is useful
472     for systems where sound support causes problems.
473    
474     nousb This disables the autoloading of USB modules. This is useful
475     for debugging USB issues.
476    
477     slowusb This adds some extra pauses into the boot process for slow
478     USB CDROMs, like in the IBM BladeCenter.
479    
480     <comment>Volume/Device Management:</comment>
481    
482     doevms This enables support for IBM's pluggable EVMS, or Enterprise
483     Volume Management System. This is not safe to use with lvm.
484    
485     dolvm This enables support for Linux's Logical Volume Management.
486     This is not safe to use with evms.
487    
488     <comment>Other options:</comment>
489    
490     debug Enables debugging code. This might get messy, as it displays
491     a lot of data to the screen.
492    
493     docache This caches the entire runtime portion of the CD into RAM,
494     which allows you to umount /mnt/cdrom and mount another CDROM.
495     This option requires that you have at least twice as much
496     available RAM as the size of the CD.
497    
498     doload=X This causes the initial ramdisk to load any module listed, as
499     well as dependencies. Replace X with the module name.
500    
501     Multiple modules can be specified by a comma-separated list.
502    
503     dosshd Starts sshd on boot, which is useful for unattended installs.
504    
505     passwd=foo Sets whatever follows the equals as the root password, which
506     is required for dosshd since we scramble the root password.
507    
508     noload=X This causes the initial ramdisk to skip the loading of a
509     specific module that may be causing a problem. Syntax matches
510     that of doload.
511    
512     nonfs Disables the starting of portmap/nfsmount on boot.
513    
514     nox This causes an X-enabled LiveCD to not automatically start X,
515     but rather, to drop to the command line instead.
516    
517     scandelay This causes the CD to pause for 10 seconds during certain
518     portions the boot process to allow for devices that are slow to
519     initialize to be ready for use.
520    
521     scandelay=X This allows you to specify a given delay, in seconds, to be
522     added to certain portions of the boot process to allow for
523     devices that are slow to initialize to be ready for use.
524     Replace X with the number of seconds to pause.
525 neysx 1.1 </pre>
526    
527 nightmorph 1.10 <note>
528     The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
529     override any option in the exact order you specify.
530     </note>
531    
532 neysx 1.1 <p>
533     Now boot your CD, select a kernel (if you are not happy with the default
534     <c>gentoo</c> kernel) and boot options. As an example, we show you how
535     to boot the <c>gentoo</c> kernel, with <c>dopcmcia</c> as kernel
536     parameters:
537     </p>
538    
539     <pre caption="Booting an Installation CD">
540     boot: <i>gentoo dopcmcia</i>
541     </pre>
542    
543     <p>
544 neysx 1.2 You will then be greeted with a boot screen and progress bar. If you are
545 neysx 1.1 installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you immediately
546 neysx 1.2 press Alt-F1 to switch to verbose mode and follow the prompt. If no selection
547     is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted and the boot
548 neysx 1.1 process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
549 neysx 1.2 automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
550     You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
551     to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one
552     you started on by pressing Alt-F1.
553 neysx 1.1 </p>
554    
555     <p>
556     Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
557     </p>
558    
559     </body>
560     </subsection>
561     <subsection id="hardware">
562     <title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
563     <body>
564    
565     <p>
566 neysx 1.2 When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices
567     and loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the vast
568     majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may not
569     auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of
570     your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
571     manually.
572 neysx 1.1 </p>
573    
574     <p>
575     In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
576     certain kinds of network interfaces):
577     </p>
578    
579     <pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
580     # <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
581     </pre>
582    
583     </body>
584     </subsection>
585     <subsection>
586     <title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
587     <body>
588    
589     <p>
590     If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
591     performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
592     test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
593     more precise impression):
594     </p>
595    
596     <pre caption="Testing disk performance">
597     # <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
598     </pre>
599    
600     <p>
601     To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
602     yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
603     disk):
604     </p>
605    
606     <pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
607 neysx 1.2 <comment>(Activate DMA:)</comment>
608     # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
609    
610     <comment>(Activate Safe Performance Options:)</comment>
611     # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
612 neysx 1.1 </pre>
613    
614     </body>
615     </subsection>
616     <subsection id="useraccounts">
617     <title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
618     <body>
619    
620     <p>
621     If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
622     environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
623     security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
624     the root password.
625     </p>
626    
627     <p>
628     To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
629     </p>
630    
631     <pre caption="Changing the root password">
632     # <i>passwd</i>
633     New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
634     Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
635     </pre>
636    
637     <p>
638     To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
639     its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
640 neysx 1.2 In the next example, we create a user called "john".
641 neysx 1.1 </p>
642    
643     <pre caption="Creating a user account">
644     # <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
645     # <i>passwd john</i>
646     New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
647     Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
648     </pre>
649    
650     <p>
651     You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
652     <c>su</c>:
653     </p>
654    
655     <pre caption="Changing user id">
656     # <i>su - john</i>
657     </pre>
658    
659     </body>
660     </subsection>
661     <subsection>
662     <title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
663     <body>
664    
665     <p>
666     If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
667     installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
668     link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
669     go to a new terminal and log in.
670     </p>
671    
672     <p>
673     If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
674     <c>links</c> to read it:
675     </p>
676    
677     <pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
678     # <i>links /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
679     </pre>
680    
681     <p>
682     However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
683     more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links</c>
684     as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
685     chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
686     document):
687     </p>
688    
689     <pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
690 neysx 1.2 # <i>links http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/<keyval id="online-book"/></i>
691 neysx 1.1 </pre>
692    
693     <p>
694     You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
695     </p>
696    
697     </body>
698     </subsection>
699     <subsection>
700     <title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
701     <body>
702    
703     <p>
704     If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
705     Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
706     install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
707     account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
708     (<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
709     </p>
710    
711     <p>
712     To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
713     </p>
714    
715     <pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
716     # <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
717     </pre>
718    
719     <p>
720     To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
721     the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
722     </p>
723    
724     </body>
725     </subsection>
726     </section>
727     </sections>

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