/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml
Gentoo

Contents of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log


Revision 1.11 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Tue Apr 1 17:21:03 2008 UTC (6 years, 5 months ago) by neysx
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.10: +230 -154 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
Use <dl> for all kernel options and various formatting edits.

The only actual content change is the tiny extra bit about EM64T in the table

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-x86+amd64-medium.xml,v 1.10 2008/04/01 08:53:46 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <abstract>
12 You can install Gentoo in many ways. This chapter explains how to install
13 Gentoo using the minimal Installation CD although installation through the
14 Installer LiveCD is possible as well.
15 </abstract>
16
17 <version>6.1</version>
18 <date>2008-04-01</date>
19
20 <section>
21 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
22 <subsection>
23 <title>Introduction</title>
24 <body>
25
26 <p>
27 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
28 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
29 </p>
30
31 </body>
32 </subsection>
33 <subsection>
34 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
35 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
36
37 <table>
38 <tr>
39 <ti/>
40 <th>Minimal CD</th>
41 <th>LiveCD</th>
42 </tr>
43 <tr>
44 <th>CPU</th>
45 <ti>i486 or later</ti>
46 <ti><b>i686</b> or later</ti>
47 </tr>
48 <tr>
49 <th>Memory</th>
50 <ti>64 MB</ti>
51 <ti>256 MB</ti>
52 </tr>
53 <tr>
54 <th>Diskspace</th>
55 <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
56 </tr>
57 <tr>
58 <th>Swap space</th>
59 <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
60 </tr>
61 </table>
62
63 </body>
64 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
65
66 <table>
67 <tr>
68 <ti/>
69 <th>Minimal CD</th>
70 <th>LiveCD</th>
71 </tr>
72 <tr>
73 <th>CPU</th>
74 <ti colspan="2">
75 Any AMD64 CPU or <uri
76 link="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMT64#Intel_64">EM64T CPU</uri> (Core 2
77 Duo &amp; Quad processors are EM64T)
78 </ti>
79 </tr>
80 <tr>
81 <th>Memory</th>
82 <ti>64 MB</ti>
83 <ti>256 MB</ti>
84 </tr>
85 <tr>
86 <th>Diskspace</th>
87 <ti colspan="2">1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
88 </tr>
89 <tr>
90 <th>Swap space</th>
91 <ti colspan="2">At least 256 MB</ti>
92 </tr>
93 </table>
94
95 <p>
96 You should check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/amd64/">Gentoo
97 AMD64 Project Page</uri> before proceeding.
98 </p>
99
100 </body>
101 </subsection>
102 </section>
103 <!-- This part can be propagated to the other architectures as well. -->
104 <!-- START -->
105 <section>
106 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
107 <subsection>
108 <title>Introduction</title>
109 <body>
110
111 <p>
112 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
113 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
114 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
115 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
116 </p>
117
118 <p>
119 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
120 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
121 two Installation CDs which are equally suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
122 as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
123 latest version of the available packages.
124 </p>
125
126 <impo>
127 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
128 like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
129 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
130 Handbooks</uri>.
131 </impo>
132
133 <p>
134 The Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
135 </p>
136
137 <ul>
138 <li>
139 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
140 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
141 continue with the Gentoo installation.
142 </li>
143 <li>
144 The Gentoo <e>Installer LiveCD</e> contains everything you need to install
145 Gentoo. It provides a graphical environment, a graphical as well as console
146 based installer which automatically carries out the installation for you,
147 and of course, the installation instructions for your architecture.
148 </li>
149 </ul>
150
151 <p>
152 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
153 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
154 </p>
155
156 </body>
157 </subsection>
158 <subsection>
159 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
160 <body>
161
162 <p>
163 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
164 takes up only <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
165 Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
166 connection.
167 </p>
168
169 <table>
170 <tr>
171 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
172 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
173 </tr>
174 <tr>
175 <th>+</th>
176 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
177 </tr>
178 <tr>
179 <th>-</th>
180 <ti>
181 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
182 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
183 </ti>
184 </tr>
185 </table>
186
187 </body>
188 </subsection>
189 <subsection>
190 <title>Gentoo Installer LiveCD</title>
191 <body>
192
193 <p>
194 The Installer LiveCD is called <c><keyval id="live-cd-name"/></c> and takes up
195 <keyval id="live-cd-size"/> MB. You can use this Installation CD to install
196 Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
197 connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
198 you are currently installing Gentoo on.
199 </p>
200
201 <table>
202 <tr>
203 <th>Installer LiveCD</th>
204 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
205 </tr>
206 <tr>
207 <th>+</th>
208 <ti>
209 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
210 connection.
211 </ti>
212 </tr>
213 <tr>
214 <th>-</th>
215 <ti>Huge download</ti>
216 </tr>
217 </table>
218
219 </body>
220 </subsection>
221 <subsection>
222 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
223 <body>
224
225 <p>
226 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
227 suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
228 manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
229 three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
230 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
231 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
232 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
233 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
234 </p>
235
236 <p>
237 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
238 id="release-dir"/>stages/</path> on any of the <uri
239 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
240 on the LiveCD.
241 </p>
242
243 </body>
244 </subsection>
245 </section>
246 <!-- STOP -->
247 <section>
248 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
249 <subsection>
250 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
251 <body>
252
253 <p>
254 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
255 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
256 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
257 </p>
258
259 <p>
260 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
261 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
262 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>installcd/</path> directory.
263 </p>
264
265 <p>
266 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
267 can write on a CD-R.
268 </p>
269
270 <p>
271 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
272 its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
273 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
274 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
275 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
276 </p>
277
278 <p>
279 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
280 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
281 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
282 </p>
283
284 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
285 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
286 </pre>
287
288 <p>
289 Now verify the signature:
290 </p>
291
292 <pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
293 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
294 </pre>
295
296 <p>
297 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
298 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
299 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
300 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
301 </p>
302
303 <ul>
304 <li>
305 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
306 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
307 device path).
308 </li>
309 <li>
310 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
311 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
312 </li>
313 </ul>
314
315 </body>
316 </subsection>
317 <subsection>
318 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
319 <body>
320
321 <p>
322 Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
323 Remove all CDs from your CD drives, reboot your system and enter the BIOS.
324 This is usually done by hitting DEL, F1 or ESC, depending on your BIOS. Inside
325 the BIOS, change the boot order so that the CD-ROM is tried before the hard
326 disk. This is often found under "CMOS Setup". If you don't do this, your system
327 will just reboot from the hard disk, ignoring the CD-ROM.
328 </p>
329
330 <p>
331 Now place the installation CD in the CD-ROM drive and reboot. You should see a
332 boot prompt. At this screen, you can hit Enter to begin the boot process with
333 the default boot options, or boot the Installation CD with custom boot options
334 by specifying a kernel followed by boot options and then hitting Enter.
335 </p>
336
337 <p>
338 Specifying a kernel? Yes, we provide several kernels on our Installation CDs.
339 The default one is <c>gentoo</c>. Other kernels are for specific hardware needs
340 and the <c>-nofb</c> variants which disable framebuffer.
341 </p>
342
343 <p>
344 Below you'll find a short overview on the available kernels:
345 </p>
346
347 </body>
348 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='x86'">
349
350 <table>
351 <tr>
352 <th>Kernel</th>
353 <th>Description</th>
354 </tr>
355 <tr>
356 <ti>gentoo</ti>
357 <ti>Default 2.6 kernel with support for multiple CPUs</ti>
358 </tr>
359 <tr>
360 <ti>gentoo-nofb</ti>
361 <ti>Same as <c>gentoo</c> but without framebuffer support</ti>
362 </tr>
363 <tr>
364 <ti>memtest86</ti>
365 <ti>Test your local RAM for errors</ti>
366 </tr>
367 </table>
368
369 </body>
370 <body test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
371 <table>
372 <tr>
373 <th>Kernel</th>
374 <th>Description</th>
375 </tr>
376 <tr>
377 <ti>gentoo</ti>
378 <ti>
379 Default kernel with support for K8 CPUs (including NUMA support) and EM64T
380 CPUs
381 </ti>
382 </tr>
383 <tr>
384 <ti>memtest86</ti>
385 <ti>Test your local RAM for errors</ti>
386 </tr>
387 </table>
388
389 </body>
390 <body>
391
392 <p>
393 You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings you can
394 (de)activate at will. The following options are available when you press F2 at
395 the bootscreen.
396 </p>
397
398 <p>
399 <brite>Hardware options:</brite>
400 </p>
401
402 <dl>
403 <dt>acpi=on</dt>
404 <dd>
405 This loads support for ACPI and also causes the acpid daemon to be started by
406 the CD on boot. This is only needed if your system requires ACPI to function
407 properly. This is not required for Hyperthreading support.
408 </dd>
409 <dt>acpi=off</dt>
410 <dd>
411 Completely disables ACPI. This is useful on some older systems and is also a
412 requirement for using APM. This will disable any Hyperthreading support of
413 your processor.
414 </dd>
415 <dt>console=X</dt>
416 <dd>
417 This sets up serial console access for the CD. The first option is the
418 device, usually ttyS0 on x86, followed by any connection options, which are
419 comma separated. The default options are 9600,8,n,1.
420 </dd>
421 <dt>dmraid=X</dt>
422 <dd>
423 This allows for passing options to the device-mapper RAID subsystem. Options
424 should be encapsulated in quotes.
425 </dd>
426 <dt>doapm</dt>
427 <dd>
428 This loads APM driver support. This requires you to also use acpi=off.
429 </dd>
430 <dt>dopcmcia</dt>
431 <dd>
432 This loads support for PCMCIA and Cardbus hardware and also causes the pcmcia
433 cardmgr to be started by the CD on boot. This is only required when booting
434 from PCMCIA/Cardbus devices.
435 </dd>
436 <dt>doscsi</dt>
437 <dd>
438 This loads support for most SCSI controllers. This is also a requirement for
439 booting most USB devices, as they use the SCSI subsystem of the kernel.
440 </dd>
441 <dt>hda=stroke</dt>
442 <dd>
443 This allows you to partition the whole hard disk even when your BIOS is unable
444 to handle large disks. This option is only used on machines with an older BIOS.
445 Replace hda with the device that is requiring this option.
446 </dd>
447 <dt>ide=nodma</dt>
448 <dd>
449 This forces the disabling of DMA in the kernel and is required by some IDE
450 chipsets and also by some CDROM drives. If your system is having trouble
451 reading from your IDE CDROM, try this option. This also disables the default
452 hdparm settings from being executed.
453 </dd>
454 <dt>noapic</dt>
455 <dd>
456 This disables the Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller that is present
457 on newer motherboards. It has been known to cause some problems on older
458 hardware.
459 </dd>
460 <dt>nodetect</dt>
461 <dd>
462 This disables all of the autodetection done by the CD, including device
463 autodetection and DHCP probing. This is useful for doing debugging of a
464 failing CD or driver.
465 </dd>
466 <dt>nodhcp</dt>
467 <dd>
468 This disables DHCP probing on detected network cards. This is useful on
469 networks with only static addresses.
470 </dd>
471 <dt>nodmraid</dt>
472 <dd>
473 Disables support for device-mapper RAID, such as that used for on-board
474 IDE/SATA RAID controllers.
475 </dd>
476 <dt>nofirewire</dt>
477 <dd>
478 This disables the loading of Firewire modules. This should only be necessary
479 if your Firewire hardware is causing a problem with booting the CD.
480 </dd>
481 <dt>nogpm</dt>
482 <dd>
483 This diables gpm console mouse support.
484 </dd>
485 <dt>nohotplug</dt>
486 <dd>
487 This disables the loading of the hotplug and coldplug init scripts at boot.
488 This is useful for doing debugging of a failing CD or driver.
489 </dd>
490 <dt>nokeymap</dt>
491 <dd>
492 This disables the keymap selection used to select non-US keyboard layouts.
493 </dd>
494 <dt>nolapic</dt>
495 <dd>
496 This disables the local APIC on Uniprocessor kernels.
497 </dd>
498 <dt>nosata</dt>
499 <dd>
500 This disables the loading of Serial ATA modules. This is used if your system
501 is having problems with the SATA subsystem.
502 </dd>
503 <dt>nosmp</dt>
504 <dd>
505 This disables SMP, or Symmetric Multiprocessing, on SMP-enabled kernels. This
506 is useful for debugging SMP-related issues with certain drivers and
507 motherboards.
508 </dd>
509 <dt>nosound</dt>
510 <dd>
511 This disables sound support and volume setting. This is useful for systems
512 where sound support causes problems.
513 </dd>
514 <dt>nousb</dt>
515 <dd>
516 This disables the autoloading of USB modules. This is useful for debugging
517 USB issues.
518 </dd>
519 <dt>slowusb</dt>
520 <dd>
521 This adds some extra pauses into the boot process for slow USB CDROMs, like
522 in the IBM BladeCenter.
523 </dd>
524 </dl>
525
526 <p>
527 <brite>Volume/Device Management:</brite>
528 </p>
529
530 <dl>
531 <dt>doevms</dt>
532 <dd>
533 This enables support for IBM's pluggable EVMS, or Enterprise Volume
534 Management System. This is not safe to use with lvm.
535 </dd>
536 <dt>dolvm</dt>
537 <dd>
538 This enables support for Linux's Logical Volume Management. This is not safe
539 to use with evms.
540 </dd>
541 </dl>
542
543 <p>
544 <brite>Other options:</brite>
545 </p>
546
547 <dl>
548 <dt>debug</dt>
549 <dd>
550 Enables debugging code. This might get messy, as it displays a lot of data to
551 the screen.
552 </dd>
553 <dt>docache</dt>
554 <dd>
555 This caches the entire runtime portion of the CD into RAM, which allows you
556 to umount /mnt/cdrom and mount another CDROM. This option requires that you
557 have
558 at least twice as much available RAM as the size of the CD.
559 </dd>
560 <dt>doload=X</dt>
561 <dd>
562 This causes the initial ramdisk to load any module listed, as well as
563 dependencies. Replace X with the module name.
564 <br/>
565 Multiple modules can be specified by a comma-separated list.
566 </dd>
567 <dt>dosshd</dt>
568 <dd>
569 Starts sshd on boot, which is useful for unattended installs.
570 </dd>
571 <dt>passwd=foo</dt>
572 <dd>
573 Sets whatever follows the equals as the root password, which is required for
574 dosshd since we scramble the root password.
575 </dd>
576 <dt>noload=X</dt>
577 <dd>
578 This causes the initial ramdisk to skip the loading of a specific module that
579 may be causing a problem. Syntax matches that of doload.
580 </dd>
581 <dt>nonfs</dt>
582 <dd>
583 Disables the starting of portmap/nfsmount on boot.
584 </dd>
585 <dt>nox</dt>
586 <dd>
587 This causes an X-enabled LiveCD to not automatically start X, but rather, to
588 drop to the command line instead.
589 </dd>
590 <dt>scandelay</dt>
591 <dd>
592 This causes the CD to pause for 10 seconds during certain portions the boot
593 process to allow for devices that are slow to initialize to be ready for use.
594 </dd>
595 <dt>scandelay=X</dt>
596 <dd>
597 This allows you to specify a given delay, in seconds, to be added to certain
598 portions of the boot process to allow for devices that are slow to initialize
599 to be ready for use. Replace X with the number of seconds to pause.
600 </dd>
601 </dl>
602
603 <note>
604 The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
605 override any option in the exact order you specify.
606 </note>
607
608 <p>
609 Now boot your CD, select a kernel (if you are not happy with the default
610 <c>gentoo</c> kernel) and boot options. As an example, we show you how
611 to boot the <c>gentoo</c> kernel, with <c>dopcmcia</c> as kernel
612 parameters:
613 </p>
614
615 <pre caption="Booting an Installation CD">
616 boot: <i>gentoo dopcmcia</i>
617 </pre>
618
619 <p>
620 You will then be greeted with a boot screen and progress bar. If you are
621 installing Gentoo on a system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you immediately
622 press Alt-F1 to switch to verbose mode and follow the prompt. If no selection
623 is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted and the boot
624 process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
625 automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
626 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
627 to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one
628 you started on by pressing Alt-F1.
629 </p>
630
631 <p>
632 Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
633 </p>
634
635 </body>
636 </subsection>
637 <subsection id="hardware">
638 <title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
639 <body>
640
641 <p>
642 When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices
643 and loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the vast
644 majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may not
645 auto-load the kernel modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of
646 your system's hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules
647 manually.
648 </p>
649
650 <p>
651 In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
652 certain kinds of network interfaces):
653 </p>
654
655 <pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
656 # <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
657 </pre>
658
659 </body>
660 </subsection>
661 <subsection>
662 <title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
663 <body>
664
665 <p>
666 If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
667 performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
668 test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
669 more precise impression):
670 </p>
671
672 <pre caption="Testing disk performance">
673 # <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
674 </pre>
675
676 <p>
677 To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
678 yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
679 disk):
680 </p>
681
682 <pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
683 <comment>(Activate DMA:)</comment>
684 # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
685
686 <comment>(Activate Safe Performance Options:)</comment>
687 # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
688 </pre>
689
690 </body>
691 </subsection>
692 <subsection id="useraccounts">
693 <title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
694 <body>
695
696 <p>
697 If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
698 environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
699 security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
700 the root password.
701 </p>
702
703 <p>
704 To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
705 </p>
706
707 <pre caption="Changing the root password">
708 # <i>passwd</i>
709 New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
710 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
711 </pre>
712
713 <p>
714 To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
715 its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
716 In the next example, we create a user called "john".
717 </p>
718
719 <pre caption="Creating a user account">
720 # <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
721 # <i>passwd john</i>
722 New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
723 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
724 </pre>
725
726 <p>
727 You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
728 <c>su</c>:
729 </p>
730
731 <pre caption="Changing user id">
732 # <i>su - john</i>
733 </pre>
734
735 </body>
736 </subsection>
737 <subsection>
738 <title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
739 <body>
740
741 <p>
742 If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
743 installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
744 link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
745 go to a new terminal and log in.
746 </p>
747
748 <p>
749 If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
750 <c>links</c> to read it:
751 </p>
752
753 <pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
754 # <i>links /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
755 </pre>
756
757 <p>
758 However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
759 more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links</c>
760 as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
761 chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
762 document):
763 </p>
764
765 <pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
766 # <i>links http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/<keyval id="online-book"/></i>
767 </pre>
768
769 <p>
770 You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
771 </p>
772
773 </body>
774 </subsection>
775 <subsection>
776 <title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
777 <body>
778
779 <p>
780 If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
781 Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
782 install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
783 account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
784 (<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
785 </p>
786
787 <p>
788 To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
789 </p>
790
791 <pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
792 # <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
793 </pre>
794
795 <p>
796 To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
797 the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
798 </p>
799
800 </body>
801 </subsection>
802 </section>
803 </sections>

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20