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Fri May 2 08:04:23 2008 UTC (6 years, 2 months ago) by nightmorph
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As announced on the list (http://archives.gentoo.org/gentoo-doc/msg_e721be404c6a5ae8ce5c5bf02f45381c.xml), assume all arches are using the libata framework, so sd* everywhere. includes updating block device and partition descriptions. also added a new included file for boot config (starting sshd, hdparm, etc). synced up several wayward files, including sparc. also changed/dropped usage of some now useless keys, since everyone's using sd*. lots of intensive, invasive changes. and i never even used sed once.

1 neysx 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6    
7 nightmorph 1.15 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml,v 1.14 2008/04/20 00:25:13 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 neysx 1.1
9     <sections>
10    
11 neysx 1.5 <abstract>
12     You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13     Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD although installation through the
14     Installer LiveCD is possible as well.
15     </abstract>
16    
17 nightmorph 1.15 <version>6.4</version>
18     <date>2008-05-02</date>
19 neysx 1.1
20     <section>
21     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
22     <subsection>
23     <title>Introduction</title>
24     <body>
25    
26     <p>
27     Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
28 neysx 1.11 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
29 neysx 1.1 </p>
30    
31     </body>
32     </subsection>
33     <subsection>
34     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
35 neysx 1.2 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
36 neysx 1.1
37     <table>
38     <tr>
39     <ti/>
40     <th>Minimal CD</th>
41     <th>LiveCD</th>
42     </tr>
43     <tr>
44     <th>CPU</th>
45     <ti>i486 or later</ti>
46     <ti><b>i686</b> or later</ti>
47     </tr>
48     <tr>
49     <th>Memory</th>
50     <ti>64 MB</ti>
51 neysx 1.8 <ti>256 MB</ti>
52 neysx 1.1 </tr>
53     <tr>
54     <th>Diskspace</th>
55     <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
56     </tr>
57     <tr>
58     <th>Swap space</th>
59     <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
60     </tr>
61     </table>
62    
63     </body>
64 neysx 1.2 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
65    
66     <table>
67     <tr>
68 neysx 1.8 <ti/>
69     <th>Minimal CD</th>
70     <th>LiveCD</th>
71     </tr>
72     <tr>
73 neysx 1.2 <th>CPU</th>
74 neysx 1.11 <ti colspan="2">
75     Any AMD64 CPU or <uri
76     link="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMT64#Intel_64">EM64T CPU</uri> (Core 2
77     Duo &amp; Quad processors are EM64T)
78     </ti>
79 neysx 1.2 </tr>
80     <tr>
81     <th>Memory</th>
82     <ti>64 MB</ti>
83 neysx 1.8 <ti>256 MB</ti>
84 neysx 1.2 </tr>
85     <tr>
86     <th>Diskspace</th>
87 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
88 neysx 1.2 </tr>
89     <tr>
90     <th>Swap space</th>
91 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
92 neysx 1.2 </tr>
93     </table>
94    
95     <p>
96     You should check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/amd64/">Gentoo
97     AMD64 Project Page</uri> before proceeding.
98     </p>
99    
100     </body>
101 neysx 1.1 </subsection>
102     </section>
103     <!-- This part can be propagated to the other architectures as well. -->
104     <!-- START -->
105     <section>
106     <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
107     <subsection>
108     <title>Introduction</title>
109     <body>
110    
111     <p>
112     The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
113     self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
114     During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
115     are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
116     </p>
117    
118     <p>
119     All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
120     partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
121 neysx 1.7 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
122 neysx 1.11 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
123 neysx 1.1 latest version of the available packages.
124     </p>
125    
126 nightmorph 1.3 <impo>
127     If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
128 neysx 1.1 like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
129 nightmorph 1.10 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
130 neysx 1.1 Handbooks</uri>.
131     </impo>
132    
133     <p>
134 neysx 1.2 The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
135 neysx 1.1 </p>
136    
137     <ul>
138     <li>
139 neysx 1.11 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
140     CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
141 neysx 1.1 continue with the Gentoo installation.
142     </li>
143 nightmorph 1.3 <li>
144 neysx 1.1 The Gentoo <e>Installer LiveCD</e> contains everything you need to install
145     Gentoo. It provides a graphical environment, a graphical as well as console
146     based installer which automatically carries out the installation for you,
147     and of course, the installation instructions for your architecture.
148     </li>
149     </ul>
150    
151     <p>
152     To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
153     major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
154     </p>
155    
156     </body>
157     </subsection>
158     <subsection>
159 neysx 1.2 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
160 neysx 1.1 <body>
161    
162     <p>
163 neysx 1.2 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
164     takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
165     Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
166     connection.
167 neysx 1.1 </p>
168    
169     <table>
170     <tr>
171     <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
172     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
173     </tr>
174     <tr>
175     <th>+</th>
176     <ti>Smallest download</ti>
177     </tr>
178     <tr>
179     <th>-</th>
180     <ti>
181 neysx 1.2 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
182     is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
183 neysx 1.1 </ti>
184     </tr>
185     </table>
186    
187     </body>
188     </subsection>
189 nightmorph 1.3 <subsection>
190 neysx 1.2 <title>Gentoo Installer LiveCD</title>
191 neysx 1.1 <body>
192    
193     <p>
194 neysx 1.2 The Installer LiveCD is called <c><keyval id="live-cd-name"/></c> and takes up
195     <keyval id="live-cd-size"/> MB. You can use this Installation CD to install
196     Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
197     connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
198     you are currently installing Gentoo on.
199 neysx 1.1 </p>
200    
201     <table>
202     <tr>
203     <th>Installer LiveCD</th>
204     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
205     </tr>
206     <tr>
207     <th>+</th>
208     <ti>
209     Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
210     connection.
211     </ti>
212     </tr>
213     <tr>
214     <th>-</th>
215     <ti>Huge download</ti>
216     </tr>
217     </table>
218    
219     </body>
220     </subsection>
221     <subsection>
222     <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
223     <body>
224    
225     <p>
226 neysx 1.2 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
227     suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
228     manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
229     three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
230 neysx 1.1 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
231     performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
232     the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
233     Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
234     </p>
235    
236     <p>
237 neysx 1.2 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
238     id="release-dir"/>stages/</path> on any of the <uri
239     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
240     on the LiveCD.
241 neysx 1.1 </p>
242    
243     </body>
244     </subsection>
245     </section>
246     <!-- STOP -->
247     <section>
248     <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
249     <subsection>
250     <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
251     <body>
252    
253     <p>
254 neysx 1.11 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
255     downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
256     the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
257 neysx 1.1 </p>
258    
259 nightmorph 1.3 <p>
260 neysx 1.2 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
261     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
262     the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>installcd/</path> directory.
263     </p>
264    
265 neysx 1.1 <p>
266 nightmorph 1.10 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
267 neysx 1.1 can write on a CD-R.
268     </p>
269    
270     <p>
271     In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
272     its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
273 neysx 1.2 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
274 neysx 1.1 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
275     link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
276     </p>
277    
278     <p>
279     Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
280     verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
281     <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
282     </p>
283    
284     <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
285     $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
286     </pre>
287    
288     <p>
289     Now verify the signature:
290     </p>
291    
292     <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
293     $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
294     </pre>
295    
296     <p>
297     To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
298     do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
299     <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
300     link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
301     </p>
302    
303     <ul>
304     <li>
305 neysx 1.11 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
306     file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
307 neysx 1.1 device path).
308     </li>
309     <li>
310 nightmorph 1.9 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
311     your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
312 neysx 1.1 </li>
313     </ul>
314    
315     </body>
316     </subsection>
317     <subsection>
318     <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
319     <body>
320    
321     <p>
322 neysx 1.2 Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
323 neysx 1.11 Remove all CDs from your CD drives, reboot your system and enter the BIOS.
324     This is usually done by hitting DEL, F1 or ESC, depending on your BIOS. Inside
325     the BIOS, change the boot order so that the CD-ROM is tried before the hard
326     disk. This is often found under "CMOS Setup". If you don't do this, your system
327 neysx 1.1 will just reboot from the hard disk, ignoring the CD-ROM.
328     </p>
329    
330     <p>
331 neysx 1.2 Now place the installation CD in the CD-ROM drive and reboot. You should see a
332     boot prompt. At this screen, you can hit Enter to begin the boot process with
333     the default boot options, or boot the Installation CD with custom boot options
334     by specifying a kernel followed by boot options and then hitting Enter.
335 neysx 1.1 </p>
336    
337     <p>
338 neysx 1.11 Specifying a kernel? Yes, we provide several kernels on our Installation CDs.
339 neysx 1.1 The default one is <c>gentoo</c>. Other kernels are for specific hardware needs
340     and the <c>-nofb</c> variants which disable framebuffer.
341     </p>
342    
343     <p>
344     Below you'll find a short overview on the available kernels:
345     </p>
346    
347     <table>
348     <tr>
349     <th>Kernel</th>
350     <th>Description</th>
351     </tr>
352 nightmorph 1.14 <tr test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
353 neysx 1.1 <ti>gentoo</ti>
354     <ti>Default 2.6 kernel with support for multiple CPUs</ti>
355     </tr>
356 nightmorph 1.14 <tr test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
357 neysx 1.2 <ti>gentoo</ti>
358 nightmorph 1.3 <ti>
359 nightmorph 1.14 Default kernel with support for K8 CPUS (including NUMA support) and EM64T
360 nightmorph 1.3 CPUs
361     </ti>
362 neysx 1.2 </tr>
363     <tr>
364 nightmorph 1.14 <ti>gentoo-nofb</ti>
365     <ti>Same as <c>gentoo</c> but without framebuffer support</ti>
366     </tr>
367     <tr>
368 nightmorph 1.3 <ti>memtest86</ti>
369     <ti>Test your local RAM for errors</ti>
370 neysx 1.2 </tr>
371     </table>
372    
373 neysx 1.1 <p>
374     You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings you can
375 nightmorph 1.15 (de)activate at will.
376 neysx 1.1 </p>
377    
378 neysx 1.12 </body>
379    
380     <body>
381     <include href="hb-install-kernelparams.xml"/>
382     </body>
383 nightmorph 1.10
384 neysx 1.12 <body>
385 neysx 1.1
386 nightmorph 1.10 <note>
387     The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
388     override any option in the exact order you specify.
389     </note>
390    
391 neysx 1.1 <p>
392     Now boot your CD, select a kernel (if you are not happy with the default
393     <c>gentoo</c> kernel) and boot options. As an example, we show you how
394     to boot the <c>gentoo</c> kernel, with <c>dopcmcia</c> as kernel
395     parameters:
396     </p>
397    
398     <pre caption="Booting an Installation CD">
399     boot: <i>gentoo dopcmcia</i>
400     </pre>
401    
402     <p>
403 neysx 1.2 You will then be greeted with a boot screen and progress bar. If you are
404 neysx 1.1 installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you immediately
405 neysx 1.2 press Alt-F1 to switch to verbose mode and follow the prompt. If no selection
406     is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted and the boot
407 neysx 1.1 process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
408 neysx 1.2 automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
409     You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
410     to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one
411     you started on by pressing Alt-F1.
412 neysx 1.1 </p>
413    
414     <p>
415     Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
416     </p>
417    
418     </body>
419     </subsection>
420    
421     <subsection>
422 nightmorph 1.15 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
423 neysx 1.1 </subsection>
424    
425     </section>
426     </sections>

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