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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.7 2004/06/25 22:28:55 vapier Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.26 2006/12/25 17:30:26 nightmorph Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4<guide link="quick-samba-howto.xml"> 4<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml">
5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/Clam AV HOWTO</title> 5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title>
6<author title="Author"> 6<author title="Author">
7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail> 7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail>
8</author> 8</author>
9<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail> 10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail>
18 18
19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
21<license/> 21<license/>
22 22
23<version>1.4</version> 23<version>1.15</version>
24<date>June 22, 2004</date> 24<date>2006-12-25</date>
25 25
26<chapter> 26<chapter>
27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title> 27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title>
28<section> 28<section>
29<title>Purpose</title> 29<title>Purpose</title>
107</p> 107</p>
108 108
109<ul> 109<ul>
110 <li>On the Samba server: 110 <li>On the Samba server:
111 <ul> 111 <ul>
112 <li>Install and configure CLAM-AV</li> 112 <li>Install and configure ClamAV</li>
113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li> 113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li>
114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li> 114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li>
115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li> 115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li>
116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li> 116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li>
117 </ul> 117 </ul>
157<p> 157<p>
158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need 158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need
159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows 159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows
160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already. 160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already.
161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted 161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted
162to work with Samba. 162to work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning
163technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ...
163</p> 164</p>
164 165
165</body> 166</body>
166</section> 167</section>
167</chapter> 168</chapter>
176Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags 177Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags
177available to Samba. 178available to Samba.
178</p> 179</p>
179 180
180<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:"> 181<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:">
181kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav 182kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav libclamav
182</pre> 183</pre>
183 184
184<p> 185<p>
185Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of 186Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of
186the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or 187the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or
255 </ti> 256 </ti>
256</tr> 257</tr>
257<tr> 258<tr>
258 <th><b>readline</b></th> 259 <th><b>readline</b></th>
259 <ti> 260 <ti>
260 Link Samba again libreadline. This is highly recommended and should 261 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should
261 probably not be disabled 262 probably not be disabled
262 </ti> 263 </ti>
263</tr> 264</tr>
264<tr> 265<tr>
265 <th><b>python</b></th> 266 <th><b>python</b></th>
274 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot 275 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot
275 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep 276 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep
276 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI). 277 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI).
277 </ti> 278 </ti>
278</tr> 279</tr>
280<tr>
281 <th><b>libclamav</b></th>
282 <ti>
283 Use the ClamAV library instead of the clamd daemon
284 </ti>
285</tr>
279</table> 286</table>
280 287
281<p> 288<p>
282A couple of things worth mentioning about the USE flags and different 289A couple of things worth mentioning about the USE flags and different
283Samba functions include: 290Samba functions include:
292 <li> 299 <li>
293 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended 300 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended
294 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause: 301 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause:
295 <ul> 302 <ul>
296 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li> 303 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li>
297 <li><uri>http://open-projects.linuxcare.com/research-papers/winbind-08162000.html</uri></li>
298 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li> 304 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li>
299 </ul> 305 </ul>
300 </li> 306 </li>
301</ul> 307</ul>
302 308
335To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the 341To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the
336USE flags are specifically included or excluded. 342USE flags are specifically included or excluded.
337</p> 343</p>
338 344
339<pre caption="Emerge Samba"> 345<pre caption="Emerge Samba">
340<comment>(Note the USE flags!)</comment> 346# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
341# <i>USE=&quot;oav readline cups pam -python -ldap -kerberos -xml -acl -mysql&quot; emerge net-fs/samba</i> 347# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i>
342</pre> 348</pre>
343 349
344<note> 350<note>
345The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86, 351The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86,
346ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha 352ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha
351</p> 357</p>
352 358
353</body> 359</body>
354</section> 360</section>
355<section> 361<section>
356<title>Emerging Clam AV</title> 362<title>Emerging ClamAV</title>
357<body> 363<body>
358 364
359<p> 365<p>
360Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access 366Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access
361virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner 367virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner
362used in this HOWTO is Clam AV. 368used in this HOWTO is ClamAV.
363</p> 369</p>
364 370
365<pre caption="Emerge clam-av"> 371<pre caption="Emerge Clamav">
366# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i> 372# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i>
367</pre> 373</pre>
368 374
369</body> 375</body>
370</section> 376</section>
413<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf"> 419<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf">
414[global] 420[global]
415<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment> 421<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment>
416workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment> 422workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment>
417<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting 423<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting
418# everyone know its not Windows! 424# everyone knows it's not Windows!
419# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment> 425# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment>
420server string = Samba Server %v 426server string = Samba Server %v
421<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment> 427<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment>
422printcap name = cups 428printcap name = cups
423printing = cups 429printing = cups
445guest ok = yes 451guest ok = yes
446<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner. 452<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner.
447# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable 453# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable
448# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move 454# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move
449# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment> 455# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment>
450vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/vscan-clamav.so 456
457<comment># For Samba 3.x. This enables ClamAV on access scanning.</comment>
458vfs object = vscan-clamav
451vfs options = config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf 459vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
452 460
453<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment> 461<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment>
454[print$] 462[print$]
455comment = Printer Drivers 463comment = Printer Drivers
456path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment> 464path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment>
457guest ok = no 465guest ok = yes
458browseable = yes 466browseable = yes
459read only = yes 467read only = yes
460<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 468<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
461# be the only printer admin)</comment> 469# be the only printer admin)</comment>
462write list = <i>root</i> 470write list = <i>root</i>
475 483
476<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be 484<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be
477# browseable, printable, public.</comment> 485# browseable, printable, public.</comment>
478[printers] 486[printers]
479comment = All Printers 487comment = All Printers
480browseable = yes 488browseable = no
481printable = yes 489printable = yes
490writable = no
482public = yes 491public = yes
483guest ok = yes 492guest ok = yes
484path = /var/spool/samba 493path = /var/spool/samba
485<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 494<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
486# be the only printer admin)</comment> 495# be the only printer admin)</comment>
508printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or 517printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or
509<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly 518<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly
510protect you from a lot of problems. 519protect you from a lot of problems.
511</warn> 520</warn>
512 521
522<warn>
523Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow
524down the performance of your Samba server dramatically.
525</warn>
526
513<p> 527<p>
514Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of 528Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of
515Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network. 529Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network.
516</p> 530</p>
517 531
537<p> 551<p>
538The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords 552The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords
539in <path>/etc/passwd</path>. 553in <path>/etc/passwd</path>.
540</p> 554</p>
541 555
556<p>
557You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows
558systems can be found easily using NetBIOS:
559</p>
560
561<pre caption="Editing /etc/nsswitch.conf">
562# <i>nano -w /etc/nsswitch.conf</i>
563<comment>(Edit the hosts: line)</comment>
564hosts: files dns <i>wins</i>
565</pre>
566
542</body> 567</body>
543</section>
544<section> 568</section>
569<section>
545<title>Configuring Clam AV</title> 570<title>Configuring ClamAV</title>
546<body> 571<body>
547 572
548<p> 573<p>
549The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is 574The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is
550<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set 575<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set
606<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds). 631<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds).
607; (Default: 5)</comment> 632; (Default: 5)</comment>
608lru file entry lifetime = 5 633lru file entry lifetime = 5
609 634
610<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment> 635<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment>
611clamd socket name = /var/run/clamd 636clamd socket name = /tmp/clamd
637
638<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment>
639oav port = 8127
612</pre> 640</pre>
613 641
614<p> 642<p>
615It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add 643It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add
616it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately. 644it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service
645immediately. The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition
646database up to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may
647want to set the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs.
648</p>
649
650<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles">
651# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i>
652<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment>
653# <i>vim /etc/freshclam.conf</i>
654<comment>(Check the line "UpdateLogFile /var/log/freshclam.log")</comment>
655# <i>vim /etc/conf.d/clamd</i>
656<comment>(Set "START_CLAMD=yes" and "START_FRESHCLAM=yes")</comment>
657</pre>
658
659<p>
660Now fire up the virus scanner.
617</p> 661</p>
618 662
619<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it"> 663<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it">
620# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i> 664# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i>
621# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i> 665# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i>
634in the example are the directives that need to be changed: 678in the example are the directives that need to be changed:
635</p> 679</p>
636 680
637<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf"> 681<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf">
638ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment> 682ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
639ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, eg you</comment> 683ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment>
640 684
641AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment> 685AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment>
642ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment> 686ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment>
643 687
644LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be 688LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be
645 # changed to 'info'</comment> 689 # changed to 'info'</comment>
646 690
647MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back, 691MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back,
648 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface, 692 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface,
649 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when 693 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when
650 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment> 694 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment>
653 697
654&lt;Location /&gt; 698&lt;Location /&gt;
655Order Deny,Allow 699Order Deny,Allow
656Deny From All 700Deny From All
657Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network 701Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network
658 # eg 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on 702 # e.g. 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on
659 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment> 703 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment>
660&lt;/Location&gt; 704&lt;/Location&gt;
661 705
662&lt;Location /admin&gt; 706&lt;Location /admin&gt;
663AuthType Basic 707AuthType Basic
680<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 724<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
681application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0 725application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0
682</pre> 726</pre>
683 727
684<p> 728<p>
685Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 729Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines.
686</p> 730</p>
687 731
688<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types"> 732<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types">
689<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 733<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
690application/octet-stream 734application/octet-stream
695</p> 739</p>
696 740
697<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" > 741<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" >
698<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment> 742<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment>
699# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 743# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i>
700<comment>(To start CUPS if it isn't started)</comment> 744<comment>(To start or restart CUPS now)</comment>
701# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i>
702<comment>(If CUPS is already started we'll need to restart it!)</comment>
703# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i> 745# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
704</pre> 746</pre>
705 747
706</body> 748</body>
707</section> 749</section>
711 753
712<p> 754<p>
713First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to 755First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to
714find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so, 756find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so,
715click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer 757click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer
716and the model in the pulldown menu, eg HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On 758and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On
717the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the 759the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the
718various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, 760various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page,
719again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select 761again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select
720your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri 762your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri
721link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> 763link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri>
730interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running. 772interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running.
731</p> 773</p>
732 774
733<pre caption="Install the printer via command line"> 775<pre caption="Install the printer via command line">
734# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i> 776# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i>
777# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
735</pre> 778</pre>
736 779
737<p> 780<p>
738Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name 781Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name
739(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba 782(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba
761drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of 804drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of
762manually installing printer drivers locally. 805manually installing printer drivers locally.
763</p> 806</p>
764 807
765<p> 808<p>
766There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS 809There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers
767drivers which can be obtained from <uri 810which can be obtained from <uri
768link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> 811link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript
769(PostScript printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, 812printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained <uri
770to be obtained from <uri link="http://www.cups.org/software.php">the 813link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~nightmorph/misc/cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz">here</uri>.
771CUPS homepage</uri> and selecting "CUPS Driver for Windows" from the 814There doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but
772pull down menu. There doesn't seem to be a difference between the 815the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a
773functionality of the two, but the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted 816Windows binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct
774on a Windows System since it's a Windows binary. Also the whole procedure 817files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers seem to support some options the
775of finding and copying the correct files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS 818Adobe drivers don't.
776drivers seem to support some options the Adobe drivers don't.
777</p> 819</p>
820<!--
821used to be available at www.cups.org/articles.php?L142+p4, but only 6.0 is
822available. at some point, we should update this for 6.0.
823-->
778 824
779<p> 825<p>
780This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is 826This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is
781called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files 827called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files
782contained into a directory. 828contained into a directory.
794<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and 840<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and
795<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files. 841<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files.
796</p> 842</p>
797 843
798<warn> 844<warn>
799The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (ie FreeBSD) 845The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (i.e. FreeBSD)
800because almost everything which is not part of the base system is 846because almost everything which is not part of the base system is
801installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This 847installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This
802seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux. 848seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux.
803However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than 849However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than
804<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below. 850<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below.
815# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i> 861# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i>
816<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment> 862<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment>
817# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i> 863# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i>
818<comment>(no leading / !)</comment> 864<comment>(no leading / !)</comment>
819# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i> 865# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i>
866# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
820</pre> 867</pre>
821 868
822<p> 869<p>
823Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS 870Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution.
824distribution. It's man page is an interesting read. 871Its man page is an interesting read.
825</p> 872</p>
826 873
827<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb"> 874<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb">
828# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i> 875# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i>
829<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will 876<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will
830"export all known printers".)</comment> 877"export all known printers".)</comment>
831# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i> 878# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i>
832</pre> 879</pre>
833 880
834<warn> 881<warn>
835The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. 882The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. Read through the
836Reading through the <uri
837link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this 883<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this
838thread</uri>. 884thread</uri> for some troubleshooting tips.
839</warn> 885</warn>
840 886
841<p> 887<p>
842Here are common errors that may happen: 888Here are common errors that may happen:
843</p> 889</p>
960<section> 1006<section>
961<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title> 1007<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title>
962<body> 1008<body>
963 1009
964<p> 1010<p>
965Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. 1011Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the
966Do the equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client. 1012equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client.
967</p> 1013</p>
968 1014
969<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system"> 1015<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system">
970# <i>emerge cups</i> 1016# <i>emerge cups</i>
971# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i> 1017# <i>nano -w /etc/cups/client.conf</i>
972# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 1018ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
973</pre> 1019</pre>
974 1020
975<p>
976That should be it. Nothing else will be needed. Just point your web
977browser to <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client and you'll see that
978PrintServer broadcasts all available printers to all CUPS clients.
979</p> 1021<p>
980 1022That should be it. Nothing else will be needed.
981<p> 1023</p>
982To print, use for example 1024
983</p> 1025<p>
1026If you use only one printer, it will be your default printer. If your print
1027server manages several printers, your administrator will have defined a default
1028printer on the server. If you want to define a different default printer for
1029yourself, use the <c>lpoptions</c> command.
1030</p>
1031
1032<pre caption="Setting your default printer">
1033<comment>(List available printers)</comment>
1034# <i>lpstat -a</i>
1035<comment>(Sample output, yours will differ)</comment>
1036HPDeskJet930C accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
1037laser accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
1038<comment>(Define HPDeskJet930C as your default printer)</comment>
1039# <i>lpoptions -d HPDeskJet930C</i>
1040</pre>
984 1041
985<pre caption="Printing in *nix"> 1042<pre caption="Printing in *nix">
1043<comment>(Specify the printer to be used)</comment>
986# <i>lpr -pHPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i> 1044# <i>lp -d HPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i>
987# <i>lpr -PHPDeskJet930C foobar.whatever.ps</i> 1045<comment>(Use your default printer)</comment>
988</pre>
989
990<p>
991In order to setup a default printer, you have to edit
992<path>/etc/cups/client.conf</path> and set the directive
993<c>ServerName</c> to your printserver. In the case of this guide that
994would be the following example.
995</p>
996
997<pre caption="/etc/cups/client.conf">
998ServerName PrintServer
999</pre>
1000
1001<p>
1002The following will print <path>foorbar.whatever.ps</path> directly to the print
1003server.
1004</p>
1005
1006<pre caption="Printing to the default printer">
1007$ <i>lpr foobar.whatever.ps</i> 1046# <i>lp foobar.whatever.ps</i>
1008</pre> 1047</pre>
1009 1048
1010<p>
1011Some common observations when setting a default printer in this manner
1012include the following:
1013</p> 1049<p>
1014 1050Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if
1015<ul> 1051you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface.
1016 <li> 1052Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as
1017 Setting the <c>ServerName</c> in <path>client.conf</path> seems to 1053your print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used
1018 work well for only one printer, there may be yet another way to 1054different names.
1019 set a client's default remote printer. 1055</p>
1020 </li>
1021 <li>
1022 Also, when accessing <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client
1023 now, no printers seem to be "found" by the client-CUPS. This is to
1024 be expected when setting <c>ServerName</c> in
1025 <path>client.conf</path>.
1026 </li>
1027</ul>
1028 1056
1029</body> 1057</body>
1030</section> 1058</section>
1031<section> 1059<section>
1032<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title> 1060<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title>

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