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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.8 2004/07/02 07:36:09 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.26 2006/12/25 17:30:26 nightmorph Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4<guide link="quick-samba-howto.xml"> 4<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml">
5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/Clam AV HOWTO</title> 5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title>
6<author title="Author"> 6<author title="Author">
7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail> 7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail>
8</author> 8</author>
9<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail> 10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail>
18 18
19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
21<license/> 21<license/>
22 22
23<version>1.5</version> 23<version>1.15</version>
24<date>June 30, 2004</date> 24<date>2006-12-25</date>
25 25
26<chapter> 26<chapter>
27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title> 27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title>
28<section> 28<section>
29<title>Purpose</title> 29<title>Purpose</title>
107</p> 107</p>
108 108
109<ul> 109<ul>
110 <li>On the Samba server: 110 <li>On the Samba server:
111 <ul> 111 <ul>
112 <li>Install and configure CLAM-AV</li> 112 <li>Install and configure ClamAV</li>
113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li> 113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li>
114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li> 114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li>
115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li> 115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li>
116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li> 116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li>
117 </ul> 117 </ul>
157<p> 157<p>
158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need 158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need
159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows 159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows
160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already. 160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already.
161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted 161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted
162to work with Samba. 162to work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning
163technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ...
163</p> 164</p>
164 165
165</body> 166</body>
166</section> 167</section>
167</chapter> 168</chapter>
176Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags 177Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags
177available to Samba. 178available to Samba.
178</p> 179</p>
179 180
180<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:"> 181<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:">
181kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav 182kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav libclamav
182</pre> 183</pre>
183 184
184<p> 185<p>
185Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of 186Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of
186the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or 187the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or
255 </ti> 256 </ti>
256</tr> 257</tr>
257<tr> 258<tr>
258 <th><b>readline</b></th> 259 <th><b>readline</b></th>
259 <ti> 260 <ti>
260 Link Samba again libreadline. This is highly recommended and should 261 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should
261 probably not be disabled 262 probably not be disabled
262 </ti> 263 </ti>
263</tr> 264</tr>
264<tr> 265<tr>
265 <th><b>python</b></th> 266 <th><b>python</b></th>
274 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot 275 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot
275 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep 276 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep
276 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI). 277 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI).
277 </ti> 278 </ti>
278</tr> 279</tr>
280<tr>
281 <th><b>libclamav</b></th>
282 <ti>
283 Use the ClamAV library instead of the clamd daemon
284 </ti>
285</tr>
279</table> 286</table>
280 287
281<p> 288<p>
282A couple of things worth mentioning about the USE flags and different 289A couple of things worth mentioning about the USE flags and different
283Samba functions include: 290Samba functions include:
292 <li> 299 <li>
293 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended 300 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended
294 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause: 301 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause:
295 <ul> 302 <ul>
296 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li> 303 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li>
297 <li><uri>http://open-projects.linuxcare.com/research-papers/winbind-08162000.html</uri></li>
298 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li> 304 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li>
299 </ul> 305 </ul>
300 </li> 306 </li>
301</ul> 307</ul>
302 308
335To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the 341To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the
336USE flags are specifically included or excluded. 342USE flags are specifically included or excluded.
337</p> 343</p>
338 344
339<pre caption="Emerge Samba"> 345<pre caption="Emerge Samba">
340<comment>(Note the USE flags!)</comment> 346# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
341# <i>USE=&quot;oav readline cups pam -python -ldap -kerberos -xml -acl -mysql&quot; emerge net-fs/samba</i> 347# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i>
342</pre> 348</pre>
343 349
344<note> 350<note>
345The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86, 351The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86,
346ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha 352ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha
351</p> 357</p>
352 358
353</body> 359</body>
354</section> 360</section>
355<section> 361<section>
356<title>Emerging Clam AV</title> 362<title>Emerging ClamAV</title>
357<body> 363<body>
358 364
359<p> 365<p>
360Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access 366Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access
361virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner 367virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner
362used in this HOWTO is Clam AV. 368used in this HOWTO is ClamAV.
363</p> 369</p>
364 370
365<pre caption="Emerge clam-av"> 371<pre caption="Emerge Clamav">
366# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i> 372# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i>
367</pre> 373</pre>
368 374
369</body> 375</body>
370</section> 376</section>
413<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf"> 419<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf">
414[global] 420[global]
415<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment> 421<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment>
416workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment> 422workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment>
417<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting 423<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting
418# everyone know its not Windows! 424# everyone knows it's not Windows!
419# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment> 425# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment>
420server string = Samba Server %v 426server string = Samba Server %v
421<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment> 427<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment>
422printcap name = cups 428printcap name = cups
423printing = cups 429printing = cups
446<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner. 452<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner.
447# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable 453# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable
448# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move 454# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move
449# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment> 455# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment>
450 456
451<comment># For Samba 3.x</comment> 457<comment># For Samba 3.x. This enables ClamAV on access scanning.</comment>
452vfs object = vscan-clamav 458vfs object = vscan-clamav
453vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf 459vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
454
455<comment># For Samba 2.2.x</comment>
456vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/vscan-clamav.so
457vfs options = config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
458 460
459<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment> 461<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment>
460[print$] 462[print$]
461comment = Printer Drivers 463comment = Printer Drivers
462path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment> 464path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment>
463guest ok = no 465guest ok = yes
464browseable = yes 466browseable = yes
465read only = yes 467read only = yes
466<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 468<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
467# be the only printer admin)</comment> 469# be the only printer admin)</comment>
468write list = <i>root</i> 470write list = <i>root</i>
481 483
482<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be 484<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be
483# browseable, printable, public.</comment> 485# browseable, printable, public.</comment>
484[printers] 486[printers]
485comment = All Printers 487comment = All Printers
486browseable = yes 488browseable = no
487printable = yes 489printable = yes
490writable = no
488public = yes 491public = yes
489guest ok = yes 492guest ok = yes
490path = /var/spool/samba 493path = /var/spool/samba
491<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 494<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
492# be the only printer admin)</comment> 495# be the only printer admin)</comment>
514printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or 517printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or
515<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly 518<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly
516protect you from a lot of problems. 519protect you from a lot of problems.
517</warn> 520</warn>
518 521
522<warn>
523Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow
524down the performance of your Samba server dramatically.
525</warn>
526
519<p> 527<p>
520Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of 528Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of
521Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network. 529Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network.
522</p> 530</p>
523 531
543<p> 551<p>
544The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords 552The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords
545in <path>/etc/passwd</path>. 553in <path>/etc/passwd</path>.
546</p> 554</p>
547 555
556<p>
557You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows
558systems can be found easily using NetBIOS:
559</p>
560
561<pre caption="Editing /etc/nsswitch.conf">
562# <i>nano -w /etc/nsswitch.conf</i>
563<comment>(Edit the hosts: line)</comment>
564hosts: files dns <i>wins</i>
565</pre>
566
548</body> 567</body>
549</section>
550<section> 568</section>
569<section>
551<title>Configuring Clam AV</title> 570<title>Configuring ClamAV</title>
552<body> 571<body>
553 572
554<p> 573<p>
555The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is 574The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is
556<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set 575<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set
612<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds). 631<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds).
613; (Default: 5)</comment> 632; (Default: 5)</comment>
614lru file entry lifetime = 5 633lru file entry lifetime = 5
615 634
616<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment> 635<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment>
617clamd socket name = /var/run/clamd 636clamd socket name = /tmp/clamd
637
638<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment>
639oav port = 8127
618</pre> 640</pre>
619 641
620<p> 642<p>
621It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add 643It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add
622it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately. 644it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service
645immediately. The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition
646database up to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may
647want to set the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs.
648</p>
649
650<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles">
651# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i>
652<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment>
653# <i>vim /etc/freshclam.conf</i>
654<comment>(Check the line "UpdateLogFile /var/log/freshclam.log")</comment>
655# <i>vim /etc/conf.d/clamd</i>
656<comment>(Set "START_CLAMD=yes" and "START_FRESHCLAM=yes")</comment>
657</pre>
658
659<p>
660Now fire up the virus scanner.
623</p> 661</p>
624 662
625<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it"> 663<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it">
626# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i> 664# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i>
627# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i> 665# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i>
640in the example are the directives that need to be changed: 678in the example are the directives that need to be changed:
641</p> 679</p>
642 680
643<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf"> 681<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf">
644ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment> 682ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
645ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, eg you</comment> 683ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment>
646 684
647AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment> 685AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment>
648ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment> 686ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment>
649 687
650LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be 688LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be
651 # changed to 'info'</comment> 689 # changed to 'info'</comment>
652 690
653MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back, 691MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back,
654 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface, 692 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface,
655 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when 693 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when
656 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment> 694 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment>
659 697
660&lt;Location /&gt; 698&lt;Location /&gt;
661Order Deny,Allow 699Order Deny,Allow
662Deny From All 700Deny From All
663Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network 701Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network
664 # eg 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on 702 # e.g. 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on
665 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment> 703 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment>
666&lt;/Location&gt; 704&lt;/Location&gt;
667 705
668&lt;Location /admin&gt; 706&lt;Location /admin&gt;
669AuthType Basic 707AuthType Basic
686<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 724<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
687application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0 725application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0
688</pre> 726</pre>
689 727
690<p> 728<p>
691Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 729Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines.
692</p> 730</p>
693 731
694<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types"> 732<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types">
695<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 733<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
696application/octet-stream 734application/octet-stream
701</p> 739</p>
702 740
703<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" > 741<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" >
704<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment> 742<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment>
705# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 743# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i>
706<comment>(To start CUPS if it isn't started)</comment> 744<comment>(To start or restart CUPS now)</comment>
707# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i>
708<comment>(If CUPS is already started we'll need to restart it!)</comment>
709# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i> 745# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
710</pre> 746</pre>
711 747
712</body> 748</body>
713</section> 749</section>
717 753
718<p> 754<p>
719First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to 755First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to
720find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so, 756find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so,
721click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer 757click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer
722and the model in the pulldown menu, eg HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On 758and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On
723the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the 759the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the
724various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, 760various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page,
725again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select 761again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select
726your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri 762your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri
727link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> 763link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri>
736interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running. 772interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running.
737</p> 773</p>
738 774
739<pre caption="Install the printer via command line"> 775<pre caption="Install the printer via command line">
740# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i> 776# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i>
777# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
741</pre> 778</pre>
742 779
743<p> 780<p>
744Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name 781Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name
745(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba 782(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba
767drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of 804drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of
768manually installing printer drivers locally. 805manually installing printer drivers locally.
769</p> 806</p>
770 807
771<p> 808<p>
772There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS 809There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers
773drivers which can be obtained from <uri 810which can be obtained from <uri
774link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> 811link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript
775(PostScript printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, 812printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained <uri
776to be obtained from <uri link="http://www.cups.org/software.php">the 813link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~nightmorph/misc/cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz">here</uri>.
777CUPS homepage</uri> and selecting "CUPS Driver for Windows" from the 814There doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but
778pull down menu. There doesn't seem to be a difference between the 815the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a
779functionality of the two, but the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted 816Windows binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct
780on a Windows System since it's a Windows binary. Also the whole procedure 817files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers seem to support some options the
781of finding and copying the correct files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS 818Adobe drivers don't.
782drivers seem to support some options the Adobe drivers don't.
783</p> 819</p>
820<!--
821used to be available at www.cups.org/articles.php?L142+p4, but only 6.0 is
822available. at some point, we should update this for 6.0.
823-->
784 824
785<p> 825<p>
786This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is 826This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is
787called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files 827called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files
788contained into a directory. 828contained into a directory.
800<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and 840<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and
801<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files. 841<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files.
802</p> 842</p>
803 843
804<warn> 844<warn>
805The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (ie FreeBSD) 845The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (i.e. FreeBSD)
806because almost everything which is not part of the base system is 846because almost everything which is not part of the base system is
807installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This 847installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This
808seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux. 848seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux.
809However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than 849However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than
810<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below. 850<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below.
821# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i> 861# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i>
822<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment> 862<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment>
823# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i> 863# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i>
824<comment>(no leading / !)</comment> 864<comment>(no leading / !)</comment>
825# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i> 865# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i>
866# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
826</pre> 867</pre>
827 868
828<p> 869<p>
829Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS 870Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution.
830distribution. It's man page is an interesting read. 871Its man page is an interesting read.
831</p> 872</p>
832 873
833<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb"> 874<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb">
834# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i> 875# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i>
835<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will 876<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will
836"export all known printers".)</comment> 877"export all known printers".)</comment>
837# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i> 878# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i>
838</pre> 879</pre>
839 880
840<warn> 881<warn>
841The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. 882The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. Read through the
842Reading through the <uri
843link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this 883<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this
844thread</uri>. 884thread</uri> for some troubleshooting tips.
845</warn> 885</warn>
846 886
847<p> 887<p>
848Here are common errors that may happen: 888Here are common errors that may happen:
849</p> 889</p>
966<section> 1006<section>
967<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title> 1007<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title>
968<body> 1008<body>
969 1009
970<p> 1010<p>
971Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. 1011Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the
972Do the equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client. 1012equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client.
973</p> 1013</p>
974 1014
975<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system"> 1015<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system">
976# <i>emerge cups</i> 1016# <i>emerge cups</i>
977# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i> 1017# <i>nano -w /etc/cups/client.conf</i>
978# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 1018ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
979</pre> 1019</pre>
980 1020
981<p>
982That should be it. Nothing else will be needed. Just point your web
983browser to <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client and you'll see that
984PrintServer broadcasts all available printers to all CUPS clients.
985</p> 1021<p>
986 1022That should be it. Nothing else will be needed.
987<p> 1023</p>
988To print, use for example 1024
989</p> 1025<p>
1026If you use only one printer, it will be your default printer. If your print
1027server manages several printers, your administrator will have defined a default
1028printer on the server. If you want to define a different default printer for
1029yourself, use the <c>lpoptions</c> command.
1030</p>
1031
1032<pre caption="Setting your default printer">
1033<comment>(List available printers)</comment>
1034# <i>lpstat -a</i>
1035<comment>(Sample output, yours will differ)</comment>
1036HPDeskJet930C accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
1037laser accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
1038<comment>(Define HPDeskJet930C as your default printer)</comment>
1039# <i>lpoptions -d HPDeskJet930C</i>
1040</pre>
990 1041
991<pre caption="Printing in *nix"> 1042<pre caption="Printing in *nix">
1043<comment>(Specify the printer to be used)</comment>
992# <i>lpr -pHPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i> 1044# <i>lp -d HPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i>
993# <i>lpr -PHPDeskJet930C foobar.whatever.ps</i> 1045<comment>(Use your default printer)</comment>
994</pre>
995
996<p>
997In order to setup a default printer, you have to edit
998<path>/etc/cups/client.conf</path> and set the directive
999<c>ServerName</c> to your printserver. In the case of this guide that
1000would be the following example.
1001</p>
1002
1003<pre caption="/etc/cups/client.conf">
1004ServerName PrintServer
1005</pre>
1006
1007<p>
1008The following will print <path>foorbar.whatever.ps</path> directly to the print
1009server.
1010</p>
1011
1012<pre caption="Printing to the default printer">
1013$ <i>lpr foobar.whatever.ps</i> 1046# <i>lp foobar.whatever.ps</i>
1014</pre> 1047</pre>
1015 1048
1016<p>
1017Some common observations when setting a default printer in this manner
1018include the following:
1019</p> 1049<p>
1020 1050Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if
1021<ul> 1051you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface.
1022 <li> 1052Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as
1023 Setting the <c>ServerName</c> in <path>client.conf</path> seems to 1053your print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used
1024 work well for only one printer, there may be yet another way to 1054different names.
1025 set a client's default remote printer. 1055</p>
1026 </li>
1027 <li>
1028 Also, when accessing <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client
1029 now, no printers seem to be "found" by the client-CUPS. This is to
1030 be expected when setting <c>ServerName</c> in
1031 <path>client.conf</path>.
1032 </li>
1033</ul>
1034 1056
1035</body> 1057</body>
1036</section> 1058</section>
1037<section> 1059<section>
1038<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title> 1060<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title>

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