/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml
Gentoo

Contents of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log


Revision 1.16 - (hide annotations) (download) (as text)
Mon Jan 26 07:51:05 2009 UTC (5 years, 9 months ago) by nightmorph
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.15: +4 -5 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
various readability fixes, bug 253058

1 neysx 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2     <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3    
4     <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5     <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6    
7 nightmorph 1.16 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml,v 1.15 2008/05/02 08:04:23 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 neysx 1.1
9     <sections>
10    
11 neysx 1.5 <abstract>
12     You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13     Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD although installation through the
14     Installer LiveCD is possible as well.
15     </abstract>
16    
17 nightmorph 1.16 <version>6.5</version>
18     <date>2009-01-25</date>
19 neysx 1.1
20     <section>
21     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
22     <subsection>
23     <title>Introduction</title>
24     <body>
25    
26     <p>
27     Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
28 neysx 1.11 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
29 neysx 1.1 </p>
30    
31     </body>
32     </subsection>
33     <subsection>
34     <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
35 neysx 1.2 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
36 neysx 1.1
37     <table>
38     <tr>
39     <ti/>
40     <th>Minimal CD</th>
41     <th>LiveCD</th>
42     </tr>
43     <tr>
44     <th>CPU</th>
45     <ti>i486 or later</ti>
46     <ti><b>i686</b> or later</ti>
47     </tr>
48     <tr>
49     <th>Memory</th>
50     <ti>64 MB</ti>
51 neysx 1.8 <ti>256 MB</ti>
52 neysx 1.1 </tr>
53     <tr>
54     <th>Diskspace</th>
55     <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
56     </tr>
57     <tr>
58     <th>Swap space</th>
59     <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
60     </tr>
61     </table>
62    
63     </body>
64 neysx 1.2 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
65    
66     <table>
67     <tr>
68 neysx 1.8 <ti/>
69     <th>Minimal CD</th>
70     <th>LiveCD</th>
71     </tr>
72     <tr>
73 neysx 1.2 <th>CPU</th>
74 neysx 1.11 <ti colspan="2">
75     Any AMD64 CPU or <uri
76     link="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMT64#Intel_64">EM64T CPU</uri> (Core 2
77     Duo &amp; Quad processors are EM64T)
78     </ti>
79 neysx 1.2 </tr>
80     <tr>
81     <th>Memory</th>
82     <ti>64 MB</ti>
83 neysx 1.8 <ti>256 MB</ti>
84 neysx 1.2 </tr>
85     <tr>
86     <th>Diskspace</th>
87 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
88 neysx 1.2 </tr>
89     <tr>
90     <th>Swap space</th>
91 neysx 1.8 <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
92 neysx 1.2 </tr>
93     </table>
94    
95     <p>
96     You should check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/amd64/">Gentoo
97     AMD64 Project Page</uri> before proceeding.
98     </p>
99    
100     </body>
101 neysx 1.1 </subsection>
102     </section>
103     <!-- This part can be propagated to the other architectures as well. -->
104     <!-- START -->
105     <section>
106     <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
107     <subsection>
108     <title>Introduction</title>
109     <body>
110    
111     <p>
112     The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
113     self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
114     During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
115     are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
116     </p>
117    
118     <p>
119     All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
120     partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
121 neysx 1.7 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
122 neysx 1.11 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
123 neysx 1.1 latest version of the available packages.
124     </p>
125    
126 nightmorph 1.3 <impo>
127     If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
128 neysx 1.1 like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
129 nightmorph 1.10 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
130 neysx 1.1 Handbooks</uri>.
131     </impo>
132    
133     <p>
134 neysx 1.2 The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
135 neysx 1.1 </p>
136    
137     <ul>
138     <li>
139 neysx 1.11 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
140     CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
141 neysx 1.1 continue with the Gentoo installation.
142     </li>
143 nightmorph 1.3 <li>
144 neysx 1.1 The Gentoo <e>Installer LiveCD</e> contains everything you need to install
145     Gentoo. It provides a graphical environment, a graphical as well as console
146     based installer which automatically carries out the installation for you,
147     and of course, the installation instructions for your architecture.
148     </li>
149     </ul>
150    
151     <p>
152     To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
153     major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
154     </p>
155    
156     </body>
157     </subsection>
158     <subsection>
159 neysx 1.2 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
160 neysx 1.1 <body>
161    
162     <p>
163 neysx 1.2 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
164     takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
165     Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
166     connection.
167 neysx 1.1 </p>
168    
169     <table>
170     <tr>
171     <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
172     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
173     </tr>
174     <tr>
175     <th>+</th>
176     <ti>Smallest download</ti>
177     </tr>
178     <tr>
179     <th>-</th>
180     <ti>
181 neysx 1.2 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
182     is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
183 neysx 1.1 </ti>
184     </tr>
185     </table>
186    
187     </body>
188     </subsection>
189 nightmorph 1.3 <subsection>
190 neysx 1.2 <title>Gentoo Installer LiveCD</title>
191 neysx 1.1 <body>
192    
193     <p>
194 neysx 1.2 The Installer LiveCD is called <c><keyval id="live-cd-name"/></c> and takes up
195     <keyval id="live-cd-size"/> MB. You can use this Installation CD to install
196     Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
197 nightmorph 1.16 connection.
198 neysx 1.1 </p>
199    
200     <table>
201     <tr>
202     <th>Installer LiveCD</th>
203     <th>Pros and Cons</th>
204     </tr>
205     <tr>
206     <th>+</th>
207     <ti>
208     Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
209     connection.
210     </ti>
211     </tr>
212     <tr>
213     <th>-</th>
214     <ti>Huge download</ti>
215     </tr>
216     </table>
217    
218     </body>
219     </subsection>
220     <subsection>
221     <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
222     <body>
223    
224     <p>
225 neysx 1.2 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
226     suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
227     manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
228     three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
229 neysx 1.1 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
230     performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
231     the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
232     Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
233     </p>
234    
235     <p>
236 neysx 1.2 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
237     id="release-dir"/>stages/</path> on any of the <uri
238     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
239     on the LiveCD.
240 neysx 1.1 </p>
241    
242     </body>
243     </subsection>
244     </section>
245     <!-- STOP -->
246     <section>
247     <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
248     <subsection>
249     <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
250     <body>
251    
252     <p>
253 neysx 1.11 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
254     downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
255     the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
256 neysx 1.1 </p>
257    
258 nightmorph 1.3 <p>
259 neysx 1.2 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
260     link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
261     the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>installcd/</path> directory.
262     </p>
263    
264 neysx 1.1 <p>
265 nightmorph 1.10 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
266 neysx 1.1 can write on a CD-R.
267     </p>
268    
269     <p>
270     In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
271     its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
272 neysx 1.2 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
273 neysx 1.1 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
274     link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
275     </p>
276    
277     <p>
278     Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
279     verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
280     <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
281     </p>
282    
283     <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
284     $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
285     </pre>
286    
287     <p>
288     Now verify the signature:
289     </p>
290    
291     <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
292     $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
293     </pre>
294    
295     <p>
296     To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
297     do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
298     <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
299     link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
300     </p>
301    
302     <ul>
303     <li>
304 neysx 1.11 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
305     file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
306 neysx 1.1 device path).
307     </li>
308     <li>
309 nightmorph 1.9 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
310     your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
311 neysx 1.1 </li>
312     </ul>
313    
314     </body>
315     </subsection>
316     <subsection>
317     <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
318     <body>
319    
320     <p>
321 neysx 1.2 Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
322 neysx 1.11 Remove all CDs from your CD drives, reboot your system and enter the BIOS.
323     This is usually done by hitting DEL, F1 or ESC, depending on your BIOS. Inside
324     the BIOS, change the boot order so that the CD-ROM is tried before the hard
325     disk. This is often found under "CMOS Setup". If you don't do this, your system
326 neysx 1.1 will just reboot from the hard disk, ignoring the CD-ROM.
327     </p>
328    
329     <p>
330 neysx 1.2 Now place the installation CD in the CD-ROM drive and reboot. You should see a
331     boot prompt. At this screen, you can hit Enter to begin the boot process with
332     the default boot options, or boot the Installation CD with custom boot options
333     by specifying a kernel followed by boot options and then hitting Enter.
334 neysx 1.1 </p>
335    
336     <p>
337 neysx 1.11 Specifying a kernel? Yes, we provide several kernels on our Installation CDs.
338 neysx 1.1 The default one is <c>gentoo</c>. Other kernels are for specific hardware needs
339     and the <c>-nofb</c> variants which disable framebuffer.
340     </p>
341    
342     <p>
343     Below you'll find a short overview on the available kernels:
344     </p>
345    
346     <table>
347     <tr>
348     <th>Kernel</th>
349     <th>Description</th>
350     </tr>
351 nightmorph 1.14 <tr test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
352 neysx 1.1 <ti>gentoo</ti>
353     <ti>Default 2.6 kernel with support for multiple CPUs</ti>
354     </tr>
355 nightmorph 1.14 <tr test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
356 neysx 1.2 <ti>gentoo</ti>
357 nightmorph 1.3 <ti>
358 nightmorph 1.14 Default kernel with support for K8 CPUS (including NUMA support) and EM64T
359 nightmorph 1.3 CPUs
360     </ti>
361 neysx 1.2 </tr>
362     <tr>
363 nightmorph 1.14 <ti>gentoo-nofb</ti>
364     <ti>Same as <c>gentoo</c> but without framebuffer support</ti>
365     </tr>
366     <tr>
367 nightmorph 1.3 <ti>memtest86</ti>
368     <ti>Test your local RAM for errors</ti>
369 neysx 1.2 </tr>
370     </table>
371    
372 neysx 1.1 <p>
373     You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings you can
374 nightmorph 1.15 (de)activate at will.
375 neysx 1.1 </p>
376    
377 neysx 1.12 </body>
378    
379     <body>
380     <include href="hb-install-kernelparams.xml"/>
381     </body>
382 nightmorph 1.10
383 neysx 1.12 <body>
384 neysx 1.1
385 nightmorph 1.10 <note>
386     The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
387     override any option in the exact order you specify.
388     </note>
389    
390 neysx 1.1 <p>
391     Now boot your CD, select a kernel (if you are not happy with the default
392     <c>gentoo</c> kernel) and boot options. As an example, we show you how
393     to boot the <c>gentoo</c> kernel, with <c>dopcmcia</c> as kernel
394     parameters:
395     </p>
396    
397     <pre caption="Booting an Installation CD">
398     boot: <i>gentoo dopcmcia</i>
399     </pre>
400    
401     <p>
402 neysx 1.2 You will then be greeted with a boot screen and progress bar. If you are
403 neysx 1.1 installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you immediately
404 neysx 1.2 press Alt-F1 to switch to verbose mode and follow the prompt. If no selection
405     is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted and the boot
406 neysx 1.1 process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
407 neysx 1.2 automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
408     You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
409     to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one
410     you started on by pressing Alt-F1.
411 neysx 1.1 </p>
412    
413     <p>
414     Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
415     </p>
416    
417     </body>
418     </subsection>
419    
420     <subsection>
421 nightmorph 1.15 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
422 neysx 1.1 </subsection>
423    
424     </section>
425     </sections>

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20