/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/home-router-howto.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/home-router-howto.xml,v 1.30 2005/08/14 04:38:48 vapier Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/home-router-howto.xml,v 1.31 2005/08/17 22:42:01 vapier Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/home-router-howto.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/home-router-howto.xml">
6 6
7<title>Home Router Guide</title> 7<title>Home Router Guide</title>
13<abstract> 13<abstract>
14This document details how to turn an old Gentoo machine into a router 14This document details how to turn an old Gentoo machine into a router
15for connecting your home network to the internet. 15for connecting your home network to the internet.
16</abstract> 16</abstract>
17 17
18<version>1.10</version> 18<version>1.11</version>
19<date>2005-08-14</date> 19<date>2005-08-17</date>
20 20
21<chapter> 21<chapter>
22<title>Introduction</title> 22<title>Introduction</title>
23<section> 23<section>
24<body> 24<body>
330<p> 330<p>
331Now your little router is a bona-fide DHCP server! Plugin those computers and 331Now your little router is a bona-fide DHCP server! Plugin those computers and
332watch them work! With Windows systems you should go into the TCP/IP Properties 332watch them work! With Windows systems you should go into the TCP/IP Properties
333and select the 'Obtain an IP address automatically' and 'Obtain DNS server 333and select the 'Obtain an IP address automatically' and 'Obtain DNS server
334address automatically' options. Sometimes the changes aren't instantaneous, so 334address automatically' options. Sometimes the changes aren't instantaneous, so
335you may have to run a command prompt and run <c>ipconfig /release</c> and 335you may have to open a command prompt and run <c>ipconfig /release</c> and
336<c>ipconfig /renew</c>. But enough about Windows, let's get back to our 336<c>ipconfig /renew</c>. But enough about Windows, let's get back to our
337favorite penguin. 337favorite penguin.
338</p> 338</p>
339 339
340</body> 340</body>
856 856
857</body> 857</body>
858</section> 858</section>
859 859
860<section> 860<section>
861<title>DHCP Fails To Start</title>
862<body>
863
864<p>
865When starting the dhcp init.d script for the first time, it may fail to load
866but neglect to give you any useful info.
867</p>
868
869<pre caption="DHCP Failing Example">
870# <i>/etc/init.d/dhcp start</i>
871 * Setting ownership on dhcp.leases ... [ ok ]
872 * Starting dhcpd ... [ !! ]
873</pre>
874
875<p>
876The trick is to know where dhcpd is sending its output. Simply browse to
877/var/log and read the log files. Since the exact log file depends on the
878package you are using as a syslog, try running <c>grep -Rl dhcpd /var/log</c>
879to narrow down the possibilities. Chances are you made a typo in your config
880file. You could also try running <c>dhcpd -d -f</c> (short for debug /
881foreground) and debug the error based upon the output.
882</p>
883
884</body>
885</section>
886
887<section>
861<title>Incorrect MTU Value</title> 888<title>Incorrect MTU Value</title>
862<body> 889<body>
863 890
864<p> 891<p>
865If you experience odd errors (such as not being some webpages while others 892If you experience odd errors (such as not being some webpages while others

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