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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.26 2006/12/25 17:30:26 nightmorph Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.39 2007/12/20 19:13:21 swift Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4
4<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml">
6
5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title> 7<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title>
8
6<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail> 10 Andreas "daff" Ntaflos <!--daff at dword dot org-->
8</author> 11</author>
9<author title="Author"> 12<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail> 13 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail>
11</author> 14</author>
15<author title="Editor">
16 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail>
17</author>
12 18
13<abstract> 19<abstract>
14Setup, install and configure a Samba Server under Gentoo that shares 20Setup, install and configure a Samba Server under Gentoo that shares files,
15files, printers without the need to install drivers and provides 21printers without the need to install drivers and provides automatic virus
16automatic virus scanning. 22scanning.
17</abstract> 23</abstract>
18 24
19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 25<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 26<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
21<license/> 27<license/>
22 28
23<version>1.15</version> 29<version>1.24</version>
24<date>2006-12-25</date> 30<date>2007-12-20</date>
25 31
26<chapter> 32<chapter>
27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title> 33<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title>
28<section> 34<section>
29<title>Purpose</title> 35<title>Purpose</title>
30<body> 36<body>
31 37
32<p> 38<p>
33This HOWTO is designed to help you move a network from many different 39This HOWTO is designed to help you move a network from many different clients
34clients speaking different languages, to many different machines that 40speaking different languages, to many different machines that speak a common
35speak a common language. The ultimate goal is to help differing 41language. The ultimate goal is to help differing architectures and technologies,
36architectures and technologies, come together in a productive, 42come together in a productive, happily coexisting environment.
37happily coexisting environment.
38</p>
39
40<p> 43</p>
44
45<p>
41Following the directions outlined in this HOWTO should give you an 46Following the directions outlined in this HOWTO should give you an excellent
42excellent step towards a peaceful cohabitation between Windows, and 47step towards a peaceful cohabitation between Windows, and virtually all known
43virtually all known variations of *nix. 48variations of *nix.
44</p>
45
46<p> 49</p>
50
51<p>
47This HOWTO originally started not as a HOWTO, but as a FAQ. It was 52This HOWTO originally started not as a HOWTO, but as a FAQ. It was intended to
48intended to explore the functionality and power of the Gentoo system, 53explore the functionality and power of the Gentoo system, portage and the
49portage and the flexibility of USE flags. Like so many other projects, 54flexibility of USE flags. Like so many other projects, it was quickly discovered
50it was quickly discovered what was missing in the Gentoo realm: there 55what was missing in the Gentoo realm: there weren't any Samba HOWTO's catered
51weren't any Samba HOWTO's catered for Gentoo users. These users are 56for Gentoo users. These users are more demanding than most; they require
52more demanding than most; they require performance, flexibility and 57performance, flexibility and customization. This does not however imply that
53customization. This does not however imply that this HOWTO was not
54intended for other distributions; rather that it was designed to work 58this HOWTO was not intended for other distributions; rather that it was designed
55with a highly customized version of Samba. 59to work with a highly customized version of Samba.
56</p>
57
58<p> 60</p>
61
62<p>
59This HOWTO will describe how to share files and printers between Windows 63This HOWTO will describe how to share files and printers between Windows PCs and
60PCs and *nix PCs. It will also demonstrate the use of the VFS (Virtual 64*nix PCs. It will also demonstrate the use of the VFS (Virtual File System)
61File System) feature of Samba to incorporate automatic virus protection. 65feature of Samba to incorporate automatic virus protection. As a finale, it will
62As a finale, it will show you how to mount and manipulate shares. 66show you how to mount and manipulate shares.
63</p>
64
65<p> 67</p>
68
69<p>
66There are a few topics that will be mentioned, but are out of the 70There are a few topics that will be mentioned, but are out of the scope of this
67scope of this HOWTO. These will be noted as they are presented. 71HOWTO. These will be noted as they are presented.
68</p>
69
70<p> 72</p>
73
74<p>
71This HOWTO is based on a compilation and merge of an excellent HOWTO 75This HOWTO is based on a compilation and merge of an excellent HOWTO provided
72provided in the <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo forums</uri> 76in the <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo forums</uri> by Andreas
73by Andreas "daff" Ntaflos and the collected knowledge of Joshua Preston. 77"daff" Ntaflos and the collected knowledge of Joshua Preston. The link to this
74The link to this discussion is provided below for your reference: 78discussion is provided below for your reference:
75</p> 79</p>
76 80
77<ul> 81<ul>
78 <li> 82 <li>
79 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">HOWTO 83 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">HOWTO
80 CUPS+Samba: printing from Windows &amp; Linux</uri> 84 CUPS+Samba: printing from Windows &amp; Linux</uri>
81 </li> 85 </li>
82</ul> 86</ul>
83 87
84</body> 88</body>
87<title>Before you use this guide</title> 91<title>Before you use this guide</title>
88<body> 92<body>
89 93
90<p> 94<p>
91There are a several other guides for setting up CUPS and/or Samba, please read 95There are a several other guides for setting up CUPS and/or Samba, please read
92them as well, as they may tell you things left out of this HOWTO (intentional 96them as well, as they may tell you things left out of this HOWTO (intentional or
93or otherwise). One such document is the very useful and well written <uri 97otherwise). One such document is the very useful and well written <uri
94link="/doc/en/printing-howto.xml">Gentoo Printing Guide</uri>, as configuration 98link="/doc/en/printing-howto.xml">Gentoo Printing Guide</uri>, as configuration
95issues and specific printer setup is not discussed here. 99issues and specific printer setup is not discussed here.
96</p> 100</p>
97 101
98</body> 102</body>
100<section> 104<section>
101<title>Brief Overview</title> 105<title>Brief Overview</title>
102<body> 106<body>
103 107
104<p> 108<p>
105After presenting the various USE flags, the following list will outline 109After presenting the various USE flags, the following list will outline all of
106all of the topics covered as they are presented: 110the topics covered as they are presented:
107</p> 111</p>
108 112
109<ul> 113<ul>
110 <li>On the Samba server: 114 <li>On the Samba server:
111 <ul> 115 <ul>
144<ul> 148<ul>
145 <li>net-fs/samba</li> 149 <li>net-fs/samba</li>
146 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li> 150 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li>
147 <li>net-print/cups</li> 151 <li>net-print/cups</li>
148 <li>net-print/foomatic</li> 152 <li>net-print/foomatic</li>
149 <li>net-print/hpijs (if you have an HP printer)</li> 153 <li>net-print/hplip (if you have an HP printer)</li>
150 <li>A kernel of sorts (preferably 2.4.24+ or 2.6.x)</li> 154 <li>A kernel of sorts (2.6)</li>
151 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li> 155 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li>
152 <li> 156 <li>
153 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine) 157 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine)
154 </li> 158 </li>
155</ul> 159</ul>
156 160
157<p> 161<p>
158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need 162The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need a kernel
159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows 163with cifs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows share from
160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already. 164another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already.
161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted 165app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted to
162to work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning 166work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning
163technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ... 167technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ...
164</p> 168</p>
165 169
166</body> 170</body>
167</section> 171</section>
172<section> 176<section>
173<title>The USE Flags</title> 177<title>The USE Flags</title>
174<body> 178<body>
175 179
176<p> 180<p>
177Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags 181Before emerging anything, take a look at some of the various USE flags available
178available to Samba. 182to Samba.
179</p> 183</p>
180 184
181<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:"> 185<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:">
182kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav libclamav 186kerberos acl cups ldap pam readline python oav winbind
183</pre> 187</pre>
184 188
185<p> 189<p>
186Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of 190Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of the server,
187the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or 191the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or exclude from the
188exclude from the emerging of Samba. 192emerging of Samba.
189</p> 193</p>
190 194
191<table> 195<table>
192<tr> 196<tr>
193 <th><b>USE flag</b></th> 197 <th><b>USE flag</b></th>
194 <th>Description</th> 198 <th>Description</th>
195</tr> 199</tr>
196<tr> 200<tr>
197 <th><b>kerberos</b></th> 201 <th><b>kerberos</b></th>
198 <ti> 202 <ti>
199 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is 203 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is intended
200 intended to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note 204 to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note below for more
201 below for more information. 205 information.
202 </ti>
203</tr>
204<tr>
205 <th><b>mysql</b></th>
206 <ti>
207 This will allow Samba to use MySQL in order to do password authentication.
208 It will store ACLs, usernames, passwords, etc in a database versus a
209 flat file. If Samba is needed to do password authentication, such as
210 acting as a password validation server or a Primary Domain Controller
211 (PDC).
212 </ti>
213</tr>
214<tr>
215 <th><b>xml</b></th>
216 <ti>
217 The xml USE option for Samba provides a password database backend allowing
218 Samba to store account details in XML files, for the same reasons listed in
219 the mysql USE flag description.
220 </ti> 206 </ti>
221</tr> 207</tr>
222<tr> 208<tr>
223 <th><b>acl</b></th> 209 <th><b>acl</b></th>
224 <ti> 210 <ti>
225 Enables Access Control Lists. The ACL support in Samba uses a patched 211 Enables Access Control Lists. The ACL support in Samba uses a patched
226 ext2/ext3, or SGI's XFS in order to function properly as it extends more 212 ext2/ext3, or SGI's XFS in order to function properly as it extends more
227 detailed access to files or directories; much more so than typical *nix 213 detailed access to files or directories; much more so than typical *nix
228 GID/UID schemas. 214 GID/UID schemas.
229 </ti> 215 </ti>
230</tr> 216</tr>
231<tr> 217<tr>
232 <th><b>cups</b></th> 218 <th><b>cups</b></th>
233 <ti> 219 <ti>
234 This enables support for the Common Unix Printing System. This 220 This enables support for the Common Unix Printing System. This provides an
235 provides an interface allowing local CUPS printers to be shared to 221 interface allowing local CUPS printers to be shared to other systems in the
236 other systems in the network. 222 network.
237 </ti> 223 </ti>
238</tr> 224</tr>
239<tr> 225<tr>
240 <th><b>ldap</b></th> 226 <th><b>ldap</b></th>
241 <ti> 227 <ti>
242 Enables the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). If Samba is 228 Enables the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). If Samba is
243 expected to use Active Directory, this option must be used. This would 229 expected to use Active Directory, this option must be used. This would be
244 be used in the event Samba needs to login to or provide login to 230 used in the event Samba needs to login to or provide login to a
245 a Domain/Active Directory Server. The kerberos USE flag is needed for 231 Domain/Active Directory Server. The kerberos USE flag is needed for proper
246 proper functioning of this option. 232 functioning of this option.
247 </ti> 233 </ti>
248</tr> 234</tr>
249<tr> 235<tr>
250 <th><b>pam</b></th> 236 <th><b>pam</b></th>
251 <ti> 237 <ti>
252 Include support for pluggable authentication modules (PAM). This 238 Include support for pluggable authentication modules (PAM). This provides
253 provides the ability to authenticate users on the Samba Server, which is 239 the ability to authenticate users on the Samba Server, which is required if
254 required if users have to login to your server. The kerberos USE flag 240 users have to login to your server. The kerberos USE flag is recommended
255 is recommended along with this option. 241 along with this option.
256 </ti> 242 </ti>
257</tr> 243</tr>
258<tr> 244<tr>
259 <th><b>readline</b></th> 245 <th><b>readline</b></th>
260 <ti> 246 <ti>
261 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should 247 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should
262 probably not be disabled 248 probably not be disabled.
263 </ti> 249 </ti>
264</tr> 250</tr>
265<tr> 251<tr>
266 <th><b>python</b></th> 252 <th><b>python</b></th>
267 <ti> 253 <ti>
268 Python bindings API. Provides an API that will allow Python to 254 Python bindings API. Provides an API that will allow Python to interface
269 interface with Samba. 255 with Samba.
270 </ti> 256 </ti>
271</tr> 257</tr>
272<tr> 258<tr>
273 <th><b>oav</b></th> 259 <th><b>oav</b></th>
274 <ti> 260 <ti>
275 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot 261 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot Daemon,
276 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep 262 Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep (SAVI),
277 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI). 263 Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI).
278 </ti> 264 </ti>
279</tr> 265</tr>
280<tr> 266<tr>
281 <th><b>libclamav</b></th> 267 <th><b>winbind</b></th>
282 <ti> 268 <ti>
283 Use the ClamAV library instead of the clamd daemon 269 Winbind allows for a unified logon within a Samba environment. It uses a
270 Unix implementation of Windows RPC calls, PAM and the name service switch
271 (supported by the c library) to enable Windows NT domain users to appear and
272 work as Unix users on a Unix system.
284 </ti> 273 </ti>
285</tr> 274</tr>
286</table> 275</table>
287 276
288<p> 277<p>
290Samba functions include: 279Samba functions include:
291</p> 280</p>
292 281
293<ul> 282<ul>
294 <li> 283 <li>
295 ACLs on ext2/3 are implemented through extended attributes (EAs). EA and 284 ACLs on ext2/3 are implemented through extended attributes (EAs). EA and
296 ACL kernel options for ext2 and/or ext3 will need to be enabled 285 ACL kernel options for ext2 and/or ext3 will need to be enabled (depending
297 (depending on which file system is being used - both can be enabled). 286 on which file system is being used - both can be enabled).
298 </li> 287 </li>
299 <li> 288 <li>
300 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended 289 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended
301 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause: 290 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause:
302 <ul> 291 <ul>
315<section> 304<section>
316<title>Emerging Samba</title> 305<title>Emerging Samba</title>
317<body> 306<body>
318 307
319<p> 308<p>
320First of all: be sure that all your hostnames resolve correctly. 309First of all: be sure that all your hostnames resolve correctly. Either have a
321Either have a working domain name system running on your network 310working domain name system running on your network or appropriate entries in
322or appropriate entries in your <path>/etc/hosts</path> file. 311your <path>/etc/hosts</path> file. <c>cupsaddsmb</c> often borks if hostnames
323<c>cupsaddsmb</c> often borks if hostnames don't point to the correct 312don't point to the correct machines.
324machines.
325</p>
326
327<p> 313</p>
314
315<p>
328Hopefully now you can make an assessment of what you'll actually need in 316Hopefully now you can make an assessment of what you'll actually need in order
329order to use Samba with your particular setup. The setup used for this 317to use Samba with your particular setup. The setup used for this HOWTO is:
330HOWTO is:
331</p> 318</p>
332 319
333<ul> 320<ul>
334 <li>oav</li> 321 <li>oav</li>
335 <li>cups</li> 322 <li>cups</li>
336 <li>readline</li> 323 <li>readline</li>
337 <li>pam</li> 324 <li>pam</li>
338</ul> 325</ul>
339 326
340<p> 327<p>
341To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the 328To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the USE flags are
342USE flags are specifically included or excluded. 329specifically included or excluded.
343</p> 330</p>
344 331
345<pre caption="Emerge Samba"> 332<pre caption="Emerge Samba">
346# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i> 333# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
347# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i> 334# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i>
348</pre> 335</pre>
349 336
350<note>
351The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86,
352ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha
353</note>
354
355<p> 337<p>
356This will emerge Samba and CUPS (if CUPS is not already emerged). 338This will emerge Samba and CUPS (if CUPS is not already emerged).
357</p> 339</p>
358 340
359</body> 341</body>
361<section> 343<section>
362<title>Emerging ClamAV</title> 344<title>Emerging ClamAV</title>
363<body> 345<body>
364 346
365<p> 347<p>
366Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access 348Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access
367virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner 349virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner used in
368used in this HOWTO is ClamAV. 350this HOWTO is ClamAV.
369</p> 351</p>
370 352
371<pre caption="Emerge Clamav"> 353<pre caption="Emerge Clamav">
372# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i> 354# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i>
373</pre> 355</pre>
383</pre> 365</pre>
384 366
385</body> 367</body>
386</section> 368</section>
387<section> 369<section>
388<title>Emerging net-print/hpijs</title> 370<title>Emerging net-print/hplip</title>
389<body> 371<body>
390 372
391<p> 373<p>
392You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer. 374You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer.
393</p> 375</p>
394 376
395<pre caption="Emerge hpijs"> 377<pre caption="Emerge hplip">
396# <i>emerge net-print/hpijs</i> 378# <i>emerge net-print/hplip</i>
397</pre> 379</pre>
398 380
399</body> 381</body>
400</section> 382</section>
401</chapter> 383</chapter>
405<section> 387<section>
406<title>Configuring Samba</title> 388<title>Configuring Samba</title>
407<body> 389<body>
408 390
409<p> 391<p>
410The main Samba configuration file is <path>/etc/samba/smb.conf</path>. 392The main Samba configuration file is <path>/etc/samba/smb.conf</path>. It is
411It is divided in sections indicated by [sectionname]. Comments are either 393divided in sections indicated by [sectionname]. Comments are either
412# or ;. A sample <path>smb.conf</path> is included below with comments and 394# or ;. A sample <path>smb.conf</path> is included below with comments and
413suggestions for modifications. If more details are required, see the 395suggestions for modifications. If more details are required, see the man page
414man page for <path>smb.conf</path>, the installed 396for <path>smb.conf</path>, the installed <path>smb.conf.example</path>, the
415<path>smb.conf.example</path>, the Samba Web site or any of the 397Samba Web site or any of the numerous Samba books available.
416numerous Samba books available.
417</p> 398</p>
418 399
419<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf"> 400<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf">
420[global] 401[global]
421<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment> 402<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment>
445hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0 426hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0
446<comment># Other options for this are USER, DOMAIN, ADS, and SERVER 427<comment># Other options for this are USER, DOMAIN, ADS, and SERVER
447# The default is user</comment> 428# The default is user</comment>
448security = share 429security = share
449<comment># No passwords, so we're going to use a guest account!</comment> 430<comment># No passwords, so we're going to use a guest account!</comment>
450guest account = samba
451guest ok = yes 431guest ok = yes
452<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner. 432<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner.
453# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable 433# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable
454# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move 434# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move
455# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment> 435# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment>
479guest ok = yes 459guest ok = yes
480<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 460<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
481# be the only printer admin)</comment> 461# be the only printer admin)</comment>
482printer admin = <i>root</i> 462printer admin = <i>root</i>
483 463
484<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be 464<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be
485# browseable, printable, public.</comment> 465# browseable, printable, public.</comment>
486[printers] 466[printers]
487comment = All Printers 467comment = All Printers
488browseable = no 468browseable = no
489printable = yes 469printable = yes
490writable = no 470writable = no
491public = yes 471public = yes
492guest ok = yes 472guest ok = yes
493path = /var/spool/samba 473path = /var/spool/samba
494<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 474<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
495# be the only printer admin)</comment> 475# be the only printer admin)</comment>
496printer admin = <i>root</i> 476printer admin = <i>root</i>
506guest ok = yes 486guest ok = yes
507path = /home/samba/public 487path = /home/samba/public
508</pre> 488</pre>
509 489
510<warn> 490<warn>
511If you like to use Samba's guest account to do anything concerning 491If you like to use Samba's guest account to do anything concerning printing from
512printing from Windows clients: don't set <c>guest only = yes</c> in 492Windows clients: don't set <c>guest only = yes</c> in the <c>[global]</c>
513the <c>[global]</c> section. The guest account seems to cause 493section. The guest account seems to cause problems when running
514problems when running <c>cupsaddsmb</c> sometimes when trying to 494<c>cupsaddsmb</c> sometimes when trying to connect from Windows machines. See
515connect from Windows machines. See below, too, when we talk about 495below, too, when we talk about <c>cupsaddsmb</c> and the problems that can
516<c>cupsaddsmb</c> and the problems that can arise. Use a dedicated
517printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or 496arise. Use a dedicated printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c>
518<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly 497or <c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly protect you
519protect you from a lot of problems. 498from a lot of problems.
520</warn> 499</warn>
521 500
522<warn> 501<warn>
523Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow 502Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow
524down the performance of your Samba server dramatically. 503down the performance of your Samba server dramatically.
525</warn> 504</warn>
526 505
527<p> 506<p>
528Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of 507Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of Samba to
529Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network. 508share the installed printer throughout the network.
530</p> 509</p>
531 510
532<pre caption="Create the directories"> 511<pre caption="Create the directories">
533# <i>mkdir /etc/samba/printer</i> 512# <i>mkdir /etc/samba/printer</i>
534# <i>mkdir /var/spool/samba</i> 513# <i>mkdir /var/spool/samba</i>
535# <i>mkdir /home/samba/public</i> 514# <i>mkdir /home/samba/public</i>
536</pre> 515</pre>
537 516
538<p> 517<p>
539At least one Samba user is required in order to install the printer 518At least one Samba user is required in order to install the printer drivers and
540drivers and to allow users to connect to the printer. Users must 519to allow users to connect to the printer. Users must exist in the system's
541exist in the system's <path>/etc/passwd</path> file. 520<path>/etc/passwd</path> file.
542</p> 521</p>
543 522
544<pre caption="Creating the users"> 523<pre caption="Creating the users">
545# <i>smbpasswd -a root</i> 524# <i>smbpasswd -a root</i>
546 525
547<comment>(If another user is to be a printer admin)</comment> 526<comment>(If another user is to be a printer admin)</comment>
548# <i>smbpasswd -a username</i> 527# <i>smbpasswd -a username</i>
549</pre> 528</pre>
550 529
551<p> 530<p>
552The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords 531The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords
553in <path>/etc/passwd</path>. 532in <path>/etc/passwd</path>.
554</p> 533</p>
555 534
556<p> 535<p>
557You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows 536You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows
569<section> 548<section>
570<title>Configuring ClamAV</title> 549<title>Configuring ClamAV</title>
571<body> 550<body>
572 551
573<p> 552<p>
574The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is 553The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is
575<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set 554<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set to the
576to the defaults, the infected file action may need to be changed. 555defaults, the infected file action may need to be changed.
577</p> 556</p>
578 557
579<pre caption="/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf"> 558<pre caption="/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf">
580[samba-vscan] 559[samba-vscan]
581<comment>; run-time configuration for vscan-samba using 560<comment>; run-time configuration for vscan-samba using
638<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment> 617<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment>
639oav port = 8127 618oav port = 8127
640</pre> 619</pre>
641 620
642<p> 621<p>
643It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add 622It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add it to
644it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service 623the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately.
645immediately. The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition 624The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition database up
646database up to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may 625to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may want to set
647want to set the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs. 626the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs.
648</p> 627</p>
649 628
650<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles"> 629<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles">
651# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i> 630# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i>
652<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment> 631<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment>
670<section> 649<section>
671<title>Configuring CUPS</title> 650<title>Configuring CUPS</title>
672<body> 651<body>
673 652
674<p> 653<p>
675This is a little more complicated. CUPS' main config file is 654This is a little more complicated. CUPS' main config file is
676<path>/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</path>. It's structure is similar to Apache's 655<path>/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</path>. It's structure is similar to Apache's
677<path>httpd.conf</path> file, so many you may find it familiar. Outlined 656<path>httpd.conf</path> file, so many you may find it familiar. Outlined in the
678in the example are the directives that need to be changed: 657example are the directives that need to be changed:
679</p> 658</p>
680 659
681<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf"> 660<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf">
682ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment> 661ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
683ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment> 662ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment>
684 663
685AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment> 664AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment>
686ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment> 665ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment>
687 666
688LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be 667LogLevel debug <comment># only while installing and testing, should later be
689 # changed to 'info'</comment> 668 # changed to 'info'</comment>
690 669
691MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back, 670MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back,
692 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface, 671 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface,
693 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when 672 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when
694 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment> 673 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment>
695 674
696BrowseAddress @IF(<i>eth0</i>) <comment># Change this to your internal net interface</comment> 675BrowseAddress @IF(<i>eth0</i>) <comment># Change this to your internal net interface</comment>
697 676
698&lt;Location /&gt; 677&lt;Location /&gt;
699Order Deny,Allow 678Order Deny,Allow
700Deny From All 679Deny From All
701Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network 680Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network
705 684
706&lt;Location /admin&gt; 685&lt;Location /admin&gt;
707AuthType Basic 686AuthType Basic
708AuthClass System 687AuthClass System
709Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># same as above, allow any host on the 688Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># same as above, allow any host on the
710 # 192.168.1.0 network to connect and do 689 # 192.168.1.0 network to connect and do
711 # administrative tasks after authenticating</comment> 690 # administrative tasks after authenticating</comment>
712Order Deny,Allow 691Order Deny,Allow
713Deny From All 692Deny From All
714&lt;/Location&gt; 693&lt;/Location&gt;
715</pre> 694</pre>
716 695
717<p> 696<p>
718Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 697Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. The changes to
719The changes to <path>mime.convs</path> and <path>mime.types</path> are 698<path>mime.convs</path> and <path>mime.types</path> are needed to make CUPS
720needed to make CUPS print Microsoft Office document files. 699print Microsoft Office document files.
721</p> 700</p>
722 701
723<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.convs"> 702<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.convs">
724<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 703<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
725application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0 704application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0
726</pre> 705</pre>
727 706
728<p> 707<p>
729Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines. 708Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines.
730</p> 709</p>
731 710
732<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types"> 711<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types">
733<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 712<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
734application/octet-stream 713application/octet-stream
735</pre> 714</pre>
736 715
737<p> 716<p>
738CUPS needs to be started on boot, and started immediately. 717CUPS needs to be started on boot, and started immediately.
739</p> 718</p>
740 719
741<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" > 720<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" >
742<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment> 721<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment>
743# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 722# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i>
754<p> 733<p>
755First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to 734First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to
756find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so, 735find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so,
757click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer 736click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer
758and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On 737and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On
759the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the 738the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the various
760various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, 739notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, again after
761again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select 740reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select your printers
762your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri 741manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri
763link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> 742link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> is
764is also very helpful when working with CUPS. 743also very helpful when working with CUPS.
765</p>
766
767<p> 744</p>
745
746<p>
768Now you have a PPD file for your printer to work with CUPS. Place it in 747Now you have a PPD file for your printer to work with CUPS. Place it in
769<path>/usr/share/cups/model</path>. The PPD for the HP DeskJet 930C was 748<path>/usr/share/cups/model</path>. The PPD for the HP DeskJet 930C was named
770named <path>HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</path>. You should now install the printer. 749<path>HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</path>. You should now install the printer.
771This can be done via the CUPS web interface or via command line. The web 750This can be done via the CUPS web interface or via command line. The web
772interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running. 751interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running.
773</p> 752</p>
774 753
775<pre caption="Install the printer via command line"> 754<pre caption="Install the printer via command line">
776# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i> 755# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i>
777# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i> 756# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
778</pre> 757</pre>
779 758
780<p> 759<p>
781Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name 760Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name (<c>-p</c>
782(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba 761argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba configuration!) and to
783configuration!) and to put in the correct <c>usb:/dev/usb/blah</c>, 762put in the correct <c>usb:/dev/usb/blah</c>, <c>parallel:/dev/blah</c> or
784<c>parallel:/dev/blah</c> or whatever device you are using for your 763whatever device you are using for your printer.
785printer.
786</p>
787
788<p> 764</p>
765
766<p>
789You should now be able to access the printer from the web interface 767You should now be able to access the printer from the web interface and be able
790and be able to print a test page. 768to print a test page.
791</p> 769</p>
792 770
793</body> 771</body>
794</section> 772</section>
795<section> 773<section>
796<title>Installing the Windows printer drivers</title> 774<title>Installing the Windows printer drivers</title>
797<body> 775<body>
798 776
799<p> 777<p>
800Now that the printer should be working it is time to install the drivers 778Now that the printer should be working it is time to install the drivers for
801for the Windows clients to work. Samba 2.2 introduced this functionality. 779the Windows clients to work. Samba 2.2 introduced this functionality. Browsing
802Browsing to the print server in the Network Neighbourhood, right-clicking 780to the print server in the Network Neighbourhood, right-clicking on the
803on the printershare and selecting "connect" downloads the appropriate 781printershare and selecting "connect" downloads the appropriate drivers
804drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of 782automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of manually
805manually installing printer drivers locally. 783installing printer drivers locally.
806</p> 784</p>
807 785
808<p> 786<p>
809There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers 787There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers
810which can be obtained from <uri 788which can be obtained from <uri
811link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript 789link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript
812printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained <uri 790printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained by
813link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~nightmorph/misc/cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz">here</uri>. 791emerging <c>net-print/cups-windows</c>. Note that it may still be marked ~arch,
792so you may need to add it to <path>/etc/portage/package.keywords</path>. There
814There doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but 793doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but the
815the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a 794Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a Windows
816Windows binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct 795binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct files is a
817files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers seem to support some options the 796bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers support some options the Adobe drivers
818Adobe drivers don't. 797don't.
819</p>
820<!--
821used to be available at www.cups.org/articles.php?L142+p4, but only 6.0 is
822available. at some point, we should update this for 6.0.
823-->
824
825<p> 798</p>
826This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is 799
827called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files
828contained into a directory.
829</p> 800<p>
830 801This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. Install them as shown:
831<pre caption="Extract the drivers and run the install">
832# <i>tar -xzf cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</i>
833# <i>cd cups-samba-5.0rc2</i>
834<comment>(Only use this script if CUPS resides in /usr/share/cups)</comment>
835# <i>./cups-samba.install</i>
836</pre>
837
838<p> 802</p>
839<path>cups-samba.ss</path> is a TAR archive containing three files:
840<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and
841<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files.
842</p>
843 803
844<warn>
845The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (i.e. FreeBSD)
846because almost everything which is not part of the base system is
847installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This
848seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux.
849However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than
850<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below.
851</warn>
852
853<p>
854Suppose your CUPS installation resides under
855<path>/usr/local/share/cups/</path>, and you want to install the drivers there.
856Do the following:
857</p>
858
859<pre caption="Manually installing the drivers"> 804<pre caption="Install the drivers">
860# <i>cd /path/you/extracted/the/CUPS-driver/tarball/into</i> 805# <i>emerge -av cups-windows</i>
861# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i>
862<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment>
863# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i>
864<comment>(no leading / !)</comment>
865# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i>
866# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
867</pre> 806</pre>
868 807
869<p> 808<p>
870Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution. 809Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution.
871Its man page is an interesting read. 810Be sure to read its manpage (<c>man cupsaddsmb</c>), as it will tell you which
811Windows drivers you'll need to copy to the proper CUPS directory. Once you've
812copied the drivers, restart CUPS by running <c>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</c>.
813Next, run <c>cupsaddsmb</c> as shown:
872</p> 814</p>
873 815
874<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb"> 816<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb">
875# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i> 817# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i>
876<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will 818<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will
889</p> 831</p>
890 832
891<ul> 833<ul>
892 <li> 834 <li>
893 The hostname given as a parameter for <c>-h</c> and <c>-H</c> 835 The hostname given as a parameter for <c>-h</c> and <c>-H</c>
894 (<c>PrintServer</c>) often does not resolve correctly and doesn't 836 (<c>PrintServer</c>) often does not resolve correctly and doesn't identify
895 identify the print server for CUPS/Samba interaction. If an error 837 the print server for CUPS/Samba interaction. If an error like: <b>Warning:
896 like: <b>Warning: No PPD file for printer "CUPS_PRINTER_NAME" - 838 No PPD file for printer "CUPS_PRINTER_NAME" - skipping!</b> occurs, the
897 skipping!</b> occurs, the first thing you should do is substitute 839 first thing you should do is substitute <c>PrintServer</c> with
898 <c>PrintServer</c> with <c>localhost</c> and try it again. 840 <c>localhost</c> and try it again.
899 </li> 841 </li>
900 <li> 842 <li>
901 The command fails with an <b>NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL</b>. This error message 843 The command fails with an <b>NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL</b>. This error message
902 is quite common, but can be triggered by many problems. It's unfortunately 844 is quite common, but can be triggered by many problems. It's unfortunately
903 not very helpful. One thing to try is to temporarily set <c>security = 845 not very helpful. One thing to try is to temporarily set <c>security =
904 user</c> in your <path>smb.conf</path>. After/if the installation completes 846 user</c> in your <path>smb.conf</path>. After/if the installation completes
905 successfully, you should set it back to share, or whatever it was set to 847 successfully, you should set it back to share, or whatever it was set to
906 before. 848 before.
907 </li> 849 </li>
908</ul> 850</ul>
909 851
910<p> 852<p>
911This should install the correct driver directory structure under 853This should install the correct driver directory structure under
912<path>/etc/samba/printer</path>. That would be 854<path>/etc/samba/printer</path>. That would be
913<path>/etc/samba/printer/W32X86/2/</path>. The files contained should 855<path>/etc/samba/printer/W32X86/2/</path>. The files contained should be the 3
914be the 3 driver files and the PPD file, renamed to YourPrinterName.ppd 856driver files and the PPD file, renamed to <path>YourPrinterName.ppd</path> (the
915(the name which you gave the printer when installing it (see above). 857name which you gave the printer when installing it (see above).
916</p>
917
918<p> 858</p>
859
860<p>
919Pending no errors or other complications, your drivers are now 861Pending no errors or other complications, your drivers are now installed.
920installed.
921</p> 862</p>
922 863
923</body> 864</body>
924</section> 865</section>
925<section> 866<section>
943<title>Testing our Samba configuration</title> 884<title>Testing our Samba configuration</title>
944<body> 885<body>
945 886
946<p> 887<p>
947We will want to test our configuration file to ensure that it is formatted 888We will want to test our configuration file to ensure that it is formatted
948properly and all of our options have at least the correct syntax. To do 889properly and all of our options have at least the correct syntax. To do this we
949this we run <c>testparm</c>. 890run <c>testparm</c>.
950</p> 891</p>
951 892
952<pre caption="Running the testparm"> 893<pre caption="Running the testparm">
953<comment>(By default, testparm checks /etc/samba/smb.conf)</comment> 894<comment>(By default, testparm checks /etc/samba/smb.conf)</comment>
954# <i>/usr/bin/testparm</i> 895# <i>/usr/bin/testparm</i>
984<section> 925<section>
985<title>Checking our services</title> 926<title>Checking our services</title>
986<body> 927<body>
987 928
988<p> 929<p>
989It would probably be prudent to check our logs at this time also. 930It would probably be prudent to check our logs at this time also. We will also
990We will also want to take a peak at our Samba shares using 931want to take a peak at our Samba shares using <c>smbclient</c>.
991<c>smbclient</c>.
992</p> 932</p>
993 933
994<pre caption="Checking the shares with smbclient"> 934<pre caption="Checking the shares with smbclient">
995# <i>smbclient -L localhost</i> 935# <i>smbclient -L localhost</i>
996Password: 936Password:
1006<section> 946<section>
1007<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title> 947<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title>
1008<body> 948<body>
1009 949
1010<p> 950<p>
1011Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the 951Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the
1012equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client. 952equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client.
1013</p> 953</p>
1014 954
1015<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system"> 955<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system">
1016# <i>emerge cups</i> 956# <i>emerge cups</i>
1047</pre> 987</pre>
1048 988
1049<p> 989<p>
1050Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if 990Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if
1051you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface. 991you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface.
1052Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as 992Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as your
1053your print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used 993print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used
1054different names. 994different names.
1055</p> 995</p>
1056 996
1057</body> 997</body>
1058</section> 998</section>
1059<section> 999<section>
1060<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title> 1000<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title>
1061<body> 1001<body>
1062 1002
1003<note>
1004Don't forget to install <c>net-fs/mount-cifs</c> or <c>net-fs/samba</c> on the
1005client(s) that will be accessing the shares.
1006</note>
1007
1063<p> 1008<p>
1064Now is time to configure our kernel to support smbfs. Since I'm assumming we've 1009Now is time to configure our kernel to support cifs. Since I'm assuming
1065all compiled at least one kernel, we'll need to make sure we have all the right 1010we've all compiled at least one kernel, we'll need to make sure we have all the
1066options selected in our kernel. For simplicity sake, make it a module for ease 1011right options selected in our kernel. For simplicity's sake, make it a module
1067of use. It is the author's opinion that kernel modules are a good thing and 1012for ease of use. It is the author's opinion that kernel modules are a good thing
1068should be used whenever possible. 1013and should be used whenever possible.
1069</p>
1070
1071<pre caption="Relevant kernel options" >
1072CONFIG_SMB_FS=m
1073CONFIG_SMB_UNIX=y
1074</pre>
1075
1076<p> 1014</p>
1015
1016<pre caption="Kernel support" >
1017CONFIG_CIFS=m
1018</pre>
1019
1020<p>
1077Then make the module/install it; insert them with: 1021Then make the module/install it; insert it with:
1078</p> 1022</p>
1079 1023
1080<pre caption="Loading the kernel module"> 1024<pre caption="Loading the kernel module">
1081# <i>modprobe smbfs</i> 1025# <i>modprobe cifs</i>
1082</pre> 1026</pre>
1083 1027
1084<p> 1028<p>
1085Once the modules is loaded, mounting a Windows or Samba share is 1029Once the module is loaded, mounting a Windows or Samba share is possible. Use
1086possible. Use <c>mount</c> to accomplish this, as detailed below: 1030<c>mount</c> to accomplish this, as detailed below:
1087</p> 1031</p>
1088 1032
1089<pre caption="Mounting a Windows/Samba share"> 1033<pre caption="Mounting a Windows/Samba share">
1090<comment>(The syntax for mounting a Windows/Samba share is: 1034<comment>(The syntax for mounting a Windows/Samba share is:
1091 mount -t smbfs [-o username=xxx,password=xxx] //server/share /mnt/point 1035 mount -t cifs [-o username=xxx,password=xxx] //server/share /mnt/point
1092If we are not using passwords or a password is not needed)</comment> 1036If we are not using passwords or a password is not needed)</comment>
1093 1037
1094# <i>mount -t smbfs //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i> 1038# <i>mount -t cifs //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i>
1095 1039
1096<comment>(If a password is needed)</comment> 1040<comment>(If a password is needed)</comment>
1097# <i>mount -t smbfs -o username=USERNAME,password=PASSWORD //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i> 1041# <i>mount -t cifs -o username=USERNAME,password=PASSWORD //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i>
1098</pre> 1042</pre>
1099 1043
1100<p> 1044<p>
1101After you mount the share, you would access it as if it were a local 1045After you mount the share, you would access it as if it were a local drive.
1102drive.
1103</p> 1046</p>
1104 1047
1105</body> 1048</body>
1106</section> 1049</section>
1107<section> 1050<section>
1108<title>Printer Configuration for Windows NT/2000/XP clients</title> 1051<title>Printer Configuration for Windows NT/2000/XP clients</title>
1109<body> 1052<body>
1110 1053
1111<p> 1054<p>
1112That's just a bit of point-and-click. Browse to 1055That's just a bit of point-and-click. Browse to <path>\\PrintServer</path> and
1113<path>\\PrintServer</path> and right click on the printer 1056right click on the printer (HPDeskJet930C) and click connect. This will download
1114(HPDeskJet930C) and click connect. This will download the drivers to
1115the Windows client and now every application (such as Word or Acrobat) 1057the drivers to the Windows client and now every application (such as Word or
1116will offer HPDeskJet930C as an available printer to print to. :-) 1058Acrobat) will offer HPDeskJet930C as an available printer to print to. :-)
1117</p> 1059</p>
1118 1060
1119</body> 1061</body>
1120</section> 1062</section>
1121</chapter> 1063</chapter>
1125<section> 1067<section>
1126<title>A Fond Farewell</title> 1068<title>A Fond Farewell</title>
1127<body> 1069<body>
1128 1070
1129<p> 1071<p>
1130Well that should be it. You should now have a successful printing enviroment 1072That should be it. You should now have a successful printing enviroment that is
1131that is friendly to both Windows and *nix as well as a fully virus-free working 1073friendly to both Windows and *nix as well as a fully virus-free working share!
1132share!
1133</p> 1074</p>
1134 1075
1135</body> 1076</body>
1136</section> 1077</section>
1137</chapter> 1078</chapter>
1147troubleshooting your installation: 1088troubleshooting your installation:
1148</p> 1089</p>
1149 1090
1150<ul> 1091<ul>
1151 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li> 1092 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li>
1093 <li>
1152 <li><uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri></li> 1094 <uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri>, especially the <uri
1095 link="http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/CUPS-printing.html">chapter
1096 on Samba/CUPS configuration</uri>
1097 </li>
1153 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li> 1098 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li>
1154 <li> 1099 <li>
1155 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt 1100 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt
1156 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( 1101 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e>
1157 This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e> and <e>EVERYTHING</e>
1158 I've written here, plus a LOT more concerning CUPS and Samba, and 1102 and <e>EVERYTHING</e> I've written here, plus a LOT more concerning CUPS and
1159 generally printing support on networks. A really interesting read, 1103 Samba, and generally printing support on networks. A really interesting
1160 with lots and lots of details) 1104 read, with lots and lots of details.)
1161 </li> 1105 </li>
1162 <li><uri link="http://www.freebsddiary.org/cups.php">FreeBSD Diary's CUPS Topic</uri></li> 1106 <li><uri link="http://www.freebsddiary.org/cups.php">FreeBSD Diary's CUPS Topic</uri></li>
1163</ul> 1107</ul>
1164 1108
1165</body> 1109</body>
1167<section> 1111<section>
1168<title>Troubleshooting</title> 1112<title>Troubleshooting</title>
1169<body> 1113<body>
1170 1114
1171<p> 1115<p>
1116See <uri
1172See <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/Samba-HOWTO-Collection-3.0-PrintingChapter-11th-draft.html#37">this 1117link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/Samba-HOWTO-Collection-3.0-PrintingChapter-11th-draft.html#37">this
1173page</uri> from Kurt Pfeifle's "Printing Support in Samba 3.0" 1118page</uri> from Kurt Pfeifle's "Printing Support in Samba 3.0" manual. Lots of
1174manual. Lots of useful tips there! Be sure to look this one up 1119useful tips there! Be sure to look this one up first, before posting questions
1175first, before posting questions and problems! Maybe the solution 1120and problems! Maybe the solution you're looking for is right there.
1176you're looking for is right there.
1177</p> 1121</p>
1178 1122
1179</body> 1123</body>
1180</section> 1124</section>
1181</chapter> 1125</chapter>

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