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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.9 2004/08/01 11:40:20 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.39 2007/12/20 19:13:21 swift Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4
4<guide link="quick-samba-howto.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml">
6
5<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/Clam AV HOWTO</title> 7<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title>
8
6<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
7 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail> 10 Andreas "daff" Ntaflos <!--daff at dword dot org-->
8</author> 11</author>
9<author title="Author"> 12<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail> 13 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail>
11</author> 14</author>
15<author title="Editor">
16 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail>
17</author>
12 18
13<abstract> 19<abstract>
14Setup, install and configure a Samba Server under Gentoo that shares 20Setup, install and configure a Samba Server under Gentoo that shares files,
15files, printers without the need to install drivers and provides 21printers without the need to install drivers and provides automatic virus
16automatic virus scanning. 22scanning.
17</abstract> 23</abstract>
18 24
19<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 25<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
20<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 26<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
21<license/> 27<license/>
22 28
23<version>1.6</version> 29<version>1.24</version>
24<date>August 01, 2004</date> 30<date>2007-12-20</date>
25 31
26<chapter> 32<chapter>
27<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title> 33<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title>
28<section> 34<section>
29<title>Purpose</title> 35<title>Purpose</title>
30<body> 36<body>
31 37
32<p> 38<p>
33This HOWTO is designed to help you move a network from many different 39This HOWTO is designed to help you move a network from many different clients
34clients speaking different languages, to many different machines that 40speaking different languages, to many different machines that speak a common
35speak a common language. The ultimate goal is to help differing 41language. The ultimate goal is to help differing architectures and technologies,
36architectures and technologies, come together in a productive, 42come together in a productive, happily coexisting environment.
37happily coexisting environment.
38</p>
39
40<p> 43</p>
44
45<p>
41Following the directions outlined in this HOWTO should give you an 46Following the directions outlined in this HOWTO should give you an excellent
42excellent step towards a peaceful cohabitation between Windows, and 47step towards a peaceful cohabitation between Windows, and virtually all known
43virtually all known variations of *nix. 48variations of *nix.
44</p>
45
46<p> 49</p>
50
51<p>
47This HOWTO originally started not as a HOWTO, but as a FAQ. It was 52This HOWTO originally started not as a HOWTO, but as a FAQ. It was intended to
48intended to explore the functionality and power of the Gentoo system, 53explore the functionality and power of the Gentoo system, portage and the
49portage and the flexibility of USE flags. Like so many other projects, 54flexibility of USE flags. Like so many other projects, it was quickly discovered
50it was quickly discovered what was missing in the Gentoo realm: there 55what was missing in the Gentoo realm: there weren't any Samba HOWTO's catered
51weren't any Samba HOWTO's catered for Gentoo users. These users are 56for Gentoo users. These users are more demanding than most; they require
52more demanding than most; they require performance, flexibility and 57performance, flexibility and customization. This does not however imply that
53customization. This does not however imply that this HOWTO was not
54intended for other distributions; rather that it was designed to work 58this HOWTO was not intended for other distributions; rather that it was designed
55with a highly customized version of Samba. 59to work with a highly customized version of Samba.
56</p>
57
58<p> 60</p>
61
62<p>
59This HOWTO will describe how to share files and printers between Windows 63This HOWTO will describe how to share files and printers between Windows PCs and
60PCs and *nix PCs. It will also demonstrate the use of the VFS (Virtual 64*nix PCs. It will also demonstrate the use of the VFS (Virtual File System)
61File System) feature of Samba to incorporate automatic virus protection. 65feature of Samba to incorporate automatic virus protection. As a finale, it will
62As a finale, it will show you how to mount and manipulate shares. 66show you how to mount and manipulate shares.
63</p>
64
65<p> 67</p>
68
69<p>
66There are a few topics that will be mentioned, but are out of the 70There are a few topics that will be mentioned, but are out of the scope of this
67scope of this HOWTO. These will be noted as they are presented. 71HOWTO. These will be noted as they are presented.
68</p>
69
70<p> 72</p>
73
74<p>
71This HOWTO is based on a compilation and merge of an excellent HOWTO 75This HOWTO is based on a compilation and merge of an excellent HOWTO provided
72provided in the <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo forums</uri> 76in the <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo forums</uri> by Andreas
73by Andreas "daff" Ntaflos and the collected knowledge of Joshua Preston. 77"daff" Ntaflos and the collected knowledge of Joshua Preston. The link to this
74The link to this discussion is provided below for your reference: 78discussion is provided below for your reference:
75</p> 79</p>
76 80
77<ul> 81<ul>
78 <li> 82 <li>
79 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">HOWTO 83 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">HOWTO
80 CUPS+Samba: printing from Windows &amp; Linux</uri> 84 CUPS+Samba: printing from Windows &amp; Linux</uri>
81 </li> 85 </li>
82</ul> 86</ul>
83 87
84</body> 88</body>
87<title>Before you use this guide</title> 91<title>Before you use this guide</title>
88<body> 92<body>
89 93
90<p> 94<p>
91There are a several other guides for setting up CUPS and/or Samba, please read 95There are a several other guides for setting up CUPS and/or Samba, please read
92them as well, as they may tell you things left out of this HOWTO (intentional 96them as well, as they may tell you things left out of this HOWTO (intentional or
93or otherwise). One such document is the very useful and well written <uri 97otherwise). One such document is the very useful and well written <uri
94link="/doc/en/printing-howto.xml">Gentoo Printing Guide</uri>, as configuration 98link="/doc/en/printing-howto.xml">Gentoo Printing Guide</uri>, as configuration
95issues and specific printer setup is not discussed here. 99issues and specific printer setup is not discussed here.
96</p> 100</p>
97 101
98</body> 102</body>
100<section> 104<section>
101<title>Brief Overview</title> 105<title>Brief Overview</title>
102<body> 106<body>
103 107
104<p> 108<p>
105After presenting the various USE flags, the following list will outline 109After presenting the various USE flags, the following list will outline all of
106all of the topics covered as they are presented: 110the topics covered as they are presented:
107</p> 111</p>
108 112
109<ul> 113<ul>
110 <li>On the Samba server: 114 <li>On the Samba server:
111 <ul> 115 <ul>
112 <li>Install and configure CLAM-AV</li> 116 <li>Install and configure ClamAV</li>
113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li> 117 <li>Install and configure Samba</li>
114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li> 118 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li>
115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li> 119 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li>
116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li> 120 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li>
117 </ul> 121 </ul>
144<ul> 148<ul>
145 <li>net-fs/samba</li> 149 <li>net-fs/samba</li>
146 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li> 150 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li>
147 <li>net-print/cups</li> 151 <li>net-print/cups</li>
148 <li>net-print/foomatic</li> 152 <li>net-print/foomatic</li>
149 <li>net-print/hpijs (if you have an HP printer)</li> 153 <li>net-print/hplip (if you have an HP printer)</li>
150 <li>A kernel of sorts (preferably 2.4.24+ or 2.6.x)</li> 154 <li>A kernel of sorts (2.6)</li>
151 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li> 155 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li>
152 <li> 156 <li>
153 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine) 157 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine)
154 </li> 158 </li>
155</ul> 159</ul>
156 160
157<p> 161<p>
158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need 162The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need a kernel
159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows 163with cifs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows share from
160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already. 164another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already.
161app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted 165app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted to
162to work with Samba. 166work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning
167technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ...
163</p> 168</p>
164 169
165</body> 170</body>
166</section> 171</section>
167</chapter> 172</chapter>
171<section> 176<section>
172<title>The USE Flags</title> 177<title>The USE Flags</title>
173<body> 178<body>
174 179
175<p> 180<p>
176Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags 181Before emerging anything, take a look at some of the various USE flags available
177available to Samba. 182to Samba.
178</p> 183</p>
179 184
180<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:"> 185<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:">
181kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav 186kerberos acl cups ldap pam readline python oav winbind
182</pre> 187</pre>
183 188
184<p> 189<p>
185Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of 190Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of the server,
186the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or 191the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or exclude from the
187exclude from the emerging of Samba. 192emerging of Samba.
188</p> 193</p>
189 194
190<table> 195<table>
191<tr> 196<tr>
192 <th><b>USE flag</b></th> 197 <th><b>USE flag</b></th>
193 <th>Description</th> 198 <th>Description</th>
194</tr> 199</tr>
195<tr> 200<tr>
196 <th><b>kerberos</b></th> 201 <th><b>kerberos</b></th>
197 <ti> 202 <ti>
198 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is 203 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is intended
199 intended to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note 204 to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note below for more
200 below for more information. 205 information.
201 </ti>
202</tr>
203<tr>
204 <th><b>mysql</b></th>
205 <ti>
206 This will allow Samba to use MySQL in order to do password authentication.
207 It will store ACLs, usernames, passwords, etc in a database versus a
208 flat file. If Samba is needed to do password authentication, such as
209 acting as a password validation server or a Primary Domain Controller
210 (PDC).
211 </ti>
212</tr>
213<tr>
214 <th><b>xml</b></th>
215 <ti>
216 The xml USE option for Samba provides a password database backend allowing
217 Samba to store account details in XML files, for the same reasons listed in
218 the mysql USE flag description.
219 </ti> 206 </ti>
220</tr> 207</tr>
221<tr> 208<tr>
222 <th><b>acl</b></th> 209 <th><b>acl</b></th>
223 <ti> 210 <ti>
224 Enables Access Control Lists. The ACL support in Samba uses a patched 211 Enables Access Control Lists. The ACL support in Samba uses a patched
225 ext2/ext3, or SGI's XFS in order to function properly as it extends more 212 ext2/ext3, or SGI's XFS in order to function properly as it extends more
226 detailed access to files or directories; much more so than typical *nix 213 detailed access to files or directories; much more so than typical *nix
227 GID/UID schemas. 214 GID/UID schemas.
228 </ti> 215 </ti>
229</tr> 216</tr>
230<tr> 217<tr>
231 <th><b>cups</b></th> 218 <th><b>cups</b></th>
232 <ti> 219 <ti>
233 This enables support for the Common Unix Printing System. This 220 This enables support for the Common Unix Printing System. This provides an
234 provides an interface allowing local CUPS printers to be shared to 221 interface allowing local CUPS printers to be shared to other systems in the
235 other systems in the network. 222 network.
236 </ti> 223 </ti>
237</tr> 224</tr>
238<tr> 225<tr>
239 <th><b>ldap</b></th> 226 <th><b>ldap</b></th>
240 <ti> 227 <ti>
241 Enables the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). If Samba is 228 Enables the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). If Samba is
242 expected to use Active Directory, this option must be used. This would 229 expected to use Active Directory, this option must be used. This would be
243 be used in the event Samba needs to login to or provide login to 230 used in the event Samba needs to login to or provide login to a
244 a Domain/Active Directory Server. The kerberos USE flag is needed for 231 Domain/Active Directory Server. The kerberos USE flag is needed for proper
245 proper functioning of this option. 232 functioning of this option.
246 </ti> 233 </ti>
247</tr> 234</tr>
248<tr> 235<tr>
249 <th><b>pam</b></th> 236 <th><b>pam</b></th>
250 <ti> 237 <ti>
251 Include support for pluggable authentication modules (PAM). This 238 Include support for pluggable authentication modules (PAM). This provides
252 provides the ability to authenticate users on the Samba Server, which is 239 the ability to authenticate users on the Samba Server, which is required if
253 required if users have to login to your server. The kerberos USE flag 240 users have to login to your server. The kerberos USE flag is recommended
254 is recommended along with this option. 241 along with this option.
255 </ti> 242 </ti>
256</tr> 243</tr>
257<tr> 244<tr>
258 <th><b>readline</b></th> 245 <th><b>readline</b></th>
259 <ti> 246 <ti>
260 Link Samba again libreadline. This is highly recommended and should 247 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should
261 probably not be disabled 248 probably not be disabled.
262 </ti> 249 </ti>
263</tr> 250</tr>
264<tr> 251<tr>
265 <th><b>python</b></th> 252 <th><b>python</b></th>
266 <ti> 253 <ti>
267 Python bindings API. Provides an API that will allow Python to 254 Python bindings API. Provides an API that will allow Python to interface
268 interface with Samba. 255 with Samba.
269 </ti> 256 </ti>
270</tr> 257</tr>
271<tr> 258<tr>
272 <th><b>oav</b></th> 259 <th><b>oav</b></th>
273 <ti> 260 <ti>
274 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot 261 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot Daemon,
275 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep 262 Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep (SAVI),
276 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI). 263 Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI).
264 </ti>
265</tr>
266<tr>
267 <th><b>winbind</b></th>
268 <ti>
269 Winbind allows for a unified logon within a Samba environment. It uses a
270 Unix implementation of Windows RPC calls, PAM and the name service switch
271 (supported by the c library) to enable Windows NT domain users to appear and
272 work as Unix users on a Unix system.
277 </ti> 273 </ti>
278</tr> 274</tr>
279</table> 275</table>
280 276
281<p> 277<p>
283Samba functions include: 279Samba functions include:
284</p> 280</p>
285 281
286<ul> 282<ul>
287 <li> 283 <li>
288 ACLs on ext2/3 are implemented through extended attributes (EAs). EA and 284 ACLs on ext2/3 are implemented through extended attributes (EAs). EA and
289 ACL kernel options for ext2 and/or ext3 will need to be enabled 285 ACL kernel options for ext2 and/or ext3 will need to be enabled (depending
290 (depending on which file system is being used - both can be enabled). 286 on which file system is being used - both can be enabled).
291 </li> 287 </li>
292 <li> 288 <li>
293 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended 289 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended
294 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause: 290 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause:
295 <ul> 291 <ul>
296 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li> 292 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li>
297 <li><uri>http://open-projects.linuxcare.com/research-papers/winbind-08162000.html</uri></li>
298 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li> 293 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li>
299 </ul> 294 </ul>
300 </li> 295 </li>
301</ul> 296</ul>
302 297
309<section> 304<section>
310<title>Emerging Samba</title> 305<title>Emerging Samba</title>
311<body> 306<body>
312 307
313<p> 308<p>
314First of all: be sure that all your hostnames resolve correctly. 309First of all: be sure that all your hostnames resolve correctly. Either have a
315Either have a working domain name system running on your network 310working domain name system running on your network or appropriate entries in
316or appropriate entries in your <path>/etc/hosts</path> file. 311your <path>/etc/hosts</path> file. <c>cupsaddsmb</c> often borks if hostnames
317<c>cupsaddsmb</c> often borks if hostnames don't point to the correct 312don't point to the correct machines.
318machines.
319</p>
320
321<p> 313</p>
314
315<p>
322Hopefully now you can make an assessment of what you'll actually need in 316Hopefully now you can make an assessment of what you'll actually need in order
323order to use Samba with your particular setup. The setup used for this 317to use Samba with your particular setup. The setup used for this HOWTO is:
324HOWTO is:
325</p> 318</p>
326 319
327<ul> 320<ul>
328 <li>oav</li> 321 <li>oav</li>
329 <li>cups</li> 322 <li>cups</li>
330 <li>readline</li> 323 <li>readline</li>
331 <li>pam</li> 324 <li>pam</li>
332</ul> 325</ul>
333 326
334<p> 327<p>
335To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the 328To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the USE flags are
336USE flags are specifically included or excluded. 329specifically included or excluded.
337</p> 330</p>
338 331
339<pre caption="Emerge Samba"> 332<pre caption="Emerge Samba">
340<comment>(Note the USE flags!)</comment> 333# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
341# <i>USE=&quot;oav readline cups pam -python -ldap -kerberos -xml -acl -mysql&quot; emerge net-fs/samba</i> 334# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i>
342</pre> 335</pre>
343
344<note>
345The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86,
346ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha
347</note>
348 336
349<p> 337<p>
350This will emerge Samba and CUPS (if CUPS is not already emerged). 338This will emerge Samba and CUPS (if CUPS is not already emerged).
351</p> 339</p>
352 340
353</body> 341</body>
354</section> 342</section>
355<section> 343<section>
356<title>Emerging Clam AV</title> 344<title>Emerging ClamAV</title>
357<body> 345<body>
358 346
359<p> 347<p>
360Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access 348Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access
361virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner 349virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner used in
362used in this HOWTO is Clam AV. 350this HOWTO is ClamAV.
363</p> 351</p>
364 352
365<pre caption="Emerge clam-av"> 353<pre caption="Emerge Clamav">
366# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i> 354# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i>
367</pre> 355</pre>
368 356
369</body> 357</body>
370</section> 358</section>
377</pre> 365</pre>
378 366
379</body> 367</body>
380</section> 368</section>
381<section> 369<section>
382<title>Emerging net-print/hpijs</title> 370<title>Emerging net-print/hplip</title>
383<body> 371<body>
384 372
385<p> 373<p>
386You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer. 374You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer.
387</p> 375</p>
388 376
389<pre caption="Emerge hpijs"> 377<pre caption="Emerge hplip">
390# <i>emerge net-print/hpijs</i> 378# <i>emerge net-print/hplip</i>
391</pre> 379</pre>
392 380
393</body> 381</body>
394</section> 382</section>
395</chapter> 383</chapter>
399<section> 387<section>
400<title>Configuring Samba</title> 388<title>Configuring Samba</title>
401<body> 389<body>
402 390
403<p> 391<p>
404The main Samba configuration file is <path>/etc/samba/smb.conf</path>. 392The main Samba configuration file is <path>/etc/samba/smb.conf</path>. It is
405It is divided in sections indicated by [sectionname]. Comments are either 393divided in sections indicated by [sectionname]. Comments are either
406# or ;. A sample <path>smb.conf</path> is included below with comments and 394# or ;. A sample <path>smb.conf</path> is included below with comments and
407suggestions for modifications. If more details are required, see the 395suggestions for modifications. If more details are required, see the man page
408man page for <path>smb.conf</path>, the installed 396for <path>smb.conf</path>, the installed <path>smb.conf.example</path>, the
409<path>smb.conf.example</path>, the Samba Web site or any of the 397Samba Web site or any of the numerous Samba books available.
410numerous Samba books available.
411</p> 398</p>
412 399
413<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf"> 400<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf">
414[global] 401[global]
415<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment> 402<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment>
416workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment> 403workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment>
417<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting 404<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting
418# everyone know its not Windows! 405# everyone knows it's not Windows!
419# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment> 406# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment>
420server string = Samba Server %v 407server string = Samba Server %v
421<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment> 408<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment>
422printcap name = cups 409printcap name = cups
423printing = cups 410printing = cups
439hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0 426hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0
440<comment># Other options for this are USER, DOMAIN, ADS, and SERVER 427<comment># Other options for this are USER, DOMAIN, ADS, and SERVER
441# The default is user</comment> 428# The default is user</comment>
442security = share 429security = share
443<comment># No passwords, so we're going to use a guest account!</comment> 430<comment># No passwords, so we're going to use a guest account!</comment>
444guest account = samba
445guest ok = yes 431guest ok = yes
446<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner. 432<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner.
447# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable 433# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable
448# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move 434# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move
449# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment> 435# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment>
450 436
451<comment># For Samba 3.x</comment> 437<comment># For Samba 3.x. This enables ClamAV on access scanning.</comment>
452vfs object = vscan-clamav 438vfs object = vscan-clamav
453vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf 439vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
454
455<comment># For Samba 2.2.x</comment>
456vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/vscan-clamav.so
457vfs options = config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
458 440
459<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment> 441<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment>
460[print$] 442[print$]
461comment = Printer Drivers 443comment = Printer Drivers
462path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment> 444path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment>
463guest ok = no 445guest ok = yes
464browseable = yes 446browseable = yes
465read only = yes 447read only = yes
466<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 448<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
467# be the only printer admin)</comment> 449# be the only printer admin)</comment>
468write list = <i>root</i> 450write list = <i>root</i>
477guest ok = yes 459guest ok = yes
478<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 460<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
479# be the only printer admin)</comment> 461# be the only printer admin)</comment>
480printer admin = <i>root</i> 462printer admin = <i>root</i>
481 463
482<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be 464<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be
483# browseable, printable, public.</comment> 465# browseable, printable, public.</comment>
484[printers] 466[printers]
485comment = All Printers 467comment = All Printers
486browseable = yes 468browseable = no
487printable = yes 469printable = yes
470writable = no
488public = yes 471public = yes
489guest ok = yes 472guest ok = yes
490path = /var/spool/samba 473path = /var/spool/samba
491<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 474<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
492# be the only printer admin)</comment> 475# be the only printer admin)</comment>
493printer admin = <i>root</i> 476printer admin = <i>root</i>
503guest ok = yes 486guest ok = yes
504path = /home/samba/public 487path = /home/samba/public
505</pre> 488</pre>
506 489
507<warn> 490<warn>
508If you like to use Samba's guest account to do anything concerning 491If you like to use Samba's guest account to do anything concerning printing from
509printing from Windows clients: don't set <c>guest only = yes</c> in 492Windows clients: don't set <c>guest only = yes</c> in the <c>[global]</c>
510the <c>[global]</c> section. The guest account seems to cause 493section. The guest account seems to cause problems when running
511problems when running <c>cupsaddsmb</c> sometimes when trying to 494<c>cupsaddsmb</c> sometimes when trying to connect from Windows machines. See
512connect from Windows machines. See below, too, when we talk about 495below, too, when we talk about <c>cupsaddsmb</c> and the problems that can
513<c>cupsaddsmb</c> and the problems that can arise. Use a dedicated
514printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c> or 496arise. Use a dedicated printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c>
515<c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly 497or <c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly protect you
516protect you from a lot of problems. 498from a lot of problems.
517</warn> 499</warn>
518 500
501<warn>
502Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow
503down the performance of your Samba server dramatically.
504</warn>
505
519<p> 506<p>
520Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of 507Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of Samba to
521Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network. 508share the installed printer throughout the network.
522</p> 509</p>
523 510
524<pre caption="Create the directories"> 511<pre caption="Create the directories">
525# <i>mkdir /etc/samba/printer</i> 512# <i>mkdir /etc/samba/printer</i>
526# <i>mkdir /var/spool/samba</i> 513# <i>mkdir /var/spool/samba</i>
527# <i>mkdir /home/samba/public</i> 514# <i>mkdir /home/samba/public</i>
528</pre> 515</pre>
529 516
530<p> 517<p>
531At least one Samba user is required in order to install the printer 518At least one Samba user is required in order to install the printer drivers and
532drivers and to allow users to connect to the printer. Users must 519to allow users to connect to the printer. Users must exist in the system's
533exist in the system's <path>/etc/passwd</path> file. 520<path>/etc/passwd</path> file.
534</p> 521</p>
535 522
536<pre caption="Creating the users"> 523<pre caption="Creating the users">
537# <i>smbpasswd -a root</i> 524# <i>smbpasswd -a root</i>
538 525
539<comment>(If another user is to be a printer admin)</comment> 526<comment>(If another user is to be a printer admin)</comment>
540# <i>smbpasswd -a username</i> 527# <i>smbpasswd -a username</i>
541</pre> 528</pre>
542 529
543<p> 530<p>
544The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords 531The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords
545in <path>/etc/passwd</path>. 532in <path>/etc/passwd</path>.
546</p> 533</p>
547 534
548<p> 535<p>
549You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows 536You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows
557</pre> 544</pre>
558 545
559</body> 546</body>
560</section> 547</section>
561<section> 548<section>
562<title>Configuring Clam AV</title> 549<title>Configuring ClamAV</title>
563<body> 550<body>
564 551
565<p> 552<p>
566The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is 553The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is
567<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set 554<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set to the
568to the defaults, the infected file action may need to be changed. 555defaults, the infected file action may need to be changed.
569</p> 556</p>
570 557
571<pre caption="/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf"> 558<pre caption="/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf">
572[samba-vscan] 559[samba-vscan]
573<comment>; run-time configuration for vscan-samba using 560<comment>; run-time configuration for vscan-samba using
623<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds). 610<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds).
624; (Default: 5)</comment> 611; (Default: 5)</comment>
625lru file entry lifetime = 5 612lru file entry lifetime = 5
626 613
627<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment> 614<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment>
628clamd socket name = /var/run/clamd 615clamd socket name = /tmp/clamd
629</pre>
630 616
617<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment>
618oav port = 8127
619</pre>
620
631<p> 621<p>
632It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add 622It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add it to
633it to the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately. 623the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately.
624The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition database up
625to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may want to set
626the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs.
627</p>
628
629<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles">
630# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i>
631<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment>
632# <i>vim /etc/freshclam.conf</i>
633<comment>(Check the line "UpdateLogFile /var/log/freshclam.log")</comment>
634# <i>vim /etc/conf.d/clamd</i>
635<comment>(Set "START_CLAMD=yes" and "START_FRESHCLAM=yes")</comment>
636</pre>
637
638<p>
639Now fire up the virus scanner.
634</p> 640</p>
635 641
636<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it"> 642<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it">
637# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i> 643# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i>
638# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i> 644# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i>
643<section> 649<section>
644<title>Configuring CUPS</title> 650<title>Configuring CUPS</title>
645<body> 651<body>
646 652
647<p> 653<p>
648This is a little more complicated. CUPS' main config file is 654This is a little more complicated. CUPS' main config file is
649<path>/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</path>. It's structure is similar to Apache's 655<path>/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</path>. It's structure is similar to Apache's
650<path>httpd.conf</path> file, so many you may find it familiar. Outlined 656<path>httpd.conf</path> file, so many you may find it familiar. Outlined in the
651in the example are the directives that need to be changed: 657example are the directives that need to be changed:
652</p> 658</p>
653 659
654<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf"> 660<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf">
655ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment> 661ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
656ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, eg you</comment> 662ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment>
657 663
658AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment> 664AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment>
659ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment> 665ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment>
660 666
661LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be 667LogLevel debug <comment># only while installing and testing, should later be
662 # changed to 'info'</comment> 668 # changed to 'info'</comment>
663 669
664MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back, 670MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back,
665 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface, 671 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface,
666 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when 672 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when
667 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment> 673 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment>
668 674
669BrowseAddress @IF(<i>eth0</i>) <comment># Change this to your internal net interface</comment> 675BrowseAddress @IF(<i>eth0</i>) <comment># Change this to your internal net interface</comment>
670 676
671&lt;Location /&gt; 677&lt;Location /&gt;
672Order Deny,Allow 678Order Deny,Allow
673Deny From All 679Deny From All
674Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network 680Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network
675 # eg 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on 681 # e.g. 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on
676 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment> 682 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment>
677&lt;/Location&gt; 683&lt;/Location&gt;
678 684
679&lt;Location /admin&gt; 685&lt;Location /admin&gt;
680AuthType Basic 686AuthType Basic
681AuthClass System 687AuthClass System
682Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># same as above, allow any host on the 688Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># same as above, allow any host on the
683 # 192.168.1.0 network to connect and do 689 # 192.168.1.0 network to connect and do
684 # administrative tasks after authenticating</comment> 690 # administrative tasks after authenticating</comment>
685Order Deny,Allow 691Order Deny,Allow
686Deny From All 692Deny From All
687&lt;/Location&gt; 693&lt;/Location&gt;
688</pre> 694</pre>
689 695
690<p> 696<p>
691Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 697Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. The changes to
692The changes to <path>mime.convs</path> and <path>mime.types</path> are 698<path>mime.convs</path> and <path>mime.types</path> are needed to make CUPS
693needed to make CUPS print Microsoft Office document files. 699print Microsoft Office document files.
694</p> 700</p>
695 701
696<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.convs"> 702<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.convs">
697<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 703<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
698application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0 704application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0
699</pre> 705</pre>
700 706
701<p> 707<p>
702Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 708Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines.
703</p> 709</p>
704 710
705<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types"> 711<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types">
706<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 712<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
707application/octet-stream 713application/octet-stream
708</pre> 714</pre>
709 715
710<p> 716<p>
711CUPS needs to be started on boot, and started immediately. 717CUPS needs to be started on boot, and started immediately.
712</p> 718</p>
713 719
714<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" > 720<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" >
715<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment> 721<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment>
716# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 722# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i>
717<comment>(To start CUPS if it isn't started)</comment> 723<comment>(To start or restart CUPS now)</comment>
718# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i>
719<comment>(If CUPS is already started we'll need to restart it!)</comment>
720# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i> 724# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
721</pre> 725</pre>
722 726
723</body> 727</body>
724</section> 728</section>
728 732
729<p> 733<p>
730First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to 734First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to
731find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so, 735find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so,
732click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer 736click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer
733and the model in the pulldown menu, eg HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On 737and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On
734the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the 738the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the various
735various notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, 739notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, again after
736again after reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select 740reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select your printers
737your printers manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri 741manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri
738link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> 742link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> is
739is also very helpful when working with CUPS. 743also very helpful when working with CUPS.
740</p>
741
742<p> 744</p>
745
746<p>
743Now you have a PPD file for your printer to work with CUPS. Place it in 747Now you have a PPD file for your printer to work with CUPS. Place it in
744<path>/usr/share/cups/model</path>. The PPD for the HP DeskJet 930C was 748<path>/usr/share/cups/model</path>. The PPD for the HP DeskJet 930C was named
745named <path>HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</path>. You should now install the printer. 749<path>HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</path>. You should now install the printer.
746This can be done via the CUPS web interface or via command line. The web 750This can be done via the CUPS web interface or via command line. The web
747interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running. 751interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running.
748</p> 752</p>
749 753
750<pre caption="Install the printer via command line"> 754<pre caption="Install the printer via command line">
751# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i> 755# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i>
756# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
752</pre> 757</pre>
753 758
754<p> 759<p>
755Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name 760Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name (<c>-p</c>
756(<c>-p</c> argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba 761argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba configuration!) and to
757configuration!) and to put in the correct <c>usb:/dev/usb/blah</c>, 762put in the correct <c>usb:/dev/usb/blah</c>, <c>parallel:/dev/blah</c> or
758<c>parallel:/dev/blah</c> or whatever device you are using for your 763whatever device you are using for your printer.
759printer.
760</p>
761
762<p> 764</p>
765
766<p>
763You should now be able to access the printer from the web interface 767You should now be able to access the printer from the web interface and be able
764and be able to print a test page. 768to print a test page.
765</p> 769</p>
766 770
767</body> 771</body>
768</section> 772</section>
769<section> 773<section>
770<title>Installing the Windows printer drivers</title> 774<title>Installing the Windows printer drivers</title>
771<body> 775<body>
772 776
773<p> 777<p>
774Now that the printer should be working it is time to install the drivers 778Now that the printer should be working it is time to install the drivers for
775for the Windows clients to work. Samba 2.2 introduced this functionality. 779the Windows clients to work. Samba 2.2 introduced this functionality. Browsing
776Browsing to the print server in the Network Neighbourhood, right-clicking 780to the print server in the Network Neighbourhood, right-clicking on the
777on the printershare and selecting "connect" downloads the appropriate 781printershare and selecting "connect" downloads the appropriate drivers
778drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of 782automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of manually
779manually installing printer drivers locally. 783installing printer drivers locally.
780</p>
781
782<p> 784</p>
785
786<p>
783There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS 787There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers
784drivers which can be obtained from <uri 788which can be obtained from <uri
785link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> 789link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript
786(PostScript printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, 790printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained by
787to be obtained from <uri link="http://www.cups.org/software.php">the 791emerging <c>net-print/cups-windows</c>. Note that it may still be marked ~arch,
788CUPS homepage</uri> and selecting "CUPS Driver for Windows" from the 792so you may need to add it to <path>/etc/portage/package.keywords</path>. There
789pull down menu. There doesn't seem to be a difference between the 793doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but the
790functionality of the two, but the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted 794Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a Windows
791on a Windows System since it's a Windows binary. Also the whole procedure 795binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct files is a
792of finding and copying the correct files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS 796bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers support some options the Adobe drivers
793drivers seem to support some options the Adobe drivers don't. 797don't.
794</p>
795
796<p> 798</p>
797This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is 799
798called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files
799contained into a directory.
800</p> 800<p>
801 801This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. Install them as shown:
802<pre caption="Extract the drivers and run the install">
803# <i>tar -xzf cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</i>
804# <i>cd cups-samba-5.0rc2</i>
805<comment>(Only use this script if CUPS resides in /usr/share/cups)</comment>
806# <i>./cups-samba.install</i>
807</pre>
808
809<p> 802</p>
810<path>cups-samba.ss</path> is a TAR archive containing three files: 803
811<path>cups5.hlp</path>, <path>cupsdrvr5.dll</path> and 804<pre caption="Install the drivers">
812<path>cupsui5.dll</path>. These are the actual driver files. 805# <i>emerge -av cups-windows</i>
806</pre>
807
813</p> 808<p>
814
815<warn>
816The script <c>cups-samba.install</c> may not work for all *nixes (ie FreeBSD)
817because almost everything which is not part of the base system is
818installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This
819seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux.
820However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than
821<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> see the example below.
822</warn>
823
824<p>
825Suppose your CUPS installation resides under
826<path>/usr/local/share/cups/</path>, and you want to install the drivers there.
827Do the following:
828</p>
829
830<pre caption="Manually installing the drivers">
831# <i>cd /path/you/extracted/the/CUPS-driver/tarball/into</i>
832# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i>
833<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment>
834# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i>
835<comment>(no leading / !)</comment>
836# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i>
837</pre>
838
839<p>
840Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS 809Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution.
841distribution. It's man page is an interesting read. 810Be sure to read its manpage (<c>man cupsaddsmb</c>), as it will tell you which
811Windows drivers you'll need to copy to the proper CUPS directory. Once you've
812copied the drivers, restart CUPS by running <c>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</c>.
813Next, run <c>cupsaddsmb</c> as shown:
842</p> 814</p>
843 815
844<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb"> 816<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb">
845# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i> 817# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i>
846<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will 818<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will
847"export all known printers".)</comment> 819"export all known printers".)</comment>
848# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i> 820# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i>
849</pre> 821</pre>
850 822
851<warn> 823<warn>
852The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. 824The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. Read through the
853Reading through the <uri
854link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this 825<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this
855thread</uri>. 826thread</uri> for some troubleshooting tips.
856</warn> 827</warn>
857 828
858<p> 829<p>
859Here are common errors that may happen: 830Here are common errors that may happen:
860</p> 831</p>
861 832
862<ul> 833<ul>
863 <li> 834 <li>
864 The hostname given as a parameter for <c>-h</c> and <c>-H</c> 835 The hostname given as a parameter for <c>-h</c> and <c>-H</c>
865 (<c>PrintServer</c>) often does not resolve correctly and doesn't 836 (<c>PrintServer</c>) often does not resolve correctly and doesn't identify
866 identify the print server for CUPS/Samba interaction. If an error 837 the print server for CUPS/Samba interaction. If an error like: <b>Warning:
867 like: <b>Warning: No PPD file for printer "CUPS_PRINTER_NAME" - 838 No PPD file for printer "CUPS_PRINTER_NAME" - skipping!</b> occurs, the
868 skipping!</b> occurs, the first thing you should do is substitute 839 first thing you should do is substitute <c>PrintServer</c> with
869 <c>PrintServer</c> with <c>localhost</c> and try it again. 840 <c>localhost</c> and try it again.
870 </li> 841 </li>
871 <li> 842 <li>
872 The command fails with an <b>NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL</b>. This error message 843 The command fails with an <b>NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL</b>. This error message
873 is quite common, but can be triggered by many problems. It's unfortunately 844 is quite common, but can be triggered by many problems. It's unfortunately
874 not very helpful. One thing to try is to temporarily set <c>security = 845 not very helpful. One thing to try is to temporarily set <c>security =
875 user</c> in your <path>smb.conf</path>. After/if the installation completes 846 user</c> in your <path>smb.conf</path>. After/if the installation completes
876 successfully, you should set it back to share, or whatever it was set to 847 successfully, you should set it back to share, or whatever it was set to
877 before. 848 before.
878 </li> 849 </li>
879</ul> 850</ul>
880 851
881<p> 852<p>
882This should install the correct driver directory structure under 853This should install the correct driver directory structure under
883<path>/etc/samba/printer</path>. That would be 854<path>/etc/samba/printer</path>. That would be
884<path>/etc/samba/printer/W32X86/2/</path>. The files contained should 855<path>/etc/samba/printer/W32X86/2/</path>. The files contained should be the 3
885be the 3 driver files and the PPD file, renamed to YourPrinterName.ppd 856driver files and the PPD file, renamed to <path>YourPrinterName.ppd</path> (the
886(the name which you gave the printer when installing it (see above). 857name which you gave the printer when installing it (see above).
887</p>
888
889<p> 858</p>
859
860<p>
890Pending no errors or other complications, your drivers are now 861Pending no errors or other complications, your drivers are now installed.
891installed.
892</p> 862</p>
893 863
894</body> 864</body>
895</section> 865</section>
896<section> 866<section>
914<title>Testing our Samba configuration</title> 884<title>Testing our Samba configuration</title>
915<body> 885<body>
916 886
917<p> 887<p>
918We will want to test our configuration file to ensure that it is formatted 888We will want to test our configuration file to ensure that it is formatted
919properly and all of our options have at least the correct syntax. To do 889properly and all of our options have at least the correct syntax. To do this we
920this we run <c>testparm</c>. 890run <c>testparm</c>.
921</p> 891</p>
922 892
923<pre caption="Running the testparm"> 893<pre caption="Running the testparm">
924<comment>(By default, testparm checks /etc/samba/smb.conf)</comment> 894<comment>(By default, testparm checks /etc/samba/smb.conf)</comment>
925# <i>/usr/bin/testparm</i> 895# <i>/usr/bin/testparm</i>
955<section> 925<section>
956<title>Checking our services</title> 926<title>Checking our services</title>
957<body> 927<body>
958 928
959<p> 929<p>
960It would probably be prudent to check our logs at this time also. 930It would probably be prudent to check our logs at this time also. We will also
961We will also want to take a peak at our Samba shares using 931want to take a peak at our Samba shares using <c>smbclient</c>.
962<c>smbclient</c>.
963</p> 932</p>
964 933
965<pre caption="Checking the shares with smbclient"> 934<pre caption="Checking the shares with smbclient">
966# <i>smbclient -L localhost</i> 935# <i>smbclient -L localhost</i>
967Password: 936Password:
977<section> 946<section>
978<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title> 947<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title>
979<body> 948<body>
980 949
981<p> 950<p>
982Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. 951Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the
983Do the equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client. 952equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client.
984</p> 953</p>
985 954
986<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system"> 955<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system">
987# <i>emerge cups</i> 956# <i>emerge cups</i>
988# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i> 957# <i>nano -w /etc/cups/client.conf</i>
989# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 958ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
990</pre> 959</pre>
991 960
992<p>
993That should be it. Nothing else will be needed. Just point your web
994browser to <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client and you'll see that
995PrintServer broadcasts all available printers to all CUPS clients.
996</p> 961<p>
997 962That should be it. Nothing else will be needed.
998<p> 963</p>
999To print, use for example 964
1000</p> 965<p>
966If you use only one printer, it will be your default printer. If your print
967server manages several printers, your administrator will have defined a default
968printer on the server. If you want to define a different default printer for
969yourself, use the <c>lpoptions</c> command.
970</p>
971
972<pre caption="Setting your default printer">
973<comment>(List available printers)</comment>
974# <i>lpstat -a</i>
975<comment>(Sample output, yours will differ)</comment>
976HPDeskJet930C accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
977laser accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
978<comment>(Define HPDeskJet930C as your default printer)</comment>
979# <i>lpoptions -d HPDeskJet930C</i>
980</pre>
1001 981
1002<pre caption="Printing in *nix"> 982<pre caption="Printing in *nix">
983<comment>(Specify the printer to be used)</comment>
1003# <i>lpr -pHPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i> 984# <i>lp -d HPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i>
1004# <i>lpr -PHPDeskJet930C foobar.whatever.ps</i> 985<comment>(Use your default printer)</comment>
1005</pre>
1006
1007<p>
1008In order to setup a default printer, you have to edit
1009<path>/etc/cups/client.conf</path> and set the directive
1010<c>ServerName</c> to your printserver. In the case of this guide that
1011would be the following example.
1012</p>
1013
1014<pre caption="/etc/cups/client.conf">
1015ServerName PrintServer
1016</pre>
1017
1018<p>
1019The following will print <path>foorbar.whatever.ps</path> directly to the print
1020server.
1021</p>
1022
1023<pre caption="Printing to the default printer">
1024$ <i>lpr foobar.whatever.ps</i> 986# <i>lp foobar.whatever.ps</i>
1025</pre> 987</pre>
1026 988
1027<p>
1028Some common observations when setting a default printer in this manner
1029include the following:
1030</p> 989<p>
1031 990Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if
1032<ul> 991you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface.
1033 <li> 992Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as your
1034 Setting the <c>ServerName</c> in <path>client.conf</path> seems to 993print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used
1035 work well for only one printer, there may be yet another way to 994different names.
1036 set a client's default remote printer. 995</p>
1037 </li>
1038 <li>
1039 Also, when accessing <c>http://localhost:631</c> on the client
1040 now, no printers seem to be "found" by the client-CUPS. This is to
1041 be expected when setting <c>ServerName</c> in
1042 <path>client.conf</path>.
1043 </li>
1044</ul>
1045 996
1046</body> 997</body>
1047</section> 998</section>
1048<section> 999<section>
1049<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title> 1000<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title>
1050<body> 1001<body>
1051 1002
1003<note>
1004Don't forget to install <c>net-fs/mount-cifs</c> or <c>net-fs/samba</c> on the
1005client(s) that will be accessing the shares.
1006</note>
1007
1052<p> 1008<p>
1053Now is time to configure our kernel to support smbfs. Since I'm assumming we've 1009Now is time to configure our kernel to support cifs. Since I'm assuming
1054all compiled at least one kernel, we'll need to make sure we have all the right 1010we've all compiled at least one kernel, we'll need to make sure we have all the
1055options selected in our kernel. For simplicity sake, make it a module for ease 1011right options selected in our kernel. For simplicity's sake, make it a module
1056of use. It is the author's opinion that kernel modules are a good thing and 1012for ease of use. It is the author's opinion that kernel modules are a good thing
1057should be used whenever possible. 1013and should be used whenever possible.
1058</p>
1059
1060<pre caption="Relevant kernel options" >
1061CONFIG_SMB_FS=m
1062CONFIG_SMB_UNIX=y
1063</pre>
1064
1065<p> 1014</p>
1015
1016<pre caption="Kernel support" >
1017CONFIG_CIFS=m
1018</pre>
1019
1020<p>
1066Then make the module/install it; insert them with: 1021Then make the module/install it; insert it with:
1067</p> 1022</p>
1068 1023
1069<pre caption="Loading the kernel module"> 1024<pre caption="Loading the kernel module">
1070# <i>modprobe smbfs</i> 1025# <i>modprobe cifs</i>
1071</pre> 1026</pre>
1072 1027
1073<p> 1028<p>
1074Once the modules is loaded, mounting a Windows or Samba share is 1029Once the module is loaded, mounting a Windows or Samba share is possible. Use
1075possible. Use <c>mount</c> to accomplish this, as detailed below: 1030<c>mount</c> to accomplish this, as detailed below:
1076</p> 1031</p>
1077 1032
1078<pre caption="Mounting a Windows/Samba share"> 1033<pre caption="Mounting a Windows/Samba share">
1079<comment>(The syntax for mounting a Windows/Samba share is: 1034<comment>(The syntax for mounting a Windows/Samba share is:
1080 mount -t smbfs [-o username=xxx,password=xxx] //server/share /mnt/point 1035 mount -t cifs [-o username=xxx,password=xxx] //server/share /mnt/point
1081If we are not using passwords or a password is not needed)</comment> 1036If we are not using passwords or a password is not needed)</comment>
1082 1037
1083# <i>mount -t smbfs //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i> 1038# <i>mount -t cifs //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i>
1084 1039
1085<comment>(If a password is needed)</comment> 1040<comment>(If a password is needed)</comment>
1086# <i>mount -t smbfs -o username=USERNAME,password=PASSWORD //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i> 1041# <i>mount -t cifs -o username=USERNAME,password=PASSWORD //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i>
1087</pre> 1042</pre>
1088 1043
1089<p> 1044<p>
1090After you mount the share, you would access it as if it were a local 1045After you mount the share, you would access it as if it were a local drive.
1091drive.
1092</p> 1046</p>
1093 1047
1094</body> 1048</body>
1095</section> 1049</section>
1096<section> 1050<section>
1097<title>Printer Configuration for Windows NT/2000/XP clients</title> 1051<title>Printer Configuration for Windows NT/2000/XP clients</title>
1098<body> 1052<body>
1099 1053
1100<p> 1054<p>
1101That's just a bit of point-and-click. Browse to 1055That's just a bit of point-and-click. Browse to <path>\\PrintServer</path> and
1102<path>\\PrintServer</path> and right click on the printer 1056right click on the printer (HPDeskJet930C) and click connect. This will download
1103(HPDeskJet930C) and click connect. This will download the drivers to
1104the Windows client and now every application (such as Word or Acrobat) 1057the drivers to the Windows client and now every application (such as Word or
1105will offer HPDeskJet930C as an available printer to print to. :-) 1058Acrobat) will offer HPDeskJet930C as an available printer to print to. :-)
1106</p> 1059</p>
1107 1060
1108</body> 1061</body>
1109</section> 1062</section>
1110</chapter> 1063</chapter>
1114<section> 1067<section>
1115<title>A Fond Farewell</title> 1068<title>A Fond Farewell</title>
1116<body> 1069<body>
1117 1070
1118<p> 1071<p>
1119Well that should be it. You should now have a successful printing enviroment 1072That should be it. You should now have a successful printing enviroment that is
1120that is friendly to both Windows and *nix as well as a fully virus-free working 1073friendly to both Windows and *nix as well as a fully virus-free working share!
1121share!
1122</p> 1074</p>
1123 1075
1124</body> 1076</body>
1125</section> 1077</section>
1126</chapter> 1078</chapter>
1136troubleshooting your installation: 1088troubleshooting your installation:
1137</p> 1089</p>
1138 1090
1139<ul> 1091<ul>
1140 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li> 1092 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li>
1093 <li>
1141 <li><uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri></li> 1094 <uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri>, especially the <uri
1095 link="http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/CUPS-printing.html">chapter
1096 on Samba/CUPS configuration</uri>
1097 </li>
1142 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li> 1098 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li>
1143 <li> 1099 <li>
1144 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt 1100 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt
1145 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( 1101 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e>
1146 This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e> and <e>EVERYTHING</e>
1147 I've written here, plus a LOT more concerning CUPS and Samba, and 1102 and <e>EVERYTHING</e> I've written here, plus a LOT more concerning CUPS and
1148 generally printing support on networks. A really interesting read, 1103 Samba, and generally printing support on networks. A really interesting
1149 with lots and lots of details) 1104 read, with lots and lots of details.)
1150 </li> 1105 </li>
1151 <li><uri link="http://www.freebsddiary.org/cups.php">FreeBSD Diary's CUPS Topic</uri></li> 1106 <li><uri link="http://www.freebsddiary.org/cups.php">FreeBSD Diary's CUPS Topic</uri></li>
1152</ul> 1107</ul>
1153 1108
1154</body> 1109</body>
1156<section> 1111<section>
1157<title>Troubleshooting</title> 1112<title>Troubleshooting</title>
1158<body> 1113<body>
1159 1114
1160<p> 1115<p>
1116See <uri
1161See <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/Samba-HOWTO-Collection-3.0-PrintingChapter-11th-draft.html#37">this 1117link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/Samba-HOWTO-Collection-3.0-PrintingChapter-11th-draft.html#37">this
1162page</uri> from Kurt Pfeifle's "Printing Support in Samba 3.0" 1118page</uri> from Kurt Pfeifle's "Printing Support in Samba 3.0" manual. Lots of
1163manual. Lots of useful tips there! Be sure to look this one up 1119useful tips there! Be sure to look this one up first, before posting questions
1164first, before posting questions and problems! Maybe the solution 1120and problems! Maybe the solution you're looking for is right there.
1165you're looking for is right there.
1166</p> 1121</p>
1167 1122
1168</body> 1123</body>
1169</section> 1124</section>
1170</chapter> 1125</chapter>

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