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1<?xml version='1.0'?> 1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<?xml-stylesheet href="/xsl/guide.xsl" type="text/xsl"?> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/java.xml,v 1.15 2005/03/23 13:40:23 swift Exp $ -->
3<guide> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4
5<guide link="/doc/en/java.xml">
4<title>Gentoo Java Guide</title> 6<title>Gentoo Java Guide</title>
7
5<author title="Author and Editor"> 8<author title="Author and Editor">
6<mail link="karltk@gentoo.org">Karl Trygve Kalleberg</mail> 9 <mail link="karltk@gentoo.org">Karl Trygve Kalleberg</mail>
7</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Editor">
12 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
13</author>
14<author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="vanquirius@gentoo.org">Marcelo Góes</mail>
16</author>
8 17
9<abstract> 18<abstract>
10Users' and Developers' Guide to Java in Gentoo 19This guide will introduce users and developers to Java and explain how to use
20Java with Gentoo Linux.
11</abstract> 21</abstract>
12 22
23<license/>
24
13<version>0.1.1</version> 25<version>0.1.6</version>
14<date>June 25, 2002</date> 26<date>2005-03-06</date>
15 27
16<chapter> 28<chapter>
17 29<title>What is Java?</title>
18<title>Installing a JDK/JRE</title>
19<section> 30<section>
20<title>Overview</title> 31<title>Overview</title>
21<body> 32<body>
22<p>Gentoo provides numerous JDKs and JREs. The default is the
23Blackdown JDK/JRE pair, as it is freely (beer) available without any
24registration fuss.</p>
25 33
26<note>As kaffe becomes a JRE/JDK drop-in replacement, that will most 34<p>
27likely become our default.</note> 35Java is a programming language developed by engineers of Sun Microsystems.
36The language is object-oriented and designed to run on multiple platforms
37without the need of recompiling code for each platform. Although Java can
38be compiled as a native program, much of Java's popularity can be attributed
39to its portability, along with other features such as garbage collection.
40The ability to compile once and run in various platforms is achieved through
41the use of just-in-time compilers (JIT), which compile Java bytecodes into
42native code when a given program is run.
43</p>
28 44
29<p>Both the Sun JDK/JRE and the IBM JDK/JRE are generally faster, but 45<p>
30getting them is a bit more work, as you are required to read and 46In order to run Java bytecodes, one needs to have a JRE (Java Runtime Environment)
31accept their license before downloading (IBM additionally requires you 47installed. A JRE provides core libraries, a platform dependent Java Virtual Machine,
32to register).</p> 48plug-ins for browsers, among other things. A JDK (Java Development Kit) adds
49programming tools, such as a bytecode compiler and a debugger.
50</p>
33 51
34<p>Our ebuilds for the Sun and IBM JDK/JREs will notify you of where
35to go to download them.</p>
36</body> 52</body>
37</section>
38
39<section> 53</section>
40<title>Installing the Sun/IBM JDK/JREs</title> 54</chapter>
55
56<chapter>
57<title>Installing a JRE/JDK</title>
58<section>
59<title>The choices</title>
60<body>
61
62<p>
63Gentoo provides numerous JREs and JDKs. Among the current alternatives, we have:
64</p>
65
66<ul>
67<li>blackdown-jre and blackdown-jdk, the Blackdown Java Kit</li>
68<li>sun-jre-bin and sun-jdk, Sun's Java Kit </li>
69<li>ibm-jre-bin and ibm-jdk-bin, the IBM Java Kit</li>
70<li>compaq-jre and compaq-jdk, the Compaq Java Kit for Alpha/Linux/GNU</li>
71<li>jrockit-jdk-bin, BEA WebLogic's J2SE Development Kit</li>
72</ul>
73
74<p>
75The default is the Blackdown JRE/JDK
76pair, as it is freely ("free as in beer") available without any registration
77fuss.
78</p>
79
80<p>
81Both the Sun JRE/JDK and the IBM JRE/JDK are generally faster, but getting them
82is a bit more work, as you are required to read and accept their license before
83downloading (IBM additionally requires you to register).
84</p>
85
86<p>
87Our ebuilds for the Sun and IBM JRE/JDKs will notify you of where to go to
88download them.
89</p>
90
41<body> 91</body>
42<p>If you run <c>emerge dev-java/sun-jdk-1.3.1</c> or <c>emerge 92</section>
43dev-java/ibm-jdk-1.3.1</c>, you will be notified that you are required
44to download the actual tarballs yourself. This has to do with license
45restrictions for the Sun JDK/JRE (online click-wrap license) and
46registration issues with the IBM JDK/JRE.</p>
47 93
48<note>There is also a dev-java/sun-jdk-1.4.0, but not all packages 94<section>
49work nicely with Java 1.4, so you're on your own if you use the 1.4.0 95<title>Installing the Sun/IBM JRE/JDKs</title>
96<body>
97
98<p>
99If you run <c>emerge =sun-jdk-1.4.2.06</c> or <c>=ibm-jdk-bin-1.4.2</c>, you will
100be notified that you are required to download the actual tarballs yourself. This
101has to do with license restrictions for the Sun JRE/JDK (online click-wrap
102license) and registration issues with the IBM JRE/JDK.
103</p>
104
105<note>
106ibm-jdk-bin is currently masked, you may have to unmask it to use it.
50JDK.</note> 107</note>
51 108
109<p>
52<p>You should download the indicated file(s) into 110You should download the indicated file(s) into
53<path>/usr/portage/distfiles</path>. Once that is done, you can rerun 111<path>/usr/portage/distfiles</path>. Once that is done, you can rerun the emerge
54the emerge command, then the JDK/JRE will be installed properly into 112command, then the JRE/JDK will be installed properly into <path>/opt</path>.
55<path>/opt</path>.</p> 113</p>
56</body>
57</section>
58</chapter>
59 114
115</body>
116</section>
60<chapter> 117</chapter>
118
119<chapter>
61<title>Configuring your JDK/JRE</title> 120<title>Configuring your JRE/JDK</title>
62<section> 121<section>
63<title>Overview</title> 122<title>Overview</title>
64<body> 123<body>
124
125<p>
65<p>Gentoo has the ability to have multiple JDKs and JREs installed 126Gentoo has the ability to have multiple JDKs and JREs installed without them
66without them conflicting. There are a few caveats to this, as noted 127conflicting.
67below.</p> 128</p>
68 129
130<p>
69<p>Using the <c>java-config</c> tool, you can set the system-wide 131Using the <c>java-config</c> tool, you can set the system-wide default if you
70default if you have root access. Users can also use <c>java-config</c> 132have root access. Users can also use <c>java-config</c> to set up their own
71to set up their own personal default, that is different from the 133personal default, that is different from the system-wide default.
72system-wide default.</p> 134</p>
73</body>
74</section>
75 135
136</body>
76<section> 137</section>
138
139<section>
77<title>Setting a default JDK/JRE</title> 140<title>Setting a default JRE/JDK</title>
78<body> 141<body>
142
143<p>
79<p>Running the command <c>java-config --list-available-vms</c> will 144Running the command <c>java-config --list-available-vms</c> will give you a list
80give you a list of all availble JREs and JDKs on your system, thus:</p> 145of all available JREs and JDKs on your system. Here is an example of output:
81<pre> 146</p>
147
148<pre caption="Listing available VMs">
82[%1 ~] java-config --list-available-vms 149# <i>java-config --list-available-vms</i>
83[blackdown-jdk-1.3.1] Blackdown JDK 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20blackdown-jdk-1.3.1) 150[blackdown-jdk-1.3.1] Blackdown JDK 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20blackdown-jdk-1.3.1)
84[blackdown-jre-1.3.1] Blackdown JRE 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20blackdown-jre-1.3.1) 151[blackdown-jre-1.3.1] Blackdown JRE 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20blackdown-jre-1.3.1)
85[ibm-jdk-1.3.0] IBM JDK 1.3.0 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jdk-1.3.0) 152[ibm-jdk-1.3.0] IBM JDK 1.3.0 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jdk-1.3.0)
86[ibm-jdk-1.3.1] IBM JDK 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jdk-1.3.1) 153[ibm-jdk-1.3.1] IBM JDK 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jdk-1.3.1)
87[ibm-jre-1.3.1] IBM JRE 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jre-1.3.1) 154[ibm-jre-1.3.1] IBM JRE 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jre-1.3.1)
88[sun-jdk-1.4.0] Sun JDK 1.4.0 (/etc/env.d/java/20sun-jdk-1.4.0) 155[sun-jdk-1.4.0] Sun JDK 1.4.0 (/etc/env.d/java/20sun-jdk-1.4.0)
89</pre> 156</pre>
157
158<p>
90<p>The name in the brackets <path>"[]"</path> is the handle or ID for 159The name in the brackets <path>"[]"</path> is the handle or ID for that
91that particular VM. You use pass that ID to <c>java-config 160particular VM. You use pass that ID to <c>java-config --set-system-vm</c>. Here is
92--set-system-vm</c>, thus:</p> 161an example of how to set the system VM.
93<pre> 162</p>
163
164<pre caption="Setting the System VM">
94[#1 ~] java-config --set-system-vm=ibm-jdk-1.3.1 165# <i>java-config --set-system-vm=ibm-jdk-1.3.1</i>
95Now using IBM JDK 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jdk-1.3.1) 166Now using IBM JDK 1.3.1 (/etc/env.d/java/20ibm-jdk-1.3.1)
96</pre> 167</pre>
97 168
169<note>
98<note>You will have to be root to run --set-system-vm</note> 170You will have to be root to run --set-system-vm.
171</note>
99 172
173<p>
100<p>Once you have issued <c>java-config --set-system-vm</c> with a 174Once you have issued <c>java-config --set-system-vm</c> with a particular VM ID,
101particular VM ID, you will need to regenerate your /etc/profile.env, 175you will need to regenerate your /etc/profile.env. You can do it like this:
102thus:</p> 176</p>
177
178<pre caption="Regenerating /etc/profile.env" >
179# <i>env-update</i>
103<pre> 180</pre>
104[#1 ~] env-update
105</pre>
106 181
182<p>
107<p>After this, you will either want to relogin, or resource 183After this, you will either want to relogin, or resource
108<path>/etc/profile</path> into your environment.</p> 184<path>/etc/profile</path> into your environment.
185</p>
109 186
187<p>
110<p>As a regular user, you can use <c>java-config --set-user-vm</c>, 188As a regular user, you can use <c>java-config --set-user-vm</c>, which will
111which will create <path>$HOME/.gentoo/java-env</path> with all 189create <path>~/.gentoo/java-env</path> with all required env vars. You would
112required env vars. You would normally source this from your shell's 190normally source this from your shell's startup script
113startup script (<path>$HOME/.zshenv</path> in my case).</p> 191(generally <path>~/.bashrc</path>).
192</p>
193
114</body> 194</body>
115</section> 195</section>
116 196
117<section> 197<section>
118<title>Setting a default CLASSPATH</title> 198<title>Setting a default CLASSPATH</title>
119<body> 199<body>
200
201<p>
120<p><c>java-config</c> can also be used to set a system-wide default 202<c>java-config</c> can also be used to set a system-wide default CLASSPATH, and
121CLASSPATH, and of course a user-specific default CLASSPATH.</p> 203of course a user-specific default CLASSPATH.
204</p>
122 205
206<p>
123<p>First you want to list available java libraries that might be 207First you want to list available java libraries that might be interesting to put
124interesting to put in your CLASSPATH, thus:</p> 208in your CLASSPATH. Here is an example of output:
209</p>
210
211<pre caption="Listing classes">
212# <i>java-config --list-available-packages</i>
213[bsh] BeanShell is a small, free, embeddable, Java
214source interpreter with object scripting language
215features. (/usr/share/bsh/package.env)
216[oro] A set of text-processing Java classes that
217provide Perl5 compatible regular expressions, AWK-like
218regular expressions, glob expressions, and utility
219classes for performing substitutions, splits, filtering
220filenames, etc. (/usr/share/oro/package.env)
221[bcel] The Byte Code Engineering Library: analyze, create,
222manipulate Java class files (/usr/share/bcel/package.env)
223[jsch] JSch is a pure Java implementation of SSH2.
224(/usr/share/jsch/package.env)
225...
125<pre> 226</pre>
126[%1 ~] java-config --list-available-packages
127[ant] No description (/usr/share/ant/classpath.env)
128[java-gnome] No description (/usr/share/java-gnome/classpath.env)
129[java-gtk] No description (/usr/share/java-gtk/classpath.env)
130[log4j] "" (/usr/share/log4j/package.env)
131</pre>
132 227
133<note>None of these packages have a proper description. That is 228<p>
134something that will be implemented in the not-so-distant
135future.</note>
136
137<p>Again, the name in brackets <path>"[]"</path> are the IDs that you 229Again, the name in brackets <path>"[]"</path> are the IDs that you have to pass
138have to pass to <c>java-config --set-system-classpath</c>, thus:</p> 230to <c>java-config --set-system-classpath</c>. Here is an example:
139<pre> 231</p>
232
233<pre caption="Setting classpaths">
140java-config --set-system-classpath=log4j,java-gtk,java-gnome 234# <i>java-config --set-system-classpath=log4j,java-gtk,java-gnome</i>
141</pre> 235</pre>
236
237<note>
142<note>The current directory (.) will not be part of the system classpath, 238The current directory (.) will not be part of the system classpath, as that
143as that should be added in root's login profile.</note> 239should be added in root's login profile.
240</note>
241
242<p>
144<p>Again, you will want to run <c>env-update</c> to update your 243Again, you will want to run <c>env-update</c> to update your system's
145system's environment, and you might also want to relogin or resource 244environment, and you might also want to relogin or resource the
146the <path>/etc/profile</path>.</p> 245<path>/etc/profile</path>.
246</p>
247
248<p>
147<p>For users, <c>java-config --set-user-classpath</c> will create 249For users, <c>java-config --set-user-classpath</c> will create
148<path>$HOME/.gentoo/java-env-classpath</path>, which is automatically 250<path>~/.gentoo/java-env-classpath</path>, which is automatically included
149included by <path>$HOME/.gentoo/java-env</path>.</p> 251by <path>~/.gentoo/java-env</path>.
252</p>
253
254</body>
255</section>
256</chapter>
257
258<chapter>
259<title>USE flags for use with Java</title>
260<section>
261<title>Setting USE flags</title>
262<body>
263
264<p>
265For more information regarding USE flags, refer to the
266<uri link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">USE flags</uri>
267chapter from the Gentoo Handbook.
268</p>
269
270</body>
271</section>
272<section>
273<title>The flags</title>
274<body>
275
276<ul>
277<li>The <b>java</b> flag adds support for Java in a variety of programs.</li>
278<li>The <b>mozilla</b> flag adds support for Mozilla-like browsers (including Firefox)
279if you are using blackdown's Java kit. You will need this for viewing Java applets
280in your Mozilla-like browser.</li>
281</ul>
282
150</body> 283</body>
151</section> 284</section>
152</chapter> 285</chapter>
153 286
154<chapter> 287<chapter>
155<title>Additional resources</title> 288<title>Additional resources</title>
156<section> 289<section>
157<title>Off-line resources</title> 290<title>Off-line resources</title>
158<body> 291<body>
292
159<ul> 293<ul>
160<li>java-config man page</li> 294<li>java-config man page</li>
161<li><c>java-config --help</c></li> 295<li><c>java-config --help</c></li>
162<li>The <path>/usr/bin/java-config</path> script itself</li> 296<li>The <path>/usr/bin/java-config</path> script itself</li>
163</ul> 297</ul>
298
164</body> 299</body>
165</section> 300</section>
301
166<section> 302<section>
167<title>Online resources</title> 303<title>Online resources</title>
168<body> 304<body>
169<ul> 305<ul>
170<li>The <uri link="http://lists.gentoo.org/pipermail/gentoo-dev/"> 306<li>The <uri link="http://news.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.devel"
171gentoo-dev </uri>, 307>gentoo-dev</uri>, <uri link="http://news.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.user"
172<uri link="http://lists.gentoo.org/pipermail/gentoo-user/"> gentoo-user
173</uri> mailing list archives</li> 308>gentoo-user </uri> mailing list archives</li>
174<li>#gentoo on irc.openprojects.net</li> 309<li>#gentoo and #gentoo-java on irc.freenode.net</li>
310<li><uri link="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_programming_language">Wikipedia's entry for Java</uri></li>
175</ul> 311</ul>
176</body>
177</section>
178</chapter>
179<chapter>
180<title>Caveats</title>
181<section>
182<title>General</title>
183<body>
184<p>If you select a JRE as your default VM, you may not have a
185<c>javac</c> command handy at all times, unless you have manually
186installed a symlink to take care of that.</p>
187 312
188<p>Jikes will be used to compile some of the largest packages, if it
189is available. With time, we hope to be able to compile all
190java-dependent packages with Jikes, so some dependencies on the JDK
191can be replaced with a dependency on the JRE.</p>
192
193<p>With some versions of Portage, doing an <c>emerge --world
194update</c> will install the JDK regardless if whether you have it
195installed before or not. This is a known bug addressed in later
196versions of Portage.</p>
197</body> 313</body>
198</section> 314</section>
199</chapter> 315</chapter>
200</guide> 316</guide>

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