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1 swift 1.1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2 swift 1.11 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/nvidia-guide.xml,v 1.10 2004/12/02 17:26:32 swift Exp $ -->
3 swift 1.1 <!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4    
5     <guide link="/doc/en/nvidia-guide.xml">
6     <title>Gentoo Linux nVidia Guide</title>
7    
8     <author title="Author">
9     <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10     </author>
11    
12     <abstract>
13     Many Gentooists have an nVidia chipset on their system. nVidia provides specific
14     Linux drivers to boost the performance of your card. This guide informs you how
15     to install and configure these drivers.
16     </abstract>
17    
18     <license/>
19    
20 swift 1.11 <version>1.8</version>
21     <date>2005-02-25</date>
22 swift 1.1
23     <chapter>
24     <title>Configuring your Card</title>
25     <section>
26     <title>Installing the Appropriate Drivers</title>
27     <body>
28    
29     <p>
30     The nVidia drivers include kernel modules that must integrate in your current
31     kernel. To accomplish this, your kernel must support the loading of kernel
32     modules. If you used <c>genkernel</c> to configure the kernel for you then
33     you're all set. If not, double check your kernel configuration so that this
34     support is enabled:
35     </p>
36    
37     <pre caption="Enabling the Loading of Kernel Modules">
38     Loadable module support ---&gt;
39     [*] Enable loadable module support
40     </pre>
41    
42     <p>
43 swift 1.5 You also need to enable <e>Memory Type Range Register</e> in your kernel:
44     </p>
45    
46     <pre caption="Enabling MTRR">
47     Processor and Features ---&gt;
48     [*] MTRR (Memory Type Range Register) support
49     </pre>
50    
51     <p>
52 swift 1.1 nVidia's modules and libraries are combined in two packages: <c>nvidia-glx</c>
53     and <c>nvidia-kernel</c>. The former are the X11 GLX libraries while the latter
54 swift 1.3 are the kernel modules. Since <c>nvidia-glx</c> depends on <c>nvidia-kernel</c>,
55     installing <c>nvidia-glx</c> is sufficient:
56 swift 1.1 </p>
57    
58     <pre caption="Installing the nVidia modules">
59 swift 1.3 # <i>emerge nvidia-glx</i>
60 swift 1.1 </pre>
61    
62     <p>
63     Once the installation has finished, run <c>modprobe nvidia</c> to load the
64     kernel module into memory.
65     </p>
66    
67     <pre caption="Loading the kernel module">
68     # <i>modprobe nvidia</i>
69     </pre>
70    
71     <p>
72     You probably want to have this done each time you boot your system, so edit
73     <path>/etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6</path> (or <path>kernel-2.4</path>) and
74     add <c>nvidia</c> to it. Don't forget to run <c>modules-update</c> afterwards!
75     </p>
76    
77     <pre caption="Running modules-update">
78     # <i>modules-update</i>
79     </pre>
80    
81     </body>
82     </section>
83     <section>
84     <title>Configuring the X Server</title>
85     <body>
86    
87     <p>
88     Once the appropriate drivers are installed you need to configure your X Server
89     (XFree86 or Xorg) to use the <c>nvidia</c> driver instead of the default
90     <c>nv</c> driver.
91     </p>
92    
93     <p>
94     Open <path>/etc/X11/XF86Config</path> (or <path>/etc/X11/xorg.conf</path>) with
95     your favorite editor (such as <c>nano</c> or <c>vim</c>) and go to the
96     <c>Device</c> section. In that section, change the <c>Driver</c> line:
97     </p>
98    
99     <pre caption="Changing nv to nvidia in the X Server configuration">
100     Section "Device"
101     Identifier "nVidia Inc. GeForce2"
102     <i>Driver "nvidia"</i>
103     VideoRam 65536
104     EndSection
105     </pre>
106    
107     <p>
108 swift 1.4 Then go to the <c>Module</c> section and make sure the <c>glx</c> module gets
109     loaded while the <c>dri</c> module doesn't:
110     </p>
111    
112     <pre caption="Updating the Module section">
113     Section "Module"
114     <comment>(...)</comment>
115     <i># Load "dri"
116     Load "glx"</i>
117     <comment>(...)</comment>
118     EndSection
119     </pre>
120    
121     <p>
122 swift 1.1 Run <c>opengl-update</c> so that the X Server uses the nVidia GLX libraries:
123     </p>
124    
125     <pre caption="Running opengl-update">
126     # <i>opengl-update nvidia</i>
127     </pre>
128    
129     </body>
130     </section>
131     <section>
132 swift 1.10 <title>Adding your Users to the video Group</title>
133     <body>
134    
135     <p>
136     You have to add your user to the <c>video</c> group so he has access to the
137     nvidia device files:
138     </p>
139    
140     <pre caption="Adding your user to the video group">
141     # <i>gpasswd -a youruser video</i>
142     </pre>
143    
144     <p>
145     This might not be totally necessary if you aren't used <c>udev</c> but it
146     doesn't hurt either and makes your system future-proof :)
147     </p>
148    
149     </body>
150     </section>
151     <section>
152 swift 1.1 <title>Testing your Card</title>
153     <body>
154    
155     <p>
156     To test your nVidia card, fire up X and run the <c>glxinfo | grep direct</c>
157     command. It should say that direct rendering is activated:
158     </p>
159    
160     <pre caption="Checking the direct rendering status">
161     $ <i>glxinfo | grep direct</i>
162     direct rendering: Yes
163     </pre>
164    
165     <p>
166     To monitor your FPS, run <c>glxgears</c>.
167     </p>
168    
169     </body>
170     </section>
171 swift 1.11 <section>
172     <title>Enabling nvidia Support</title>
173     <body>
174    
175     <p>
176     Some tools, such as <c>mplayer</c> and <c>xine-lib</c>, use a local USE flag
177     called "nvidia" which enables XvMCNVIDIA support, useful when watching high
178     resolution movies. Add in "nvidia" in your USE variable in
179     <path>/etc/make.conf</path> or add it as USE flag to <c>media-video/mplayer</c>
180     and/or <c>media-libs/xine-lib</c> in <path>/etc/portage/package.use</path>.
181     </p>
182    
183     <p>
184     Then, run <c>emerge -uD --newuse world</c> to rebuild the applications that
185     benefit from the USE flag change.
186     </p>
187    
188     </body>
189     </section>
190 swift 1.1 </chapter>
191 swift 1.6
192     <chapter>
193     <title>Troubleshooting</title>
194     <section>
195     <title>Getting 2D to work on machines with 4Gb or more memory</title>
196     <body>
197    
198     <p>
199     If you are having troubles with the nVidia 2D acceleration it is likely that you
200     are unable to set up a write-combining range with MTRR. To verify, check the
201     contents of <path>/proc/mtrr</path>:
202     </p>
203    
204     <pre caption="Checking if you have write-combining enabled">
205     # <i>cat /proc/mtrr</i>
206     </pre>
207    
208     <p>
209     Every line should contain "write-back" or "write-combining". If you see a line
210     with "uncachable" in it you will need to change a BIOS setting to fix this.
211     </p>
212    
213     <p>
214     Reboot and enter the BIOS, then find the MTRR settings (probably under "CPU
215     Settings"). Change the setting from "continuous" to "discrete" and boot back
216     into Linux. You will now find out that there is no "uncachable" entry anymore
217     and 2D acceleration now works without any glitches.
218     </p>
219    
220     </body>
221     </section>
222 swift 1.7 <section>
223     <title>I receive warnings about unsupported 4K stack sizes</title>
224     <body>
225    
226     <p>
227 neysx 1.9 <c>nvidia-kernel</c> packages older than 1.0.6106 only support kernels using an
228     8K stack size. More recent kernels (2.6.6 and higher) have support for 4K stack
229     size's as well. Do not select 4K stack size in your kernel configuration if you
230     are using such an <c>nvidia-kernel</c> package. You can find this option in the
231     section <c>Kernel Hacking</c>.
232 swift 1.7 </p>
233    
234     </body>
235     </section>
236 swift 1.6 </chapter>
237    
238 swift 1.1 </guide>

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