/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml,v 1.2 2005/02/07 19:12:49 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml,v 1.3 2005/02/20 17:58:21 cam Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/utf-8.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/utf-8.xml">
6<title>Using UTF-8 with Gentoo</title> 6<title>Using UTF-8 with Gentoo</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="slarti@gentoo.org">Thomas Martin</mail> 9 <mail link="slarti@gentoo.org">Thomas Martin</mail>
10</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Contributor"> 11<author title="Contributor">
12 <mail link="devil@gentoo.org.ua">Alexander Simonov</mail> 12 <mail link="devil@gentoo.org.ua">Alexander Simonov</mail>
13</author> 13</author>
14 14
15<abstract> 15<abstract>
16This guide shows you how to set up and use the UTF-8 Unicode character set with 16This guide shows you how to set up and use the UTF-8 Unicode character set with
17your Gentoo Linux system, after explaining the benefits of Unicode and more 17your Gentoo Linux system, after explaining the benefits of Unicode and more
18specifically UTF-8. 18specifically UTF-8.
19</abstract> 19</abstract>
20 20
21<license /> 21<license />
22 22
23<version>1.1</version> 23<version>1.2</version>
24<date>2005-02-07</date> 24<date>2005-02-20</date>
25 25
26<chapter> 26<chapter>
27<title>Character Encodings</title> 27<title>Character Encodings</title>
28<section> 28<section>
29<title>What is a Character Encoding?</title> 29<title>What is a Character Encoding?</title>
30<body> 30<body>
31 31
32<p> 32<p>
33Computers do not understand text themselves. Instead, every character is 33Computers do not understand text themselves. Instead, every character is
34represented by a number. Traditionally, each set of numbers used to represent 34represented by a number. Traditionally, each set of numbers used to represent
35alphabets and characters (known as a coding system, encoding or character set) 35alphabets and characters (known as a coding system, encoding or character set)
36was limited in size due to limitations in computer hardware. 36was limited in size due to limitations in computer hardware.
37</p> 37</p>
38 38
39</body> 39</body>
555 555
556<p> 556<p>
557Further information is available from the <uri 557Further information is available from the <uri
558link="http://wiki.mutt.org/index.cgi?MuttFaq/Charset"> Mutt WikiWiki</uri>. 558link="http://wiki.mutt.org/index.cgi?MuttFaq/Charset"> Mutt WikiWiki</uri>.
559</p> 559</p>
560 560
561</body> 561</body>
562</section> 562</section>
563<section> 563<section>
564<title>Testing it all out</title> 564<title>Testing it all out</title>
565<body> 565<body>
566 566
567<p> 567<p>
568There are numerous UTF-8 test websites around. <c>net-www/w3m</c>, 568There are numerous UTF-8 test websites around. <c>net-www/w3m</c>,
569<c>net-www/links</c>, <c>net-www/elinks</c>, <c>net-www/lynx</c> and all 569<c>net-www/links</c>, <c>net-www/elinks</c>, <c>net-www/lynx</c> and all
570Mozilla based browsers (including Firefox) support UTF-8. Konqueror has full 570Mozilla based browsers (including Firefox) support UTF-8. Konqueror and Opera
571UTF-8 support too. 571have full UTF-8 support too.
572</p> 572</p>
573 573
574<p> 574<p>
575When using one of the text-only web browsers, make absolutely sure you are 575When using one of the text-only web browsers, make absolutely sure you are
576using a Unicode-aware terminal. 576using a Unicode-aware terminal.
577</p> 577</p>
578 578
579<p> 579<p>
580If you see certain characters displayed as boxes with letters or numbers 580If you see certain characters displayed as boxes with letters or numbers
581inside, this means that your font does not have a character for the symbol or 581inside, this means that your font does not have a character for the symbol or
582glyph that the UTF-8 wants. Instead, it displays a box with the hex code of the 582glyph that the UTF-8 wants. Instead, it displays a box with the hex code of the
583UTF-8 symbol. 583UTF-8 symbol.
584</p> 584</p>
585 585
586<ul> 586<ul>

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