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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.8 2004/07/02 07:36:09 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.28 2007/06/06 22:42:25 nightmorph Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4<guide link="quick-samba-howto.xml"> 4<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml">
5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/Clam AV HOWTO</title> 5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title>
6<author title="Author"> 6<author title="Author">
7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail> 7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail>
8</author> 8</author>
9<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail> 10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail>
18 18
19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
21<license/> 21<license/>
22 22
23<version>1.5</version> 23<version>1.17</version>
24<date>June 30, 2004</date> 24<date>2007-06-06</date>
25 25
26<chapter> 26<chapter>
27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title> 27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title>
28<section> 28<section>
29<title>Purpose</title> 29<title>Purpose</title>
107</p> 107</p>
108 108
109<ul> 109<ul>
110 <li>On the Samba server: 110 <li>On the Samba server:
111 <ul> 111 <ul>
112 <li>Install and configure CLAM-AV</li> 112 <li>Install and configure ClamAV</li>
113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li> 113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li>
114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li> 114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li>
115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li> 115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li>
116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li> 116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li>
117 </ul> 117 </ul>
144<ul> 144<ul>
145 <li>net-fs/samba</li> 145 <li>net-fs/samba</li>
146 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li> 146 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li>
147 <li>net-print/cups</li> 147 <li>net-print/cups</li>
148 <li>net-print/foomatic</li> 148 <li>net-print/foomatic</li>
149 <li>net-print/hpijs (if you have an HP printer)</li> 149 <li>net-print/hplip (if you have an HP printer)</li>
150 <li>A kernel of sorts (preferably 2.4.24+ or 2.6.x)</li> 150 <li>A kernel of sorts (2.6)</li>
151 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li> 151 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li>
152 <li> 152 <li>
153 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine) 153 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine)
154 </li> 154 </li>
155</ul> 155</ul>
157<p> 157<p>
158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need 158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need
159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows 159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows
160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already. 160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already.
161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted 161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted
162to work with Samba. 162to work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning
163technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ...
163</p> 164</p>
164 165
165</body> 166</body>
166</section> 167</section>
167</chapter> 168</chapter>
171<section> 172<section>
172<title>The USE Flags</title> 173<title>The USE Flags</title>
173<body> 174<body>
174 175
175<p> 176<p>
176Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags 177Before emerging anything, take a look at some of the various USE flags available
177available to Samba. 178to Samba.
178</p> 179</p>
179 180
180<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:"> 181<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:">
181kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav 182kerberos acl cups ldap pam readline python oav
182</pre> 183</pre>
183 184
184<p> 185<p>
185Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of 186Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of
186the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or 187the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or
196 <th><b>kerberos</b></th> 197 <th><b>kerberos</b></th>
197 <ti> 198 <ti>
198 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is 199 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is
199 intended to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note 200 intended to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note
200 below for more information. 201 below for more information.
201 </ti>
202</tr>
203<tr>
204 <th><b>mysql</b></th>
205 <ti>
206 This will allow Samba to use MySQL in order to do password authentication.
207 It will store ACLs, usernames, passwords, etc in a database versus a
208 flat file. If Samba is needed to do password authentication, such as
209 acting as a password validation server or a Primary Domain Controller
210 (PDC).
211 </ti>
212</tr>
213<tr>
214 <th><b>xml</b></th>
215 <ti>
216 The xml USE option for Samba provides a password database backend allowing
217 Samba to store account details in XML files, for the same reasons listed in
218 the mysql USE flag description.
219 </ti> 202 </ti>
220</tr> 203</tr>
221<tr> 204<tr>
222 <th><b>acl</b></th> 205 <th><b>acl</b></th>
223 <ti> 206 <ti>
255 </ti> 238 </ti>
256</tr> 239</tr>
257<tr> 240<tr>
258 <th><b>readline</b></th> 241 <th><b>readline</b></th>
259 <ti> 242 <ti>
260 Link Samba again libreadline. This is highly recommended and should 243 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should
261 probably not be disabled 244 probably not be disabled
262 </ti> 245 </ti>
263</tr> 246</tr>
264<tr> 247<tr>
265 <th><b>python</b></th> 248 <th><b>python</b></th>
292 <li> 275 <li>
293 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended 276 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended
294 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause: 277 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause:
295 <ul> 278 <ul>
296 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li> 279 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li>
297 <li><uri>http://open-projects.linuxcare.com/research-papers/winbind-08162000.html</uri></li>
298 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li> 280 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li>
299 </ul> 281 </ul>
300 </li> 282 </li>
301</ul> 283</ul>
302 284
335To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the 317To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the
336USE flags are specifically included or excluded. 318USE flags are specifically included or excluded.
337</p> 319</p>
338 320
339<pre caption="Emerge Samba"> 321<pre caption="Emerge Samba">
340<comment>(Note the USE flags!)</comment> 322# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
341# <i>USE=&quot;oav readline cups pam -python -ldap -kerberos -xml -acl -mysql&quot; emerge net-fs/samba</i> 323# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i>
342</pre> 324</pre>
343 325
344<note> 326<note>
345The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86, 327The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86,
346ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha 328ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha
351</p> 333</p>
352 334
353</body> 335</body>
354</section> 336</section>
355<section> 337<section>
356<title>Emerging Clam AV</title> 338<title>Emerging ClamAV</title>
357<body> 339<body>
358 340
359<p> 341<p>
360Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access 342Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access
361virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner 343virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner
362used in this HOWTO is Clam AV. 344used in this HOWTO is ClamAV.
363</p> 345</p>
364 346
365<pre caption="Emerge clam-av"> 347<pre caption="Emerge Clamav">
366# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i> 348# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i>
367</pre> 349</pre>
368 350
369</body> 351</body>
370</section> 352</section>
377</pre> 359</pre>
378 360
379</body> 361</body>
380</section> 362</section>
381<section> 363<section>
382<title>Emerging net-print/hpijs</title> 364<title>Emerging net-print/hplip</title>
383<body> 365<body>
384 366
385<p> 367<p>
386You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer. 368You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer.
387</p> 369</p>
388 370
389<pre caption="Emerge hpijs"> 371<pre caption="Emerge hplip">
390# <i>emerge net-print/hpijs</i> 372# <i>emerge net-print/hplip</i>
391</pre> 373</pre>
392 374
393</body> 375</body>
394</section> 376</section>
395</chapter> 377</chapter>
413<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf"> 395<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf">
414[global] 396[global]
415<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment> 397<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment>
416workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment> 398workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment>
417<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting 399<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting
418# everyone know its not Windows! 400# everyone knows it's not Windows!
419# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment> 401# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment>
420server string = Samba Server %v 402server string = Samba Server %v
421<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment> 403<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment>
422printcap name = cups 404printcap name = cups
423printing = cups 405printing = cups
446<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner. 428<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner.
447# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable 429# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable
448# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move 430# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move
449# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment> 431# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment>
450 432
451<comment># For Samba 3.x</comment> 433<comment># For Samba 3.x. This enables ClamAV on access scanning.</comment>
452vfs object = vscan-clamav 434vfs object = vscan-clamav
453vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf 435vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
454
455<comment># For Samba 2.2.x</comment>
456vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/vscan-clamav.so
457vfs options = config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
458 436
459<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment> 437<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment>
460[print$] 438[print$]
461comment = Printer Drivers 439comment = Printer Drivers
462path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment> 440path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment>
463guest ok = no 441guest ok = yes
464browseable = yes 442browseable = yes
465read only = yes 443read only = yes
466<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 444<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
467# be the only printer admin)</comment> 445# be the only printer admin)</comment>
468write list = <i>root</i> 446write list = <i>root</i>
481 459
482<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be 460<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be
483# browseable, printable, public.</comment> 461# browseable, printable, public.</comment>
484[printers] 462[printers]
485comment = All Printers 463comment = All Printers
486browseable = yes 464browseable = no
487printable = yes 465printable = yes
466writable = no
488public = yes 467public = yes
489guest ok = yes 468guest ok = yes
490path = /var/spool/samba 469path = /var/spool/samba
491<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 470<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
492# be the only printer admin)</comment> 471# be the only printer admin)</comment>
514printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or 493printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or
515<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly 494<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly
516protect you from a lot of problems. 495protect you from a lot of problems.
517</warn> 496</warn>
518 497
498<warn>
499Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow
500down the performance of your Samba server dramatically.
501</warn>
502
519<p> 503<p>
520Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of 504Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of
521Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network. 505Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network.
522</p> 506</p>
523 507
543<p> 527<p>
544The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords 528The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords
545in <path>/etc/passwd</path>. 529in <path>/etc/passwd</path>.
546</p> 530</p>
547 531
532<p>
533You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows
534systems can be found easily using NetBIOS:
535</p>
536
537<pre caption="Editing /etc/nsswitch.conf">
538# <i>nano -w /etc/nsswitch.conf</i>
539<comment>(Edit the hosts: line)</comment>
540hosts: files dns <i>wins</i>
541</pre>
542
548</body> 543</body>
549</section>
550<section> 544</section>
545<section>
551<title>Configuring Clam AV</title> 546<title>Configuring ClamAV</title>
552<body> 547<body>
553 548
554<p> 549<p>
555The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is 550The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is
556<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set 551<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set
612<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds). 607<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds).
613; (Default: 5)</comment> 608; (Default: 5)</comment>
614lru file entry lifetime = 5 609lru file entry lifetime = 5
615 610
616<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment> 611<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment>
617clamd socket name = /var/run/clamd 612clamd socket name = /tmp/clamd
613
614<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment>
615oav port = 8127
618</pre> 616</pre>
619 617
620<p> 618<p>
621It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add 619It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add
622it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately. 620it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service
621immediately. The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition
622database up to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may
623want to set the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs.
624</p>
625
626<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles">
627# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i>
628<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment>
629# <i>vim /etc/freshclam.conf</i>
630<comment>(Check the line "UpdateLogFile /var/log/freshclam.log")</comment>
631# <i>vim /etc/conf.d/clamd</i>
632<comment>(Set "START_CLAMD=yes" and "START_FRESHCLAM=yes")</comment>
633</pre>
634
635<p>
636Now fire up the virus scanner.
623</p> 637</p>
624 638
625<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it"> 639<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it">
626# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i> 640# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i>
627# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i> 641# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i>
640in the example are the directives that need to be changed: 654in the example are the directives that need to be changed:
641</p> 655</p>
642 656
643<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf"> 657<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf">
644ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment> 658ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
645ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, eg you</comment> 659ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment>
646 660
647AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment> 661AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment>
648ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment> 662ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment>
649 663
650LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be 664LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be
651 # changed to 'info'</comment> 665 # changed to 'info'</comment>
652 666
653MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back, 667MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back,
654 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface, 668 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface,
655 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when 669 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when
656 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment> 670 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment>
659 673
660&lt;Location /&gt; 674&lt;Location /&gt;
661Order Deny,Allow 675Order Deny,Allow
662Deny From All 676Deny From All
663Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network 677Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network
664 # eg 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on 678 # e.g. 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on
665 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment> 679 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment>
666&lt;/Location&gt; 680&lt;/Location&gt;
667 681
668&lt;Location /admin&gt; 682&lt;Location /admin&gt;
669AuthType Basic 683AuthType Basic
686<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 700<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
687application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0 701application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0
688</pre> 702</pre>
689 703
690<p> 704<p>
691Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 705Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines.
692</p> 706</p>
693 707
694<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types"> 708<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types">
695<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 709<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
696application/octet-stream 710application/octet-stream
701</p> 715</p>
702 716
703<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" > 717<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" >
704<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment> 718<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment>
705# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 719# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i>
706<comment>(To start CUPS if it isn't started)</comment> 720<comment>(To start or restart CUPS now)</comment>
707# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i>
708<comment>(If CUPS is already started we'll need to restart it!)</comment>
709# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i> 721# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
710</pre> 722</pre>
711 723
712</body> 724</body>
713</section> 725</section>
717 729
718<p> 730<p>
719First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to 731First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to
720find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so, 732find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so,
721click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer 733click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer
722and the model in the pulldown menu, eg HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On 734and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On
723the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the 735the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the
724various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, 736various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page,
725again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select 737again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select
726your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri 738your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri
727link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> 739link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri>
736interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running. 748interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running.
737</p> 749</p>
738 750
739<pre caption="Install the printer via command line"> 751<pre caption="Install the printer via command line">
740# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i> 752# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i>
753# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
741</pre> 754</pre>
742 755
743<p> 756<p>
744Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name 757Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name
745(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba 758(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba
767drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of 780drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of
768manually installing printer drivers locally. 781manually installing printer drivers locally.
769</p> 782</p>
770 783
771<p> 784<p>
772There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS 785There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers
773drivers which can be obtained from <uri 786which can be obtained from <uri
774link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> 787link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript
775(PostScript printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, 788printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained <uri
776to be obtained from <uri link="http://www.cups.org/software.php">the 789link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~nightmorph/misc/cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz">here</uri>.
777CUPS homepage</uri> and selecting "CUPS Driver for Windows" from the 790There doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but
778pull down menu. There doesn't seem to be a difference between the 791the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a
779functionality of the two, but the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted 792Windows binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct
780on a Windows System since it's a Windows binary. Also the whole procedure 793files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers seem to support some options the
781of finding and copying the correct files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS 794Adobe drivers don't.
782drivers seem to support some options the Adobe drivers don't.
783</p> 795</p>
796<!--
797used to be available at www.cups.org/articles.php?L142+p4, but only 6.0 is
798available. at some point, we should update this for 6.0.
799-->
784 800
785<p> 801<p>
786This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is 802This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is
787called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files 803called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files
788contained into a directory. 804contained into a directory.
800<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and 816<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and
801<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files. 817<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files.
802</p> 818</p>
803 819
804<warn> 820<warn>
805The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (ie FreeBSD) 821The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (i.e. FreeBSD)
806because almost everything which is not part of the base system is 822because almost everything which is not part of the base system is
807installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This 823installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This
808seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux. 824seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux.
809However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than 825However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than
810<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below. 826<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below.
821# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i> 837# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i>
822<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment> 838<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment>
823# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i> 839# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i>
824<comment>(no leading / !)</comment> 840<comment>(no leading / !)</comment>
825# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i> 841# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i>
842# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
826</pre> 843</pre>
827 844
828<p> 845<p>
829Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS 846Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution.
830distribution. It's man page is an interesting read. 847Its man page is an interesting read.
831</p> 848</p>
832 849
833<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb"> 850<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb">
834# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i> 851# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i>
835<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will 852<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will
836"export all known printers".)</comment> 853"export all known printers".)</comment>
837# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i> 854# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i>
838</pre> 855</pre>
839 856
840<warn> 857<warn>
841The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. 858The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. Read through the
842Reading through the <uri
843link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this 859<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this
844thread</uri>. 860thread</uri> for some troubleshooting tips.
845</warn> 861</warn>
846 862
847<p> 863<p>
848Here are common errors that may happen: 864Here are common errors that may happen:
849</p> 865</p>
966<section> 982<section>
967<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title> 983<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title>
968<body> 984<body>
969 985
970<p> 986<p>
971Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. 987Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the
972Do the equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client. 988equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client.
973</p> 989</p>
974 990
975<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system"> 991<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system">
976# <i>emerge cups</i> 992# <i>emerge cups</i>
977# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i> 993# <i>nano -w /etc/cups/client.conf</i>
978# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 994ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
979</pre> 995</pre>
980 996
981<p>
982That should be it. Nothing else will be needed. Just point your web
983browser to <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client and you'll see that
984PrintServer broadcasts all available printers to all CUPS clients.
985</p> 997<p>
986 998That should be it. Nothing else will be needed.
987<p> 999</p>
988To print, use for example 1000
989</p> 1001<p>
1002If you use only one printer, it will be your default printer. If your print
1003server manages several printers, your administrator will have defined a default
1004printer on the server. If you want to define a different default printer for
1005yourself, use the <c>lpoptions</c> command.
1006</p>
1007
1008<pre caption="Setting your default printer">
1009<comment>(List available printers)</comment>
1010# <i>lpstat -a</i>
1011<comment>(Sample output, yours will differ)</comment>
1012HPDeskJet930C accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
1013laser accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
1014<comment>(Define HPDeskJet930C as your default printer)</comment>
1015# <i>lpoptions -d HPDeskJet930C</i>
1016</pre>
990 1017
991<pre caption="Printing in *nix"> 1018<pre caption="Printing in *nix">
1019<comment>(Specify the printer to be used)</comment>
992# <i>lpr -pHPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i> 1020# <i>lp -d HPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i>
993# <i>lpr -PHPDeskJet930C foobar.whatever.ps</i> 1021<comment>(Use your default printer)</comment>
994</pre>
995
996<p>
997In order to setup a default printer, you have to edit
998<path>/etc/cups/client.conf</path> and set the directive
999<c>ServerName</c> to your printserver. In the case of this guide that
1000would be the following example.
1001</p>
1002
1003<pre caption="/etc/cups/client.conf">
1004ServerName PrintServer
1005</pre>
1006
1007<p>
1008The following will print <path>foorbar.whatever.ps</path> directly to the print
1009server.
1010</p>
1011
1012<pre caption="Printing to the default printer">
1013$ <i>lpr foobar.whatever.ps</i> 1022# <i>lp foobar.whatever.ps</i>
1014</pre> 1023</pre>
1015 1024
1016<p>
1017Some common observations when setting a default printer in this manner
1018include the following:
1019</p> 1025<p>
1020 1026Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if
1021<ul> 1027you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface.
1022 <li> 1028Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as
1023 Setting the <c>ServerName</c> in <path>client.conf</path> seems to 1029your print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used
1024 work well for only one printer, there may be yet another way to 1030different names.
1025 set a client's default remote printer. 1031</p>
1026 </li>
1027 <li>
1028 Also, when accessing <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client
1029 now, no printers seem to be "found" by the client-CUPS. This is to
1030 be expected when setting <c>ServerName</c> in
1031 <path>client.conf</path>.
1032 </li>
1033</ul>
1034 1032
1035</body> 1033</body>
1036</section> 1034</section>
1037<section> 1035<section>
1038<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title> 1036<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title>
1125troubleshooting your installation: 1123troubleshooting your installation:
1126</p> 1124</p>
1127 1125
1128<ul> 1126<ul>
1129 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li> 1127 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li>
1128 <li>
1130 <li><uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri></li> 1129 <uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri>, especially the <uri
1130 link="http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/CUPS-printing.html">chapter
1131 on Samba/CUPS configuration</uri>
1132 </li>
1131 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li> 1133 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li>
1132 <li> 1134 <li>
1133 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt 1135 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt
1134 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( 1136 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> (
1135 This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e> and <e>EVERYTHING</e> 1137 This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e> and <e>EVERYTHING</e>

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